Thomas

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Θωμᾶς (Thōmâs), the Biblical Greek transcription of Aramaic תאומא or תאמא (twin), the nickname of one of the Twelve Apostles. In the gospel of John (11:16, 20:24), the Aramaic nickname is also translated into Greek, as δίδυμος (dídumos). Rendered Thomas in the Vulgate, and hence in English Bible translations. Use as a given name since the Middle Ages, e.g. Thomas the Presbyter (7th century), Thomas the Slav (8th century), Thomas of Bayeux (died 1100).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Thomas (plural Thomases)

  1. (derogatory, Christianity) An infidel (in reference to the doubting Apostle).

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas

  1. An Apostle, best remembered for doubting the resurrection of Jesus.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible (Authorized Version), John 20:24-25
      But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the LORD. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
  2. A male given name of biblical origin, popular since the 13th century.
    • 1876, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, ch. VI
      "Becky Thatcher. What's yours? Oh, I know. It's Thomas Sawyer."
      "That's the name they lick me by. I'm Tom when I'm good. You call me Tom, will you?"
    • 1941 Judith Kelly, Marriage is a Private Affair, Harper 1944, page 133:
      - - - goodness we scarcely have a name for the baby yet now all of you must take a vote, all of you, but let's have a nice simple name like Thomas don't you think I hate elaborate names, do please all of you vote for Thomas..."
  3. A common patronymic surname​.
  4. A city in Oklahoma
  5. A city in West Virginia

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Danish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas

  1. Thomas (biblical figure)
  2. A male given name of biblical origin.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • [1] Danskernes Navne, based on CPR data: 52 343 males with the given name Thomas have been registered in Denmark between about 1890 (=the population alive in 1967) and January 2005, with the frequency peak in the 1970s. Accessed on 19 June 2011.

Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas ?

  1. A male given name of biblical origin.
  2. A patronymic surname​.

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas m

  1. Thomas (biblical figure)
  2. A male given name of biblical origin.
    • 1862 Victor Hugo, Les Misérables, Vol.1, Book 4:1, translation 1887 by Isabel F. Hapgood:
      Il n’est pas rare aujourd’hui que le garçon bouvier se nomme Arthur, Alfred ou Alphonse, et que le vicomte — s’il y a encore des vicomtes — se nomme Thomas, Pierre ou Jacques. Ce déplacement qui met le nom « élégant » sur le plébéien et le nom campagnard sur l’aristocrate n’est autre chose qu’un remous d’égalité. L’irrésistible pénétration du souffle nouveau est là comme en tout.
      It is not rare for the neatherd's boy nowadays to bear the name of Arthur, Alfred, or Alphonse, and for the vicomte--if there are still any vicomtes--to be called Thomas, Pierre, or Jacques. This displacement, which places the "elegant" name on the plebeian and the rustic name on the aristocrat, is nothing else than an eddy of equality. The irresistible penetration of the new inspiration is there as everywhere else.
  3. A common patronymic surname​.

German[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas ? (genitive Thomass)

  1. Thomas (biblical figure)
  2. A male given name of biblical origin.
  3. A patronymic surname​.

Related terms[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas m

  1. Alternative form of Thonmas..

Norwegian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgate Latin Thomas, from Ancient Greek Θωμᾶς (Thōmâs), from Aramaic ܬܐܘܡܐ or תאומא (Thomas), from ܬܐܡܐ or תאמא (twin). Recorded as a given name in Norway since the 13th century.

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas

  1. A male given name.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The most common given name of men born in Norway in the 1980s.

References[edit]

  • Kristoffer Kruken - Ola Stemshaug: Norsk personnamnleksikon, Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo 1995, ISBN 82-521-4483-7
  • [2] Statistisk sentralbyrå, Namnestatistikk: 23 499 males with the given name Thomas ( compared to 2 408 named Tomas) living in Norway on January 1st 2011, with the frequency peak in the 1980s. Accessed on April 29th, 2011.

Swedish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Thomas

  1. A male given name, a popular spelling variant of Tomas.

References[edit]

  • Roland Otterbjörk: Svenska förnamn, Almqvist & Wiksell 1996, ISBN 91-21-10937-0
  • [3] Statistiska centralbyrån and Sture Allén, Staffan Wåhlin, Förnamnsboken, Norstedts 1995, ISBN 9119551622: 59 976 males with the given name Thomas (compared to 33 505 named Tomas) living in Sweden on December 31st, 2010, with the frequency peak in the 1960s. Accessed on 19 June 2011.