Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/m-ljak ~ mrak ~ mruk

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *m-lyak ⪤ *mrak ⪤ *mruk (Matisoff, STEDT); *m-lyak (Benedict, 1972)

Definitions[edit]

*m-ljak ~ mrak ~ mruk

  1. grass, weeds

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: , /*maːŋʔ, moːʔ, maːʔ/ (ZS) ("grass, weeds; bushy")
    • Middle Chinese: , /mɑŋX, məuX, muoX/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: , (mǎng, /mɑŋ²¹⁴/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: འཇག་མ ('jag ma, coarse and thick grass; blade (of grass); stalk (of corn)) (< *ɴ-ljak)
    • Kham-Magar-Chepang
      • Chepang: /maŋʔ/ ("grass (sp.)")
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*mruk ~ mrak/ ("weeds, grass") (Matisoff, 1972)
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        /*(C)-mrukᴸ/ ("grass") (Bradley, 1979)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓟꓳꓼ (mò, weeds; to weed)

See also[edit]