Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-akъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (causing iotation of the preceding consonant): *-jakъ

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal derivations are easily secondary, motivated by parallel formations, e.g.

Comparison with cognates in other Indo-European languages indicates antiquity of deadjectival formations:

Suffix[edit]

*-akъ m

  1. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a carrier of a property.
    *junъ (young) → *junakъ (a young man)
    *novъ (new) → *novakъ (novice)
    *svojь (one's own) → *svojakъ (relative, cousin)
  2. Denominal, forming nouns denoting something connected in meaning to the baseword.
    *rodъ (kin) → *rodjakъ (relative, cousin)
    *ryba (fish) → *rybakъ (fishing)
  3. Denominal, forming masculine counterparts of feminine nouns.
    *gǫsь (goose) → *gǫsakъ (gander)
  4. Deverbal, from the root, forming agent nouns.
    *prositi (to ask; beg) → *prosjakъ >*prošakъ (beggar; asker)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-akъ not found

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]