Index:Proto-Indo-European/w

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



w[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*wēr-
  • true, benevolent, friendly, kind1
  • true, benevolent1 2
*wod-
  • wet; water1
  • water; wet1
  • wet, water1
  • wet1 2
*wrd-
  • root1
*wl̥-
  • to turn, to roll, to curl1
*weh₂ti-
*war-
*wenh₁-
  • desire1
*wrū-
  • to cover, defend, guard1 2
  • to cover, shelter, defend, guard, shut1
*wor-
*worǵ-(r) -> *werǵ-
*wrengʰ-
  • to twist, weave, tie together1
*wa(n)k-
*wītā
  • willow1
  • Old Armenian: գի
*wā-
*wan-
*werǵʰ-
*wops-
*wrengh-
*wen-
  • love1
  • to strive, desire, wish, love1
  • to strive, love, want, reach, win1
  • to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love1
  • to desire, wish for, strive after, win, love1
  • to strive1 2
  • to strive, wish, desire, love1 2
  • to love, desire, wish, strive for1
  • love, desire1
*werg̑ʰ-
*wérǵom
*wos-
*wein-
*wrmo-
  • serpent, scorpion, maggot, worm1
*wenǝ-
  • to wish, seek, desire, love, win1
  • to wish, love1 2 3
  • to wish, desire, love1
*weliko-
  • willow-tree1
*wóyd-
  • to know1 2
*wi
  • apart, away1
*wédōr -> *wódr̥
  • water1
*wétos
*wokeh2-
*wegʷ-
  • wet; to irrigate; ox1
  • wet, to water1
*were-
*wers-
  • to mix up, confuse, beat, thresh1 2 3 4 5
  • male1
  • to mix up1
  • to grind, sand, sharpen, hone1
*wōkʷs -> *wṓkʷs
*wogʷ-
*wréh₂ds
  • root1
*wódr̥, *wodr-(r)
*werdʰo-
*wr̥mis
*wr̥mi-
*wreiḱ-
  • to turn, wrap, tie1 2
*weyh₁-
*weydstos
*wep-
  • bad1
*walg-
*weǵʰ-
  • to move1
  • to ride1 2 3
  • to go, transport1 2
  • to ride, go, transport1
  • to move, go, transport1 2
  • to move, drive1 2
*wetos-
*wortéye-
  • to turn1
*wai
  • suffer, be miserable1
*werb-
  • to turn, twist, bend1
  • to turn, bend1 2 3
  • to bend, turn1 2 3 4
  • to turn, twist1 2
*werp-
*wekʷsperos
*worHdʰ-
*wes-nu-
*wendʰ-
  • to turn, twist, wind, braid1 2
  • to turn, wind, braid1
  • to turn, wind1
*werh₃-
  • to speak1
*we-no-
  • absent, lacking, without1 2
*wert-
  • to turn, bend1
  • turn1
  • to rotate, spin1 2
  • to turn, wind1 2 3
  • to turn1 2 3
*weǵʰnos
*wer-iō
  • open1
*woyn(i)yos
*wān-
*widʰ-
  • to separate, split, cleave, divide1
*wiHrós
  • freeman1
  • man, freeman1
*widhu
  • tree1
*wesentós
  • spring1
*wun-
*wreg-
*wéteso
*wedh-
*weik(')-
  • to change1
*wṛǵ-
*wĺ̥kʷos, *wĺkʷós(r), *wĺ̥pos(r)
*welǝn-
*wank-
*wesus
*weyǝ-
  • power1
*wid-
*wer-
  • to turn, writhe, bend, twist1
  • to turn, twist, bend1
  • to close, cover, protect, save, defend1 2
  • crow1
  • to observe1
  • to turn, to bend1
  • to rip, tear1 2
  • to twist, bend1
  • to turn, bend1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • to close, cover, protect, defend1
  • to cut, scratch, tear, sketch an outline1 2
  • to turn1
  • to turn,bend1
  • to work, make1
  • to defend, protect, cover1
  • speak1 2 3
