Appendix:Swadesh list for Malayo-Polynesian languages

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- Javanese (Java, Indonesia)
- Malay (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei)
- Tagalog (Central Luzon, Philippines)
- Cebuano (Central Visayan Islands, Philippines)
- Pampangan (Northern Luzon, Philippines)
- Pangasinan (Northern Luzon, Philippines)
- Ilocano (Ilokano) (Northern Luzon, Philippines)
- Bicol (Bikolano) (Southern Luzon, Philippines)

English Javanese Malay Tagalog Cebuano Pampangan Pangasinan Ilocano Bicol
1 I kula/kulo, aku saya, aku ako ako aku ak, siák siak [[]]
2 you
(singular)
sampeyan, kowe Anda, kamu ikaw ikaw ika siká, ka sika [[]]
3 he de'e, wong kuwi ia, dia siya [[]] [[]] sikato isu [[]]
4 we dhewe kita (incl.), kami (excl.) kami kita (incl.) kata (incl.), kami (excl.) (si)katá (incl.), (si)kamí (excl.) datayo (incl.), dakami (excl.) [[]]
5 you
(plural)
kowe-kowe kalian kayo [[]] ika sikayo dakayo [[]]
6 they wong liyane mereka sila [[]] [[]] sikara isuda [[]]
7 this iki ini, yang ini ito kini ini ya daytoy [[]]
8 that iku itu, yang itu iyon kana yan man, tan dayta, daydiay [[]]
9 here mrene sini eto [[]] [[]] [[]] ditoy [[]]
10 there mriku sana iyan [[]] [[]] [[]] dita, sadiay [[]]
11 who sapa siapa sino kinsa ninu siopá asino [[]]
12 what apa (opo) apa ano unsa nanu antó ania [[]]
13 where endi (ngendi) mana saan asaman [[]] [[]] ayan [[]]
14 when kapan kapan, bilamana kailan [[]] [[]] [[]] kaano [[]]
15 how piye bagaimana paano [[]] [[]] [[]] kasano [[]]
16 not ora bukan, tidak hindi, wala, huwag dili ali ag, aliwá, andí saan [[]]
17 all kabeh semua lahat tanen ngan amín amin [[]]
18 many akeh banyak marami daghan dakal dakél adu [[]]
19 some setithik beberapa ilan [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
20 few sithik sedikit kaunti [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
21 other liyane lain iba [[]] [[]] [[]] sabali [[]]
22 one siji satu isa usa metung isá maysa [[]]
23 two loro dua dalawa duha adua dua, dua'ra dua [[]]
24 three telu tiga tatlo [[]] [[]] [[]] tallo [[]]
25 four papat empat apat [[]] [[]] [[]] uppat [[]]
26 five lima lima lima [[]] [[]] [[]] lima [[]]
27 big gedhe besar malaki dako maragul báleg dakkel [[]]
28 long dhawa panjang mahaba taas makaba andoté tiddog [[]]
29 wide amba (ombo) lebar malapad [[]] [[]] [[]] lawa [[]]
30 thick kandhel tebal makapal [[]] [[]] [[]] puskol [[]]
31 heavy abot berat mabigat [[]] [[]] [[]] dagsen [[]]
32 small cilik kecil maliit [[]] [[]] [[]] bassit [[]]
33 short cendhek pendek maigsi [[]] [[]] [[]] baba [[]]
34 narrow sempit sempit makitid, makipot [[]] [[]] [[]] kikid [[]]
35 thin tipis tipis payat [[]] [[]] [[]] ingpis [[]]
36 woman wedhok, wadon perempuan, wanita babae babae babai bií babai [[]]
37 man
(male)
lanang lelaki lalaki lalake [[]] [[]] lalaki [[]]
38 person wong (uwong) orang tao [[]] [[]] [[]] tao [[]]
39 child
(a youth)
anak anak anak, bata [[]] [[]] [[]] anak [[]]
40 wife bojo isteri, bini asawa asawa [[]] [[]] asawa [[]]
41 husband [[]] suami asawa bana [[]] [[]] asawa [[]]
42 mother [[]] ibu ina nanay [[]] [[]] ina [[]]
43 father [[]] bapa ama tatay [[]] [[]] ama [[]]
44 animal [[]] haiwan, binatang hayop [[]] [[]] [[]] ayup [[]]
45 fish [[]] ikan isda isda [[]] [[]] ikan [[]]
46 bird [[]] burung ibon [[]] [[]] [[]] billit [[]]
47 dog [[]] asu, anjing aso [[]] [[]] [[]] aso [[]]
48 louse [[]] kutu kuto kuto [[]] [[]] kuto [[]]
49 snake [[]] ular ahas [[]] [[]] [[]] uleg [[]]
50 worm [[]] ulat bulate [[]] [[]] [[]] igges [[]]
51 tree [[]] pohon puno [[]] [[]] [[]] kayo [[]]
52 forest [[]] hutan gubat utan [[]] [[]] kakayuan [[]]
53 stick
(of wood)
[[]] [[]] tangkay [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
54 fruit [[]] buah bunga, prutas [[]] [[]] [[]] bunga [[]]
55 seed [[]] [[]] buto [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
56 leaf [[]] daun dahon [[]] [[]] [[]] bulong [[]]
57 root [[]] akar ugat [[]] [[]] [[]] ramut [[]]
58 bark
(of tree)
[[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
59 flower [[]] bunga bulaklak [[]] [[]] [[]] sabong [[]]
60 grass [[]] rumput damo [[]] [[]] [[]] ruot [[]]
61 rope [[]] tali lubid, tali [[]] [[]] [[]] tali [[]]
62 skin
(of a person)
[[]] kulit balat [[]] [[]] [[]] kudil [[]]
63 meat
(as in flesh)
[[]] daging laman, karne karne [[]] [[]] bagas [[]]
64 blood [[]] darah dugo [[]] [[]] [[]] dara [[]]
65 bone [[]] tulang buto [[]] [[]] [[]] tulang [[]]
66 fat
(noun)
[[]] lemak taba [[]] [[]] [[]] taba [[]]
67 egg [[]] telur itlog itlog ebon [[]] itlog [[]]
68 horn [[]] tanduk sungay [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
69 tail [[]] buntut, ekor buntot [[]] [[]] [[]] ipus [[]]
70 feather
(rather not down)
[[]] bulu balahibo [[]] [[]] [[]] dutdut [[]]
71 hair [[]] rambut buhok [[]] [[]] [[]] buok [[]]
72 head [[]] kepala, ulu ulo [[]] [[]] [[]] ulo [[]]
73 ear [[]] telinga tenga, tainga [[]] [[]] [[]] lapayag [[]]
74 eye [[]] mata mata mata [[]] [[]] mata [[]]
75 nose [[]] hidung ilong ilong [[]] [[]] agong [[]]
76 mouth [[]] mulut bibig, bunganga [[]] [[]] [[]] bibig [[]]
77 tooth
(rather not molar)
[[]] gigi ngipin nipon [[]] [[]] ngipen [[]]
78 tongue [[]] lidah dila [[]] [[]] [[]] dila [[]]
79 fingernail [[]] kuku kuko [[]] [[]] [[]] kuko [[]]
80 foot [[]] kaki paa [[]] [[]] [[]] saka [[]]
81 leg [[]] kaki binti [[]] [[]] [[]] gurong [[]]
82 knee [[]] lutut tuhod tuhod [[]] [[]] tumeng [[]]
83 hand [[]] tangan kamay kamot [[]] [[]] ima [[]]
84 wing [[]] sayap pakpak [[]] [[]] [[]] payak [[]]
85 belly [[]] perut tiyan [[]] [[]] [[]] tian [[]]
86 guts [[]] usus bituka [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
87 neck [[]] leher leeg [[]] [[]] [[]] tengnged [[]]
88 back [[]] punggung likod, likuran [[]] [[]] [[]] likod [[]]
89 breast [[]] dada, susu dibdib, suso [[]] [[]] [[]] suso [[]]
90 heart [[]] jantung puso puso [[]] [[]] puso [[]]
91 liver [[]] hati atay [[]] [[]] [[]] dalem [[]]
92 to drink [[]] minum inom inom [[]] [[]] inom [[]]
93 to eat [[]] makan kain, lamon [[]] [[]] [[]] mangan [[]]
94 to bite [[]] gigit kagat [[]] [[]] [[]] kagat [[]]
95 to suck [[]] hisap sipsip [[]] [[]] [[]] supsop [[]]
96 to spit [[]] ludah dura [[]] [[]] [[]] tupra [[]]
97 to vomit [[]] muntah suka [[]] [[]] [[]] uta [[]]
98 to blow
(as wind)
[[]] tiup ihip [[]] [[]] [[]] puyot [[]]
99 to breathe [[]] bernafas hinga [[]] [[]] [[]] anges [[]]
100 to laugh [[]] tertawa tawa [[]] [[]] [[]] katawa [[]]
101 to see [[]] lihat kita, tanaw [[]] [[]] [[]] kita [[]]
102 to hear [[]] dengar dinig, rinig [[]] [[]] [[]] dengngeg [[]]
103 to know
(a fact)
[[]] tahu alam [[]] [[]] [[]] ammo [[]]
