Index:Proto-Indo-European/0

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



*[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
**bʰerǵʰ-
  • fort1
**ḱāk-
**bhreg'-
  • to break1
**ḱak-
  • branch, pole1

A[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*Ans-
  • breath, spirit, deity1
  • Old English: os

H[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*(H)aim-
*Hg-
*HeHter-
  • fire1
*Heh₂m-ōr
  • Old Armenian: օր
*H(V)u-dʰ-
  • Old Armenian: օդ
*HuHdʰn-
  • udder1 2
*(H)lak-
*(H)rey-
*Hank-
  • something bent, hook1
*Heh₃-s-
*Hn̥gʷnis
*Hl̥-d-
*Hreh₃d-
  • to scrape1
*Hnʷg-
*Hyeh₂ǵ-ye/o-
  • to sacrifice1
*Host-wer-
*Hroseh₂
*Hos(d)-b(ʰ)-
*Hrewp-
  • to break1
*Hroteh₂
  • wheel1
*Hórbʰo-
*HoHmo-
  • raw, bitter1
*HoyHnos -> *óynos
*HowHdʰr-
  • Serbo-Croatian: vime
*Host-
  • bone1
*HowHdʰ-
*Hórbʰos
  • orphan1
*Hroth₂os
  • car1
*(H)iem-
  • similarity, resemblance1
*Hyeh₂ǵ-yu-
*Hrsen-
  • male1
*Hroth₂-o-
  • wheel1
*H(V)u-to-
  • to put on1

À[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*Àtos
  • father1

á[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ánteros
  • other1
*ályos -> *h₂élyos
*álbʰos
*átta
  • father1 2

é[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*éy, *íh₂(r), *íd(r)
  • Latin: is
  • Latvian: viens
  • Old Irish: é
  • Old Irish: é
  • Proto-Germanic: *iz
*éǵh₂, *wéy(r), *mé(r), *me(r), *éǵh₂om(r), *éǵh₂om(r)
*-éh₁-sh-
*-éye-
  • causative suffix1
*é-dō-t
*éǵh₂om -> *éǵh₂
  • Old High German: ih
*éti, *h₁éti(r)
  • Latin: et
  • Portuguese: e
  • Proto-Germanic: *idi
  • Proto-Germanic: *idi-
*é-bʰer-et
*-éye-ti
*édʰeh₁t

í[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*íh₂(r) -> *éy
  • Latin: is
  • Old Irish:
*íd(r) -> *éy
  • the1
  • Latin: is

ó[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*óykos(r) -> *óynos
  • one, single1 2
*-ós
*óy
  • he, it1
*óywos(r) -> *óynos
  • one, single1
*óynos, *óykos(r), *óywos(r), *HoyHnos(r)
*óynom déḱm̥t
*ómsos
  • shoulder1

ā[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*āt-
  • quick1
  • race, people1
*ān-
  • to notice1
  • to notice; face, mouth1 2 3 4 5
  • to face, notice1

ē[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ē-
  • then, at that time1 2
*ēt-
*ētro-
  • quick, fast1
*ēd-
*ēt-er-
  • stomach, intestines1
*ēl-
  • awl, prong1 2

ī[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ī-
  • ice, frost1
  • Old English: is
*-īn-

ō[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ōpn-
*ōlen-
*ōd-
*-ōs
  • English: -s
*ōsn
*-ōd-ēs
*ōs-
*ōḱu-
  • swift1
*ōp-
  • to achieve1
*ōuyo-
  • English: ey

ū[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ūsr-
  • aurochs1
*ūd-
  • up, over1
  • out1

