Index:Proto-Germanic/s

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Germanic: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



s[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*saumaz
  • that which is sewn1 2
*sessaz
*slihtaz
*satjanan
  • to set1 2
*skīraz
*stōrijaz
  • great, big, strong1 2
*sanþōnan
  • to prove, certify, acknowledge, testify1
*spakaz
  • wise, clever1
*skaþô
*skrudanan
*stapjanan
  • to step1
*sibjaz
  • related1
*snakô
*sakjaz
*strīkanan
  • to stroke, touch1
*sakanan
*stōdan
*sahtiz
  • reproach, agreement, reconciliation1
*skadwō
*spilōnan
*sēanan
  • to sow1
*swinganan
*swelganan
  • to swallow1
  • to swallow, revel, devour1
*sultijō
  • salt water, brine1
*strūkaz
  • stiff, rigid1
*skakanan
  • to shake, stir1
*sakkuz
  • sack1
*slarpanan
  • to sip, slurp1
*swammaz
  • sponge, tree-fungus1
  • tree-fungus, mushroom, sponge1
*skaidan
  • separation, distinction1
*smartaz
  • hurting1
  • hurting, aching1
*straikōnan
  • to stroke, caress1
*ster-
  • to be stiff, to be strong1
*skaidaz
*swimmanan
  • to swoon, lose consciousness, swim1
*stankwaz
*saipō
  • soap1
*strikô
*swartijanan
*sweblaz
*skraudō
*sadjanan
*slingwanan
  • to worm, twist1
*swanaz
  • swan1
*stinkanan
*spiltō
*sparwaz
  • sparrow1
*sprekanan
  • to speak, make a sound1
  • to speak, make a noise1
*sukkaz
*skiljanan
  • to separate, limit1
  • to divide, limit1
*skaþjanan
*stebnō
  • voice1
*sōmijanan
  • to unite, fit1
*silubran
*staupaz
*strīdanan
*stamniz
*stakkēn
*staggjô
  • stag, male animal, porcupine1
*sūran
*spadô
*sūraz
  • sour1
  • sour, acidic, salty, damp1 2
*sebuntehun
*sparrô
  • stake, beam1
*salwaz
  • dusky, dark, muddy1 2
*suniz
  • soon1
*stīgu-
*snaiwaz
  • snow1
*swabjanan
*straumaz
*singwanan
*sternô
*sehwanan
*sumaz
  • some, a certain one1
*skinō
*swardō
  • overgrown surface1
*skīrō
*stappanan
*swīþanan
*skūraz
*stīfilaz
*stikiz
  • prick, piercing, stitch1
*sīþaz
*sōwulō
  • sun1
  • Old English: sol
*steuraz
*swefanan
*slitjanan
*skaraz
  • ploughshare1
*stubō
  • room, living room, heated room1 2
  • room, sitting room, oven1
  • room, heated room, living room1
*stabnijaz
*stultaz
  • proud, stately, stiff1
*smiþōnan
*samdan
  • sand1
*samdaz, *sandaz(r)
*sagô -> *sagō
  • saw, scythe1
*skillinga-
*skuttan
*surgijanan
*saipijōn
  • soap1
*strampaz
*skīta-
*sagō, *sagô(r)
  • saw1
*seuþanan
*skaunīn
*skītaz
*skeldanan
*sēmô
*stōlaz
  • chair1
*sairaz
*staþulaz
  • position, standing1
*skōhaz
  • shoe", literally "covering1
  • shoe1 2
*-samaz
  • -some1
  • same as1
*skrūbō
  • screw1
*sparaz
*stampijanan
  • to trample, beat1
*sapan
*salhō
*smiþjōn
*sunnōniz dagaz
  • day of the sun1
*salhjōn
*swehuraz
*swalaz
*sweltanan
*splītanan
*swalwōn
*swarmaz
*stukkjan
*skaduz -> *skadwaz
*sibjōnan
  • to reconcile1
*saliz
*sterbanan
*sitjanan
  • to sit1
*sangwaz
*sebuntēhundan
*slakōnan
  • to become useless, weak, or slow1
*strakkijanan
  • to stretch, make taut or tight1
*smanþiz
  • smooth, soft1
*sadōnan
  • to satiate, become satisfied1
*sternaz
  • star1
*stakô
  • stake, bar, stick, pole1
*stuppijanan
  • to push, pierce, prick1
*sainijaz
*sparjan
*strǣlaz
*skrud-
