Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-išče

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (West Slavic, partially Belarusian and Ukrainian): *-isko.
  • (with -ov- formant, taken from u-stems, and influenced by verbs on -ovati and adjectives on -ovъ): *-ovišče.

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *isk-je. Originally it was probably used exclusively denominally for forming augmentatives, and later a semantic shift to place names occurred. E.g. *bolto (mud) → *boltišče (large mud, a lot of mud) > "there where is muddy". Deverbal formations from verbs on *-iti are a late innovation.

Suffix[edit]

*-išče n

  1. Denominal, denoting places or spaces.
    *gnojь (manure, pus, dung) → *gnojišče (midden, cesspool, manure pile)
    *ognь (fire) → *ognišče (fireplace)
    *sǫdъ (judgement, trial) → *sǫdišče (court)
    *lovъ (hunting, hunt) → *lovišče (hunting area/ground)
  2. Denominal, forming augmentatives, denoting increase or growth of quality.
    *dvorъ (court, courtyard) → *dvorišče (yard)
    *tъrgъ (commodity, wares; market) → *tъržišče (market, fairground)
  3. Denominal, forming emotionally colored nouns, mostly augmentatives (usually with pejorative connotation), rarely diminutives.
    *baba (old woman) → *babišče (hag)
    *čudo (wonder) → *čudovišče (monster)
  4. Denominal, forming nouns denoting a handle of a tool.
    *kosa (scythe) → *kosišče (scythe handle)
    *toporъ (axe, hatchet) → *toporišče (axe handle)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-išče not found

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]