Index:Proto-Indo-European/s

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



s[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*(s)kéltis
*skeu-
  • to cover, conceal1 2
*seni-
*spē-/sphē-
  • to succeed, turn out well1
*sap-
*suHyús
*(s)tena-
  • to thunder, roar, groan1
*strug-
*(s)tel-
  • be still1
*(s)kāi-
  • light, bright, shining1
*smak
*spyū
*skrep-
  • to engrave1
*swéḱs
*sug-
*spōl-
  • to fall1
*(s)keru-
*(s)pat-
  • path; to walk1 2 3
*stāi-
  • something hard1 2
*spēy-
  • chip, shaving, log, length of wood1
  • prickle, pointed stick1
*sāg(')-
  • to track1
*sweyd-
  • to sweat1 2 3
*(s)per-
  • to spray, inject, snort1
  • beam, bar1
  • to strew, sow, sprinkle1
*streng-
  • stiff, tight1
*skāpos
*(s)pent-
*sp(ʰ)eng
  • to shine1
*(s)teup-
  • to push, strike1
*(s)kreb(h)-
*sneh-
  • to flow, to swim1 2
*ster-
  • barren1
  • hard1
  • to be stiff; to bristle, strut, stumble, fall1
  • stiff1 2 3 4
*(s)ptēiw
*(s)ḱew-
  • to heed, look, feel, take note of1
  • to bend, arch, bow1
*(s)ḱow-
*swem(bh)-
  • to be unsteady, swim1 2 3 4
*smegʰ-
*sed-
*skid- -> *skey-
*sr(o)up-
*sekʷe-
*sḱeid-
*swergʰ-
  • to watch over, worry1
*sekʷ-
  • to follow1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to say1 2 3
  • to accompany, to follow1
  • to see, notice1 2
  • to follow, accompany1
  • to see1
*sewo-
*sisdō
*swēyd-
  • milk1
*(s)kʷálos
*strengʰ-
  • rope, cord, strand; to tighten1
  • rope, cord; to be tight1
*stAug-
*steup-
  • to push, stick1 2 3
*(s)twer-
*sūr-
  • sour (milk)1
*sÁk-
*(s)kerd-
*spidtos
*smeyə-
  • to laugh, be glad, wonder1
*(s)keu-
  • to cover, conceal1 2
  • sky, cloud1
  • to cover1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*(s)pelbh-t-
  • spelt, spelt meal1 2
*skrew-
*srobʰ-
  • to sip, slurp, gulp1
*sod-
*selbʰ-
  • one's own1
*(s)kʷoyt-
*seykʷ-
  • to filter1
*seh₂wel-, *seh2wel-(r)
*sapon-
*skeng
*sētis-
*snewr
  • sinew, nerve1
*sleig-
*seil-
  • still, windless, quiet, slow1 2
*seip-
  • to pour out, trickle, strain1
  • to drip, to trickle1
  • to pour out, drip, strain, trickle1
  • to pour out, drip, trickle, strain1
*sken-
*srp-
*stÁb(h)-
*ser-
  • to flow, run1
  • watch over, protect1
  • to bind, put together1 2 3 4 5
  • to flow, stream1
  • flow, stream1
  • to watch over, protect1
  • to put in line, in sequence, to tie, to assemble1
  • to arrange, tack, tie, unite1
*stār-
*(s)teug-
  • to push, beat1
  • to beat, push1
  • to beat, thrust, push1
  • to shock, butt, impact1
*skeu(t)-
  • cover1
*sayǝw-
  • hard, rough, painful1
*sth₂no
*sek-
*sedstós
  • seated1
*stā-
  • to stand, place; upright pole1
  • to stand, place1
  • to stand1 2 3
*strew-
  • to spread, to strew1
