Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-arjь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gothic -𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 (-areis), from Latin -ārius. Proto-Slavic borrowed from Gothic both the derivations (e.g. *mytarjь (tax collector) and *bukarjь (scribe, literate man)) and their base forms (*myto (payment, gift) and *buky (beech; record; document) which enabled synchronic morphological segmentation of the borrowed denominals and finally an analogical generalization of the *-arjь suffix for forming other denominal nouns with agentive meaning, on the basis of non-borrowed nominal stems (e.g. *ključarjь on the basis of *ključь, *zidarjь on the basis of *zidъ).

Suffix[edit]

*-arjь m

  1. -er; derives agent nouns, signifying someone who is connected to something, often by trade or profession.
    1. Denominal:
      *myto*mytarjь
      *buky*bukarjь
      *ryba*rybarjь
      *ključь*ključarjь
    2. Deverbal (from the present stem):
      *voldti > *volsti*voldarjь

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic: -арь (-arĭ)
    • Bulgarian: -ар (-ar)
    • Macedonian: -ар (-ar)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ар
      Latin: -ar
    • Slovene: -ar
  • West Slavic:

References[edit]