ǵ[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ǵʰewH-
  • to call, to invoke1
*ǵʰōw-
  • to pour1 2
*ǵrā-
  • grown-up, old, mature1
*ǵʰawH-
  • call, invoke1
  • Old English: god
*ǵómbʰo-
  • tooth1
*ǵʰl̥-tó-m
*ǵómbʰos
  • tooth (animate)1 2
  • tooth1 2
*ǵʰweh₁r-
*ǵen-
  • chin, jaw1 2
*ǵn̥h₁tós
  • born1
*ǵʰew-lo-
*ǵʰrzdeyom
  • bristly1
*ǵʰerk(ʷ)-
*ǵʰwel-
  • to bend1
*ǵr̥so-
*ǵombʰ-
*ǵómbʰ-
  • to pierce, gnaw through1
*ǵʰans
*ǵénh₁mn̥
  • offspring, seed1
*ǵeyǝ-
  • to sprout, shoot1
*ǵónh₁os
  • race1
*ǵʰeym-
*ǵʰel-
*ǵʰreH₁-
  • to become green, grow1
*ǵenH-
*ǵʰol-
*ǵombʰos
*ǵʰeimn̥o
*ǵʰeymeh₂
*ǵʰédos
*ǵʰim-
*ǵʰésr
*ǵʰelh₃-u̯o
  • yellow1
*ǵʰés-to-
*ǵʰel
  • to shine1
*ǵʰizd-
  • anger, agitation1
*ǵebʰ-
  • jaw, mouth1 2
  • Irish: gob
  • Scottish Gaelic: gob
*ǵʰweh₁r
*ǵʰáns
  • goose1
*ǵʰed-i̯e/o-
*ǵhēi-
  • to go1
*ǵénh₁tōr
  • parent1
*ǵʰāgʷʰ-
  • young of an animal, especially of a bird1
*ǵeys-
  • gaping, cracked1
*ǵogh-
*-ǵʰi
*ǵonwi
*ǵónu
*ǵene-
*ǵenu-
  • jaw1
  • cheek1 2
*ǵenh₁-
  • to beget, to give birth1 2
  • to bear1 2
  • to beget1 2
  • to give birth1
  • give birth1
  • to produce1
*ǵnḗh₃s-
*ǵénus
  • chin, jaw1 2 3
*ǵlaktós
*ǵnē-
  • to know, recognise1
  • to give birth, be born1
*ǵʰerdʰ-
  • to grasp, take cover, gird1
  • court, yard1
*ǵʰyis-
  • bewildered, frightened1
*ǵʰéy-mn̥-
*ǵm̥bʰ-
*ǵenə-
*ǵʰreh₁-
  • to grow1
*ǵʰorn-
*ǵerh₂-
*ǵénh₁tis
*ǵera-
*ǵʰe
  • Ancient Greek: γε
*ǵéwstus
  • to enjoy, taste1
*ǵʰrerə-
  • to grow, become green1
*ǵhengh-
  • to stride, step1
*ǵʰerg(ʷ)-
  • fork1
*ǵʰes-
*ǵenh₃- -> *ǵneh₃-
*ǵʰwer-
  • wild animal1
*ǵl̥-
*ǵʰō-
  • behind; after; for1
  • Old Armenian: զ-
*ǵʰoros
*ǵneh₃-, *ǵenh₃-(r)
*ǵʰers-
*ǵʰengʰ-
  • to step, walk1 2
  • to walk, step1
*ǵab-
*ǵegh-
  • branch, stake, bush1
*ǵʰyem-
*ǵe
  • Ancient Greek: γε
*ǵneH₃-
*ǵʰéd-
*ǵhau- -> *ǵʰaw-
*ǵār-
  • voice, exclamation1 2
*-ǵt-
*ǵʰortós
*ǵénh₁-
*ǵʰeu-
  • fish1
*ǵenətlo-
*ǵʰalg-
  • long switch, rod, shaft, pole, perch1
*ǵnéwo-
*ǵʰēy(w)-
*ǵʰi̯ém-
*ǵʰuto-
  • invoked; poured, libated1
  • invoked [one]1
*ǵnō-
*ǵnéh₃-
*-ǵʰe
*ǵʰī-
  • to yawn, gape1
*ǵenǝ-
*ǵn̥h₃ské-
*ǵers-
  • to twist; to plait things from flexible twigs1
*ǵenh₁tóm -> *ǵenh₁tós
  • that which is produced, that which is given birth to1
*ǵʰer-
  • intestine1
  • tharm, guts, intestines1
  • to scratch1 2
  • to enclose1 2
  • tharm, gut, intestine1
  • bowel, intestine1
  • to beam, to shine, to glitter1
  • catch1
*ǵʰeizd-
*ǵʰiyōm
*ǵʰaw-, *ǵhau-(r)
  • Old English: god
*ǵʰyāw-
  • to yawn, gape1
*ǵʰĺ̥tom
*ǵʰers
*ǵʰew-
*ǵénh₁os
  • race1 2 3 4
  • birth; race1
*ǵʰans-
  • goose1 2
*ǵeme-
*ǵr̥h₂nóm
  • grain1 2
*ǵnā(w)-
*ǵʰey-
  • to propel, move, spin1
*ǵʰisd-
  • anger, agitation1
*-ǵʰey
*ǵenHw-
*ǵʰr̥s
*ǵn̥néh₃-
*ǵʰēr-
*ǵews-
  • to choose, taste1
  • to taste, choose, enjoy1
  • to choose1 2 3 4
  • taste, choose1
*ǵh₂lōw-
*ǵoy-ǵl̥-
*ǵʰm̥may
*ǵeb-
  • to look after1 2
*ǵʰesr-
  • hand1
*ǵʰēh₁-
  • to leave1
  • English: go
*ǵlákts
  • milk1
*ǵʰalgʰ-
*ǵno-
  • to know1 2
*ǵenh₁tós, *ǵenh₁tóm(r)
*ǵʰalgʰo
  • slat1
*ǵʰelHwos
  • yellow1 2
*ǵʰeysd-
*ǵʰloū-
*ǵōnwi
*ǵʰēyos
  • Old Armenian: ձի
*ǵónu-
*ǵēbh-
*ǵembʰ-
  • tooth, nail; to pierce, gnaw through1
*ǵhlendh-
  • show, shine1 2