*slaitijanan
*sarwō
*salbōnan
  • to anoint1
*spannō
*steurō
*supô
*snīwanan
*sakō
  • affair, thing, charge, accusation, matter1
*sandijanan
  • to send1
  • to cause to go1
*sahalō
*skarpaz
*standaz
*skautaz
*selbaz
  • self1
*sagjaz
  • follower, retainer, warrior1
*slidraz
  • slippery1
*slumpijaz
*sagjanan
  • to say1
*slidrianan
  • to slide, slither1
*samana-
  • together1 2
*sunuz
  • son1
*sugilaz
*saltaz
  • salty1
  • salty, salted1
*saltan
*snellaz
  • active, swift, brisk1
  • active, sudden, quick1
  • bold, quick, lively1
  • active, bold, quick1
*skerranan
*siuniz
  • appearance, sight, face1
*skōla
  • school1
*spōanan
  • to prosper, succeed, be happy1 2
*snuzō
  • daughter-in-law1
*stigilo
*sturkaz
*stikanan
*strūtōnan
*swēbijanan
  • to lull, put to sleep1
*stūkō
  • stick, beam, stump1 2 3 4
*saljanan
*sebun
  • seven1
*saikijanan
*smakōnan
*sīþuz
  • late1
*spendanan
*stīgi-
*siþaz -> *sinþaz
*skutjanan
*stiurijanan
*smertanan
  • to hurt1
  • to smart1
  • to hurt, ache1
*sundan
  • a swim, body of water, sound1 2 3
*skrudaz
*sundaz
*selhaz
*skigjanan
*skeutanan
*sprangijanan
*skulanan
  • to owe1
*sa
*swōtuz
*slagjōn
*standanan
  • to stand1 2
*smaljanan
  • to glow, burn, smoulder1
*swaipanan
*sauþaz
*sinþaz, *siþaz(r)
*spihtaz
*sagōn
*swerdan
  • literally ‘pricking, piercing thing’1 2
  • sword1 2
*sailan
*strūtaz
*sailaz
  • rope, cable1
  • silent1
*suljō
  • sandal, shoe, sole1
*sprakjaz
*staggijaz
  • male, male deer, porcupine1
*sōþiz
*spurnanan
  • to kick1
  • to tread, kick, knock out1
*sulhaz
  • Old English: sul
*stuban
*sebuntēhunda
*spilan
  • dance1
*skelduz
*saipōn
  • soap1
*skamdaz
  • shameful person1
*sulô
*starkōnan
*stumpaz
  • stump, blunt, part cut off1
*skillingaz
*smakkaz
  • a taste1
*stalkaz
*smuljanan
*stīfilan
  • prop, pole, support1
*sugō
*saiwiz
  • Dutch: zee
  • Middle Dutch: see
  • Old Dutch: seo
  • Old English:
  • Old High German: seo
  • Old Norse: sær
  • Old Saxon: seo
*sahsô
*skalkaz
*skilōnan
*samanōnan
*stunōnan
  • to sound, crash, bang, groan1
*sawalō
*salhōn
  • willow1
*smerwan
*skēlō
*staþl-
*slangô
  • snake, serpent1
*sinkwanan
*stamma
*skalō -> *skal-
*skermijanan
  • to shelter1
*strumpaz
*sulōnan
  • to soil1
*stuppōnan
  • to clog up, block, fill1
  • to stop, close1
  • to stop, close, push, prick1 2
*swumpuz
*stabnijô
  • fixed time1
*stainīnaz
  • made of stone1
*sundrōnan
  • to separate1
*stīganan
*slahtiz
  • hitting, beating, killing, murder1
  • beating, hitting, killing, murder1
*skapnijōn
*sulhiz
  • plough1 2
*skattaz
  • cattle, kine, wealth, owndom, goods, hoard, treasure, geld, money1
  • cattle, treasure1
*smakkijanan
  • to taste1
*slabrōnan
  • to scrawl, make a mess1
*smīlijanan
*skutilaz
*swerbanan
*sūganan
  • to suck, suckle1
*swēgraz
*spinda-
*stabaz
*skipan
  • boat, ship1 2
*snigilaz
*strēlō
*seukaz
*skankijanan
  • to pour in, serve drinks1
*studō
*stīgō
*sairagaz
  • sad1
*smalaz
  • small1
*surgō
*sprūtanan
*siudaz
*sweglōnan
*skīdan
  • log, tile1 2
*staumijanan
*siwjanan
  • to sew1
*skut-
  • project1
*skrīþanan
*skukjanan
*sēnô
  • immediately, soon, then1
*swēraz
  • heavy1
*spendōnan
  • to spend1
