Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-ostь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (after soft, palatal consonants): *-estь

Etymology[edit]

There are several theories of origin:

Suffix[edit]

*-ostь f

  1. Used with adjectival stems to form abstract nouns; -ness
    *čistъ*čistostь
    *radъ*radostь
    *junъ*junostь
    *starъ*starostь

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix was used after hard consonants, as opposed to the variant form *-estь that was used with stems ending in a soft, palatal consonant.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Witczak, Krzysztof Tomasz (2002), Indo-European abstracta ending with -osti-: the Ossetic evidence, Lingua Posnaniensis 44, p. 175-179
  • Vaillant, André (1974), Grammaire comparée des langues slaves, tome IV. Paris, p. 373-377
  • Arumaa, Peeter (1985), Urslavische Grammatik, Band III. Heidelberg. p. 46
  • Birnbaum, Henrik & Jos Schaeken (1997) Das altkirchenslavische Wort: Bildung - Bedeutung - Herleitung. (Slavistische Beiträge, 348.) München. p.50
  • Jussi Halla-aho (2006), Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic, Slavica Helsingiensia 26: Helsinki, page 51