Index:Proto-Indo-European/d

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



d[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*del-
  • to aim, calculate, adjust, count1
  • to count, reckon, aim, calculate, adjust1
  • to split, carve, cut1
  • to reckon, count1 2
  • to aim, calculate, adjust, reckon1
  • to reckon, calculate1
  • to cleave, cut, work on timber1 2
*derk
*dēy-
*dréus
  • Albanian: dru
*dʰrei-
*der-
  • to flay, split1
  • to split, flay1
  • to tear, to pluck, to slice1
*dʰel-
  • an arch, vaulting, curve, curvature, cavity1 2 3
*dʰal-
*dr̥ḱti
*dʰḙiə-
  • to show1
*dʰ(e)h₁s-
*dʰeb-
*dʰegʷhris
*deh₃-, *dorom(r)
*derḱ-
*duwo-
  • two1
*drā-
  • to run, escape1 2 3
*druh₂o
  • Albanian: dru
*dhg'həmo-
*dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti(h₁)
  • two tens, two decades1
*dl̥k-s-ḱu-
*dʰegʷh-
  • to burn1
*dheubh-
  • to whisk, be obscured1
  • to whisk, whirl, smoke, be obscure1
  • smoke, mist, -> daze, stupefaction1
*dhūs
*dhagho-
  • shining1 2
*dīpəro-
*dou-
  • to worship1
*dʰAǵʰ-
  • day1
*dʰeh₁(y)-
  • to suck1 2 3
  • to suck, suckle1 2 3
*dʰer-
  • to hold1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • cloudy, dirty, muddy1
  • dull, dirty1
  • to hold, to support1
*dʰwÁs-
*dʰew-
  • to dim, dull, cloud, make obscure, swirl, whirl1
  • to dwindle, die1
*dʰh₁ti-
*dey-
  • to shine1
*dhal-
*dʰautós
*dʰǵʰu-
*dhūw-
  • to smoke, raise dust1 2 3
  • to smoke, fume, raise dust1 2
  • to smoke, raise dust, camouflage1
*do-
  • Polish: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: до
*dʰanw-
*dapni-
  • sacrifice1
*dʰeh₁-
  • to put, place, set1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  • to suck, suckle1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • to put, do1
  • to put, place, do, make1
  • to place, set, put1
  • to make, do, place1
  • to put, set, place1
  • to do, put, place1
  • to put, place, do1
  • to set, put, stell, lay1
*derk-
  • to see, behold, observe, notice1
*dʰédʰh₁i
*drū-
  • to be firm, be solid1
  • tree1
*do
  • English: to
  • Old English: to
  • Proto-Germanic: *ta
  • Proto-Germanic: *
*de
  • English: to
  • Old English: to
*dreu-
  • firm, solid, steadfast1
*dhē-
  • to make, do1
*dyeu-
*dhwey-
  • to die1
*dheigʷ
  • to stick, set up1 2
*dʰeub-no
*deh₂mos
*dʰōwb-
  • deep, hollow1
*dʰéh₁-
*dlegh-
*dʰail-
  • part, watershed1 2 3
*dʰēy-
  • to suckle, nurse1 2 3
  • to suck (milk), to suckle1
  • to suck, suckle1
  • to suck milk; to suckle1
*dhur-
*deiǵe-
*dīt-
  • Old Armenian: տի
  • Old English: tid
*dʰeubos
  • Albanian: det
*deikō
*duwó(r) -> *dwóh₁
*dʰurotel
*dih₁-
*dʰe-
  • to set, place1 2
*dʰowb-
*démh₂-
*dáḱru-
  • tear1