*swērijaz
  • heavy1
*swainaz
  • relative, young man, servant1
*swibjanan
*strawan
  • that which is strewn1
*stijan
*skeuha-
*sōkijanan
  • to seek1
*slidrōnan
  • to slide1
*stuntijanan
*swampuz
*skeuhaz
  • shy, frightened1 2
*stikōnan
  • to pierce, prick, be sharp1
*skrudōnan
*skiwô
  • cloud, cloud cover, haze1
*swēbaz
*spōdiz
  • prosperity, success1 2
*sainaz
*sudan
*smirōnan
  • to smile1 2
*skutan
  • that which is thrown, shot, projectile, bullet, missile1
*spinþrô
  • spider", literally, "spinner1
*stēdi-
*siljanan
*slaiwiþō
  • slowness, lateness1 2
*sairan
*samnōnan
  • to gather1
*stul-
  • to be solid, stationary, firm, stiff1
*stelanan
*sturōnan
  • to turn, disturb1
*sēliz
  • good, happy1
  • luck, joy1
*slikkōnan
*skaubaz
*sēlīgaz
  • lucky, happy1
  • happy1
*sunþaz
*sebô
  • mind, sense1
*strakkaz
  • straight1 2
  • straight, tight, tense1
*smītanan
  • to throw1
*sulhō
  • plough1
  • Old English: sul
*stenanan
  • to moan, shout1
*stukjan
*spannanan
*spēnuz
  • chip, shaving1
  • chip, flake, shaving, spoon1
*stukjaz
*sprēkijō
  • speech, speaking, language1
  • speech1
*spehōnan
  • to see, look1 2
  • to spy1
*smiþaz
*skuldiz
  • guilt, obligation1
  • guilt1
*skrepanan
  • to scrape, scratch1
*stinkwanan
*sihtō
  • sight1
*swinþa
  • strongly1
*skrīhanan
  • to cry out, proclaim1
*stagan
  • stay, rope1 2
*swōganan
  • to make a noise1
*stalkōjanan
*sawwijaz
  • juice, wetness1
*saltanan
*skapjanan
  • to create1
*suflan
  • entremets, viands1 2
*staumaz
*skauwōnan
*samaz
  • sama1
  • together1
  • same1
*selda-
  • rare, strange1
*skūriz
  • Old High German: scur
*swartaz
  • black1
  • black, dark-coloured1 2
*swaina-
*skabô
*staurjanan
*stallaz
  • place, position1 2
*smikraz
  • fine, elegant, delicate, tender1
*skankaz
*slaihwō
*stelkaz
*sprakjan
*slidaraz
*skrapōnan
*swambaz
*stukō
*sahsan
  • rock, knife1 2 3
  • knife1 2
*skaljō
*sawwaz
*sundjō
*skeranan
  • to shear1
*sahw
*sprēkō
*sūpanan
*skab-
*sahtaz
*swarō
*starkaz
*sīlō
  • herring1
*swifnaz
  • sleep1
*stainijōn
  • stone vessel1
*sīþiz
  • later1
*swifnan
*stunjanan
  • to sound, crash, bang, groan1
*spīwanan
*stukkijan
  • piece1 2
*spellan
*swelanan
  • to smoulder, burn slowly, cool1
*sauljō
  • mud, puddle, feces1
*spīlaz
  • splinter, peg1
*settle
*sihtiz
*skrībanan
*stōwō
  • place1
*skīmô
*siduz
  • custom1
*skuftan
*stallijanan
  • to put, position1
*stal-
  • to place, set1
*slīkanan
  • to hew, hammer, strike1
  • to creep, crawl1
*stubjaz
*sīdōn
*stilkaz
  • high, lofty, precipitous, steep1
*spēdiz
*stiurijan
*stuppô
  • vat, vessel1
*sūkanan
  • to suck1
*swēriz
*swindanan
*sabjô
*skruþ-
  • to cut1 2
*strunkaz
*suliwōnan
*skūflō
*stalô
  • staff1
*stap-
*slīma-
*swīnan
  • swine, pig1 2
*skītanan
  • to defecate1
  • to shite, defecate, excrete1
*strūtijanan
  • to swell, be puffed up1
*slap-
*snagilaz
*skruþōnan
  • to search, examine1 2
*skūmaz
  • foam1
  • froth, foam1
*slītanan
  • to split, tear apart1
  • to tear1
  • to cut up, split1 2
*slaipaz
*swingatjan
*staupijanan
  • to tumble, make tumble, plunge1
*smeukan
  • smoke, nebulous air1
*seldolīko-
*skaþōnan
  • to injure1
*skuttjō
  • bar, bolt, shed1