ə[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ənət-

ь[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*-ьro-

[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ḱlewst-
*ḱḗr, *ḱerd-(r)
*ḱormo-
  • suffering, pain1 2 3
*ḱul-
*ḱera(w)-
*ḱeh₁mós
  • black, dark1
*ḱēw-
*ḱi-
  • this1
  • Old Armenian:
*ḱes-
  • to scratch, comb1 2
*ḱik-
*ḱēl-
*ḱiker
*ḱelb-
*ḱel-yo-m
*ḱlusr-
*ḱwen-
*ḱuk-
*ḱera-
*ḱoyker-
*ḱeyw-
*ḱlew-
*ḱret-
*ḱers-
*ḱlewe-
*ḱley-
*ḱam-
  • cover, shroud, clothes1
  • cover, clothes1 2 3 4
  • part of a harness1
*ḱapros
  • male hooved animal1
*ḱrā-
  • to mix, stir, cook1 2 3
*ḱom
  • Serbo-Croatian: s
  • Serbo-Croatian: с
*ḱwn̥tós
*ḱaup-
*ḱēy(w)-
*ḱent-
*ḱād-
  • strong emotion1 2
*ḱóymos
  • village, home1 2
*ḱonk-
*ḱswel-
*ḱeyro-
*ḱeh₂dos
*ḱóm
  • beside, by, with, along1
  • next to, at, with, along1
*ḱeh₃i-
*ḱeyker-
*ḱors-
  • to run, hurry1
*ḱlu-
*ḱiHwon-
*ḱoipos
*ḱm̥tóm, *dḱm̥tóm(r)
*ḱred dʰeh₁-
  • to place one's heart, i.e. to trust, believe1 2
*ḱwā-
  • to swell, spread out, be strong, prevail1
*ḱ(o)nid-
*ḱal(w)e-
*ḱak-
*ḱemen-
  • sky, cloud1
*ḱokHo-
*ḱem-
  • hornless1 2 3
*ḱleywo-
*ḱerdʰo-
*ḱerd- -> *ḱḗr
*ḱówhₓ-
*ḱeygʰ-
  • to jump; lively, brisk1
*ḱerberó-
  • piebald1
*ḱelp-
*ḱenHis
  • Albanian: hi
*ḱad-
*ḱiker-
  • pea1
*ḱiesdʰ-
  • to drive away; to go away1 2
*ḱís
*ḱrh₂esn
*ḱóyno-
*ḱwṓ
*ḱr̥-
*ḱemer-
  • stone, cloud, sky1
*ḱóuhₓwos
*ḱeu-
*ḱl-
*ḱʷn̥tós
*ḱléwmn̥
  • hearing1
*ḱoph₂ós
*ḱrh₃-mo-
*ḱorkeh-
  • gravel, boulder1 2 3
*ḱr̥h₂ós
*ḱeym-
  • relative, tribesman1 2
  • village, home1
*ḱerdʰeh₂
*ḱl̥-n-u-
*ḱoru
  • horn1
*ḱr̥d-
*ḱeras-
*ḱweyt-
*ḱon-
  • shell1
*ḱyē(w)-
  • grey1 2 3
  • grey, dark1
*ḱara-
*ḱupos
  • Albanian: sup
*ḱeh₂d-
  • hate1
*ḱerǝs-
  • hornet1
*ḱerh₂
*ḱómsōd
  • union, gathering1
*ḱei-
