Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/ts(j)i(j) ~ tsjaj

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This entry contains Proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *ts(y)i(y) ~ *tsyay (Matisoff, STEDT); *ts(y)i(y) (Benedict, 1972); *tsyay (Weidert, 1987)

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Sino-Tibetan numerals
ONE *ʔit
*kat
*tjak ~ g-t(j)ik
TWO *g/s-ni-s
THREE *g-sum
FOUR *b-ləj
FIVE *l/b-ŋa
SIX *d-(k-)ruk
SEVEN *s-ni-s
EIGHT *b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat
NINE *d/s-kəw
TEN *gip
*ts(j)i(j) ~ tsjaj
TWENTY *(m-)kul
HUNDRED *b-r-gja
THOUSAND *s-toŋ
  1. ten

Descendants[edit]

  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: shi (ten)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*tsay¹/ ("ten") (Matisoff, 2003)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ဆယ် (hcai, ten)
      • Loloish
        /*tsay¹/ ("ten") (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (ci, ten)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓞꓲꓻ (t͡sʰɨ, ten), ꓝꓲꓻ (t͡sɨ, ten (in compounds))
  • Karenic
    /*chejᴬ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
  • Baic
    Bai: zairt (ten)

See also[edit]