Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-teljь

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This entry contains Proto-Slavic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compounded from the original athematic suffix *-tel- (still preserved in *dętelъ, *dętьlъ (woodpecker) and *dętelъ (clover)) and *-jь. Traces of the original consonantal-stem inflection are well preserved in plural forms, such as the Old Church Slavonic nominative plural (-e) / -ⰵ (-e), but genitive plural () / -ⱏ ()).

*-tel- formant probably continues Proto-Indo-European *-ter-, most likely as a result of dissimilation in words such as *orteljь (plower) < *or-tel- < *or-ter-. The alternation l : r could also be inherited, because it is already found in Proto-Indo-European, not only in common words, but also in other suffixes, such as *-tlom : *-trom, *-dʰlom : *-dʰrom, which form nomina instrumenti.

Compare *-dlo.

Suffix[edit]

*-teljь m

  1. Deverbative, forms agent nouns from the infinitive/aorist stem. Equivalent to English -er.
    *dati (to give) → *dateljь (donor, giver)
    *žęti*žęteljь (harvester, cropper)
    *bljudti > *bljusti (to be awake; watch) → *bljudteljь > *bljusteljь (guard, guardian, sentry)
    *prositi (to ask; beg) → *prositeljь (beggar)
    *dělati (to do) → *dělateljь (worker)
    *prijati (to favor, please; be favorable) → *prijateljь (friend)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]