*sperhₓg-
  • to make a noise1
*sokʷ(h)-
  • companion1
*steh₂-
*supnos
*sterh₃-
  • to stretch out, extend, spread1
*sh₂em
  • sing1
*sag-
  • to investigate1
  • track down1
*sān-
  • healthy, happy1 2
*sew-
  • juice, moisture, rain1
  • juice, sap1 2
  • juice, liquid1 2
  • to bend, to cut, to drive1
*stAlǝm-
  • stem, trunk1 2
*sen(e)-
  • separate, without1
*(s)pāug(')-
  • brilliance, spectre1 2 3
*spē-
  • chip, shaving, log, length of wood1
  • to prosper, turn out well1
  • to stretch, to pull1 2
*samo- -> *sem-
*segʰ-
  • to hold1
*stemb(h)-
  • to support, stamp, become angry, be astonished1
  • to support, stamp, become angry, be amazed1 2
*syew-
  • to leave, let remain1
*sem-, *somos(r), *samo-(r)
  • summer1
  • same, like, together1
  • together1
  • one1
  • one, together1 2 3
  • one, whole1 2 3 4 5 6
  • together, one1
  • one, as one1 2
*sont-
*(s)ter-
  • strong, firm, stiff, rigid1
*swep-
*(s)k(')ew-
  • sky, cloud1
*sleh₁g-
  • weak, feeble1
*swoyos
*sal(w)-
*(s)kelǝ-
  • to split, cut1 2 3
*skrei-dʰlom
*senk-
  • to burn1 2
*seinos
  • his1
*seino-
*swel-
  • sun1
  • to shine, warm1
  • to burn, to scorch1
*sḱew-
*s(w)e-
  • separate, apart1
*sm̥teros
*sap
  • skill1 2
*salǝḱ-
*stern-
  • forehead, chest, side1 2 3
*svenyo-
*séh₂wl
*seib-
*swell
*stÁbʰ-
*(s)klāw-
  • nail, hook, pin, key1 2
*su̯e-t-
*sentʰ-
*stī-no-
*(s)ḱeu-
  • to heed, look, feel, take note of1
*sn̥gʷ-
  • to sink, fall1
*sū-
  • swine1
*(s)prei-
  • to destroy, scatter1
  • to strew, spread, sprinkle1
  • to strew, sow1 2
*salǝk-
  • willow1
*séh₂ -> *
*swésōr
  • sister1 2
*sinǵʰa-
*sr̥bʰ-
  • to sip, drink, gulp1
*skerei-
  • to scream, screech1
*(s)meyə-
  • to laugh, be glad, wonder1
*stAy-
  • stone1
*(s)upo
  • under, up from under1 2
  • Manx: fo
  • Old Irish: fo
*smoḱ-ro
*(s)kʷeyt-
*(s)kale-
*sep-
  • to try, research1 2
*(s)krep-
*swebʰ-
*(s)ten-
*septḿ̥-dḱomt
  • seven-ten1
*srew-, *srow-(r), *strow-(r)
  • flow, stream1 2 3 4
  • to flow1 2 3 4
  • to stream, flow1
*(s)pheng-
  • to shine1 2
*shiny, light brown
*skerp-
*soi
  • Old English: se
*srungʰ-
*stewp-
*sup-
  • to sleep1
*sēik-
  • to cut1 2
*(s)kerə-
  • to cut1
*(s)kreik-
*sph-
  • to prosper, to turn out well1 2
*stāl-
  • frame, rack, stand1
*suk-
  • to suck1 2
*(s)kreb-
  • to scratch, engrave1
*sélpos
*sn̥g-
*spə-dh-
*sh₂uln-ós
  • of the sun1
*sáls
*stomen-
*(s)krengh-
  • to turn, bend1
*(s)teg-
  • to cover with a roof1
  • stick, stake1 2 3 4 5
  • rod, pole, stick1
*sǵhē-
  • to hold, have, possess1
*stə-
  • stand, set1
*seh₂g-
  • to seek out1
*spr̥ǵʰ
*stelǝ-
*stak-
*supó
  • Proto-Germanic: *ub
*slenk
  • to turn, twist1
*steigno
*stāk-
  • stand, pole1
*(s)ḱar-
*(s)kamb-
