User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-ja-r

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Rabat {prop} (capital of Morocco)  :: ラバト /Rabato/
rabbet joint {n} (rabbet) SEE: rabbet  ::
rabbi {n} (Jewish scholar or teacher)  :: ラビ /rabi/
rabbit {n} (mammal)  :: /うさぎ, usagi/, ウサギ /usagi/
rabble {n}  :: 群衆 /ぐんしゅう, gunshū/, 暴徒 /ぼうと, bōto/ [mob]
rabies {n} (viral disease)  :: 狂犬病 /きょうけんびょう, kyōkenbyō/
raccoon {n} (nocturnal omnivore living in North America, Procyon lotor)  :: アライグマ /araiguma/, 洗熊 /あらいぐま, araiguma/
raccoon dog {n} (Nyctereutes procyonoides)  :: /たぬき, tanuki/
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of a common heritage)  :: 人種 /じんしゅ, jinshu/
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of common, physical characteristics)  :: 人種 /じんしゅ, jinshu/
race {n} (a rhizome)  :: 地下茎 /ちかけい, chikakei/
race {n} (contest)  :: 競走 /きょうそう, kyōsō/, レース /rēsu/
race {n} (progressive movement toward a goal)  :: 進行 /しんこう, shinkō/
race {v} (to move or drive at high speed)  :: 突進する /とっしんする, tosshin suru/
race {v} (to take part in a race)  :: 競う /きそう, kisō/, 競争する /きょうそうする, kyōsō suru/
race car {n} (car that goes at very fast speeds)  :: レースカー /rēsukā/
racecourse {n} ((UK) a racetrack where horse races are run)  :: 競馬場 /けいばじょう, keibajō/
racehorse {n} (a horse which competes in races)  :: 競走馬 /きょうそうば, kyōsōba/
raceme {n} (botany: an inflorescence in which the flowers are arranged along a single central axis)  :: 総状花序 /sōjō-kajo/, 花穂 /かすい, kasui/
racer {n} (racehorse) SEE: racehorse  ::
racetrack {n} (a course over which races are run)  :: 競馬場 /けいばじょう, keibajō/, レーストラック /rēsutorakku/
Rachel {prop} (younger daughter of Laban)  :: ラケル /Rakeru/
rachitis {n} (rickets)  :: 佝僂病 /くるびょう, kurubyō/
racing {n} (the sport of competing in races)  :: 競走 /きょうそう, kyōsō/
racism {n} (race discrimination or dislike)  :: 人種差別 /jinshusabetsu/, レイシズム /reishizumu/
racist {n} (person who believes a particular race is superior to others.)  :: 人種差別主義者 /じんしゅさべつしゅぎしゃ, jinshusabetsushugisha /
racket {n} (implement)  :: ラケット /raketto/
racoon {n} (raccoon) SEE: raccoon  ::
ractopamine {n} (a drug used as a feed additive to promote leanness in pigs raised for their meat)  :: ラクトパミン /rakutopamin/
rada {n} (a parliamentary body in a number of Slavic countries)  :: ラーダ /rāda/
rada {n} (soviet) SEE: soviet  ::
radar {n} (method of detecting distant objects)  :: 電波探知機 /denpa tanchi-ki/
radarmeteorology {n} (radar meteorology) SEE: radar meteorology  ::
radiation {n} (radioactive energy)  :: 放射 /ほうしゃ, hōsha/
radiation {n} (shooting forth of anything from a point or surface)  :: 放射 /ほうしゃ, hōsha/, 輻射 /ふくしゃ, fukusha/
radiator {n} (device that lowers engine coolant temperature by conducting heat to the air)  :: ラジエーター /rajiētā/
radical {adj} (pertaining to the basic or intrinsic nature of something)  :: 根本的な /こんぽんてきな, komponteki na/
radical {adj} (thoroughgoing)  :: 徹底的な /てっていてきな, tetteiteki na/
radical {n} (arithmetic: root (of a number or quantity))  :: /こん, kon/, 累乗根 /るいじょうこん, ruijōkon/
radical {n} (linguistics: portion of a character that provides an indication of its meaning)  :: 部首 /ぶしゅ, bushu/
radicalism {n} (social or political movements that aim at fundamental change in the structure of society)  :: 急進主義 /きゅうしんしゅぎ, kyūshinshugi/
radically {adv} (in a radical manner, fundamentally)  :: そもそも /somosomo/, 根本から /kompon kara/
radio {n} (receiver)  :: 無線 /むせん, musen/, ラジオ /rajio/
radio {n} (technology)  :: ラジオ /rajio/
radioactive {adj} (exhibiting radioactivity)  :: 放射性 /ほうしゃせい, hōshasei/
