From Middle High German vrouwe, vrowe, from the Old High German frouwa, from Proto-Germanic *frawjǭ, a feminine form of *frawjô (“lord”) (Old English frēa, frēo), from Proto-Indo-European *prōw- (“master, judge”). Cognate with Old Saxon frūa (Middle Low German vrouwe, Modern Low German frug), Old Norse freyja. The Indo-European root is also the source of Slavic *prāvъ (whence Old Church Slavonic правъ, Russian правый (“right”)).
Frau f (genitive Frau, plural Frauen)
- (obsolete) A lady.
- An adult female, a woman.
- One's wife.
- A title of courtesy, equivalent to Mrs/Ms, which has nearly replaced Fräulein in the function of Miss.
- Lady, mistress.
- (adult female): Weib, weiblicher Mensch
- (wife): Ehefrau, Ehegattin, Gattin, Gemahlin, Angetraute
- (title): Fräulein
- (lady): Dame, Herrin
- (adult female, by gender): Mann m, (~, by age): Mädchen n, Mädel n (archaic)
- (wife): Mann, Ehemann, Ehegatte, Gatte
- (title): Herr
- (lady): Herr