User:EncycloPetey/Latin verbs

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Purpose[edit]

This project page coordinates efforts to improve entries for common verbs in Romance languages.

The idea is to select one row at a time from the following lists for cleanup, correcting and expanding not only the Latin verb entry but also all its descendants. This includes expanding the Latin Descendants section, as well as adding / correcting the etymology section of each descendant.

Entries should be cleaned up, but also expanded beyond the minimum entry length. Ideally, an entry will have many new sections added, including Pronunciation, Example sentences, Usage notes, Quotations, Synonyms, Related terms, etc. to whatever degree the participants are capable of contributing.

Current, past, and upcoming cleanup selections
sentiō
"I feel, perceive"
capiō
"I hold, contain"
amō
"I love"
crēdō
"I believe"
veniō
"I come"
pōnō
"I put, place"
agō
"I make, do, act"

About the lists: The first list comes from the "top 40" Latin verbs, as selected by authors Gavin Betts and Daniel Franklin, based on "their high frequency and extensive range of meanings". The second list includes the 36 most common Spanish verbs in a large sample of on-line text.

Participants[edit]

The list below serves to identify areas of specialty. Anyone knowledgeable in a Romance language is welcome to participate and to add his or her name to the list. However, a listing here is not required to help!

The top 40 list[edit]

Note: Listed words are derivatives from the Latin, and not merely translations.
Latin Spanish Portuguese Catalan Occitan French Italian Romanian
agō [[]] agir [[]] [[]] agir agire [[]]
cadō caer cair caure [[]] choir cadere cădea
capiō caber caber cabrer caber -cevoir (in compounds) capire [[]]
cēdō ceder ceder [[]] [[]] [[]] cedere [[]]
colō colar coar [[]] [[]] couler colare [[]]
conferō conferir conferir [[]] [[]] conférer conferire [[]]
conficiō [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] confire (?) [[]] [[]]
consistō consistir consistir [[]] [[]] [[]] consistere [[]]
dar dar [[]] [[]] [[]] dare a da
dūcō -ducir -duir [[]] -duire ducere duce
ēdō editar editar [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
faciō hacer fazer fer [[]] faire facere a face
fallō fallar, fallir falhar, falir [[]] [[]] faillir, falloir fallire [[]]
ferō sufrir [[]] [[]] -férer [[]] [[]]
fingō fingir fingir [[]] [[]] feindre fingere [[]]
gerō gestionar gerir [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
habeō haber haver haver aver avoir avere a avea
iaceō yacer jazer [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] a zăcea
inferō inferir inferir [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
mittō meter [[]] [[]] mettre mettere a -mite
moveō mover mover moure [[]] mouvoir muovere [[]]
offerō ofrecer oferecer oferir [[]] offrir offrire [[]]
petō pedir pedir [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
pōnō poner pôr pondre [[]] pondre porre a pune
praestō prestar prestar prestar [[]] prêter prestare a presta
premō oprimir espremer, pressionar [[]] [[]] [[]]<--presser via pressar, only modern derivative is supprimer--> premere a primi
rapiō raptar, rapiñar raptar [[]] [[]] ravir rapire a răpi
recipiō recibir receber rebre [[]] recevoir [[]] [[]]
reddō rendir [[]] [[]] [[]] rendre reddere [[]]
referō referir referir [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
solvō soltar, disolver soltar, dissolver [[]] [[]] -soudre solvere [[]]
statuō [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
stō estar estar estar [[]] être stare a sta
subeō subir subir [[]] [[]] [[]] subire [[]]
sūmō asumir [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
teneō tener ter tenir [[]] tenir tenere a ţine
tollō toller [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] togliere [[]]
trahō traer trazer treure [[]] traire trainare a trage
vertō verter verter [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] a învârti
videō ver ver veure veire voir vedere a vedea

The common Spanish verbs list[edit]

Latin Spanish Portuguese Catalan Occitan French Italian Romanian
sum ser ser ésser [[]] être essere a fi
stō estar estar estar [[]] (OF. ester) stare a sta
habeō haber haver haver aver avoir avere a avea
possum poder poder poder [[]] pouvoir potere a putea
quaerō querer querer querir [[]] quérir chiedere a cere
teneō tener ter tenir [[]] tenir tenere a ţine
ir ir [[]] [[]] (future/conditional forms of) aller [[]] [[]]
sapiō saber saber saber [[]] savoir sapere [[]]
crēdō creer crer creure creire, créder croire credere a crede
faciō hacer fazer fer [[]] faire fare face
sentiō sentir sentir sentir sentir sentir sentire a simţi
sedeō sentar sentar [[]] [[]] seoir siedere a şade
pāreō parecer parecer [[]] [[]] paraître parere a părea
mīror mirar mirar [[]] [[]] mirer mirare a mira
dīcō decir dizer dir [[]] dire dire a zice
dēbeō deber dever [[]] dever devoir dovere
[[]] necesitar necessitar [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
fābulor hablar falar [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
videō ver ver veure [[]] voir vedere a vedea
gustō gustar gostar [[]] [[]] goûter [[]] a gusta
spērō esperar esperar esperar [[]] espérer sperare a spera
*tripaliare trabajar trabalhar [[]] [[]] travailler [[]] [[]]
locō colocar colocar [[]] [[]] louer [[]] a locui
pandō (?) pasar passar passar [[]] passer passare a pasa
audiō oír ouvir obir [[]] ouïr udire a auzi
pēnsō pensar pensar [[]] [[]] penser pensare a păsa
laxō dejar deixar [[]] [[]] laisser lasciare a lăsa
saliō salir sair salir [[]] saillir salire a sări
dar dar (cf. donar) [[]] (cf. donner) dare a da
sequor seguir seguir [[]] [[]] suivre seguire [[]]
volvō volver voltar [[]] [[]] vouloir volvere [[]]
suppōnō suponer supor [[]] [[]] supposer [[]] a supune
pōnō poner pôr pondre [[]] pondre porre a pune
[[]] tomar tomar [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
veniō venir vir venir venir venir venire a veni
clāmō llamar chamar [[]] [[]] clamer chiamare a chema
amō amar amar amar [[]] aimer amare [[]]