Template:sv-conj-st

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The following documentation is located at Template:sv-conj-st/documentation. [edit]
Useful links: subpage listtransclusionsredirects

This template creates a conjugation table for Swedish regular strong verbs. For regular weak verbs, use {{sv-conj-wk}} instead. For (very) irregular verbs, use {{sv-conj-irr}}.

Parameters[edit]

Numbered parameters:

  • 1= The present stem of the verb.
  • 2= The past stem of the verb.
  • 3= The supine/past participle stem of the verb.

Named parameters:

  • end= The type of ending consonant of the stem.
    • If not specified, the verb is assumed to have a present in -er.
    • end=vw If the stem is a single syllable that ends in a vowel.
    • end=r If the stem ends in -r. The present tense lacks the -er that is otherwise present.
    • end=s If the stem ends in -s. The passive form does not have the form with -s, only -es.
    • end=mm / end=nn If the infinitive ends in -mma or -nna. The first parameter should contain only one -m or -n.
    • end=fv For a stem ending in -f, add -ver, -vit, -ven to emulate obsolete spelling used before 1906.
  • full= The full infinitive of the verb.
    • For short contracted verbs such as bli, this specifies the full uncontracted infinitive.
    • If not specified, defaults to the headword/page name.
  • sup= The supine of the verb, in case this is different from the parameter 3 -it
  • nop=1 This verb has no passive forms.
  • noa=1 This verb has no active forms.
  • nopp=1 This verb has no past participle form.
  • head= : The headword/infinitive.
    • Defaults to the current page name.
  • particle= For phrasal verbs like slå in, use head=slå|particle=in

Usage[edit]

Normal strong verbs[edit]

For most strong verbs, just specifying the three stems with the three numbered parameters is enough.

On the page flyga:

  • {{sv-conj-st|flyg|flög|flug}}

On the page binda:

  • {{sv-conj-st|bind|band|bund}}

Verbs in -r[edit]

Verbs with stems in -r do not get an additional -er in the present tense. Specify this with end=r. Some verbs in -l behave this way too.

On the page skära:

  • {{sv-conj-st|skär|skar|skur|end=r}}

On the page stjäla:

  • {{sv-conj-st|stjäl|stal|stul|end=r}}

Verbs in -mm and -nn[edit]

Some verbs with stems in -mm and -nn drop one -m/n in their regular stem. These are then specified with end=mm or end=nn.

On the page komma:

  • {{sv-conj-st|kom|kom|kom|end=mm}}

Short stems[edit]

Verbs with single-syllable stems ending in a vowel behave somewhat differently. These are specified with end=vw.

On the page :

  • {{sv-conj-st|gå|gick|gång|sup=gått|end=vw}}

On the page :

  • {{sv-conj-st|få|fick|fång|sup=fått|end=vw}}

Short and longer stems[edit]

Some of these short stem verbs (bli, dra, ta) are old spoken forms for the more formally written ones (bliva, draga, taga). Only recently (late 20th century) have the shorter forms become the more common written form. For these verbs, the present participle is formed from longer form (blivande, not bliende), which needs to be specified as the full= parameter. Conjugations for the longer forms are listed as "somewhat dated" (not obsolete, not archaic) alternatives next to the shorter forms. To suppress the shorter present tense passive forms (drags, tags), use end=s (somewhat counterintuitive).

Note that ge/giva is treated somewhat differently. Ge behaves more like a weak conjugation.

On the page bli:

  • {{sv-conj-st|full=bliva|bli|blev|bliv|end=vw|nop=1}}
  • {{sv-conj-st|head=bliva|bliv|blev|bliv|nop=1|definitions=(somewhat dated)}}

On the page dra:

  • {{sv-conj-st|full=draga|dra|drog|drag|end=vw}}
  • {{sv-conj-st|head=draga|drag|drog|drag|end=s|definitions=(somewhat dated)}}

On the page ta:

  • {{sv-conj-st|full=taga|ta|tog|tag|end=vw}}
  • {{sv-conj-st|head=taga|tag|tog|tag|end=s|definitions=(somewhat dated)}}

Supine not ending in -it[edit]

The 3rd parameter (begång) is the stem of the past participle, but the supine is not based on this.

On the page begå:

  • {{sv-conj-st|begå|begick|begång|sup=begått|end=vw}}

Active-only verbs[edit]

Many verbs have only active forms, no passives. Use the nop=1 parameter for these.

On the page falla:

  • {{sv-conj-st|fall|föll|fall|nop=1}}

See also[edit]