*wed-
  • wet1
*wel(H)-
  • to turn, roll1 2
*wesr̥
*woidh₂e
*wadʰ-
  • to pledge, redeem a pledge; guarantee, bail1
*wēbnom
*weng-
  • to bend, bow, arch, curve1 2 3
  • to bow, bend, arch, curve1
*wekʷos
*weg-
  • to be unsteady; crooked1
  • to swing, be unsteady, slant, be crooked1
  • to be strong1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
*wlē-
  • to twist, wind, roll1 2
*wedʰ-
  • to join1
*wisos
*welǝm-
  • wave1
*weib-
  • to oscillate, swing1 2
*wel
  • to wish, desire, want1
*wāst-
  • waste, barren1
  • empty, void1
*way-
  • woe1
*wes-
  • fat, moisture1
  • to dress1
  • stab1
  • to stick, prick, pierce, sting1 2
  • moist, wet1
*wh₁i-éie-
  • to plait1
*we-dhro-
  • weather1
*wrē-
  • to tell, speak1 2 3 4
  • to speak, say, tell1
*wreǵ-
  • to work, act1 2 3
*weydʰ-
*wedn-ós
  • of water1
*woǵʰos
*weip-
  • to oscillate, swing1
*wrei-
  • to rip, tear1
*wedos
*woino-
*wiHsos
*webʰ-
  • to weave1 2 3
  • to move here and there, to wave, to teem1
  • weave1 2
*wewer
*weye-
  • to drive1
  • to go, seek, crave, hunt, desire, drive1
*weh₁-
*wit-
*waldʰ-
  • to be strong, be powerful, prevail, possess1 2
*wiǵo
*weyk-
  • to overcome1
*walk-
  • to twist, turn, move1 2
  • to twist1
*wewer-
*wī-
  • separate, alone1
*weiḱ-
  • to settle; settlement, tribe1 2
*weh₁-r-eh₂
*wed-o-
*welʷ-
  • to turn, wind, roll1 2 3
*wrti-
*welə-
*wadh-
  • guarantee, bail1
  • wedh-1
*weyd-
  • to know; to see1
  • to see1
  • to see, know, perceive1 2 3 4
  • to see, to know1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to know; to find1
  • to know; see1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • to know, to see1
  • see1 2
  • to see, know1
  • to see, view, behold, perceive1 2
  • know, see1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to see; to know; to find1
  • perceive, see1
  • see, know1
  • to know1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*wās-y-
*weǵ-
  • to be fresh, be cheerful, be awake1
  • to be awake, be fresh or cheerful1
  • to be strong, be awake, be fresh, be cheerful1
  • to be awake, be fresh, be cheerful1 2
  • to be fresh, cheerful, awake1
  • lively1
  • to be strong1
*wokʷ- -> *wṓkʷs
  • to utter, speak1 2
*wātu-
  • inspired utterance1 2
*wodr-(r) -> *wódr̥
*wendh-
  • to turn, wind, weave1
*wrād-
  • sprout, root1
*we-
  • first person dual and plural pronoun1
  • self1
  • to blow1 2 3 4
  • blow, gust1
*wédʰstis
  • act of joining1
*widhu-
*webh-
  • to move to and fro, wander1
  • to move to and from, wander1
  • weave, braid1
  • weave1 2 3
*wel-
  • to want1 2 3 4 5
  • tear; pluck; rob; hurt; kill1
  • wool1
  • to see1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to wish, desire, want1
  • to turn, wind, roll1
  • to cover, envelop1
  • to wish, choose1
  • turn1
  • see1 2
  • to turn, wind, round1 2
  • to turn1 2
  • good, best1
