Appendix:Sino-Tibetan Swadesh lists/26-50

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1-25 26-50 51-75 76-100 101-125 126-150 151-175 176-207
English word POS language sub-type Romanization cognates are shaded IPA notes(similar use is shaded) Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese
26 five cardinal number Mandarin Standard Pinyin wu˨˩˦
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin ng5
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī ngō ŋo˧˧
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin ngou6
Hakka ng31
Burmese nga ŋá
27 big adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin ta˥˩
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin dai6
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī tōa tua˧˧
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin dua7
Hakka thai55
Burmese kyi tʃí
28 long adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin cháng tʂʰaŋ˧˥
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin tsoeng4
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī tn̂g tŋ˧˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin deung5
Hakka tshong11
Burmese shay ʃè
29 wide adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin kuān kʰuan˥˥
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin fut3
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī khoan kʰuan˥˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin kuan3
Hakka khon24
Burmese kyè tʃɛ̀


30 thick adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin hòu xou˥˩
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin hau5
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī kāu kau˧˧
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin gao6
Hakka heu55
Burmese htu tʰù
31 heavy adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin zhòng tʂʊŋ˥˩
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin tsung5
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī tāng taŋ˧˧
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin dang6
Hakka
Burmese lay
32 small adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin xiǎo ɕiau˨˩˦
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin sai3
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī sə˨˩
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī sòe sue˨˩
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī se˨˩
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin soi3
Hakka seu31
Burmese thay θé
33 short adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin duǎn tuan˨˩˦
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin dyn2
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī te˥˧
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin do2
Hakka ton31
Burmese to tòʊ
34 narrow adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin zhǎi tʂai˨˩˦
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin zaak3
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī e̍h əʔ˥˥
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī o̍eh ueʔ˥˥
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī e̍h eʔ˥˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin oih8
Hakka tshak2
Burmese kyin tʃín
35 thin adjective Mandarin Standard Pinyin báo pau˧˥
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin bok6
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī po̍h poʔ˥˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin boh8
Hakka phok5
Burmese pa
36 woman noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin nǚrén ny˨˩ʐɛn˧˥ 女人 女人
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin noey5 jan2 女人 女人
Amoy Quanzhou, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī lí-lîn lɨ˥˥lɪn˧˥ formal 女人 女人
Amoy Xiamen, Penghu Pe̍h-ōe-jī lú-jîn lu˥˥ʑɪn˧˥ formal 女人 女人
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī lí-jîn li˥˥ʑɪn˧˥ formal 女人 女人
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī cha-bó· tsa˧˧bɔ˥˧ informal 查某 查某
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin za1bhou2
Hakka ng31
Burmese mein ma méɪn ma̰
37 man(adult male) noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin nánrén nan˧˥ʐɛn˧˥ 男人 男人
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin nam4 jan2 男人 男人
Amoy Quanzhou, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī lâm-lîn lam˨˩lɪn˧˥ formal 男人 男人
Amoy Xiamen Pe̍h-ōe-jī lâm-jîn lam˨˩ʑɪn˧˥ formal 男人 男人
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī lâm-jîn lam˧˧ʑɪn˧˥ formal 男人 男人
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī cha-po· tsa˧˧pɔ˥˥ informal 查埔 查埔
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī ta-po· ta˧˧pɔ˥˥ informal 查埔 查埔
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin da1bou1 丈夫 丈夫
Hakka nam11
Burmese yauk kya jaʊʔ tʃá
38 man(human being) noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin rén ʐɛn˧˥
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin jan4
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī lâng laŋ˧˥ or or
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin nang5
Hakka ngin11
Burmese lu
39 child(a youth) noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin háizi xai˧˥tsɨ 孩子 孩子
Mandarin Standard Pinyin értóng aɻ˧˥tʰʊŋ˧˥ 兒童 儿童
Mandarin Standard Pinyin xiǎohái ɕiau˨˩xai˧˥ 小孩 小孩
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin sai3 lou6 細路 细路
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī gín-á gɪn˥˥a˥˧ informal 囡仔 or 囝仔 囡仔 or 囝仔
Amoy Quanzhou, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī lî-tông li˨˩tɔŋ˧˥ formal 兒童 儿童
Amoy Xiamen Pe̍h-ōe-jī jî-tông ʑi˨˩tɔŋ˧˥ formal 兒童 儿童
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī jî-tông ʑi˧˧tɔŋ˧˥ formal 兒童 儿童
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin nou1gian2
Hakka se55 ngin11 e31 細人仔 細人仔
Burmese ka lay kʰəlé
40 wife noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin qīzi tɕʰi˥˥tsɨ 妻子 妻子
Mandarin Standard Pinyin lǎopó lau˨˩pʰɔ˧˥ informal 老婆 老婆
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin tsai1 dzi2 妻子 妻子
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin lou5 po4 老婆 老婆
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī bó· bɔ˥˧
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin bhou2