  • crooked1 2
*(s)kewH-
*(s)mal-
*(s)kend-
  • to split off, secede1
*seyl-
  • to be silent1
*(s)kÀp-
  • to split, divide1
  • to split, cut1
*selke-
  • to drag, to furrow1 2
  • Old English: sul
  • Old English: sulh
*seg-
  • to stick, adhere1
*skat-
  • to jump, skip, splash out1 2
  • to jump, hop, splash out1
*(s)kerb(h)-
  • to turn, bend, shrink1 2 3
*swen-
  • sun1
*somos -> *sem-
*sewol-
  • Old English: sol
*sā- -> *seh₂-
  • to satiate, be satisfied1
  • to satiate, satisfy1
*slōw-
  • safe, healthy1 2
*swordo-
  • dirty, dark, black1 2
*swAig-
  • to turn, move around, wander, swing1 2
*-skā-
*sā
  • Old English: seo
  • Old Saxon: se
  • Old Saxon: si
*saw-
*slaid-
*slak-
  • to beat, pound1
  • to hit, hammer1
  • to hit, throw1 2
*suopno-
*sū
  • swine1
*stl̥n
*seuy-
*(s)mē-
  • to rub1
*septm̥̄ḱomt
*sapiros
*(s)kerǝd-
  • to dance, jump1 2 3
*(s)kep-
  • cover1
*, *séh₂(r), *tód(r), *to-(r), *tód(r), *séh₂(r)
*sene-
*seh₂ls
  • Serbo-Croatian: so
  • Serbo-Croatian: sol
  • Serbo-Croatian: со
  • Serbo-Croatian: сол
  • Slovene: sol
*steig-
*spenio
*stelə-
  • stem, trunk, base1
*stebh-
  • a stake, post; to support, stamp, insist, become angry1
*sawsos
*sūdʰlā
*séu̯e
*(s)kAy-
  • hot; to heat1
*(s)kub-
*strenk-
*sḗm
*(s)lēg-
  • soft, weak1
*snóygʷʰos -> *sneygʷʰ-
  • snow1
*(s)lagw-
  • to take, seize1
*sebʰ-
*seyk-
  • to pour, strain1
*streg-
*suwen-
  • sun1
  • Old English: sol
*sḱid-
  • to cleave, to cut1
*sh₂lik-
*stel-
  • to put, stand1
  • to put, place, locate1 2 3
  • stalk, trunk1
  • broad, to broaden1
  • to put, place1
  • to place, put, post, stand1
  • to place, put, post, stand, be rigid1
*spreg-
  • to make a sound1
  • to make a sound, utter, speak1
  • to make a sound, speak1
*sent-
*sghē-
  • to hold1 2
*(s)keg-
  • to shake, stir1
*(s)pala-
*sal-yo-
*sphel-
*seh₂dh-yo-
  • successful1
  • Old Armenian: աջ
*stAlǝn-
*(s)meld-, *smel-(r)
  • to beat, grind, crush, make weak1
  • to beat, grind, crush, weaken1 2 3
*stā-r-
*sōm-
*(s)keu-t-
*stetis-
*serp
  • to crawl1
*(s)tAlg- / -e-
*sam
  • together1
*sak-
  • marsh plant1
  • to sanctify, to make a treaty1 2
*smelə-
  • to burn, smoke, smoulder; tar, pitch1
*sal-
  • dirt, dirty1 2 3
  • dirty, grey1
*sih₂
  • Ancient Greek:
  • Irish:
*selpo-
*sleiǵ-
  • to beat1
  • to glide, smooth, spread1
*suh₁-
  • swine1 2
*seghe-
*smel- -> *(s)meld-
*spereg-
  • to twitch, be fast, blow1
  • to shrug, be quick, twitch, splash, blast1
*speḱ-
  • to look1
*(s)kok-
*steg-
  • to stab, pierce1
*skuH-r-
*(s)ter-n-
  • sharp stalk or thorn1
*sl̥h₂-sḱ-ye-
*(s)pingos
*spar-
*sḱeyd-
  • to cut off1
  • to part with, separate, cut off1
*swombh-
  • sponge, tree-fungus, swamp1 2
*swād-
