Help:How to check translations

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This page in other languages:

This page explains how users knowledgeable of a foreign language can check translations to hopefully remove the tags as described below. Once flagged with an appropriate message, entries appear in language subcategories of Category:Translations to be checked.

English-only contributors should be aware that edits they make to a definition could affect the translations section. Mark definitions that have undergone significant change by requesting that relevant definitions be checked again, similar to flagging Translations with numbers (below).

Ambiguous translations[edit]

# ... {{gloss-stub|...}}
{{gloss-stub|Unspecified}}

The translation given is ambiguous because the English word has several meanings, and no gloss is provided to indicate which meaning of the English word applies. See Translations of foreign words (below).

Numbered translations[edit]

{{rfc-trans}}
Crystal Clear app gimp.png This translation table needs to be split into named sub-tables to allow for unambiguous translations.
See Help:How to check translations for more information on how to check translations.

{{checktrans-top}}
  or
{{trans-top}}     (when missing gloss)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

English Wiktionary does not use a numbering scheme for translations because such a system has already proven unreliable. Contributors who insert new definitions or reorder them do not always check that the numerical designations for translations are updated. All existing numerically designated translations need to be properly classified.

Additionally, whenever significant changes are made to a definition, possibly shifting the meaning, translations for that definition have to be checked as well. Translations that look suspicious or are transliterated without providing the correct script may also be flagged.

Translations of English words[edit]

Translations to be checked are embedded in a template that puts each word in the correct language category. The format for Translations under the English header uses a {{checktrans-top}}...{{checktrans-bottom}} pair and one or more {{ttbc|language}} tags, like this:

==English==

. . .

# An adult [[male]] human.
# A [[piece]] or [[token]] in board games such as chess.

====Translations====

{{trans-top|adult male human}}
* Spanish: [[varón]] {{m}}, [[hombre]] {{m}}
{{trans-bottom}}

{{trans-top|piece in a board game}}
* Spanish: [[peón]]
{{trans-bottom}}

{{checktrans-top}}                          <———

*{{ttbc|French}}: [[homme]]                 <———
*{{ttbc|Mandarin}}: 男人 (nánrén) (1)
{{checktrans-bottom}}                       <———

Verify that the translation is correct for one or more of the given definitions of the English word. If you find an article that has very poor definitions or structure, or for which it is simply impossible to check the translations, then tag it with a cleanup request if you do not attempt a cleanup yourself. If it is not completely clear what a certain definition means, then request better English example sentences.

Once the corresponding definition or definitions are identified, remove the {{ttbc}} template and add the accurate translations to the appropriate table in the Translations section, removing any number designations. If a translation table directs the user to another page, then move the translation to that page. The changes would look like this:

==English==

. . .

# An adult [[male]] human.
# A [[piece]] or [[token]] in board games such as chess.

====Translations====

{{trans-top|adult male human}}
* French: [[homme]] {{m}}                    <———
* Spanish: [[varón]] {{m}}, [[hombre]] {{m}}
{{trans-bottom}}

{{trans-top|piece in a board game}}
* Spanish: [[peón]]
{{trans-bottom}}

{{checktrans-top}}
*{{ttbc|French}}: [[homme]]                 <———
*{{ttbc|Mandarin}}: 男人 (nánrén) (1)
{{checktrans-bottom}}

Please bear in mind:

  • Numbers in translations to be checked do not necessarily match the order in which definitions are given.
  • Translations that match multiple definitions should be listed for each. If you are unsure, do not delete the {{ttbc}} tag.
  • There may be multiple {{ttbc}} and possibly {{gloss-stub}} tags for the same language spread out over the page.
  • Some translations may apply instead to a different part of speech or a slightly different spelling. There are separate pages for different capitalizations.

Also check that the entry for the foreign word or phrase specifically includes the definitions checked, especially if multiple definitions are matched. If there isn't already a foreign entry, you may want to start one. Phrases in any language can be included if they are idiomatic, as per the inclusion criteria. In some cases it may be necessary to link words of the phrase separately, but more often the entire phrase should be wikified, even if it's left red for a while.

Translations to be checked are often under a separate header, but you may want to add more translations than those listed there. When you check the last of translations in any section, you should remove this header and the {{checktrans-top}}...{{checktrans-bottom}} tag. The article will then be automatically removed from Category:Check translations.

Translations with numbers[edit]

Translations sections with numbers should be marked with {{rfc-trans}}. If a page with this tag is encountered, expand it by making tables for each definition of the word and replacing {{rfc-trans}} with {{checktrans-top}}...{{checktrans-bottom}}. All definitions should then be listed under that heading, marking each with {{ttbc|language}} where the language is unwikified (i.e. not linked).

Translations of foreign words[edit]

Translations to be checked are embedded in a template that puts each word in the correct language category. The format for definitions under the foreign language header uses a {{gloss-stub|language}} tag, like this:

==French==

. . .

# [[person|Person]]; [[human being]].
# [[man|Man]]. {{gloss-stub|{{subst:langrev|French}}}}
# [[husband|Husband]].

which appears as:

  1. Person; human being.
  2. Man. (clarification of this French definition is being sought)
  3. Husband.

Verify that the translation is correct and match it to one of the definitions of the English word. Add an appropriate italicised gloss in parentheses and remove the {{gloss-stub}} template. In most cases the article will then be automatically removed from the language subcategory of Translations to be checked. The result would look like this:

==French==

. . .

# [[person|Person]]; [[human being]].
# [[man|Man]] (adult male).
# [[husband|Husband]].

Note that each foreign sense of the word or phrase should have a separate definition line, just as the entry would on the foreign-language Wiktionary. Usually translations match fairly closely. Be thorough when this is not so. In some cases there may not be a direct translation of the foreign word. In the opposite case, a single sense of the foreign word may apply to more than one sense of the English word.

See also[edit]