Index:Proto-Indo-European/g

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



g[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*grent-
*geu-
*ghrew-
  • to weep, be sad1 2 3
*ghreb-
*gʰadʰ-
  • to gather, align, match1
  • Old English: god
*gʰArdʰ-
*gʷl̥nāmi
*gley-
  • to stick, smudge1
  • to stick1
*ghortos
  • enclosure, yard1
*gʰregʰwos
*gʷréh₂us
  • heavy1
*gʷerH-
  • to welcome, greet, praise1 2 3 4 5
*gʷrebh-
  • young animal1
*gʷoh₁dʰo-
  • Albanian: zi
*ghab(h)-
*gelǝ-
*gʷeu-
  • to bend1
*gē(y)-, *gē(i)(r), *gē(y)(r)
*gudnó-
*gʷr̥̄pti-
*ghē-
*gog
  • ball-shaped object1
*gʰhedʰ-
  • to unite, assemble, keep1
*gʷol-
  • spike, tip, peak1
  • to move; to turn (around)1
*gers-
  • to turn, bend1
  • to bend, turn1 2 3 4
*gera-
  • crane1 2
*gow(H)-
*gʰr̥yo-
*ghneid-
  • to gnaw, scratch, rub1
*gʷer-
  • to devour1
*gʷerkʷ-
*gher-
  • to glow, shine1
  • to rattle, make a noise, grumble1 2
  • to enclose, to grasp1
  • to shine, glow; grey1 2 3 4
*gandʰ-
  • a vessel1
*geyew-
*gʰodʰ-
  • to unite, be associated, suit1 2
*gʷhormo-
*grod-
  • to scratch, scrape1
*geng-
*ghaw-
  • wasteland, area surrounding a thorp1
  • Old English: -ge
*gheub-
*gʰostis
  • guest, stranger1 2 3 4
*glembʰ-
*gʰrēdʰ-
  • to be hungry, long for1 2
*gʰendʰ-
  • ulcer, sore, abscess, boil1
*gʰleub-
  • cut, carve1
*gʰoweh₁-
  • to notice, pay attention to1
*gʰrē-
*gerebʰ-
  • to scratch, crawl1
*gʷm-ti-s
*gʰos-ti-
  • stranger, guest1
*gʰrābʰ-
  • to dig, scratch, scrape1 2
*grābʰ-
*geupeh₂
  • Albanian: gop
*ghrab-
  • to take, seize, rake1
*greg-
  • tracery, basket, bend1
*gret(-n)-
*gʷerh₃-
*gʷeiH₃w-
  • to live1
*gandh-
  • vessel, tub1
*g(e)lēi-
  • gleaming1 2 3
*gʷʰéntis
  • killing, blow1
  • act of killing, blow1
*gʷʰiH-slo
*greh₃d-
*gʷʰor-
  • warm, hot1
*gʷḗn, *gʷn̥-(r)
*gher
  • enclosure1
*gʷes-
*gʷr̥ǵ-
*ghorto-
  • enclosure, yard1
*gʰreh₁-
  • to grow1
*gʰer-
  • to glow, shine1 2
  • to rattle, make a noise, grumble1
  • to make a noise, rattle, mumble, murmur1
  • to make a noise, rattle, gurgle, grumble1
  • to grumble1
  • to rub, grind, remove1
*ghai
*gʷʰer-
  • warm, hot1
  • warm1
*gʷovio-
*genh₁-
  • to procreate1
*ghardh-
  • yard, court1 2
*gawl-
  • ball, swelling1 2
*golH-so-
  • voice, cry1
*gʷrī-g-
*gre(n)t-
  • plaiting, wicker, basket, cradle1
*gʷet-
  • to say1
*gʷih₃wós
  • alive1 2
*gʷōus -> *gʷṓws
  • cow1
*gʷerh₂-
*gʰwih₂bʰ-
  • Old English: wif
*gʷrH-n-uH-
*ghreghwos
  • grey1
*gʷerbʰ-
*gÀr-
  • voice, exclamation1 2 3
*gheiǵh-
*ghabolo
*gʷegs-
*gʷn̥-(r) -> *gʷḗn
*gē(y) -> *gē(y)-
*ghhnýd-
*gʷhedh-
  • to keep1
*g̑ʰel-
  • to shine1
*gnō-
  • to know1
*gleit-
  • to cling to, cleave, stick1
*ghreinā
*gheb(h)-
  • to take, give, transfer1
*gʷow-
  • cow1
*gho
*ghabh-
  • boar-spear, fork, groin1
  • to be split, be forked, gape1 2 3
  • take1
*golH-so
  • voice, cry1
*gʷey-
  • to live1
*ghlō-
*ghreb(h)-
*gʷʰiHslo-
*gaid-
*gneup-
  • to press, crush1
*gʰAredʰ-
*gʰab-
*gʷr̥̄b-
  • to bend1
*gerbʰ-
*gʷenh₂-
*gʷuē-
  • excrement, dung1
*gerg-
  • tracery, basket, twist1 2 3
  • wicker, bend1
*geh₁(i)-
*gē(i) -> *gē(y)-
*ghrem-
  • to rub, grind, scrape1 2
*gwer-
  • to praise, welcome1
*gleibʰ-
  • to lubricate, stick1
*gʰordʰ-o-
*gʷḙiə-
  • to live1 2
*gerh₂-
  • to call hoarsely1 2
  • to cry hoarsely1 2 3
*gʷōws -> *gʷṓws
*gʷōw- -> *gʷṓws
*gag-
*g'Ab-
*ghas
  • Scottish Gaelic: Gall
*gneibh
*gʰladʰros
*gʰwel-
  • to lie, deceive1 2
*gwerH-
*glewt-
