Index:Proto-Indo-European/b

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



b[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*bʰeyH-
*bʰeh₂ǵos
*bʰleh₃-s-
*bʰlou-/bʰleu-
*bʰreus-
  • to swell1 2
  • to swell, blow, inflate1
*bhelǵ-
  • beam, pile, prop1
*bʰerəḱ-
*bhu- -> *bʰuH-
*bʰeudʰ-
  • to wake, rise up1
*bʰel
*bʰrgʰ-
  • fortified elevation1 2
*bhlē-dh-
*bhug̑-
*bʰreh₁g-
*bhars-
*bʰágo-
*bheh₂-mā-
*bʰergʰ-
  • to take care of, protect, preserve1
  • to take care1
  • to protect, preserve1
  • height1 2 3 4
*bhas-
  • to bind1
*bhūgh-
  • to bend1 2
*bheredh-
  • to cut1
*bʰaḱeh₂
*bʰor-
  • to protrude; bristle, spike, tip, awn1
*bʰoldʰyo-
*bʰū-
  • to appear, become, rise up1
  • to grow, swell1
  • to swell, wax, grow1
*bheid-
  • to strike, push, shock1
  • to split1 2 3
  • to break, bite1
  • to break, split1
*bʰer-, *bher-(r)
  • brown1
  • brown, shining1 2 3 4
  • brown animal1
  • to rip, cut, split, grate1
  • bʰēr-1
  • to boil, seethe1
  • to bear, bring forth1
  • to bear, carry1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • to rend, tear, cut, split1 2
  • to bore, pierce1 2 3 4 5
  • to scrape, to cut1
*bʰuh₂- -> *bʰuH-
  • to become1 2
*bhou-
  • to grow, swell1 2
  • Old English: buc
  • Old English: bucc
*bherem-
  • protrusion, tip, edge1
*bhrē-
  • to carry, transport1
*bheudho -> *bʰewdʰ-
*bhelg'-
  • thick plank, beam, pile, prop1 2 3
  • beam, pile, prop1 2 3
*bʰr̥tis
  • the act of carrying1
*bʰoso-
*bérg(ʷ)-os
  • unfriendly1
*bʰreHg
*bʰrē-
  • to carry1
  • to bear1 2 3
  • to carry, transport1
  • to carry, bear1 2
*bʰreuh₁-
*bheus-
  • dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
*bʰr̥ǵʰn̥tih₂
*bʰudʰ-mn
*bʰerw-
*bhri-s-
*bʰāos
*bhōw-
  • to blow, swell1
  • to dwell1 2
  • to swell, be strong or numerous1
  • to swell, grow, thrive, be, live, dwell1 2
*būs-
  • to swell, stuff1
*bʰik-
*bʰoyǝ-
  • to frighten, be afraid1 2
*bʰrodʰos
*bhelyō
*bus-
*bhau-
  • to beat, strike, hew1
*bak
*bowokyo-
*baba-
  • to talk vaguely, mumble1 2 3
*bʰeHw-
  • to swell, puff1
*bʰr̥Hǵós
*bʰérus
*bʰlh̥₃oto
*bau-
  • to bark1
*bhle-
  • to swell, blow up1 2
*bʰer-mn
*bʰelǵʰ-
  • to swell1
*bʰr̥-ti-
*bʰereg-
*bʰergʰ
  • height1 2
*bholyo-
*bleh₃-
  • to bloom, to flower1
*bhrgh
  • fortified elevation1
*bʰruHg
*bhAd-
*bholn-
*bʰreu-
  • shining, brown1
*bhreue-
  • to boil, bubble, burn1
*bhreus-
  • to swell, sprout1 2
*bherw-
*bʰelH-
  • white1
*be-bʰro-s
*bʰreh₁u-
*bʰÀu-
  • to beat, push, strike1
*-bʰor-
*bhudhn-
  • earth, bottom1 2
*bʰerǵʰ-
  • to hide, protect1
  • to become high, rise, elevate1
  • high1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • to rise1
  • fortified elevation1
  • fort1 2 3 4
*bʰeyd-
  • to break, split1
  • to split1
*bhAud-
*bʰeud-
  • to beat, push1
