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English citations of masculism
support for male domination of women
1926 November, John Albert Macy, “Equality of Woman with Man: A Myth”, pages 705-706:
- And I am also proposing the development of a counter corrective movement to be called “Masculism”—lady, I thank thee for that word!—a Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Men. This new movement or cult will seek to restrain the wild women from losing themselves in the woods and perhaps to help them along some desirable road.
- 1983, Sheila Ruth, quoted in Judith Evans (1986), Feminism and Political Theory , ISBN 0803997051, page 70:
- Fascism, fully revealed, is the extreme, exquisite expression of masculism, of patriarchy, and thus the natural enemy of feminism, its quintessential opposite.
- 2003, Punishment and Social Control, second edition (Thomas G. Blomberg, Stanley Cohen, ISBN 0202307018), page 125:
- As Brittan (1989:4) has succinctly put it, "the ideology that justifies and naturalizes male domination" is "masculism." And masculism is already antisocial because masculism as an ideology universalizes "man" as the "maker" of history.
- 2009, Judith A. Allen, The feminism of Charlotte Perkins Gilman: sexualities, histories, progressivism, page 152:
- Titling a 1914 public lecture series at New York's Astor Hotel, “Studies in Masculism,” she complained that the printer objected to the word and attempted to change it.
- Despite an unfriendly press, she specially targeted "masculist" authors and purveyors of negative views of women.
sexism in favor of men
1980 February, Sheila Ruth, Issues in Feminism: A First Course in Women's Studies, Houghton Mifflin, ISBN 9780395286913, OL 7465927M, page 7:
- Masculism, the form of sexism practiced in our culture, has many facets, and we shall explore them in Chapter 2. Here we need only say that masculism is in part the mistaking of male perspectives, beliefs, attitudes, standards, values, and perceptions for all human perceptions.
1997 June 25, Nalini Persram, “In my father's house are many mansions”, in Black British Feminism: A Reader, ISBN 9780415152884, OL 7484411M, page 213:
- It often takes a crisis of some sort to initiate the difficult but empowering feminist process of renegotiating the masculisms that dominate the discourses of origin, authenticity and belonging in a way that transforms margins into frontiers, lack into (ad)vantage.
2001, James Belich, Paradise Reforged: A History of the New Zealanders from the 1880s to the Year 2000, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 9780824825423, OL 8161673M, page 508:
- Residual masculism remained quite powerful, and does so to this day. At school, boys continue to command more playground space and teacher attention than do girls.
promotion of male values, machismo
- 1994, Sheila Ruth, Take Back the Light: A Feminist Reclamation of Spirituality and Religion (ISBN 0822630311), pages 169 and 180:
- In patriarchy, clearly identifiable themes and practices have sent them awry: (1) The first, and most all encompassing, is masculism, which is the adoration of a perverse masculinity represented in the person of Mars, the ancient god of war. A masculist orientation contains the worship of power, an acceptance of violence, an obsession with death, and an inclination toward the morbid and negative aspects of life.
- Masculism is the celebration of the masculine. Patriarchy is its political expression.
promotion (and appropriation) of male values
- 2003, Tziporah Heller, Our Bodies, Our Souls: A Jewish Perspective on Feminine Spirituality (ISBN 1568712162), page 7:
- Thus, mainstream feminism should really be called "masculism," because it glorifies everything that pertains to men and seeks to appropriate it for women. A good example of this mindless masculism is the concept of feminine cigarettes. […] Claiming the right to smoke because men have it is like asserting the right to be a kamikaze pilot as an equal job opportunity.
advocacy of equality for men
1994 July, Cathy Young, “Man Troubles”, Reason:
- Unfortunately, masculism also has a tendency to adopt the less constructive traits and tactics of modern feminism, including polarizing rhetoric, exaggerated claims of victimization as the basis of political demands, and the tailoring of facts to fit ideology.
1995 August 31, Ted Honderich editor, The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, page 554:
- Defining ‘masculism’ is made difficult by the fact that the term has been used by very few people, and by hardly any philosophers. In its most general meaning, the word ‘feminism’ refers to promotion of the interests or rights of women, and a reasonable definition of ‘masculism’ would have it refer to promoting the interests or rights of men. […] A more precise definition of both would be something on this order: ‘the belief that women/men have been systematically discriminated against, and that discrimination should be eliminated’.
2006 July 30, Gunhild Hoogensen; Bruce O. Solheim, Women in Power: World Leaders Since 1960, Greenwood Publishing, ISBN 9780275981907, OL 10289469M, page 21:
- More recently, however, “masculism” has arisen as an attempt to understand men’s experiences in a masculinist society. Masculism examines oppression from the standpoint of men, the vast majority of whom do not fit the mould of the masculinist paradigm.
- 2008 C. J. S. Hayward, Yonder (ISBN 978-0-6152-0217-4):
- There are two quite different forces lumped together in the category of "patriarchy." One is that tradition proper, and the other is "masculism" (or at least I call it that), and what feminism sees as patriarchy is what's left over of the tradition after masculism has defaced it by trying to make it "masculine," […] The difference between Orthodoxy and feminism is this. Orthodoxy has to a very large measure preserved the tradition. When it objects to masculism, it is objecting to an intrusion that affects something it is keeping. It is a guard trying to protect […]