*geus-
  • to enjoy, taste1 2
*gʰaido-
  • goat1
*gwerə-
*gʰr-eu-d-
*gal(o)s-
*gʰab(ʰ)-
  • to take, hold, have1
*gʷerǝun-
*gʷeud-
*glēp-
  • to hold, clench1
*gʰaid-
  • kid, goat1
*gʰrewd-
*ghel-
*gʷeleno-
*glēb-
*gʰórdʰoi
*gʰórdʰos
*grebʰ-
*gyēw-
  • to chew1
*geugʰ-
  • swelling, bow1
*gherdh-
  • to enclose1
*gan-
  • a vessel, vat, tub1
  • a vessel, tub1
*ghlub(h)-
  • to yawn, gape1 2
*gū-
  • to bend, curve1
  • to bow, bend, arch, curve1
*gōg-
  • round, ball-shaped object; lump; clump1
*gras-
  • to gnaw1
*gʷriHwéh₂
*glew-
  • to conglomerate, gather into a mass1
*gneibʰ-
  • to pinch, nip1
*gʰel-
  • to gleam, shimmer, glow1
  • to shout, scream, charm away1
  • to roop, shout, charm away1
*gʷem-
  • to go, come1 2
  • to come, go1
  • come, go1
*gleubʰ-
  • to cut, carve, peel1
*g(')elt-
*gerh₂no-
*gʷétu
*gwr(e)h₂-n-
*gheubh-
  • to bend, bend over, move1
*gʰérsdʰo-
*gei-
  • to turn, bend1
*gʷōu-kʷol-
*gʷr̥H-
  • Albanian: gur
*g(')rībh-
  • basket, net1
*gʰrōni-
*ghordh-os
*ghrey-
  • to oil, colour, dye1
*gleim-
  • to stick, smear1
*gʷeih₃w-
*gʷā-
  • Old Armenian: եկ
*gʰneidʰ-
*gēbh-
  • jaw, gills1
*gʷr̥̄bti-
*geid-
  • to stick, jab, tickle1 2
*gʷher-
  • to heat1
*gʷel-
  • throat1 2
  • to stick, pierce, stab; pain, injury, death1
  • to stick, pierce; pain, injury, death1
*ghrewə-
  • to fell, put down, fall in1 2 3 4 5
*gwéri-
  • millstone1
*greid-
*glōs-
  • voice, cry1 2
*gʷétstis
  • act of calling1
*gwōu
  • Albanian: gak
*ghordh-
*g(')herə-
  • to grow, to grow green1 2 3 4
  • to grow, grow green1
*ghəl
*gʰrHdʰ-
*gʰeysl-
  • hostage, prisoner1
*gʰeldʰ-
  • to pay1
*gheigh-
  • to yawn, gape, long for, desire1
*gʷhīslo-
*gʰew-
  • to pour1
*gʷelos
*ghoilos
  • frothing, tempestuous, wanton1
  • Old English: gal
*gʰnēgʰ-
  • to gnaw, scratch1
*gnebʰ-
  • to press, tighten1 2 3
*gʷṓws, *gʷōus(r), *gʷōus(r), *gʷōws(r), *gʷōw-(r)
*gʷergʷ-
*gal-
  • to sound1
*glōgʰs
*grewb-
  • to curve, bend, crawl1 2
*gʰʷí₂bʰ-
  • shame, pudenda1
*gwʰemb- to spring, hop, jump1
*gel-
  • to see1
  • to ball up, clench1
  • to be cold, freeze1
  • to gleam1 2 3
  • cold1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to freeze1
*greub-
  • to crumple, bend, crawl1
*gʷrebʰ-
*gʷalakt-
  • milk1
*gʷehl-
  • to wish1
*gʷem-ye-
  • to come, go, be born1
*gelt-
  • round body, child1
*gʰedʰ-
  • to unite, to join, to fit, to be suitable1
  • to join, to unite1 2
  • to unite, be associated, suit1
  • to unite, be associated, be suitable1
*gʷerə-
  • heavy1 2
*gʷelH-
*ghostis
*gʷog-
  • to shake, swing1 2 3 4
*gals-
*gʰrān-
  • edge, end, tip1 2
*geugh-
  • swelling1
*ghAl-
  • to shout, sing, charm, enchant1
*gang-
  • to mock1
*gʰreyb-
  • to grab, to grasp1
*glit-
*gleubh-
  • to cut, cleave, split, divide1
*gherbh-
  • to snatch, take, rake1
*glūdos
*gʷhren-
  • soul, mind1
*ghrēi-
  • to strip, paint, smear1
  • to smear1 2
*ghrab(h)-
  • to take, seize, rake1 2
*gʰow-
*glewbʰ-
  • to split, separate, cleave1
  • to split1
*ghrendh-
  • crushing1
*ghrēu-
  • to rub, grind1
*give birth
*-ge
*gʰneid-
  • to gnaw, chew, scratch, rub1
*gwem-
  • to go, come1
*gheldh-
  • to pay for, repay1
  • to pay1 2 3
*ghelgh-
  • iron1
*greyd-
  • to shout1 2 3
*gAlw-
  • naked, bald1 2
*gʰebʰ-
  • to take, give, move1
*gʰers-
  • horror1
*gʷiyā-
  • to live1
*gʰordʰos
  • hedge, enclosure1
*g'hAlg-
  • perch, long switch1 2 3
*gʰrebh₂-
  • to grab, seize1
*greh₂-k-
*ghaslo-?