*bʰoik-
*bamb-
  • round object1
*bhreg'-
  • to break1
*bhreǵ-
  • to break1
*bhōg-
*bhēǵh-
*baitā-
  • woolen clothes1 2
*bʰeuH- -> *bʰuH-
  • to grow1
*bhl-
*bhAg-
  • back, buttocks1 2
*bʰrenu-
  • to burn1 2
  • burn, fire1 2
*bʰerno-
*bhrag'-
*bak-
  • club, pointed stick, peg1
*bhabh-
  • bean1
*bhlo-to-
  • to gush, spurt1 2
*bheug-
  • to bend1
*b(e)lad-
  • to strike, beat1
*beu-
*bʰ(o)h₁g-
  • to bake1 2
*bʰrēto-
  • exhalation from heat; steam1
*bhendh-
  • to tie, bind1
  • to bind, tie1
  • to tie1 2
*bʰleh₃
  • to thrive, bloom1
  • to bloom1
*-bʰi
*bʰúH-
*bhā-
  • to say, speak1 2 3
  • to say, pronounce1
*bʰāt-
  • father, (elder) brother1
  • father, elder brother, brother1
*bhAuǵ-
  • a kind of leaf-bearing tree1
*bʰi-
  • on, toward, from, by1 2 3 4 5
*bhask-
  • to bind, bundle1 2
*bʰudʰ-mn̥-
  • bottom1
*bʰolǵʰ-
*bʰenǵʰ-
  • thick1
  • thick, dense, fat1 2 3
*bʰeh₂os
  • utterance, saying1
*bhī-
  • Old English: beo
  • Old Saxon: bia
*bheg-
  • to turn, curve, bend, bow1 2
*bhulg'-
*bʰreyH-
*bholǵʰ-
  • leathern bag, pillow, mattress, paunch1
*bʰrewr
*bʰeg-
  • to break1
*bʰel-
  • to inflate, swell1
  • light, bright1 2 3
  • to sound, roar1
  • to gleam1
  • to sound, speak1
  • to shine1 2
  • to bloom1 2 3
  • light, bright.1 2
  • to thrive, bloom1
  • to blow, grow, swell1 2
  • to blow, swell1
  • wildcat1 2 3
*bhaw-
*budno-
  • a kind of vessel, swelled-out shape; to swell1
*bʰres-
  • to crack, break, burst1
  • to burst, break, crack, split, separate1
*beus-
*bʰolH
*bʰodʰ-
  • plot, patch of ground1
*bʰedʰros
*bʰudʰ-
  • to (be) awake1 2
*bhrūn-
  • grey, brown1 2 3 4
*bʰes-
  • to rub off, grind, sprinkle1 2 3
*bʰol-
  • to sound, to speak, to roar, to bark1
  • shiny, white1
*bheugh-
  • to take away, deliver1
*bʰōg-
  • to roast, bake1
*bʰeh₂go-
*bʰredʰe
*bʰr̥stís
*bhlō(w)-
  • to thrive, flourish, bloom1 2
*bʰr̥dʰo
*bʰera-
  • to split, beat, hew, struggle1
  • to cut, scratch, split, rub, beat, hew, struggle1
*bʰéng̑ʰus
  • thick, dense, fat1
*bheh₂-
  • to speak1 2
*bʰlewas
  • light-coloured, blond, yellow1
*bhlēw-
*bʰlews-
  • Serbo-Croatian: buha
*bʰérh₁ǵo-
*bhrēḱ-
*bʰlē-
  • to inflate, swell1
*bʰendʰ-
  • bind1
  • to bind1
  • to tie, bind1 2 3 4
  • to tie1
*bʰolǵʰnis
*bheyə-
*bhlaw-
  • weak, frightened1
  • frightened, weak1
*bhreg-
  • to break1
*bʰosó
*bak(')-
  • pointed stick, peg1
*b(e)led-
  • to strike, beat1 2
*brAngh-
  • to press, squeeze1
*bʰog-
  • flowing water1 2
  • flowing water, brook, stream1
  • flowing water, stream1
*budn-
  • a type of vessel1
  • a kind of vessel1 2
*bʰa-bʰa-
*bʰerHǵ-o-
*bʰérHǵos
*bʰōl-
*bhuǵ-
  • he-goat, ram1
*bʰÀud-
  • to beat, push1 2 3
*bʰorH-h₂
  • hole1
*bhel-
  • to inflate, swell1 2
  • to blow, inflate, swell, bubble1 2
  • to blow, to inflate, to swell1
