Appendix:Proto-Slavic/medvědь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *medu-ēdis, equivalent to *medъ (honey) +‎ *(j)ěsti (to eat), hence literally the epithet "honey-eater". Presumably came into use as taboo avoidance of an earlier word, possibly something like *berъ (compare English bear), as preserved in Russian берлога (berlóga, lair). Compare similar formation in English bear (possibly originally "brown one" in Proto-Indo-European) and French renard (fox).

There is also a folk etymology from *medъ and *věděti (to know, to manage), hence "one who knows honey" or "honey master".

Noun[edit]

*medvědь m

  1. bear

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]