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en-verb (third-person singular simple present en-verbs, present participle en-verbing, simple past and past participle en-verbed)

The following documentation is located at Template:en-verb/documentation. [edit]

Deprecated templates

This template replaces all previous English verb inflection templates:


Use this template to show the inflection line of an English verb.

This template shows the verb in bold (optionally linking its components) and its key inflections.

{{en-verb|...s|...ing|...d }}
{{en-verb|...s|...ing|'''[[...d]]''' 'or' '''[[...t]]'''}}
                       <!-- for detailed notes -->

This template contains the necessary meta-data to allow users who are using accelerated editing to create any grammatical forms semi-automatically.


Many verbs form the third-person singular by adding -s, the past by adding -ed, and the present participle by adding -ing. For such verbs, no parameters are necessary:


To specify -es for the present third-person singular form:


Verbs ending in -ee, -ie, or -ye add only -d for the past tense:


For verbs that add, drop, or replace final letters in the stem, specify the stem change:

{{en-verb|admir|ing}} (dropped the -e)
{{en-verb|bus|s|es}} (added an s)
{{en-verb|cr|i|ed}} (changed the -y to -i)
{{en-verb|t|y|ing}} (changed the -ie to -y)
{{en-verb|trek|k|ed}} (added a k)

Irregular verbs

For irregular (strong) verbs, specify the key forms (third-person present singular, the present participle, the simple past tense, and optionally the past participle):


Some irregular verbs are defective or have multiple forms for some inflections. Show missing or additional forms or notes for any inflection. (Use head for the infinitive notes, if necessary.):

{{en-verb| head= - | can | - | could | - }}
{{en-verb| works | working | '''[[worked]]''' ''or obsolete'', '''[[wrought]]'''}}
{{en-verb| head=[[have]] [[cake]] | '''[[has cake]]''' ''or archaic'', '''[[hath cake]]''' | having cake | had cake}}
{{en-verb| ills | '''[[illing]]''' ''or'' '''[[illin']]''' | illed}}

Other example, for blend:

{{en-verb|blends|blending|'''[[blended]]''', ''or poetic'', '''[[blent]]'''}}

Temporary legacy support

Some verbs were written with a different order for the present participle and past past tense arguments. This template temporarily supports such order only if the first argument is the page name:



To confirm that any changes retain the required functionality, review Template:en-verb/test. Rod (A. Smith) 07:36, 3 June 2006 (UTC)

See also