Wiktionary:Webster 1913/692

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Hic"cough (?; 277), n. [OE. hickup, hicket, hickock; prob. of imitative origin; cf. D. & Dan. hik, Sw. hicka, Armor. hak, hik, W. ig, F. hoquet.] (Physiol.) A modified respiratory movement; a spasmodic inspiration, consisting of a sudden contraction of the diaphragm, accompanied with closure of the glottis, so that further entrance of air is prevented, while the impulse of the column of air entering and striking upon the closed glottis produces a sound, or hiccough. [Written also hickup or hiccup.]


Hic"cough (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hiccoughed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hiccoughing.] To have a hiccough or hiccoughs.


Hick"o*ry (?), n. [North American Indian pawcohiccora (Capt. J. Smith) a kind of milk or oily liquor pressed from pounded hickory nuts. Pohickory" is named in a list of Virginia trees, in 1653, and this was finally shortened to hickory." J. H. Trumbull.] (Bot.) An American tree of the genus Carya, of which there are several species. The shagbark is the C. alba, and has a very rough bark; it affords the hickory nut of the markets. The pignut, or brown hickory, is the C. glabra. The swamp hickory is C. amara, having a nut whose shell is very thin and the kernel bitter. Hickory shad. (Zoöl.) (a) The mattowacca, or fall herring. (b) The gizzard shad.


Hicks"ite (?), n. A member or follower of the liberal" party, headed by Elias Hicks, which, because of a change of views respecting the divinity of Christ and the Atonement, seceded from the conservative portion of the Society of Friends in the United States, in 1827.


Hick"up (?), n. & v. i. See Hiccough.

Hickwall, Hickway[edit]

Hick"wall` (?), Hick"way` (?), n. [OE., also hyghwhele, highawe.] The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus minor) of Europe. [Prov. Eng.]


Hid (?), imp. & p. p. of Hide. See Hidden.


Hid"age (?), n. [From hide a quantity of land.] (O. Eng. Law.) A tax formerly paid to the kings of England for every hide of land. [Written also hydage.]


Hi*dal"go (?), n. [Sp., contr. fr. hijo de algo, i. e., son of something; hijo son (fr. LL. filius) + algo something, fr. L. aliquod. Cf. Fidalgo.] A title, denoting a Spanish nobleman of the lower class.


Hid"den (?), p. p. & a. from Hide. Concealed; put out of view; secret; not known; mysterious. Hidden fifths ? octaves (Mus.), consecutive fifths or octaves, not sounded, but suggested or implied in the parallel motion of two parts towards a fifth or an octave. Syn. -- Hidden, Secret, Covert. Hidden may denote either known to on one; as, a hidden disease; or intentionally concealed; as, a hidden purpose of revenge. Secret denotes that the thing is known only to the party or parties concerned; as, a secret conspiracy. Covert literally denotes what is not open or avowed; as, a covert plan; but is often applied to what we mean shall be understood, without openly expressing it; as, a covert allusion. Secret is opposed to known, and hidden to revealed.

   Bring to light the hidden things of darkness. 1 Cor. iv. 5.
   My heart, which by a secret harmony Still moves with thine, joined in connection sweet. Milton.
   By what best way, Whether of open war, or covert guile, We now debate. Milton.


Hid"den*ite (?), n. [After W. E. Hidden.] (Min.) An emerald-green variety of spodumene found in North Carolina; lithia emerald, -- used as a gem.


Hid"den*ly (?), adv. In a hidden manner.


Hide (?), v. t. [imp. Hid (?); p. p. Hidden (?), Hid; p. pr. & vb. n. Hiding (?).] [OE. hiden, huden, AS. hdan; akin to Gr. , and prob. to E. house, hut, and perh. to E. hide of an animal, and to hoard. Cf. Hoard.]

1. To conceal, or withdraw from sight; to put out of view; to secrete.

   A city that is set on an hill can not be hid. Matt. v. 15.
   If circumstances lead me, I will find Where truth is hid. Shak.