  • to gleam1
  • to shine, be white1
  • to swell, inflate, blow1
  • to thrive, bloom1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to shine1 2
  • to blow, swell, inflate1 2 3
  • to blow, inflate, swell1
  • to swell, blow up1
*bʰre-
  • to break, crack1 2
*bʰrh₁ǵ-
*bʰeu-
  • to hit1 2
  • to swell, grow1
*bhasḱ-
*bheh₁g̑ós
  • beech1
*bhēgh-
  • to press, compel1
*bʰūgʰ-
  • to bend1 2
*bhela-
  • light, bright1
*bʰerHǵeh₂
*bʰleh₃-
*bud-
  • to swell1
  • to shoot, sprout1
*bhl̥no
*bʰəgʰ-
*bʰudʰ-no-
*bʰərgʰ-
  • fortified elevation1 2 3 4 5 6
*bʰōw-
  • to swell, inflate1
  • to blow, swell1 2 3 4
  • to dwell1
*breme-
  • to hum, make a noise1
*bhrū
*bʰiH-ti̯o
*bʰrem(e)-
*bʰeǵʰ-
*bhlē-
  • to bloat, swell, bubble1
*bʰegʷ-
*bʰask-
*bheh₂mā-
*bheH₂-
  • to speak, say, tell1
*bheh₂-d₂l-ieh₂-
*bʰudʰno-
*bʰeh₂ni-
*bhrew-
  • to heat, boil, brew1
  • to boil, seethe1 2 3 4 5
*bʰeid-
  • to cleave, split, separate1 2
  • to split1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
*bʰeidʰ-
  • to weave, bind1
*bʰeh₂g-
  • to distribute, allot1 2
*bʰAuǵ-
*bʰug-
  • ram1
*bʰēdʰ-
*bhergh-
  • to protect, defend, save, preserve1
  • to protect, secure1
  • to shelter, protect, save, preserve1
  • to take care1 2 3
*bʰasḱ-
  • bundle1
*brodno-
  • to wander about1
*bʰeh₂u-
  • to be, become1
*bʰardʰ-
*bʰr̥ǵʰu-r-
*bharst-
  • prickle, thorn, scale1 2
*bhlo-
  • to blossom, flourish1 2 3
*bʰruH
*bʰosós
*bʰī-
  • bee1
*bend-
  • pointed peg, nail, edge1
  • peg, tip, protruding point, edge1
*bʰerem-
*bhā
  • shine1
  • Scottish Gaelic: bàn
*bʰelew-, *bʰeleu-(r)
*bhud-
*bʰer(ə)ǵ-
  • birch tree1
*bʰewh₂-
*bhelg-
  • beam, plank1 2 3
*bha-
*bhlōw-
*bʰuH-, *bʰew-(r), *bhu-(r), *bʰuh₂-(r), *bʰeuH-(r)
  • to become, to grow, to appear1
  • to be1
  • to appear, become, rise up1 2 3
  • to become1 2
*bʰeikos
*bʰordʰeh₂
*bhudhm-
  • earth, bottom1 2
*bʰrēw-
  • wooden flooring, decking, bridge
1
*bʰrūg-
  • enjoy1
  • to use, enjoy1
  • to make use of1
  • to enjoy1
*balbal-
  • tongue-tied1
*bʰrendos
  • Albanian: bri
*bhū
  • to grow1
*bʰreHi-
*bʰleu-
*bʰili-
  • harmonious, friendly1
*bʰn̥ǵʰu-
*bʰedʰ-
  • dig1
*bʰṛgʰ-
  • hill, mound1
*bhugo
  • buck1
*bʰleg-
  • to shine1 2
*bhrug-
  • to use, enjoy1 2
  • to make use of, to have enjoyment of1 2 3 4 5
*bel-
  • to dig1
  • power, strength1 2 3 4
*bʰuH-l-
*bews-
  • dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
*bʰōs-
  • light, brightness1
*bʰeh₂ǵós
*bherH-
*bʰebʰris
*bureue-
  • to boil, bubble, burn1
*bhAl(w)-
  • illness, pain1
*bhn̥dh-s-
*buk-
*bhrēuā
*bʰago
*bhil-
  • decent, good1
  • decent, good, harmonious, friendly1
*bʰl(e)h₁uos
*bʰow-
  • pit, hole1
*bu
*bʰew- -> *bʰuH-
  • to swell1
  • to become, be1 2
  • to exist, grow1
  • to be, become, appear1