  • tears1
*dem-h₂-
  • to domesticate, tame1 2
*dʰéwbus
  • deep1
*dʰóh₁mos
  • thing put1
*duwo
*deik'e-
*dǵhyes-
  • yesterday1
*dʰeh₁y-
  • to suck, suckle1
*dhen-
  • to beat, push1
*dʰewsóm
*dʰoubʰos
*dʰen-
  • to beat, push1
  • flat surface, board, sheet, area, palm of the hand1 2
*dʰreibʰ-
  • to drive, push1 2
*-dʰro-
  • suffix forming instrument nouns1
*dheuk-
*dʰǵʰm̥mō
*dhalk-
*dʰeu-
  • to flow, run1
  • to fly, shake, reek, steam, smolder1
  • to run, flow1 2 3 4
  • to dwindle, die1
*dh₁g-
  • to touch1
*dédeh₃-
*dwóh₁, *dwó(r), *dwóy(h₁)(r), *dwṓw(r), *duwó(r), *duwéh₃(r)
*derwu-
  • to tear, wrap, reap1
*dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru-
*dʰeubʰ-
  • to whisk, smoke, darken, obscure1 2
  • to whisk, smoke, be obscure1
*di̯ēus
*déms pótis
  • master of the house1
*dʰéǵʰōm
*dʰewb-
  • deep1
  • deep, hollow1 2
*drāb-
*deywós
  • god1
  • god/that which belongs to heaven1
  • god, the celestial one1 2 3
*dheughe-
  • to be noteful, be sufficient1 2
  • to be ready, be sufficient1
*dʰur
*dyewós
  • god1
*dʰembʰ-
  • to dig1 2
*dʰAilom
*dḷkú-
  • sweet1 2
*derbh-
  • to tie together, weave1
*dhereugh-
  • to hold fast1 2
*dows-
  • forearm1 2
*dāy-
  • to divide, split, part, section1 2
  • to divide, part1
  • to separate, divide1 2
  • to divide, split, section, part, separate1
  • to divide, split, part, separate1
  • to divide, separate1
*dʰówtus
*dhes-
*drAuk-
*deyḱe-
  • to show, point out, declare, tell1
  • to show, instruct, teach1
  • to show, instruct, tell1
*dok̑-lo-
*deyǵe-
*dʰers-
*deig'-
  • to show1 2
*di̯ḗus
  • sky; sky-god1
*dhouk-
  • to be hidden1
*dul-
  • to shake, hesitate1
*deik-
  • to show, guide, tell1
*dwisnós
*dwi-
  • to fear1
*dʰreu-
*dheub-
  • deep1
*deyḱ-e-
  • to show, point out1 2 3 4 5
*dʰeh₁i-
*dwis
*dʰayl-
*dʰol-
*deḱs
*duis
  • twice1
*dʰwōreh₂
*deḱ-
  • to take1
*deu-
  • to injure, destroy, burn1 2
*dhelbh-
*dʰreybʰ-
  • to drive, push1
*dewǝ-
  • to tie to, secure1 2 3
*dher-
  • to hold, hold fast, support1 2 3 4 5
*dʰǵʰemelo-
*dwóy(h₁)(r) -> *dwóh₁
  • Tocharian A: we
  • Tocharian B: wi
*dʰabʰ-
  • appropriate, good, fitting1
  • to fashion, to fit1
  • to pass, happen, occur, fit1
  • to fashion, fit1
*dʰewbʰ-
*díks
*dʰrAugʰ-
*dʰreǵ-
  • to pull, drag, scratch1
*dhengh-
  • to cover1 2
  • to cover; covering1
*deh₃rom
  • gift1
*dlh₁gʰó-
*dʰrewgʰ-
*dṓm, *dómh₂os(r), *dómos(r)
  • house1 2 3
  • a house1
*dwóu
  • two (masc.)1
*dʰreugʰ-
  • to deceive1
  • to deceive, injure, damage1 2
*dʰeh₁-l-
*dʰengw-
  • to smoke, fume1 2
*dʰer-mo-s
  • holding1 2
*demh₂-
*dar-
  • to tear, to split1
*dorbh-
  • tuft, grass1
*dhe-
  • to put, to do1
*deyǵ-