  • Scottish Gaelic: Gall
*gʰradʰ-
*gʷiō-iō
*gʰrebʰ-
  • to dig, scratch, scrape1
  • to dig, furrow, scratch1
*ger-
  • to twist, wind1
  • to bind, twist, wind1
  • to turn, wind1 2 3 4 5
  • to turn, wind, weave1
  • to turn, ebnd, twist1
  • to turn, bend, twist1 2 3
  • to turn, bend, wind1
*gʰeyǵʰ-
  • to desire, gape, long for, beyearn1
*gʰowro-
  • fear1
*gʷalt
*gol-
*gen-
  • to pinch, squeeze, bend, press together, ball1 2 3
  • to pinch, squeeze, bend, press, ball up1
*gʷʰen-
  • to hit, kill1 2 3
  • to press; to strike, slay, kill1
  • to strike; slay, kill1
  • to strike, to kill1 2
  • to kill1
*gʰast-
  • branch1 2
*gagrōdo-
*gwel-
  • to sting, pierce1
*gʷésdos
*genes-
*gremb-
  • crooked, uneven1 2 3 4
*gʰordʰós
  • hedge, fence, enclosure1
*gʰeud-
  • to pour1 2
*gʰomo-
*gʷriHw-eh₂
*gʰeb-
*gʷewd-
  • woolen clothes1
*gʰreH₁-
  • to grow, become green1
  • grow, become green1 2
*gʰol-
*gʰegʰAuǵ-
  • cuckoo1 2
*ghneidh-
*gneu-
  • knot, bundle1
*ghwerm-
  • to warm, heat1 2
*ghe
*gʰredʰ-
  • to walk, go1 2 3 4
*gneub-
*ghe-ke
  • this, here1 2
*ghi
  • drive, storm1 2
*gʷih₃u̯o-
  • alive1
*gud-
  • woolen clothes1
*gurǵ-
*ghrun-
  • to shout1
*gruǵ-
*ghwrgh-
*gharto-
*gʷʰermos
*grep-
  • hook1 2 3 4
  • hook, power1
  • hook, strength, force1
  • hook, force1
*gʷeiH-
  • sinew1 2
*gʰabʰ-
  • to grab, to take1 2 3
*gred-
*gʷʰedʰ-
*gʷʰermo-
*grend-
  • to plait, braid, twist, bind1
*gʷer
*gʷʰn̥-
*grain
*glei-
  • to glue, stick together, form into a ball1
  • to adhere to, stick1
*gʰladʰ-
*gong
*gʰreb-
*gʰeygʰ-
  • to gape, protrude1
*ghnýdh-
  • to gnaw, scratch1
*gʰneus-
  • to gnaw, scrape, rub1
*geb-
  • to look after1
*gʷehdʰ-
  • to sink, submerge1
*gʷēdh-
  • muck1
  • muck, excrement, dung, filth, disgust, vermin1
*gʷw-əl-
*gʰAr(e)dʰ-
*gwiwo
*ghei
*galos-
  • voice, cry1
*gḗnus
  • jaw1
*gʷeh₂-
  • to go, come1
*gʰlew-
  • to joke, make fun, enjoy1 2
*gʰen-
  • to gnaw, grate, scrate, whit1
*ghe(n)d-
  • to seize, grasp1
*gʷerw-
  • throat, neck1
*galw-
  • bald, naked1
*gʷrāun-
  • millstone1
*gʷelh₁-
  • to hit by throwing1
*gʰē-
  • to be gaping, yawn1
*gʰAuǵ-
*gʷr̥dus
*gʰerbʰ-
  • to grab, take, rake1 2
*gʰortós
*ghrebh-
  • to dig, scrape, bury1 2
*gherebh
*gArg-
  • to shout1
*g'hAlgh-
*gʰowē-
  • to perceive, note, ensure, provide for1