Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/s-ni(ː)ŋ ~ s-nik

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *s-niːŋ (Chou, 1972); *ning (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *s-ni(ː)ŋ ⪤ *s-nik (Matisoff, STEDT); *niŋ (Benedict, 1972; Chou, 1972); *s-niŋ (Weidert, 1987; LaPolla, 1987)

Definitions[edit]

  1. year
  2. harvest

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*C.nˁiŋ/ (B-S), /*niːŋ/ (ZS) ("year; ripening; harvest; age")
    • Middle Chinese: /nen/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (nián, /ni̯ɛn³⁵/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /niːn²¹/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /ȵi²³/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /ni²⁴/ (colloquial), /li̯an²⁴/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi

See also[edit]