  • to grow, become, appear1 2 3
  • to grow1
  • to blow, swell1
  • to grow, become, come into being, appear1 2 3
*bhréi-
  • to cut, break1 2
*bʰardʰeh₂
*bʰeh₂-s-ri-
*bʰl̥ndʰ-
*bhleu-
  • light, pleasant, fair (of weather)1
*bʰergo-
*bhei-
  • to hit, beat1 2 3
*bhagos-
*bhre-
  • to burn, heat1
*bʰa-
  • to speak1
  • to say1
*bhlāw-
  • yellow, grey, blue1 2
*bʰēgʰ-
*bʰoidʰ-
*bʰoh₂go-
*bʰeleu- -> *bʰelew-
  • to strike, make weak, make sick1 2 3
  • to strike, afflict, make weak, make sick1
*bhAl-
  • to blow, inflate1
*bʰerH-
  • to pierce, strike1 2 3
*bʰāǵʰus
*brodnó-
  • to wander about1
*bʰoHu-
*bheudh-
  • to be awake, observe1
*bʰoyh₂-
  • to be frightened1 2
*bʰruh-
  • beam, bridge1
*bʰére-
*bʰeh₂-
*bʰloh₃ro
*bhūs-
  • to move quickly1 2
*bʰeregʰ-
  • high, elevated1
*bhlendh-
  • to become turbid, see badly, be blind1
*bʰweH-t-
*bʰēlH-
*bʰōrH-n-
*bʰréh₂tēr
*bʰrHǵ-
  • birch1
*bhū-
  • to grow, wax, swell, live, dwell1
  • to grow, swell1 2
  • to grow1 2 3 4
*bhṛsti̯o-
*bʰēlHos
*bhlAid-
  • pale, pallid1 2 3
*bʰewdʰ-, *bheudho(r)
  • to wake, rise up1
  • to be awake, fully perceive1
  • to be aware, comprehend1
  • to be awake, be aware, perceive adequately1
  • to comprehend, make aware1 2 3
  • to make aware1 2
  • to be awake, perceive fully1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
*bʰébʰrus
  • beaver1
*bhleg-
*bhrest-
  • to separate, burst1 2 3
*bhlei-
*bʰoydʰ-
*bʰar-
*bheidh-
  • persuade, agree1
*bʰereǵ-
*bʰrug-
  • fruit1
*bʰōr-
*bōul-
  • orb, round object, bubble1
  • bubble, round object1
  • round object, bubble1
*bʰeh-
  • to shine1 2 3
*bʰlH-i-
*bʰuHgos
*bʰardʰ-eh₂
*bhlī-
  • light, pleasant, nice (of weather)1
*bhrēǵ-
  • to shine1
*bʰṛkjō
*bʰr̥ǵʰs
*bhe-
*bʰereu-
*breun-
*bʰōgʰ-
*bhlēdh-
*bul-
  • to swell1
*bʰā-
  • to say, speak1
  • to shine1 2
  • to say1 2
*bʰeydʰ-
  • to command, to persuade, to trust1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
*bher- -> *bʰer-
  • to boil up1
  • to carry1
  • shining, brown1 2 3 4
  • shining1
*bʰeyh₂-
  • to fear1
*bʰews-
  • dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
  • dross, sediment1
*bal-
  • to shake, to dance1
*bʰrusdʰos
*bʰrǵʰ-ent-
  • high1
*bʰei-
*bʰAd-
  • good1
*bʰreud-
  • to break1
*bhodhHros
*balb-
*bʰidʰ-
  • to command1 2 3
  • pot, bucket, barrel1
*bolgʷ-
*bʰluseh₂ -> *plúsis
*bʰāni-
*bheu-
*bhergh2-
  • high, heights1
*bʰlendʰ-
  • to become turbid, see badly, go blind1 2
  • blond, red-haired1 2
*bʰenǵʰ
*bʰerh2/3
  • to hurry1
*bhraǵ-
*bʰh₂ti-
*brust
*be-bʰru-s
*bu-
  • to make a dull, hollow sound1
  • to make a dull sound1 2 3
*bʰardʰ-eh₂-
  • beard1 2
*bʰlēw-
  • yellow, blond, grey1 2
*bʰag-
*bʰleyǵ-
*bʰlō-
*bhol-
  • to flower; leaf1 2 3
*bʰol-yo-
*bʰlaw-
  • weak, frightened, timid1 2
*bhebhrus
  • beaver1 2