  • to show, point out, pronounce solemnly1 2
*dʰur-
*dreu̯h₂
*dʰeus
*dāu-
*dherebh-
*dʰə-
  • to disappear1
*-dʰlom
*domu-
  • house1
*dreg-
  • to drag, scrape1 2
*dʰwer-
*dwis-
  • two-ways, in twain1
  • twice, in two1 2 3
*dr-
  • to tear, rip, split1
*deḱ
  • to pluck, sever, split1
*dhg'homo-
*dʰwel-
*dʰerg-
  • to dim, darken1
  • dim, dull1
*derew(o)-
  • tree, wood1
*dū-
  • to respect1
*dweh₂ro-
  • long1
*dʰeh₁-ne-
*dekm
*diǵ-
*dis-
  • apart, asunder1
*dek-
*dʰworom
  • enclosure, courtyard, i.e. something enclosed by the door1 2
*dl̥-
*dʰigʰ-
  • to knead1 2
*dewə-
*drāp-
*dʰwór-
  • door1
*dr̥ḱ-h₂(e)ḱru-
  • eye bitter1
*de-
  • Polish: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: do
  • Serbo-Croatian: до
*dʰeigʰ-
  • to knead1 2
*delgʰ-
  • to split, divide, cut, carve1
*dʰewes-
  • to whisk, sprinkle, scatter, twirl1
*dʰeu-r-
*dewk-
  • to pull1
  • to pull, lead1 2 3 4
  • to lead, pull, draw1
  • to pull, draw1
  • to draw, pull, lead1
  • to draw, pull1 2
*dArg'h-
  • fenced lot1 2 3
*dʰgʷʰítis
  • perishing, decrease1 2 3 4 5
  • perishing, destruction, decrease1
*dʰrogʰos
*derm-
*dʰeh₁-m̥n-eh₂
  • who sucks1 2 3
*dǵheis-
*drAuḱ-
  • a kind of vessel1
*dhǵhəmo-
*déḱ-
*dhīgw-
*dʰegʰ-
*dus-diu-
  • bad day1
*dhew-
  • to run, flow1 2
*derə-
  • to tear, tear apart1 2 3 4
*dʰrōgʰ-
*dʰeub-
*dʰrew-
  • to crumble, grind1 2
*dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti
*dʰewel-
  • to dim, dull, cloud, make obscure, swirl, whirl1 2 3
*dhalg-
  • a cutting tool1 2 3
*dʰelbʰ-
  • to dig1
*derH-
*dʰugh₂tḗr
  • daughter1
*dhregh-
  • to draw, glide1
*doma-
  • to tame1
*drAuk(')-
  • a type of vessel1 2
*drew-o-
*dʰerw-
  • cloudiness, dirt; to dim, darken, tarnish, dull1
  • to hold, hold tight, support1
*dʰu̯ésmi
*deiwós
*drouzdo-
*dhēs-
  • god, godhead, deity1 2
*dʰoyǵʰhos
  • wall1
*digós
  • goat1
*dereg-
  • to pull1
*dlh₁gʰos
*-dj-
*dǵʰuH-
*dʰabʰros
*dʰeH₁-
  • to put, place, do, make1
*dereu-
*dā-
  • to flow1
*dʰabʰro-
*dʰeusóm
*dei-
*dʰuh₂mós
*draḱu-
*dus
*diǵʰ-
*dhrēn-
  • bee, hornet, drone1 2
  • bee, drone, hornet1
*dus-dyu-
*dhreibh-
  • to drive, push1
*dmpedom
*dwitlom
*drew-
  • tree1
  • hard, fest1 2
*dhigw-
  • to stick, fix1
*dʰregʰ-
  • to run1
*dʰAilā
*dwodeḱm̥
*dóru, *deru-, *drew-(r)
*dʰengʰ-
  • to cover, hide, conceal1 2 3
  • to cover1 2
*déḱm̥t
*drem-
  • to sleep1
*deh₂iwer-
*dʰéǵʰom-yo-
*domh₂os
*dʰewh₂-
  • to rise in smoke1
*delt-
  • board1
*dʰAil-
  • part, watershed1 2
*dʰéh₁i-to-m
  • that what is suckled1
*déh₃tōr
  • giver, donor1 2 3
*dʰegʷʰ-
  • to burn1 2
*dheu-
  • to pass away, become senseless1
  • to flow, run1 2
  • breathe1
  • to run, flow1
  • to whisk, twirl, blow, smolder, fume1