2. To withhold from knowledge; to keep secret; to refrain from avowing or confessing.

   Heaven from all creatures hides the book of fate. Pope.

3. To remove from danger; to shelter.

   In the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion. Ps. xxvi. 5.

To hide one's self, to put one's self in a condition to be safe; to secure protection. A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself." Prov. xxii. 3. -- To hide the face, to withdraw favor. Thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled." Ps. xxx. 7. -- To hide the face from. (a) To overlook; to pardon. Hide thy face from my sins." Ps. li. 9. (b) To withdraw favor from; to be displeased with. Syn. -- To conceal; secrete; disguise; dissemble; screen; cloak; mask; veil. See Conceal.


Hide, v. i. To lie concealed; to keep one's self out of view; to be withdrawn from sight or observation.

   Bred to disguise, in public 'tis you hide. Pope.

Hide and seek, a play of children, in which some hide themselves, and others seek them. Swift.


Hide, n. [AS. hīd, earlier hīged; prob. orig., land enough to support a family; cf. AS. hīwan, hīgan, members of a household, and E. hind a peasant.] (O. Eng. Law.) (a) An abode or dwelling. (b) A measure of land, common in Domesday Book and old English charters, the quantity of which is not well ascertained, but has been differently estimated at 80, 100, and 120 acres. [Written also hyde.]


Hide, n. [OE.hide, hude, AS. hd; akin to D. huid, OHG, ht, G. haut, Icel. h, Dan. & Sw. hud, L. cutis, Gr. ; and cf. Gr. skin, hide, L. scutum shield, and E. sky. .]

1. The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed; -- generally applied to the undressed skins of the larger domestic animals, as oxen, horses, etc.

2. The human skin; -- so called in contempt.

   O tiger's heart, wrapped in a woman's hide! Shak.


Hide (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hided; p. pr. & vb. n. Hiding.] To flog; to whip. [Prov. Eng. & Low, U. S.]


Hide"bound` (?), a.

1. Having the skin adhering so closely to the ribs and back as not to be easily loosened or raised; -- said of an animal.

2. (Hort.) Having the bark so close and constricting that it impedes the growth; -- said of trees. Bacon.

3. Untractable; bigoted; obstinately and blindly or stupidly conservative. Milton. Carlyle.

4. Niggardly; penurious. [Obs.] Quarles.


Hid"e*ous (?; 277), a. [OE. hidous, OF. hidous, hidos, hidus, hisdos, hisdous, F. hideux: cf. OF. hide, hisde, fright; of uncertain origin; cf. OHG. egidī horror, or L. hispidosus, for hispidus rough, bristly, E. hispid.]

1. Frightful, shocking, or offensive to the eyes; dreadful to behold; as, a hideous monster; hideous looks. A piteous and hideous spectacle." Macaulay.

2. Distressing or offensive to the ear; exciting terror or dismay; as, a hideous noise. Hideous cries." Shak.

3. Hateful; shocking. Sure, you have some hideous matter to deliver." Shak. Syn. -- Frightful; ghastly; grim; grisly; horrid; dreadful; terrible. -- Hid"e*ous*ly, adv. -- Hid"e*ous*ness, n.


Hid"er (?), n. One who hides or conceals.


Hid"ing, n. The act of hiding or concealing, or of withholding from view or knowledge; concealment.

   There was the hiding of his power. Hab. iii. 4.


Hid"ing, n. A flogging. [Colloq.] Charles Reade.


Hie (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hying.] [OE. hien, hihen, highen, AS. higian to hasten, strive; cf. L. ciere to put in motion, call upon, rouse, Gr. to go, E. cite.] To hasten; to go in haste; -- also often with the reciprocal pronoun. [Rare, except in poetry] My husband hies him home." Shak.

   The youth, returning to his mistress, hies. Dryden.


Hie, n. Haste; diligence. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Hi"ems (?), n. [L.] Winter. Shak.


Hi"e*ra*pi"cra (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. sacred + bitter.] (med.) A warming cathartic medicine, made of aloes and canella bark. Dunglison.


Hi`er*at"ic (?), a. [L. hieraticus, Gr. ; akin to sacred: cf. F. hiératique.] Consecrated to sacred uses; sacerdotal; pertaining to priests. Hieratic character, a mode of ancient Egyptian writing; a modified form of hieroglyphics, tending toward a cursive hand and formerly supposed to be the sacerdotal character, as the demotic was supposed to be that of the people.

   It was a false notion of the Greeks that of the three kinds of writing used by the Egyptians, two -- for that reason called hieroglyphic and hieratic -- were employed only for sacred, while the third, the demotic, was employed for secular, purposes. No such distinction is discoverable on the more ancient Egyptian monuments; bur we retain the old names founded on misapprehension. W. H. Ward (Johnson's Cyc.).


Hi`er*oc"ra*cy (?), n. [Gr. sacred + to be strong, rule.] Government by ecclesiastics; a hierarchy. Jefferson.

Hieroglyph, Hieroglyphic[edit]

Hi"er*o*glyph (?), Hi`er*o*glyph"ic (?), n. [Cf. F. hiéroglyphe. See Hieroglyphic, a.]

1. A sacred character; a character in picture writing, as of the ancient Egyptians, Mexicans, etc. Specifically, in the plural, the picture writing of the ancient Egyptian priests. It is made up of three, or, as some say, four classes of characters: first, the hieroglyphic proper, or figurative, in which the representation of the object conveys the idea of the object itself; second, the ideographic, consisting of symbols representing ideas, not sounds, as an ostrich feather is a symbol of truth; third, the phonetic, consisting of symbols employed as syllables of a word, or as letters of the alphabet, having a certain sound, as a hawk represented the vowel a.

2. Any character or figure which has, or is supposed to have, a hidden or mysterious significance; hence, any unintelligible or illegible character or mark. [Colloq.]

Hieroglyphic, Hieroglyphical[edit]

Hi`er*o*glyph"ic (?), Hi`er*o*glyph"ic*al (?), a. [L. hieroglyphicus, Gr. ; sacred + to carve: cf. F. hiéroglyphique.]

1. Emblematic; expressive of some meaning by characters, pictures, or figures; as, hieroglyphic writing; a hieroglyphic obelisk.

   Pages no better than blanks to common minds, to his, hieroglyphical of wisest secrets. Prof. Wilson.

2. Resembling hieroglyphics; not decipherable. An hieroglyphical scrawl." Sir W. Scott.


Hi`er*o*glyph`ic*ally (?), adv. In hieroglyphics.


Hi`er*og"ly*phist (?; 277), n. One versed in hieroglyphics. Gliddon.


Hi"er*o*gram (?), n. [Gr. sacred + -gram.] A form of sacred or hieratic writing.


Hi`er*o*gram"mat"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. hiérogrammatique.] Written in, or pertaining to, hierograms; expressive of sacred writing. Bp. Warburton.


Hi`er*o*gram"ma*tist (?), n. [Cf. F. hiérogrammatiste.] A writer of hierograms; also, one skilled in hieroglyphics. Greenhill.

Hierographic, Hierographical[edit]

Hi`er*o*graph"ic (?), Hi`er*o*graph"ic*al (?), a. [L. hierographicus, Gr. : cf. F. hiérographique.] Of or pertaining to sacred writing.


Hi`er*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. ; sacred + to write: cf. F. hiérographie.] Sacred writing. [R.] Bailey.


Hi`er*ol"a*try (?), n. [Gr. sacred + worship, to worship.] The worship of saints or sacred things. [R.] Coleridge.

Hierologic, Hierological[edit]

Hi`er*o*log"ic (?), Hi`er*o*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. hiérologique.] Pertaining to hierology.


Hi`er*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in, or whostudies, hierology.


