From Medieval Latin Baioarii (“Bavarians”), from Late Latin Bojuvarii, literally, "Boii settlers", compound of Gaulish Boii (“the Boii tribe”) and Proto-Germanic *warjaz (“settler”) (compare Old Norse verjar (“defender, settler”)), from Proto-Indo-European (compare Welsh gwerin (“crowd”), Sanskrit [script needed] (vṛndám, “group, troop, crowd”)). This name was adopted by the Marcomanni after defeating the Boii and settling Bohemia and parts of Bavaria.
- A historical region in Middle Europe.
- The kingdom of Bavaria.
- One of the component states of Germany according to the current administrative division of the nation, which includes the historical Bavaria and parts of Swabia and Franconia.