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First declension

Number Singular Plural
nominative -a -ae
genitive -ae -ārum
dative -ae -īs
accusative -am -ās
ablative -īs
vocative -a -ae

The following documentation is located at Template:la-decl-first/documentation. [edit]

Usage and parameters[edit]


1 = a nominative Latin word (with macrons). Use the singular unless it is only used as plural. Special exceptions are:

  • if the word allows an -ābus suffix, give the -ābus form
  • If the word has a locative form, instead use {{la-decl-first-loc|1}} with the nominative singular or plural form.

This template will choose the correct declension table based on the word ending.

Technical notes[edit]

  • List of permitted word endings: -a -ē -am -ae -ābus -ēs -ās
  • num=sg or num=pl is optional to show only the singular or plural column, but this parameter is unnecessary for normal usage.
  • num=both can be used to force both singular and plural columns to show when they wouldn't ordinarily (e.g. for locative words)
  • loc=y can be used instead of using the la-decl-first-loc, but to retain usage consistency it is not recommended
  • this template outputs using the same meta-template tables as existing la-decl-1st-* templates.

Comparison to previous templates[edit]

Examples of this template's syntax compared to pre-Lua templates:


  • in all cases except -ābus words, the first parameter is also the word's main entry (i.e. where the declension table appears)
  • the first parameter defaults to the page name, so is not required for words which have no macrons. e.g. {{la-decl-first-loc}} is valid on Oceania


  • {{la-decl-first|candēla}}

First declension

Number Singular Plural
nominative candēla candēlae
genitive candēlae candēlārum
dative candēlae candēlīs
accusative candēlam candēlās
ablative candēlā candēlīs
vocative candēla candēlae
  • {{la-decl-first|galaxiās}}

First declension, Greek type masculine in -ās.

Number Singular Plural
nominative galaxiās galaxiae
genitive galaxiae galaxiārum
dative galaxiae galaxiīs
accusative galaxiān galaxiās
ablative galaxiā galaxiīs
vocative galaxiā galaxiae
  • {{la-decl-first|hyperbolē}}

First declension, Greek type.

Number Singular Plural
nominative hyperbolē hyperbolae
genitive hyperbolēs hyperbolārum
dative hyperbolae hyperbolīs
accusative hyperbolēn hyperbolās
ablative hyperbolē hyperbolīs
vocative hyperbolē hyperbolae
  • {{la-decl-first|deābus}}

First declension with dative/ablative plural in -ābus.

Number Singular Plural
nominative dea deae
genitive deae deārum
dative deae deābus
accusative deam deās
ablative deā deābus
vocative dea deae
  • {{la-decl-first|Ābraham}}

First declension with nominative singular in -am.

Number Singular Plural
nominative Ābraham Ābrahae
genitive Ābrahae Ābrahārum
dative Ābrahae Ābrahīs
accusative Ābraham Ābrahās
ablative Ābrahā Ābrahīs
vocative Ābraham Ābrahae
  • {{la-decl-first|sophistēs}}

First declension, Greek type masculine in -ēs.

Number Singular Plural
nominative sophistēs sophistae
genitive sophistae sophistārum
dative sophistae sophistīs
accusative sophistēn sophistās
ablative sophistē sophistīs
vocative sophistē sophistae
  • {{la-decl-first|nūgae}} (plural only)

First declension

Number Plural
nominative nūgae
genitive nūgārum
dative nūgīs
accusative nūgās
ablative nūgīs
vocative nūgae



Singular/plural number parameter (num)[edit]

  • To show only the singular declensions (hiding the plural column), use num=sg. Using loc=y will also use this option if word ends in -a (or -ē, -ās, -ēs, -am)
  • To show only the plural declensions (hiding the singular column), use num=pl. This option will be used automatically if word ends in -ae.

{{la-decl-first|word|num=sg}} or {{la-decl-first|word|num=pl}}

See also[edit]

First declension-table templates for Latin

Number Singular Plural
nominative -a, , -ās, -ēs, -am -ae
genitive -ae, -ēs, -ās, -āī -ārum, -um
dative -ae -īs, -ābus
accusative -am, -ēn, -ān, -ēn -ās
ablative , , -īs, -ābus
vocative -a, , , , -am -ae
locative -ae -īs
  • la-decl-1st (basic template), shown in bold: -a, -ae, etc

Changes from basic template: