Appendix:Spanish words of Italic origin

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This is a list of Spanish words borrowed (as opposed to inherited) from other Italic languages. It is further divided into words that come from Oscan and Italian. Some of these words originally existed in Latin as loanwords from other languages. Some of these words have alternate proposed etymologies.

The Vulgar Latin of the Iberian peninsula may have received an admixture of Oscan forms in its Latinate substrate.[1]

Aragonese and Spanish power-projection onto the Italian peninsula (especially the southern Italian peninsula) from medieval times onwards can account for some Spanish-language borrowings of words of Italian origin.[2] Other notable contacts arose from the major streams of Italians immigrating to Argentina from the 19th century onwards and influencing Rioplatense Spanish.

List[edit]

Oscan[edit]

  • Octubre (October) may show traces of Oscan influence in its phonology.[3]

Italian[edit]

  • alerta, "alert"[2]
  • anchoa, "anchovy" (cf. Ital dial (Genoese) ancioa)
  • atarantar
  • arpegio
  • azufre
  • bajo
  • balcón, "balcony"[2]
  • balón, "ball"
  • birra (Rioplatense Spanish), ="beer"
  • brújula, "compass"[2]
  • capitán, "captain"[2]
  • capricho, "whim"[2]
  • centinela, "sentinel"[2]
  • chelo, from Italian cello
  • charlar, "to chat"[2]
  • charlatán
  • comparsa
  • contrabando, from older Italian contrabando (later Italian: contrabbando)[4][5]
  • cúpula, from Italian cupola
  • daga
  • escorzo
  • espagueti, from spaghetti
  • estropear, "spoil"[2]
  • fachada, "façade"[2]
  • laburar (Rioplatense Spanish), from Italian lavorare, ="to work"
  • lasaña, from lasagna
  • lava
  • millón[2]
  • mufa (Rioplatense Spanish) ="bad luck", from Italian muffa (mildew)
  • ñoqui, from gnocchi
  • novela, "novel"[2]
  • pavana
  • piano
  • pibe (Rioplatense Spanish), from Italian pive
  • pizza
  • remolacha
  • sémola
  • sonata
  • soneto, "sonnet"[2]
  • soprano
  • sufato

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua española" by Guido Gómez de Silva (ISBN 968-16-2812-8)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2002 [1991], A history of the Spanish language[1], 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521011846, retrieved on 2010-02-21, page 398:
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 1970, C. H. Stevenson, The Spanish Language Today, Modern Languages, London: Hutchinson University Library, ISBN 0 09 104500 2, page 146:
  3. ^ 2002 [1991], A history of the Spanish language[2], 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521011846, retrieved on 2010-02-21, page 398:
  4. ^ Compare "contraband" (noun) in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989
  5. ^ 1968 [1879], Walter William Skeat, An etymological dictionary of the English language, Oxford University Press, page 780: