Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-ja

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-yeh₂. Cognate with Lithuanian -ia and -ja.

Suffix[edit]

*-ja f

  1. Suffix creating feminine action nouns, usually concretized in nomina instrumenti and nomina acti.
    1. Deverbal, from present stem.
      *sěkti > *sěťi (to cut, mow, chop) → *sěkja > *sěča (chopping, cutting)
      *žędati (to be thirsty) → *žęďa (thirst)
      *prędti > *pręsti (to spin) → *pręďa (yarn)
    2. Deadjectival.
      *suxъ (dry) → *suxja > *suša (draught)
      *gǫstъ (dense) → *gǫstja > *gǫšča (thiket; slurry, sludge; something dense or densely arranged)
      *mokrъ (wet) → *mokja > *moča (wetness)
    3. Denominal.
      *světъ (light, brigtness) → *svetja > *svěťa (candle)
      *koza (goat) → *kozja > *koža (skin, leather)
      *duxъ (spirit) → *duxja > *duša (soul)
      *tьstь (father in law) → *tьstja > *tьšča (mother in law)
      *gospodь (lord, master) → *gospodja > *gospoďa (lady, mistress)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]