Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/tjak ~ g-t(j)ik

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *tyik ⪤ *tyak (LaPolla, 1987); *gtyik (Coblin, 1986); *tyɑk (Chou, 1972)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *tyak ⪤ g-t(y)ik (Matisoff, STEDT); *tyɑk ~ tyik (Chou, 1972)

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Sino-Tibetan numerals
ONE *ʔit
*kat
*tjak ~ g-t(j)ik
TWO *g/s-ni-s
THREE *g-sum
FOUR *b-ləj
FIVE *l/b-ŋa
SIX *d-(k-)ruk
SEVEN *s-ni-s
EIGHT *b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat
NINE *d/s-kəw
TEN *gip
*ts(j)i(j) ~ tsjaj
TWENTY *(m-)kul
HUNDRED *b-r-gja
THOUSAND *s-toŋ
  1. one

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*tek/ (B-S), /*tjaːɡ/ (ZS) ("single, one of a pair")
    • Middle Chinese: /tɕiᴇk/

         Japanese:   (せき, seki)
            Korean:   (cheok) (, cheok)
            Vietnamese:  chiếc

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (zhī, /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /t͡sɛːk̚³/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /t͡sᴀʔ⁵⁵/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /t͡ɕiaʔ³/ (colloquial), /t͡ɕik̚³/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*ʔ-dikᴸ/ ("one, only") (Matisoff, 2003)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: တစ် (tac, one)
      • Loloish
        /*t/di²/ ("one") (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (cyp, one)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓕꓲꓽ (tʰì, one)

See also[edit]