Hakka bu24 ngiong11 輔娘 辅娘
Burmese ma ya məjá
41 husband noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin zhàngfu tʂaŋ˥˩fu 丈夫 丈夫
Mandarin Standard Pinyin lǎogōng lau˨˩kʊŋ˥˥ informal 老公 老公
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin dzoeng6 fu1 丈夫 丈夫
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin lou5 gong1 老公 老公
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī ang aŋ˥˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin ang1
Hakka lo31 gung24 老公 老公
Burmese lin lìn
42 mother noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin mǔqīn mu˨˩tɕʰɪn˥˥ 母親 母亲
Mandarin Standard Pinyin māma ma˥˥ma informal 媽媽 妈妈
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin mou5 tsan1 母親 母亲
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin maa1 maa1 媽媽 妈妈
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin lou5 mou5 老母 老母
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī bó-chhin bio˥˥tɕʰɪn˥˥ literary 母親 母亲
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī bú-chhin bu˥˥tɕʰɪn˥˥ literary 母親 母亲
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī bó-chhin bo˥˥tɕʰɪn˥˥ literary 母親 母亲
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī lāu-bió lau˨˩bio˥˧ 老母 老母
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī lāu-bú lau˨˩bu˥˧ 老母 老母
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī lāu-bó lau˨˩bo˥˧ 老母 老母
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī ma-ma ma˧˧ma 媽媽 妈妈
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī a-bió a˧˧bio˥˧ 阿母 阿母
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī a-bú a˧˧bu˥˧ 阿母 阿母
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī a-bó a˧˧bo˥˧ 阿母 阿母
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin a1 ma1 阿媽 阿妈
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin ai5
Hakka a24 me24 阿姆 阿姆
Burmese a may əmé
Burmese a ma əmá
Burmese mi khin mḭkʰìn
43 father noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin fùqīn fu˥˩tɕʰɪn˥˥ formal 父親 父亲
Mandarin Standard Pinyin bàba pa˥˩pa informal 爸爸 爸爸
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin fu6 tsan1 父親 父亲
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin baa1 baa1 爸爸 爸爸
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin lou5 dau3 老竇 老窦
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī hū-chhin hu˨˩tɕʰɪn˥˥ literary 父親 父亲
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī lāu-pē lau˨˩pe˧˧ 老爸 老爸
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī pa-pa pa˧˧pa 爸爸 爸爸
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī a-pa a˧˧pa˥˥ 阿爸 阿爸
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin a1 ba5 阿爸 阿爸
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin bê6
Hakka a24 ba24 阿爸 阿爸
Burmese a hpei, hpei hpei, aba əpʰé, pʰé pʰé, əba̰ အ​​​​ဖေ, ဖေဖေ, အ​ဘ; informal
Burmese hpa hkin pʰa̰kʰìn ဖခင်; formal
44 animal noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin dòngwù tʊŋ˥˩wu˥˩ 動物 动物
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin dung6 mat6
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī tōng-bu̍t tɔŋ˨˩but˥˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin dong1mueh8
Hakka tung55 vut55
Burmese kaung kàʊn
45 fish noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin y˧˥
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin jy4 or jy2
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī hɨ˧˥
Amoy Xiamen Pe̍h-ōe-jī hu˧˥
Amoy Zhangzhou, Taiwan Pe̍h-ōe-jī hi˧˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin he5
Hakka ng11 e31
Burmese nga ŋá
46 bird noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin niǎo niau˨˩˦
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin niu5
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin dzoek3 dzai2 informal 雀仔 雀仔
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī chiáu tɕiau˥˧
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī chiáu-á tɕiau˥˥a˥˧ 鳥仔 鸟仔
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin ziao2
Hakka diau24 e31 鳥仔 鸟仔
Burmese hnget ŋ̊eʔ
47 dog noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin gǒu kou˨˩˦
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin gau2
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī káu kau˥˧
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī káu-á kau˥˥a˥˧ 狗仔 狗仔
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin gao2
Hakka gieu31 e31 狗仔 狗仔
Burmese hkway kʰwé
48 louse noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin shī ʂɚ˥˥
Mandarin Standard Pinyin shīzi ʂɚ˥˥tsɨ 虱子 虱子
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin sat1
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī sat sat˩˩
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī sat-bió sat˥˥bio˥˧ 虱母 虱母
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī sat-bú sat˥˥bu˥˧ 虱母 虱母
Amoy Zhangzhou, Tainan Pe̍h-ōe-jī sat-bó sat˥˥bo˥˧ 虱母 虱母
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin sag4
Hakka set11
Burmese than θán
49 snake noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin shé ʂə˧˥
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin se4
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī chôa tsua˧˥
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin zua5
Hakka sa11
Burmese mway mwè
50 worm noun Mandarin Standard Pinyin chóng tʂʰʊŋ˧˥ worm, insect
Mandarin Standard Pinyin rúchóng ʐu˧˥tʂʰʊŋ˧˥ generic 蠕蟲 蠕虫
Mandarin Standard Pinyin qiūyǐn tɕʰiou˥˥jɪn˨˩˦ earthworm 蚯蚓 蚯蚓
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin jau1 jan5 蚯蚓 蚯蚓
Cantonese Standard Cantonese Pinyin wong4 hyn5 colloquial 黃犬 黃犬
Amoy Pe̍h-ōe-jī thâng tʰaŋ˧˥
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī tō·-ín tɔ˨˩ɨn˥˧ earthworm 土蚓 土蚓
Amoy Quanzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī tō·-kín tɔ˨˩kɨn˥˧ earthworm 土蚓 土蚓
Amoy Xiamen, Taipei Pe̍h-ōe-jī tō·-ún tɔ˨˩un˥˧ earthworm 土蚓 土蚓
Amoy Xiamen Pe̍h-ōe-jī tō·-kún tɔ˨˩kun˥˧ earthworm 土蚓 土蚓
Amoy Zhangzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī tō·-ín tɔ˨˩ɪn˥˧ earthworm 土蚓 土蚓
Amoy Zhangzhou Pe̍h-ōe-jī tō·-kín tɔ˨˩kɪn˥˧ earthworm 土蚓 土蚓
Teochew Standard Cantonese Pinyin tang5
Hakka tshung11 e31 蟲仔 虫仔
Burmese ti