I think describing a militia as trained is too restrictive. This definition is also convoluted. I'd advocating splitting #2 into two definitions, something like the following is more correct. "2. An army primarily comprised of civilians, usually formed improviso when called upon in time of need. Members may vary in level of training and competence. 3. An official reserve army, organized separately from standing army."
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RFV-sense "an army" (i.e. any army), as distinct from "an army of trained civilians, which may be an official reserve army, called upon in time of need; the entire able-bodied population of a state; or a private force, not under government control." It's very plausible that "militia" once referred to any army, but I suspect it's now archaic in that sense. Citations will show... - -sche(discuss) 19:27, 19 December 2012 (UTC)
You have a point. Neither in Merriam webster nor in Oxford--Pierpao (talk) 20:40, 19 December 2012 (UTC)
Wikipedia says "an irregular army". Perhaps that's a clearer wording. This alerts the wiktionary reader that the distinction between army and militia is in many cases subjective regarding the meaning of "irrgeular" 220.127.116.11 22:04, 3 January 2013 (UTC)