Possibly from Sumerian “Uruk” or “Warka” (Biblical “Erech”) region in the south of ancient Iraq. Medieval Arabic uses ‘Iraq’ as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from عريق (ʕaríːq, “deep-rooted”), from عرق (ʕirq, “root”), while others say it is from Middle Persian's erāq (“lowlands”), due to historic rule from Iraq's plateau-situated neighbor, Persia.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɑːk/, /ɪˈɹak/
- (Australia) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹak/
- (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹæk/, /ɪˈɹɑːk/, /aɪˈɹæk/
Audio (US) (file)
- Country in Mesopotamia that borders on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey. Official name: Republic of Iraq.
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- Alternative spelling of Irak.