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This entry contains Proto-Slavic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Nominative singular ending *-ę reflects Early Proto-Slavic *-ēn, a regular reflex of a pre-form *-ent. Slavic nt-stems have no clear comparison in other Indo-European languages. It is usually compared to Latvian nouns in -ēn- which also often denote young animals with three possible theories of origin:

  • Slavic suffix *-nt- originated in Proto-Slavic, by agglutination of the inherited Balto-Slavic *-n- and a secondary suffix *-t- of obscure origin.
  • Balto-Slavic inflection exhibited ablaut, with Slavic generalizing normal grade *-en- and Baltic generalizing lengthened grade *-ēn-, with the origin of Slavic *-t- remaining unexplained.
  • Balto-Slavic inflection already contained *-nt- suffix, retained in Slavic but with Baltic generalizing the nominoaccusative stem in *-ēn < *-ent.


*-ę n

  1. Forms nouns for young animals and other diminutives.


Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: (-ja)
    • Russian: (-ja)
    • Ukrainian: я (-ja)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic: ()
    • Bulgarian: (-e)
    • Macedonian: (-e)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Latin: -e
    • Slovene: -e
  • West Slavic: