From Latin phoenīx, from Ancient Greek φοῖνιξ (phoinix), Φοῖνιξ (Phoinix), from Egyptian Fnkhw (“Syrian people”). Signifies "mythical bird," also "the date" (fruit and tree), also "Phoenician," literally "purple-red," perhaps a foreign word, or from phoinos (“blood-red”). Exact relation and order of the senses in Greek is unclear.
- A taxonomic genus within the tribe Phoeniceae—the date palms.
- A taxonomic genus within the family Sphingidae—certain butterflies.
- (mythology) A mythical firebird; especially the sacred one from ancient Egyptian mythology
- (astronomy) A spring constellation of the southern sky, said to resemble the mythical bird. It lies north of Tucana.
- (Greek mythology) A character in the Iliad and father of Adonis in Greek mythology or a different character in Greek mythology, brother of Europa and Cadmus
- The capital city of Arizona, United States.
- A nickname sometimes used for Japan after World War II.