  • sweet1
*sóh₂wl̥
*spor-
*skotos
*sūro-
  • sour, salty, bitter1 2
  • French: sur
  • Jèrriais: su
*snoigʷʰos
*swerk-
  • clothes worn outside1
*steyǵʰ-
  • to walk1
*skotwōs
*sengʷ-
  • to fall, sink1
  • to sink, to drop1
*swidro-
*(s)kAg'-
*suHs
  • Albanian: thi
  • Old English: su
*spiHn-
*snígʷʰs -> *sneygʷʰ-
*senu-
*sodéye-
*syuh₁-
  • to sew1 2
*(s)melw-
  • to grind, crush, beat1
*snoygʷʰós(r) -> *sneygʷʰ-
*sodos
*spr̥dʰ-
  • contest1
*sket-
*(s)teub-
  • to push, hit; stick, stump1
*sm̥H-l-
*(s)merd-
  • to sting1
  • to bite, sting1 2
  • to burn1
*(s)keri-
*sam-
*(s)ker-
*(s)pen-
  • to pull, stretch, spin1
*snéh₁
  • to spin, twist1
*sal-bʰi-
  • dirt, excrement1
*snusós
  • daughter-in-law1 2
*swento-
  • active, healthy1 2
*serbʰ-
*swēdʰ-
*swedh-no-
*(s)ku-bʰ-ro-
*sabʰ-
*(s)lÁb-
  • to hang loose, be limp1
*spek-
  • to look1
*(s)kēu̯d-es
*spyēw
*steb(ʰ)-
  • post, pole, (tree) trunk; to support, to hold, to pound, to tread1
*sHdʰ-yo-
  • Old Armenian: աջ
*swéḱs-dḱomt-h₂
  • six-ten1
*(s)kreyk-
*swol-
  • sole1
  • sole of the foot1
*skew-
  • cloud cover, cloud, sky1
*(s)ḱou-
*(s)tern-
  • starling1
  • thorny bush, thorn1 2
*stengʰ-
  • to prick, stick, pierce1
  • to sting; rod, blade; sharp, stiff1
*sm̥-h₂-ó-
  • summer, year1
*sr̥djo
*sal-bʰo-
  • dirty1
*skʰodoro
*swȇḱuros
*sweh₂d
*sāl
*seǵhe-
*seug-
*sperw-
  • to twitch, push, fidget, be quick1
*su̯r̥dhom
  • sword1
*st(e)ig-
*(s)tona-
*(s)keu-s
*sweḱuros
*skrībʰ-
*(s)pelbh-
*(s)ḱamb-
*solwos
*san-
  • apart, without, for oneself1
*(s)krewt-
  • to cut1
*(s)keud-
  • to drive, fall upon, rush1
*sweḱsḱomt
*sun-
*(s)kreig-
  • to screech, creak1
  • a type of bird1
  • a kind of bird1
*sm̥tóm
*sans
*(s)teu-
*swent-
  • active, healthy1
*(s)teig-
  • to be sharp, to stab, to goad, to puncture1
  • to be sharp, to stab1
*sregʰ
*(s)leh₁g-
*smer-
  • to fall into thought, remember, care for1 2 3
  • to fall into thought, remember, take care1
*sn̥k-
*sweh₂gʰ-
*stig-
  • to pierce, prick, be sharp1 2
*su-
  • pig1
*(s)klew-
*steyg-
  • pierce1
*stéh₂-
*(s)lemb-
*sweh₂d-
  • to taste1
*swengʰ-
*steyə-
  • to thicken, clump up, condense1
*stÁbh-
*swopnos
  • dream1
*(s)kewǝ-
  • to cover, bedeck1
*smultaz
*sneygʷʰ-, *snígʷʰs(r), *snoygʷʰós(r), *snoygʷʰos(r), *snóygʷʰos(r)
*sku̯ḗis
  • Albanian: hu
*streyg-
  • line, stroke, dash1
  • to strike1
  • stroke; to strike1
  • stroke1 2
*stek-
  • to stand, stell, hold1
*sph₂en-
*(s)keudh-
  • to cover, wrap, encase1
*(s)kʷAl-
  • to whine, shout1
*(s)trebh-
  • rigid, stiff, tight1
*skʷē-
*skab-
  • to cut, split, form, carve1
*sēl-
  • to calm, quiet, be favourable1 2
*stestóh₂-
*(s)téh₂wros
  • bison, bull1
*(s)meyh₂-
*smeg-
  • to taste1
*(s)terə-