104 to think [[]] fikir isip [[]] [[]] [[]] panunot [[]]
105 to smell
(sense odor)
[[]] cium amoy [[]] [[]] [[]] angot [[]]
106 to fear [[]] takut takot [[]] [[]] [[]] kuteng [[]]
107 to sleep [[]] tidur tulog tulog [[]] [[]] turog [[]]
108 to live [[]] hidup mabuhay [[]] [[]] [[]] biag [[]]
109 to die [[]] mati mamatay [[]] [[]] [[]] matay [[]]
110 to kill [[]] bunuh pumatay, pumaslang [[]] [[]] [[]] mangpatay [[]]
111 to fight [[]] [[]] gulat [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
112 to hunt
(transitive)
[[]] buru hanap, mangaso [[]] [[]] [[]] anup [[]]
113 to hit [[]] pukul tamaan, madali [[]] [[]] [[]] pangor [[]]
114 to cut [[]] potong mahiwa [[]] [[]] [[]] balsig [[]]
115 to split [[]] belah, bahagi biyakin, maghiwalay [[]] [[]] [[]] bisak [[]]
116 to stab
(or stick)
[[]] menikam saksakin [[]] [[]] [[]] dugsol [[]]
117 to scratch
(an itch)
[[]] garu kamot [[]] [[]] [[]] kudkod [[]]
118 to dig [[]] gali hukay [[]] [[]] [[]] kali [[]]
119 to swim [[]] renang langoy [[]] [[]] [[]] langoy [[]]
120 to fly [[]] terbang lumipad [[]] [[]] [[]] tayab [[]]
121 to walk [[]] jalan likad [[]] [[]] [[]] magna [[]]
122 to come [[]] datang dating [[]] [[]] [[]] umay [[]]
123 to lie
(as to lie down)
[[]] berbaring humiga [[]] [[]] [[]] idda [[]]
124 to sit [[]] duduk upo [[]] [[]] [[]] tugaw [[]]
125 to stand [[]] diri tayo [[]] [[]] [[]] takder [[]]
126 to turn
(change direction)
[[]] belok liko, balik [[]] [[]] [[]] likko [[]]
127 to fall
(as in drop)
[[]] jatuh bagsak, laglag [[]] [[]] [[]] tinnag [[]]
128 to give [[]] beri bigay [[]] [[]] [[]] ited [[]]
129 to hold
(in one's hand)
[[]] pegang hawak, tangan [[]] [[]] [[]] mangiggem [[]]
130 to squeeze [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
131 to rub [[]] gosok kuskos [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
132 to wash [[]] cuci hugas [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
133 to wipe [[]] lap, sapu punas [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
134 to pull [[]] tarik batak [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
135 to push [[]] tolak tulak [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
136 to throw [[]] lempar, buang hagis, tapon [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
137 to tie [[]] ikat tali [[]] [[]] [[]] igalot [[]]
138 to sew [[]] jahit tahi [[]] [[]] [[]] dait [[]]
139 to count [[]] hitung bilang [[]] [[]] [[]] bilang [[]]
140 to say [[]] kata sabi [[]] [[]] [[]] kuna [[]]
141 to sing [[]] nyanyi awit [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
142 to play [[]] main laro [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
143 to float [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
144 to flow [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
145 to freeze [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
146 to swell [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
147 sun [[]] hari araw [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
148 moon [[]] bulan buwan bulan [[]] [[]] bulan [[]]
149 star [[]] bintang bituin [[]] [[]] [[]] bituen [[]]
150 water [[]] air tubig tubig [[]] [[]] danum [[]]
151 to rain [[]] hujan ulan [[]] [[]] [[]] tudo [[]]
152 river [[]] sungai ilog [[]] [[]] [[]] karayan [[]]
153 lake [[]] danau, tasik lawa [[]] [[]] [[]] danaw [[]]
