Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/m-sin

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This entry contains Proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *msyin (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *m-sin (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972; Chou, 1972; French, 1983; Weidert, 1987; LaPolla, 1987); *m-sin (*B) (Coblin, 1986)

Definitions[edit]

  1. liver
  2. bitter
  3. bile

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*sin/ (B-S), /*siŋ/ (ZS) ("pungent (in taste)")
    • Middle Chinese: /siɪn/

         Japanese:   (しん, shin)
            Korean:   (sin) (, sin)
            Vietnamese:  tân

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (xīn, /ɕin⁵⁵/)
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      /*thin/ (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: thin (liver; heart)
  • Himalayish
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: sin (liver), masin (heart, mind)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*sin¹ ⪤ tsin¹/ (Matisoff, 2003)
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        /*(ʃ)-sin²/ (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (sip, liver)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓢꓲꓽ (sɨ̀, liver), sometimes also ꓫꓵꓽ (ʃɨ̀, liver)
  • Karenic:
    /*swɨnᴮ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)

See also[edit]