  • rigid, stiff1 2
*sup-no-
*sriHges-
*(s)ḱub-
  • shoulder, thigh1
*sker-
  • cut1
  • to turn, bend1 2
  • to bend, turn1
  • shear1
  • to twist, bend1
  • dung, manure1
*sīu̯-
  • to sew1
*spérmn̥
*sh₂tis
  • satiation, satisfaction1
*(s)kand
*sm̥H-
  • year1
  • Old Armenian: ամ
*sthel-
  • to place, put1
*smēig-
  • small, delicate1
*(s)par-
*sleyg-
*(s)tāu-
*(s)kayt-
*skord-
*sper-no-
  • wing1
*sper-
  • to strew1
*spʰel-
  • to split, cast off1
*salək-
  • willow1
*smAk-
*(s)leu-
  • slack, limp1
*swelk-
  • to gulp1
*sriges-
*streudh-
  • rigid, stiff1
*stoh₂u-
*(s)keit-
*spr̥nh₁-
  • to kick1
*swey-
  • to twist, swing1
*séh₂tis
  • satiety1
*sedlo-
*smh₁-tleh₂
*selk
*str̥gos
*skei- -> *skey-
  • cut, separate1
  • to split, cut1 2
  • to cut, split1 2
  • to cut1 2 3 4
  • to cut, to divide, to separate1
  • to split, to dissect1 2
*se
  • Icelandic: svo
  • Old English: swa
  • Proto-Germanic: *sek
*sedlos
*stísteh₂-
*sāwel-
*s(e)h₂tos
*snew-
*(s)lag-
  • to take, seize1
*sweḱuro-
*seh₁-
  • to sow, plant1
  • to sow1 2 3 4
*sth-
  • to stand1 2 3
*skÁit-
  • to cut, part, separate1 2
  • to cut, part, spearate, divide1
  • to cut, part, divide, separate1
*(s)krama-
*sh₂lk-
*swepnos
*swē
*seng-
*(s)terp-
  • to be dead, motionless1
*stewd-
*súpnos
*steip-
*steib-
  • stake, picket1
*sem
  • one1
*sleh₂gʷ-
*stembʰ-
  • to support, stomp, curse, be amazed1
*solk
  • to pull1
*su̯om
  • Albanian: u
*(s)tur-
  • to rotate, twirl, swirl, move1
*(s)kalǝ-
*spowd-
*se-
  • aside, separated, apart1
*(s)klēw-
  • to lock1
*swl̥dsḱ-
*septm̥-ḱómt-h₂
*swéḱuros
  • father-in-law1
*swāghe-
  • to shout1
*suHnús
  • son1
*(s)kʷel-
  • crowd, people1 2 3 4
*swe
*skēi-b-, *ski-b-
*slab-
  • to be weak, be languid1
*spein-
*(s)kew-
  • to hide, wrap up, conceal1
*seik-
  • to pour, strain1
*sapiro-s
*(s)lūt-
*(s)peǵ-
  • to understand; intelligent, attentive1
*sámh₂dʰos
  • sand1
*snt-
*swé
*sp(h)er(e)-g-
*sparrow
*skleid-
*(s)peng-
  • to shine1
*seg-2
  • to attach, to touch1
*(s)peḱje/o
*srow- -> *srew-
*swerg-
*sm̥-
*seiw-
*sweh₂d-u-
  • sweet1
*sper(g)-
  • sparrow, bird1 2
*sth₂-lo-
*snewbʰo-
  • to marry, to wed1 2 3 4
*skar-
  • to divide1
*sweid-
*stÁb-
*(s)mut-
  • dark, dirty1
*smeit- -> *smeyt-
*seu-
*spʰē-
  • to prosper, turn out well1 2
*(s)kel-
  • to be obliged, be beholden to, owe, be guilty1
  • to lean, bend; joint1
  • to be guilty, be obligated, owe1 2
  • to cut1 2 3
  • to cut, trim1
  • to crook, bend1
  • to be obligated, owe, be guilty1
*(s)lat-
  • beam, log1
*seh₂-, *sā-(r)
  • to satiate, be satisfied1 2
  • to satiate1 2
*sm̥-kr̥t
  • one time1 2 3
*som-
  • together1
*stembh-
  • to stay, support, stamp, become angry, be amazed1
