Category:Dutch class 7 strong verbs

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» Dutch language » Parts of speech » Verbs » Strong verbs » Class 7 strong verbs

Verbs that retained their reduplication in the past tense in Proto-Germanic. The seventh class was originally a collection of verbs from the other six classes that exhibited reduplication. Consequently, the sound of the present tense can vary but it is always the same as that of the past participle.[edit]
There are two variations:

* - /i/ - /i/ - *, for example roepen - riep - riepen - geroepen
* - /ɪ/ - /ɪ/ - *, for example vangen - ving - vingen - gevangen

In every verb, the vowel denoted * is the same in both cases. Those that have differing vowels for the present tense and past participle are placed under Dutch non-standard strong verbs. This includes verbs such as helpen and werpen.