  • to lie with, store, be familiar1 2
  • be located; camp, settlement; friendly; from the same home1
*ḱléwos
*ḱel(w)e-
*ḱerh₂-
*ḱeh₁wós
  • black, dark1
*ḱrās-
*ḱsewl-
*ḱe-
  • English: he
  • English: hen
  • English: his
  • English: it
*ḱórh₂sr̥
*ḱwn-i-
*ḱwey-
  • to hiss, whistle, whisper1 2 3
  • to hiss, to whistle, to whisper1
*ḱalh₂mos
*ḱāk-
*ḱyīno-
*ḱen-
  • to set oneself in motion, arise1
*ḱóm-
  • next to, at, with, along1
  • Portuguese: com
*ḱer
*ḱəs-
  • to lead, teach, educate1 2
*ḱʷṓ
  • dog1
*ḱapr̥
  • penis1
*ḱóuHos
*ḱanḱest-
*ḱwenHdʰ-
*ḱens-
  • to speak in a florid, solemn style, attest, witness1 2
*ḱówhₓwos
  • cavity1
*ḱesn-
*ḱweys-
*ḱey-
  • this, here1 2 3
  • this1
  • to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved1 2 3 4
  • to lie, settle1 2
  • to lie with, store, be familiar1
*ḱḗrdi-
*ḱrapo-
  • roof1
*ḱr̥sos
  • horse1
*ḱowros
*ḱawā
  • crying1
*ḱəsti-
*ḱArm-
  • shame, harm1
*-ḱos
*ḱlur-
*ḱléwtrom
  • means of hearing1
*ḱelnā
*ḱwap-
  • merchant1 2
*ḱel-
  • to hide, protect1
  • to cover1 2 3 4
  • to freeze, become cold1
  • to incline1 2
  • to cover, hide1
  • to cover, hide, conceal1
  • to hide, conceal1
  • cold1
  • warm, cold1
  • to cover, to hide1
*ḱeu̯bh₂-
*ḱripo-
  • head or facial hair1
*ḱols-
  • neck1
*ḱoinom
*ḱrū-
*ḱlews-
  • temple of the forehead, cheek1 2
*ḱeh₂r-
*ḱlus-
*ḱrot(H)-
*ḱerǝm-
  • weasel1
*ḱr̥-ti-
*ḱer-, *k̑r̥nom(r), *ḱern-(r), *k̑er-(r)
*ḱēu-
*ḱōro-
*ḱr̥h₂s-Hon-
*ḱumbʰ-
*ḱl̥nu-
*ḱās-
*ḱormon
*ḱsew-
*ḱewk-
  • white1
*ḱr̥nom
*ḱlewtos
  • heard, famous1
*ḱlutos
  • famous, renowned", literally "heard1 2
*ḱlíto
  • post, trimmed log1
*ḱweytos
  • to shine1
*ḱal-
*ḱlusti
*ḱō-
  • to sharpen1 2

[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*ṇdʰreh₃kʷó-
  • that which is below1