*(s)poHi-m-
  • foam1
*ster
*skei-d-
  • to part1
*stebʰ-
  • post, stem1
*somHós
*smeyt-, *smeit-(r)
*(s)koli
*(s)kerei-
  • to scream, caw1 2
*(s)new-
*swepōr
*(s)tewb-
  • to push, hit1
*(s)kol-
*sel-
  • dwelling1
  • of good mood1 2 3
  • to grab1
  • of good mood, to favor1
  • to sneak, creep1
  • mountain, ridge, forest1
  • human settlement, village, dwelling1 2 3
*slaid-, *sled-
*serp-
*spheh₁y-
  • sharp, sharp stick1 2 3
*(s)uperi
  • over, above1
*stāino-
*(s)kreuk-
*seu̯H-
  • to bear, give birth1
*(s)néh₁
*(s)terbh-
*-skiyo-
*saləḱ-
*swedʰ-
  • custom, habit1 2
*(s)r̥h₂gós
  • berry1
*speis-
  • to blow1
*stratos
*(s)kenǝ-
  • skin, rind; to peel1
*(s)ton-
  • to thunder, roar, groan1
*(s)keid-
*swer-
  • to speak, talk1
  • to cut, pierce, fester1 2
  • ‘fester, suppurate’ later ‘pierce, wound’1 2
  • to protect, to guard1
*swō
*sneubʰ-
*swepno-
*seǵʰ-
*smek-
  • chin1
*s(w)ent-
*sūl-
*serw-
  • to guard1
*swépnos
  • dream1 2
*smeltaz
  • quiet, gentle1
*skek-
  • to run, jump, spring1 2 3 4 5
*(s)lembʰ-
  • to hang loosely, hang limply1 2 3
*spend-
  • to pull, stretch1
*sh₂un-
*(s)kreyg-
  • to scream, screech, caw1
*smAg-
  • to taste1
*séynos
*skeud-
*(s)pāug-
  • brilliance, spectre1
*sin-
*(s)krengʰ-
  • to turn, bend1
*(s)tenh₂-
*(s)koro-
  • leather1 2
*sh₂el-
*siā
  • Old English: seo
  • Old Saxon: se
  • Old Saxon: si
*sēy-
  • to tie, tie to, knit, connect1
  • to sow, throw1
*(s)kem-
  • to cover1 2 3
*sāg-
  • to seek, trace1
*sth₂-ti-s
*(s)pīk(ʷ)-
  • a kind of bird1
*selp-
  • butter, grease1
*sp(t)yewH-
  • to spit, spew1
*sor-
  • red, rosy, pink1
*smelә-
  • to burn, smoulder, smoke; tar, pitch1
*(s)p(h)el-
*slap-
  • to be weak, limp, languid1 2
*smiyo-
  • Old Armenian: մի
*sperg-
  • sparrow1
*sendhro-
  • coagulating fluid,scale, cinder1
*septḿ̥
*(s)lei-
  • slimy1 2
*sēmi-
*sweḱrúh₂
  • mother-in-law1
*(s)pereg-
  • to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash1
  • to strew, jerk, sprinkle, scatter1
  • to shrug, be quick, twitch, splash, blast1
  • to twitch, flip, shoot, splash, make a sound1
*-sti-
*srebʰ-
*sk̑ii̯eh₂
*solo-
  • whole1
  • integrate, whole1 2
*sedio-
*skʷel-
*seh₁k-
  • to arrive1
*sow-
  • juice; to squeeze juice1
*spey-
  • expand, extend, stretch1 2
*spoyǝmn-
*suHsos
*surgh-
  • worry, care, be sick1
*séh₂ls
*(s)weib-
  • to twist, wind around, swing, sweep, bend1
  • to twist, wind around1
*splt-no-
  • an off-split, segment1
*sizdō
*s(H)i-n-
*snēw-
  • tendon1
  • sinew1
*(s)terg-
  • rigid, stiff1 2
*(s)k(ʷ)Ard-
  • short1
*skeuk-
*stōr-
  • big, thick, old1 2
*(s)mer-
  • to be mindful, remember, take careful thought of1
  • to be mindful, remember, think1
  • to remember, be mindful1