*dous-
*dra-
  • to run1 2
*dʰēs-
  • holy one, hallow, deity1
  • sacred one, saint, hallow, god , deity1
*dō-
*dʰeiǵʰ-
  • to mold1 2 3
  • to smear, plaster; to form, knead1
*diwoh₁
  • during the day1
*dʰǵʰyes-
  • yesterday1
*dard-
*dʰūp-
  • to smoke1
*draḱru-
*dhrengh-
  • to draw into one's mouth, sip, gulp1
*dʰrag-
  • bother, torment1
*dol-
  • calculation, fraud1 2
  • reckoning, calculation, fraud1
*dʰrebʰ-
  • to beat, crush, make or become thick1
*dhAil-
  • part, watershed1 2
*dʰeus-
  • to fly, whirl1
*dʰreus-
  • to break, break off, crumble1
*dher(ǝ)-
*dwó(r) -> *dwóh₁
*dʰr̥ǵʰ-
*dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s
*dAnǵʰ-
  • sky, heavenly body1
*druh₂
*dhǵhomo-
  • man, person1
*dīti-
  • time, period1 2 3
*deregʰ-
  • to pull, tug, irritate1
*dʰeugʰe-
  • be ready, suffice1
  • to be ready, be sufficient1 2
*dher(ə)-
*dʰ(e)h₁s
*dʰh₂l-
*da-
  • to divide, cut up1
*deh₂iwēr
*dāmo-
*dʰrowgʰos
*dʰē
*dḱm̥tóm(r) -> *ḱm̥tóm
*dregʰ-
  • unwilling, sullen, slack1 2
*dʰēti-
  • deed, action1
*dgʷhey-
  • to disappear, die1
*dheusom
*daiwō
*dʰētis
  • deed, act1
*duwéh₃(r) -> *dwóh₁
*dʰēh₁-
  • to do, make1
*dukn-
*dʰeh₁(i)-
  • to suck, suckle1
*dʰer-o-
  • tight, close by1
*dheigw-
  • to stab, dig1
*dʰē-
*déh₃-
*dʰren
  • drone, buzz1
  • Albanian: dre
*dʰédʰeh₁-
*-dh-to
*dwṓw(r) -> *dwóh₁
  • Tocharian A: wu
*dayh₂wḗr
  • husband's brother1
  • brother-in-law1
*dwṓu
*dēwǝ-
  • to fail, be behind, be lacking1 2
*da-mo-
  • division1
*dhreid-
*dweinós
*dʰnh₂
*deiḱe-
  • to show, indicate, point out, declare1
  • to show1
*dhreb-
  • to crack, crush, kill1
*drē-
  • to sleep1
*denǵʰ-
  • to shine1 2 3
*dʰwor-
  • doorway, door, gate1
  • gate, door1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • door, gate1 2 3
*dʰers
*deh₁-
  • to bind1 2
*dʰūbʰ-
*dʰoyl-
*dl̥h₁gʰós
*dweh₂-
*dluh₂gʰó-
  • long1
*dʰautus
*dus-
  • bad, wrong1
  • bad, ill, difficult1 2
  • bad1 2 3
*dēg-
*dm̥h₂-ó-
*déi-no-
*dem-
  • to build1
*dʰeh₁y-li-os
*dʰeh₁ti-
*déms-pótis
  • master of the house1
*dʰei-
*dhrē-
  • to hold1 2
  • to hold, hold tight, support1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
*deh₁g-
*deiwos
  • divinity1 2
*deḱs-
  • right1
*dema-
  • to build1
*deru-
  • solid, steadfast1
  • firm, solid1
*deyḱ-
  • to show, point out1 2
  • to point out1
*dʰerāgʰ-
  • to draw, drag1
*dʰǵʰuH-
*dʰh₁s-o-
*dʰragʰ-
*dhrebh-
  • to become thick or cloudy, curdle, ferment1
  • to beat, crush, make or become thick1 2 3 4
  • to crush, grind, kill1 2 3
  • to strike, crush, kill1
*dʰubʰ-r-i-
*dhwer-
*dī-
*dorom -> *deh₃-
*dómh₂os(r) -> *dṓm
*dr̥Hu̯ā
*dyew-
  • god, sky1
  • sky1 2 3
  • sky, heaven1
*-d-
  • to turn1