Category:Proto-Germanic class 7 strong verbs

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» Proto-Germanic language » Lemmas » Verbs » Strong verbs » Class 7 strong verbs

Verbs that retained their reduplication in the past tense in Proto-Germanic. The seventh class was originally a collection of verbs from the other six classes that exhibited reduplication. Consequently, the sound of the present tense can vary but it is always the same as that of the past participle.[edit]
This class consists of verbs that have stems in long vowels or a-diphthongs (including the PIE 'diphthongs' of -a- followed by a sonorant and another consonant). In particular, this class contains (almost) all stems ending in long vowels, which originally had a laryngeal following the root vowel.

The past tense does not normally show a different ablaut grade from the present. Because of this, the reduplication inherited from the PIE perfect aspect was retained. Some verbs with -ē- in the present tense show ablaut after all, and change the stem vowel to -ō- in the past tense in addition to reduplication. The reduplicating vowel is always -e-.

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Pages in category "Proto-Germanic class 7 strong verbs"

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