Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/mej

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *myəy ~ sməy/smyəy (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *mey (Matisoff, STEDT; Weidert, 1987; LaPolla, 1987; Benedict, 1972)

Comparing Chinese with Proto-Tibeto-Burman *mey is problematic. Sagart (1999) reconstructed the Chinese word as /*m̥ˁɨjʔ/, citing its variant 𤈦 (an ancient Wu dialect word) as the basis for reconstructing a voiceless bilabial initial. This was however revised to an uvular initial in the Baxter-Sagart (2011) system, perhaps in accordance with Zhengzhang (2003). Li (1980) reconstructed it as *hwərX, and commented that it likely came from an earlier *hmərX. The word "fire" is classified by some to belong to the same family as some words meaning "to destroy", represented by . Compare Written Tibetan སྨྱེ་བ (smye ba, (archaic) damaged, impaired, poor quality).

Confer Proto-Tai *ʰmajᶜ (to burn (intr.)) (Thai ไหม้, Lao ໄໝ້ (mai)).

Fire.

Noun[edit]

  1. fire

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese:
    /*qʷʰˁəjʔ/ (B-S); /*qʰʷaːlʔ/ (ZS) ("fire") (see note)
    and perhaps dialectally
    𤈦 /*m̥əjʔ/ (B-S); /*m̥ɯlʔ/ (ZS) ("(ancient Wu dialect) fire")
    /*m̥ajʔ/ (B-S); /*m̥ralʔ/ (ZS) ("(ancient Qi dialect) fire")
    ( in the oracle bone script) 火-oracle.svg
    • Middle Chinese: /huɑX/

         Japanese:   (, ka)
            Korean:   (hwa) (, hwa)
            Vietnamese:  hỏa

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (huǒ, /xu̯ɔ²¹⁴/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /fɔː³⁵/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /hɯ³⁴/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /hue⁵¹, he⁵¹/ (colloquial), /hɔ̃⁵¹/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: མེ (me, fire, flame)
      • Lepcha: ᰕᰧ (mi, fire)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: မီး (mi:, fire; light)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): ꃆꄔ (mup dut, fire)
  • Karenic:
    /*hmeᴮ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)

See also[edit]