Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/səj

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *syid (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *səy (Matisoff, STEDT; French, 1983); *səy, *siy (Weidert, 1987; Chou, 1972); *siy = *səy (LaPolla, 1987); *siy (Benedict, 1972; Michailovsky, 1991); *syiy(?) (Coblin, 1986)

Chinese / ("corpse") perhaps belongs here too.

Verb[edit]

  1. to die

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*sijʔ/ (B-S); /*l̥jiʔ/ (ZS) ("to die")
    (in the oracle bone script) 死-oracle.svg
    • Middle Chinese: /siɪX/

         Japanese:   (, shi)
            Korean:   (sa) (, sa)
            Vietnamese:  tử

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /sz̩²¹⁴/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /sei³⁵, ɕiː³⁵/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /ɕi³⁴/ (colloquial), /sz̩³⁴/ (literary)
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /ɕi⁵¹/ (colloquial), /su⁵¹/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: သေ (se, to die)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (sy, to die; to extinguish, to smother)
  • Karenic:
    /*sejᴬ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • Sgaw: သံ (si, to die, to perish)

See also[edit]