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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Cognate with Lithuanian bir̃žė (furrow), biržis and Latvian bìrze (furrow).

Probably from the same root as *bьrdo (weaving comb, reed) and the verb *boriti sę (to fight), i.e. the verbal root denoting an action with a sharp instrument or weapon. The same Proto-Indo-European root *bʰerh₃- is found in Ancient Greek φάρω (phárō), φάρος (pháros) and Latin forō (to bore, pierce).


borzda̍ f (accent paradigm b)

  1. furrow


Related terms[edit]



  • Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 59
  • biržė in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė
  • “*borzda” in Oleg Trubačóv (ed.) (1974–), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages], Moscow: Nauka, volume 02, page 220
  • борозда in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • Petar Skok (1971), Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Zagreb: JAZU, volume I, page 203f
  • Franciszek Sławski (ed.). (1974–2001), Słownik prasłowiański, Wrocław: Polskiej Akademii Nauk, volume I, page 333f