  • death in battle, killed in battle1
  • wish, desire1
*winǵo
*worn-
*wāsto-
*wrey-
  • to rip, tear1
*weng'-
  • neck, cheek1
*weǵʰ-yā-
*wetos
*wīk-
  • worm, earwig1
*weh₁ros
*wokeha-
*weh₁ro-
  • true1
*wekti-
  • cause, sake, thing1
  • object, thing1
*wisAn-
  • aurochs, aurochs horn1 2 3
*wóih₁nom
*welk-
  • to pull, draw, drag1
  • wet, moist1 2
*wele-
  • to be strong, possess1
*wobhsā-
*wl̥kʷíh₂
  • she-wolf1
*wreit-
  • to turn1
*wĺ̥pos(r) -> *wĺ̥kʷos
  • wolf1
*widstōr
  • the one that knows1
*wel(w)-
*wodor
  • water1 2
*wat-
  • to fan, inspire1
*wr̥dʰo
  • sweetbriar1
*-went-
*weys-
  • to flow, run1
  • to melt, flow1
*wAit-
*wṓkʷs, *wokʷs(r), *wōkʷs(r), *wōkʷs(r), *wokʷ-(r)
*wiH-ḱmti-
*woǵʰnos
*weit-
*wedʰrom
*-wont-
*wādʰ-
  • to go, pass, cross, wade1
*wrmi-
*weh₁r-
*wei-
  • to turn, bend1
  • to twist, bend1
  • to move, go ahead; to be strong1
*werk'-
  • to twist, weave, tie together1
*wrenǵʰ-
  • to twist, wry, constrict, choke, thring1
*weig-
*weik
  • to bend, wind1
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: veke
*werǝd-
*wobʰseh₂
*wid-tu-
*werg'-
  • to twist, weave, tie together1 2 3
*wekʷ-
  • to speak1 2 3
  • to say, tell1
  • to speak, sound1 2 3
  • to speak, to sound1
*wéy(r) -> *éǵh₂
  • English: we
*weyb-
*woḱskom
*werə
  • to speak1
  • Norwegian: ord
*welg-
  • humid, wet1
  • to bend, twist, run, roll1
*wreyt-
  • to turn, twist1
*weik-
  • separate, divide1
  • bend, wind1
  • to bend, wind1
  • soft, pliable; to avoid1 2
  • to bend, wind, turn, yield1
  • to consecrate, hallow, make holy1
*wl̥k-
  • to pull, draw, drag1
*wih₁on-
  • wine1
*wr̥dʰom
*wormis
*wos
*weyḱ-
  • house, settlement1 2
*wrh₂d-
  • root1
*wenǵ-
  • neck, cheek1 2 3
*wr̥eina
*wḗǵʰs-
*wak-
*wokso-
  • wax1
*we
*wēsno-
  • price1
*weǵhe-
  • to drag, carry1 2 3 4
*weid-
  • to see1 2 3
  • know, see1 2
*werdho-
*wī-tero-
  • further apart1
*wāt-
  • prophet1
  • Old English: wod
*werwǝ-
*wek-
*wenə-
  • strive for, wish, desire1
  • to wish, love1 2 3 4 5
*wō-
  • you1
*wéwk-
*wisgā
  • flexible rod or stick1
*wōs
*wéǵʰe-
*wērh₁o-
*wolg-
*wīsos
*werḱ-
*wrHēn
*wr̥dʰo-
*wósHr̥-
  • garlic, onion1
*wr̥h₁nós
*wadʰom
*wesā-
*wag-
*wei(H)-
  • to twist1
*wal-
  • stick, stake1
*wimb-
  • to turn, rotate, spin, spin around1
*wēd-
*woǵʰlos
*wis-
  • colouring matter, dye, poison1
*wes
  • English: you
  • Old English: eow
*wep
*wet-
  • to blow, inspire, arouse spiritually1 2
  • year1
*wreh₁ǵ-
*-wes
*weros-
*weri
*welp-
*wr̥s-
  • male1
*wrōk-
  • speech, complaint1
*wazdho-
*werǵ-, *worǵ-(r)
  • to twist, weave, tie together1 2
  • work1 2
  • to work1 2 3 4 5
*widʰu-
  • tree, beam1
*wē-
  • to winnow, thresh1
  • to blow (wind), to breathe1
  • to thresh, winnow1
*wed
  • wet1
*wr̥h₁ḗn
*wey-
  • to bend, twist, wring1
*woiḱos
*wrenk-
  • to turn, twist, bend1
*wobz-
  • wasp1
*wésr̥
  • spring1
*wem-