Hi`er*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. ; sacred + discourse: cf. F. hiérologie.] A treatise on sacred things; especially, the science which treats of the ancient writings and inscriptions of the Egyptians, or a treatise on that science.


Hi"er*o*man`cy (?), n. [Gr. sacreo + divination: cf. F. hiéromantie.] Divination by observing the objects offered in sacrifice.


Hi"er*mar`tyr (?), n. [Gr. sacred + E. martyr.] A priest who becomes a martyr.


Hi`e*rom*ne"mon (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ; sacred + mindful, fr. to think on, remember.] (gr. Antiq.)

1. The sacred secretary or recorder sent by each state belonging to the Amphictyonic Council, along with the deputy or minister. Liddel & Scott.

2. A magistrate who had charge of religious matters, as at Byzantium. Liddel & Scott.


Hi"er*on (?), n. [Gr. .] A consecrateo place; esp., a temple.


Hi`er*on"y*mite (?), n. [From St. Hieronymus, or Jerome.] (Eccl.) See Jeronymite.


Hi*er"o*phant (?; 277), n. [L. hierophanta, hierophantes, Gr. ; ; sacred + to show, make known: cf. F. hiérophante.] The presiding priest who initiated candidates at the Eleusinian mysteries; hence, one who teaches the mysteries and duties of religion. Abp Potter.


Hi`er*o*phan"tic (?), a. [Gr. .] Of or relating to hierophants or their teachings.


Hi`er*os"co*py (?), n. [Gr. divination; sacred + to view.] Divination by inspection of entrails of victims offered in sacrifice.


Hi`er*o*the"ca (?), n.; pl. -cæ (#). [NL., fr. Gr. ; sacred + chest.] A receptacle for sacred objects.


Hi"er*our`gy (?), n. [Gr. ; sacred + work.] A sacred or holy work or worship. [Obs.] Waterland.


Hi`fa*lu"tin (?), n. See Highfaluting.


Hig"gle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Higgled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Higgling (?).] [Cf. Haggle, or Huckster.]

1. To hawk or peddle provisions.

2. To chaffer; to stickle for small advantages in buying and selling; to haggle.

   A person accustomed to higgle about taps. Jeffry.
   To truck and higgle for a private good. Emerson.


Hig`gle*dy-pig"gle*dy (?), adv. In confusion; topsy-turvy. [Colloq.] Johnson.


Hig"gler (?), n. One who higgles.


High (?), v. i. [See Hie.] To hie. [Obs.]

   Men must high them apace, and make haste. Holland.


High (?), a. [Compar. Higher (?); superl. Highest.] [OE. high, hegh, hey, heh, AS. heáh, hh; akin to OS. hh, OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog, OHG. hh, G. hoch, Icel. hr, Sw. hög, Dan. höi, Goth. hauhs, and to Icel. haugr mound, G. Hügel hill, Lith. kaukaras.]

1. Elevated above any starting point of measurement, as a line, or surface; having altitude; lifted up; raised or extended in the direction of the zenith; lofty; tall; as, a high mountain, tower, tree; the sun is high.

2. Regarded as raised up or elevated; distinguished; remarkable; conspicuous; superior; -- used indefinitely or relatively, and often in figurative senses, which are understood from the connection; as - (a) Elevated in character or quality, whether moral or intellectual; preëminent; honorable; as, high aims, or motives. The highest faculty of the soul." Baxter. (b) Exalted in social standing or general estimation, or in rank, reputation, office, and the like; dignified; as, she was welcomed in the highest circles.

   He was a wight of high renown. Shak.

(c) Of noble birth; illustrious; as, of high family. (d) Of great strength, force, importance, and the like; strong; mighty; powerful; violent; sometimes, triumphant; victorious; majestic, etc.; as, a high wind; high passions. With rather a high manner." Thackeray.

   Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand. Ps. lxxxix. 13.
   Can heavenly minds such high resentment show? Dryden.