*(s)ker
  • to cut1
*sīw-
  • to sew1
*sey-
  • to bind, knit, tie together, tie to, connect1
  • to tie to, tie together1
*smeyd-
  • to smear, whisk, strike, rub1
  • to smear, whick, strike, rub1
*(s)kel
  • cut1
*skulu-
  • bullock; bull1
*snter-
*skand-
  • to jump1
*seyb-
  • to pour out, dribble, strain, trickle1
*(s)weip-
  • to twist, wind around1
*(s)pōl-
  • to fall1
*solH-
  • dirt, dirty1
*sipto-
*sol-
  • whole1
*stegʰ-
*stomn-
*(s)ken-
*senh₁-
*(s)kreit-
*steigʰ-
*sgʷes-
  • extinguish, quell1
*s(w)e-bh-
*sterbʰ-
  • to be stiff1
*stere-
*sleyǵ-
  • to glide, smooth, spread1
*(s)ptyēw-
  • to spit, vomit1
*srowmos
*swen-to-
*(s)k(ʷ)Art-
*spu-
  • Albanian: fyt
*sokʷ-yo-
  • companion1 2
*spel-
  • to break off, split1
  • to tell1
*(s)klep-
  • to steal1
*(s)pel-
  • to split in two, split in half1
  • to split1
*steypH-
*sénos
*siste-
*stut-
*steh₂u-
*steyb-
*(s)peḱ-
*stoigno
*seh₂l-
*styu-
*skeit-
  • to vomit, retch, shit1 2
*(s)pend-
  • to pull, stretch1
*strē-
  • strong, steady1
  • to be strong, steady, rigid, fixed1
*(s)plei-
  • to divide, split, splice1
*(s)neh₁-
  • to spin1
*seh₂d-
*(s)róh₂gs
*swěr-
  • heavy1
*strow- -> *srew-
*swidrōs
*smei-
  • to smear, stroke, wipe, rub1
*(s)kewdʰ-
  • to cover, encase1
*sneyt-
  • to cut1 2
*salw-
*sweig-
*skabʰ-
  • to scratch1
*smē-
*sneit-
*sane-
  • apart, without1
*stebh
  • post, stem1
*sab-
  • juice1
*sper(w)-
*skÀbʰ-
*solH
*séh₁mn̥
  • seed1
*sar-
  • red, pink1
*sórmos
*swelō
*snéh₁-
  • to spin, twist1
*(s)kreut-
  • to cut1 2
*(s)pāuǵ-
*(s)pen(d)-
  • to pull; to spin1 2
*sh̥₂uén
*sewe-
*sokʷós
*(sm̥-)ǵʰéslo-
*sled-
  • to rend, injure, crumble1
*senew-
  • sinew1
*(s)kert-
  • short1
*(s)ḱoun-
  • quick, dashing, beautiful1 2 3 4
*(s)keng-
  • to limp, be crooked, slant1
*su̯o-
*smeh₁-
  • smear, rub1 2
*spere-
  • ankle1
*steygʰ-
  • to go, march, embark, climb1
  • to walk, proceed, march, climb1
*séḱs
  • six1
*steh₂w-
  • to set, place1
*swēr-
*(s)ptēiw-
*skÁi-
  • to cut, divide, separate1 2
*stemb-
  • to trample down1
*sweḱsḱomth₂
*swoyd-
*skelo
*sentnos
*stemno-
*(s)peys-
  • to blow, breathe1 2 3 4
*skey-, *skid-(r), *skei-(r)
*suh₂kéh₂
*stīpos
*sḱel-
*swoid-
*steup
*swesōr
*supér
*(s)táwros
*smukʷʰ-
  • to smoke; a smoke1 2
*semi-
*sta-
  • to stand, stay1
  • to stand1
*(s)meh₁l-
*(s)kreu-
  • to cut1
*(s)kaydʰ-
  • clear, bright, shining1
*sl̥i-
*skreb-
  • to engrave1
*(s)te-
  • to stand, place1
*(s)krewk-
  • to turn, bend1
*(s)pīn-
*sleidh-
  • to slip1 2 3 4
  • to slip, glide1
*swéḱs-dḱomt
  • six-ten1
*sh₂el-d-u-
*(s)mel-
  • to beat, crush, grind1
  • to weaken, soften, crush, grind1
  • small, mean, malicious1 2
  • to beat, grind1
*-sko-
*solw-