Appendix:Proto-Slavic/korva

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This entry contains Proto-Slavic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kórʔveʔ (Derksen) or *kárwā (Kim), irregular centum reflex of Proto-Indo-European *ḱorh₂-weh₂, derived from *ḱerh₂- (horn).

Matasović argues that it was borrowed from Celtic in prehistorical times due to the impossibility of deriving it by regular sound laws:

  • PIE *ḱerh₂weh₂ > Proto-Celtic *karawā > *kerawā (Joseph's rule) > Early Proto-Slavic *karwā > Common Slavic *kőrva.

Baltic cognates (either similarly irregularly inherited via Balto-Slavic, or borrowed from Celtic or Slavic) include Lithuanian kárvė (cow) and Old Prussian curwis (ox). For further Indo-European cognates see *ḱerh₂-.

Noun[edit]

*kőrva f (accent paradigm a)

  1. cow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]