154 sea
(as in ocean)
[[]] laut dagat [[]] [[]] [[]] taaw, baybay [[]]
155 salt [[]] asin asin asin [[]] [[]] asin [[]]
156 stone [[]] batu bato [[]] [[]] [[]] bato [[]]
157 sand [[]] pasir buhangin [[]] [[]] [[]] darat [[]]
158 dust [[]] debu alikabok [[]] [[]] [[]] tapok [[]]
159 earth
(as in soil)
[[]] tanah lupa [[]] [[]] [[]] daga [[]]
160 cloud [[]] awan ulap [[]] [[]] [[]] ulep [[]]
161 fog [[]] kabut hamog [[]] [[]] [[]] angep [[]]
162 sky [[]] langit langit langit [[]] [[]] langit [[]]
163 wind
(as in breeze)
[[]] angin hangin hangin [[]] [[]] angin [[]]
164 snow [[]] salji niyebe [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
165 ice [[]] ais yelo [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
166 smoke [[]] asap usok, asó [[]] [[]] [[]] asok [[]]
167 fire [[]] api apoy [[]] [[]] [[]] apoy [[]]
168 ash [[]] abu abo [[]] [[]] [[]] dapo [[]]
169 to burn
(intransitive)
[[]] bakar sunog [[]] [[]] [[]] uram [[]]
170 road [[]] jalan daan [[]] [[]] [[]] dalan [[]]
171 mountain [[]] gunung, puncak buntok [[]] [[]] [[]] bantay [[]]
172 red [[]] merah pula [[]] [[]] [[]] nalabaga [[]]
173 green [[]] hijau luntian [[]] [[]] [[]] naata [[]]
174 yellow [[]] kuning dilaw [[]] [[]] [[]] duyaw [[]]
175 white [[]] putih puti [[]] [[]] [[]] puraw [[]]
176 black [[]] hitam itim itom [[]] [[]] nangisit [[]]
177 night [[]] malam gabi [[]] [[]] [[]] rabii [[]]
178 day
(daytime)
[[]] hari araw adlaw [[]] [[]] aldaw [[]]
179 year [[]] tahun taon [[]] [[]] [[]] tawen [[]]
180 warm
(as in weather)
[[]] panas mainit [[]] [[]] [[]] pudot [[]]
181 cold
(as in weather)
[[]] dingin malamig, maginaw [[]] [[]] [[]] lamek [[]]
182 full [[]] penuh puno [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
183 new [[]] baru bago [[]] [[]] [[]] baro [[]]
184 old [[]] tua, lama matanda, luma [[]] [[]] [[]] baket, lakay [[]]
185 good [[]] baik mabait [[]] [[]] [[]] imbag [[]]
186 bad [[]] buruk masama [[]] [[]] [[]] dakes [[]]
187 rotten
(as, a log)
[[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
188 dirty [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
189 straight [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
190 round [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
191 sharp
(as a knife)
[[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
192 dull
(as a knife)
[[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
193 smooth [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
194 wet [[]] basah [[]] basa [[]] [[]] basa [[]]
195 dry
(adjective)
[[]] kering tuyo [[]] [[]] [[]] maga [[]]
196 right
(correct)
[[]] betul tama [[]] [[]] [[]] payso [[]]
197 near [[]] dekat malapit [[]] [[]] [[]] sideg [[]]
198 far [[]] jauh malayo [[]] [[]] [[]] dayu [[]]
199 right
(side)
[[]] kanan kanan [[]] [[]] [[]] kannawan [[]]
200 left
(side)
[[]] kiri kaliwa [[]] [[]] [[]] kannigid [[]]
201 at [[]] di sa [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
202 in [[]] dalam sa [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
203 with
(accompanying)
[[]] dengan sa [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
204 and [[]] dan at [[]] [[]] [[]] ken, ket [[]]
205 if [[]] kalau kung [[]] [[]] [[]] no [[]]
206 because [[]] karena kasi [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
207 name [[]] nama pangalan [[]] [[]] [[]] nagan [[]]