Template:no-verb

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The following documentation is located at Template:no-verb/documentation. [edit]
Useful links: subpage listtransclusionsredirects

This template generates a conjugation table for Norwegian verbs. In theory it should suit all kinds of Norwegian verbs. If you find a verb which doesn't fit into the system, please leave a message below.

The template can be used with both Nynorsk only, Bokmål only and Bokmål and Nynorsk verbs.

The template uses the following classification of verbs:

Bokmål[edit]

1 kaste kaster kasta/kastet kasta/kastet
2 lyse lyser lyste lyst
3 leve lever levde levd
4 når nådde
5 ale aler alet alet
irreg være er var vært
passive lykkes lykkes lyktes lyktes

Nynorsk[edit]

1 kaste kastar kasta kasta
2 kvile kviler kvilte kvilt
3 1 styve styver styvde styvd/styvt
2 hengje hengjer hengde [hengte] hengd [hengt]
3 byggje byggjer bygde bygd/bygt
4 renne renner rende [rente] rent [rend]
5 sende sender sende [sendte] sendt [send]
4 når nådde nådd
irreg vere er var vore/vori
passive lykkast lykkast lykkast lykkast

Parameters[edit]

Bokmål and Nynorsk parameters[edit]

  • {{{1}}}: the class of the verb, if it is the same in both Bokmål and Nynorsk
  • {{{2}}}: a second class of the verb, if it is the same in both Bokmål and Nynorsk
  • {{{nb-class}}}: the class of the Bokmål form
  • {{{nn-class}}}: the class of the Nynorsk form
  • {{{stem}}}: the past stem of the verb. Not needed with verbs like or with irregular or passive verbs.
  • {{{stem2}}}: The imperative. Only used with some class2 and class3 Bokmål and with some class2 and class 3, subclass 3 Nynorsk verbs.
  • {{{subclass}}}: The subclass of class 3 Nynorsk verbs.
  • {{{nb-class2}}}: alternative Nynorsk conjugation, if it exists
  • {{{nn-class2}}}: alternative Nynorsk conjugation, if it exists

Note that by using only {{{nb-class}}}, the verb will be conjugated in Bokmål only. By using only {{{nn-class}}}, the verb will be conjugated in Nynorsk only.

Examples[edit]

Class 1[edit]

  • Bokmål and Nynorsk: kaste {{no-verb|1|stem=kast}}

Class 2[edit]

Bokmål: lete {{no-verb|nb-class=2|stem=let}} Bokmål and Nynorsk: lyse {{no-verb|2|stem=lys}} Bokmål and Nynorsk: kysse {{no-verb|3|stem=kys|stem2=kyss}}

Class 3[edit]

Bokmål and Nynorsk: leve {{no-verb|3|stem=lev|subclass=}}

Nynorsk[edit]

Be careful with this class. Make sure that the bracket forms (klammeformer) fit into the correct subclass. If you can't fit the verb in, use the irregular class instead. Subclass 1

  • styve {{no-verb|nn-class=3|subclass=1|stem=styv}}

Subclass 2

  • hengje {{no-verb|nn-class=3|subclass=2|stem=heng}}

Subclass 3

  • byggje {{no-verb|nn-class=3|subclass=3|stem=byg|stem2=bygg}}

Subclass 4

  • stemme {{no-verb|nn-class=3|subclass=4|stem=stem|stem2=stemm}}

Subclass 5

  • hende {{no-verb|nn-class=3|subclass=5|stem=hend}}

Class 4[edit]

  • Bokmål and Nynorsk: {{no-verb|4}}
  • Bokmål and Nynorsk: bie {{no-verb|4|stem=bi}}

Class 5[edit]

  • Bokmål: ale {{no-verb|nb-class=5|stem=al}}

Two classes[edit]

  • Bokmål: ale {{no-verb|nb-class=2|nb-class2=5|stem=al}}

Irregular verbs[edit]

For the parameters that are common to Bokmål and Nynorsk, the prefixes nb- and nn- should be added in front of the listed Bokmål and Nynorsk forms, respectively, if the verb is to be conjugated in both Bokmål and Nynorsk. E. g. {{{nb-present}}}, {{{nn-present}}}. Otherwise, they are optional.

  • {{{no-passive}}}: Set no-passive=t if the verb doesn't have passive forms.
  • {{{infin-passive}}}: The infinitive passive. (not needed if the infinite passive is the active passive + s)
  • {{{infin-passive2}}}: Alternative infinitive passive
  • {{{present}}}: The present tense
  • {{{present2}}}: Alternative present tense
  • {{{past}}}: The past tense
  • {{{past2}}}: Alternative past tense
  • {{{past3}}}: A second alternative past tense
  • {{{present-part}}}: The present participle
  • {{{past-part}}}: The past participle
  • {{{past-part2}}}: An alternative past participle
  • {{{imperative}}}: Imperative (not needed if the imperative is the same as the infinitive)

Nynorsk only parameters These parameters do not need the nn- suffix at any time.

  • {{{infin-act-split}}}: The split infinitive form (kløyd infinitiv), if it exists
  • {{{infin-pass}}}: The passive infinitive
  • {{{present-bracket}}}: A bracket form of the present tense (klammeform)
  • {{{past-bracket}}}: A bracket form of the past tense
  • {{{past-part-bracket}}}: A bracket form of the past participle
  • {{{past-part-bracket2}}}: A second bracket form of the past participle

Example[edit]

  • Bokmål: være {{no-verb|nb-class=irreg|no-passive=t|present=er|past=var|present-part=værende|past-part=vært|imperative=vær}}
  • Nynorsk: vere {{no-verb|nn-class=irreg|no-passive=t|infin-act-split=vera|present=er|past=var|pres-part=værende|past-part=vore|past-part2=vori|imperative=vær}}

Passive class[edit]

As Bokmål and Nynorsk never have the same passive infinitive form, there is no danger of confusion here (no prefixes needed). This class uses some of the same parameters as the irregular class:

  • {{{present}}} (Not needed in Bokmål, as the present tense is the same as the infinitive)
  • {{{present2}}}
  • {{{present-bracket}}} (Nynorsk only))
  • {{{past}}}
  • {{{past2}}}
  • {{{past-bracket}}} (Nynorsk only)
  • {{{past-part}}}
  • {{{past-part2}}}

In addition, it has a third past participle form:

  • {{{past-part3}}}

Examples[edit]

  • Bokmål: lykkes: {{no-verb|nb-class=passive|past=lyktes|past-part=lyktes}}
  • Nynorsk: lukkast: {{no-verb|nb-class=passive|present=lukkast|past=lukkast|past-part=lukkast}}