Holy Ghost

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from holy + ghost (spirit, soul, animating force), although until c. 1500 Middle English forms were typically a combined holigost, haligast, &c. despite deriving from Old English forms which were always two words: hálga gást, hálig gást, &c. A calque of the Vulgate Late Latin Spiritus Sanctus and Ancient Greek Πνεῦμα τὸ Ἅγιον (Pneûma tò Hágion), from πνεῦμα (pneûma, "breath, vital force, soul") + ἅγιος (hágios, "holy").

Proper noun[edit]

Holy Ghost

  1. (Christianity) The aspect (hypostasis) of the Trinity or Godhead corresponding to divine essence present in the faithful (particularly inspired prophets) and considered to proceed either from (Eastern Orthodoxy) God the Father alone or (Roman Catholicism) from Him together with God the Son
    • 1728, A Manual of Prayers and Other Chriſtian Devotions, “The Litany of the Saints and Angels”, page 50:
      O God the Holy Ghoſt, Perfecter of the Elect, Have Mercy on us.

Synonyms[edit]

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