*saulijanan
  • to soil, make dirty1 2
*suhtiz
*skainijanan
*sek
*skilin
  • separation, limit1
*starājanan
  • to be fixed, be rigid1
*sīganan
*skimla-
*starkēnan
  • to stiffen, become hard1
*stahlan
*sprēkiz
  • lively1
*saihalō
*sadaz
  • sated1
  • sated, satisfied1
*sparwaraz
  • sparrow-hawk1
*skamōnan
*strīdō
  • combat, strife1 2
*stainaz
  • stone1 2
*skamdō
  • shame, disgrace1
*sundraz
  • isolated, particular, alone1
*skarnan
  • manure1
*segaz
  • victory1 2
*swībanan
  • to move1
  • to wipe, sweep1
*skamō
*slīdanan
  • to slide, glide1
*stōraz
*stadiz
  • a standing, place1 2
*skōganan
  • to shoe1
*stukkaz
*sankwijanan
*strangaz
*stukkan
*spihtōn
*safjan
  • Icelandic: sef
*sternōn
*samjanan
*skīzō
*skraudaz
  • cut, piece1
*swīkwanan
*slendanan
  • to devour1
*skirtanan
  • to hop, jump1 2 3
*stirnō
  • forehead1
*sukōnan
  • to soak1
*stukkjaz
*skar-
*sunþra
  • southwards1
*strikiz
*samaþa
  • together1 2
*samftijaz
  • level, even, smooth, soft, gentle1
  • smooth, level, soft, gentle1
*skawwōnan
  • to look, see1
*swenganan
*skulō
*smurōnan
  • to suffocate, strangle1
*stebnōnan
*swait-
*surgōnan
*steuri-
  • to guide, direct1 2
*skinþan
*stainijanan
  • to adorn with stones1
*sūmijanan
  • to tarry, hesitate1
*skrūdan
*sneggô
*stānan
  • to stand1
*skapaz
  • shape, form1
*swibānan
*sparōnan
*skapan
  • shape, nature, condition1
*strakaz
*sadulaz
*stuntaz
  • short, compact, stupid, dull1
*sinnaz
  • sense, mind, wisdom, meaning1 2 3 4
  • mind, meaning1 2 3 4 5
*skōhanan
*smīþanan
*saiwalō
  • soul1
*slahtō
*skurtaz
  • short1
*sturmaz
  • storm1
*smakkōnan
*swīkanan
  • to dodge, swerve, avoid1
  • to dodge, swerve, avoid, betray1
*sleutanan
  • to lock, shut1
*speldan
  • that which is split, splinter, board1
*snīþanan
*strakan
*skarō
  • a division, detachment1
*strangijaz
  • tight, tense1
*strangiz
  • string1
*strandō
*skurtijōn
*sīhwōn
*skrījanan
  • to cry out1 2
*skrīdanan
*straikaz
  • stroke1
*sundiz
*sulwōnan
*stapulaz
*staraz
*skauniz
  • beautiful1 2 3
  • beautiful, shining1
*skandaz
*skeubanan
*smirwijanan
*sindran
  • dross, cinder, slag1
*sleupanan
*swinþaz
  • strong1
*slūtanan
*sailō
  • noose, rein, bondage1
*skīnanan
  • to shine1 2
  • to shine, appear1
*senawō, *sinwō(r)
  • sinew1
*skiwanan
*swegrō
*sumaraz
  • summer1 2
*spinilo
*skiuhwaz
  • shy, fearful1
*sīhwōnan
*sehs tigiwiz
*swihaniskaz
  • Swedish1
*seglan
*-skapaz
  • -ship1
*skagriz
*salaz
*skaiþ-
*stemnō
  • voice1 2 3 4
  • voice, sound1
*saihaz
*snupanan
*smanþaz
*sangijanan
  • to burn, torch1
*skal-, *skalō(r)
*setlan
*swīgānan
*setlaz
*slēpaz
  • sleep1
*salan
  • dwelling, house, hall1 2 3
*skelwaz
*sēmi-
  • half1
*sibjō
  • kinship1
*skru-
  • to cut1
*sturjanan
*slōgiz
  • lively, agile, cunning, sly, striking1
*sik
  • Old High German: sih
*skiuhwijanan
  • to frighten1
*sehstehun
*sabjanan
*skiuhanan
*sanþaz
  • truth; true1
*siz
*salbō
  • salve, ointment1
*snubanan
  • to snap, cut1
*sauþô
*speri
*swē
  • so1
*sēdiz
  • that which can be sown1
  • seed1
*stundō
  • time, while1
  • point in time, hour1 2
*spahōnan
*strūkēnan
  • to be stiff1
*sīlan
*swērija-
*skuttjanan
  • to bar, bolt1
*steupa-
  • orphaned, step-1 2
*skiuhwanan
*swaimaz
  • a moving to and fro, a sway1
*stautanan
*skukkanan
  • to move, shake, tremble1 2 3
*skaftaz
*skutiz
*staigriz
  • stairs, scaffolding1
*slidô
*skihtiz
*sweglō
*stikkô
*staggijô
*sūz
*skaidlō
*sulan
  • mire, mud1
  • mire, wallow, mud1
  • mud, spot1 2
*sinþanan
  • to go, find one's way1
  • to go, journey1
*sprukan
  • branch, sprout, splinter1
*sehstô
*skandō
*spinnanan
*sīhwanan
  • to strain, drip1
  • to strain, drop1
*stukōnan
  • to be stiff, push1
  • to be stiff, push, thrust1 2
*sunþō
  • truth, care, responsibility1
*salhaz
  • willow1
*skankijô
  • server or pourer of drinks1
*speutan
*skardan
*spurô
*swiftaz
  • swift, quick1
*sundijō
  • sin1
*strēlijanan
*sōknō
  • seeking, inquiry1 2
*strūkōnan
*sikuraz
  • free, secure1 2
*stilliþō
  • stillness, quietness1
*star-
  • to be rigid1
*sunjō
*skandijanan
  • to scold, berate1
*skaidilō
  • part in the hair, top, crown, crest, summit1
  • top, crown, summit1
  • part in the hair, crown, summit1
*slahanan
  • to fight, strike, kill1
  • to hit, strike, kill1
*strangja-
  • tight, tense1 2
*stiklaz
*sakōnan
  • to charge, seek legal action against1
*sehs
*sandaz -> *samdaz
*sparrjanan
  • to bolt, bar1
*stēlō
*sinwō -> *senawō
  • sinew1
*swalīkaz
  • so formed, so like1
  • such1
*slīwan
*sarkiz
  • shirt, armour, hauberk1
*slībanan
  • to split1 2
*skalmō
*sūliz
  • pillar1
  • beam, post, column, pillar1
*sētijan
*seh-
  • to cut1
*sap(p)an
*swenþaz
  • strong1
*springanan
*se-
*skildijanan
*sturnijaz
  • angry, astonished, shocked1
*seldana
*-skapjaz
  • state, condition1
*sturkijanan
*slaiwaz
*smaltijanan
*skukanan
  • to jolt1
*swīgijanan
*slēpanan, *slepanan(r)
  • to sleep1 2
*seldasiuniz
  • rarely seen1
*strakjanan
*strawjanan
*skagjan
*stinganan
*stakkaz
*stauraz
  • pole, support1
*seukanan
*skalmiz
*swestēr, *swester(r)
  • sister1 2
*swihô
*swefnaz
*sparwô
*stainōnan
  • to throw stones at1
*spuran
*swaigijanan
*sōdijanan
*stil-
*skiwjan
  • cloud, cloud cover1 2
  • cloud, cloud cover, haze1
*swebānan
  • to float1
*skiftijanan
*smart
*skūwijaz
  • frightened1
*strangiz-
*saka-lausa-
  • free from accusation1
*swarjanan
  • to speak, swear1 2 3 4
*staikijanan
  • to be sharp, pierce, prick1 2
*streukanan
*sōwulan
  • Old English: sol
*skehanan
  • to move quickly, run1
  • to run, move quickly1 2 3 4
*somaz
  • agreeable, fitting1
*skūr-, *skūrō(r)
*skersanan
*smeltanan
*swa
*slīþran
*spaluz
  • pole, rod, thin bar, lath1
*stemnōnan
  • to voice1
*skabanan
  • to scratch1
*spiha-
  • woodpecker1
*sīdaz
*spraidijanan
  • to spread1
*strakkan
  • straightness1
*sulwijanan
  • to sully, make dirty1
*sturjô
  • sturgeon1
*starkuz
  • stiff, strong1
*spluttaz
  • segment1
*skadwaz, *skaduz(r)
*sunnōn
  • sun1
*spurdz
*slindraz
  • sliding, slippery1
*spiltaz
  • spelt1 2
*sebundô
*swellanan
  • to swell1
*skūrō -> *skūr-
*sīnaz
  • his, her, its, their1 2
*skelhaz
  • squint-eyed, sloping1
*sinīgaz
*skiuhaz
  • afraid, frightened1
*stirtanan
  • to leap, tumble1
*swainiz
*stertaz
*sturtjanan
  • to startle, move, set in motion1
*spēhōnan
  • to observe1
*starbōn
*sētōn
*skaiþanan