radioactive fallout {n} (material from a radioactive plume)  :: 放射性降下物 /hōsha sei kōka butsu/
radioactive waste {n} (type of waste)  :: 放射性廃棄物 /ほうしゃせいはいきぶつ, hōshasei haikibutsu/
radio astronomy {n} (branch of astronomy)  :: 電波天文学 /denpa-tenmongaku/
radio button {n} ((graphical user interface) any of a group of widgets in a graphical user interface)  :: ラジオボタン /rajiobotan/
radio cassette {n} (radio cassette player) SEE: radio cassette player  ::
radio cassette player {n} (device combining radio and cassette player)  :: ラジオカセット /rajiokasetto/, ラジカセ /rajikase/
radio clock {n} (a clock that is synchronized to a remote time standard by means of radio signals)  :: 電波時計 /でんぱどけい, denpadokei/
radio-controlled {adj} (controlled remotely using radio signals)  :: ラジコン /rajikon/, 無線操縦 /むせんそうじゅう, musensōjū/
radiogram {n} (a message, like a telegram, transmitted by radio)  :: 無線電報 /むせんでんぽう, musen denpō/
radiogram {n} (radiograph) SEE: radiograph  ::
radiograph {n} (image produced by radiation)  :: レントゲン写真 /rentogen shashin/
radiography {n} (the process of making radiographs, and the science of analyzing them)  :: レントゲン写真術 /rentogen shashinjutsu/
radioisotope {n} (a radioactive isotope of an element)  :: 放射性同位体 /ほうしゃせいどういたい, hōshasei dōitai/
radiologist {n} (practitioner of radiology)  :: 放射線科医 /ほうしゃせんかい, hōshasenkai/
radiology {n} (the use of radiation in diagnosis)  :: 放射線学 /ほうしゃせんがく, hōshasengaku/
radionuclide {n} (radioactive nuclide)  :: 放射性核種 /ほうしゃせいかくしゅ, hōshasei kakushu/
radio station {n} (broadcast station emitting an audio signal)  :: ラジオ放送局 /rajio hōsōkyoku/
radio-telephone {n} (radiotelephone) SEE: radiotelephone  ::
radio wave {n} (electromagnetic radiation)  :: 電波 /でんぱ, denpa/
radish {n} (Any plant of the genus Raphanus)  :: 大根 /ダイコン, だいこん, daikon/
radium {n} (chemical element)  :: ラジウム /rajiumu/, ラディウム /radiumu/,
radius {n} (bone (human))  :: 橈骨 /とうこつ, tōkotsu/
radius {n} (length of this line segment)  :: 半径 /はんけい, hankei/
radius {n} (line segment)  :: 半径 /はんけい, hankei/
radome {n} (radar dome) SEE: radar dome  ::
radon {n} (chemical element)  :: ラドン /radon/
raffle {n} (drawing)  :: 抽選 /ちゅうせん, chūsen/
raft {n} (flat, floating structure)  :: いかだ /ikada/
raft {n} (inflatable floating craft)  :: ラフト /rafuto/
rafter {n} (series of sloped beams)  :: 垂木 /たるき, taruki/
rafting {n} (sport)  :: ラフティング /rafutingu/
rag {n} (mean or tattered attire)  :: ぼろ /boro/
rag {n} (piece of cloth)  :: /ぬの, nuno/
ragbag {n} (collection of miscellaneous things) SEE: hodgepodge  ::
rage {n} (a violent anger)  :: 激怒 /げきど, gekido/
rage {v} (act in an angry manner)  :: 荒れ狂う /あれくるう, arekuruu/, 暴れる /あばれる, abareru/
Ragnarok {prop} (the final battle in Norse mythology)  :: ラグナロク /Ragunaroku/
rags to riches {n} (in a biographical context, from poverty to exceptional wealth)  :: 無一文から大金持ちに /むいちもんからおおかねもちに, muichimon-kara ōkanemochi-ni/ (from penniless to a very rich /person/)
ragtime {n} (music genre)  :: ラグタイム /ragutaimu/
Ragusa {prop} (Dubrovnik) SEE: Dubrovnik  ::
ragweed {n} (plant of the genus Ambrosia)  :: 豚草 /ぶたくさ, butakusa/
raid {n} (attack for the purpose of making arrests, seizing property, or plundering)  :: 襲撃 /しゅうげき, shūgeki/
rail {n} (horizontal bar; railing)  :: 手すり /tesuri/
rail {n} (metal bar that makes the track of a railroad)  :: 線路 /せんろ, senro/
rail {n} (railroad; railway)  :: 鉄道 /tetsudō/
rail {n} (small bird in the family Rallidae)  :: クイナ /kuina/
rail {v} (to complain)  :: ののしる /nonoshiru/; [slang] ゴネる /goneru/
railcar {n} (any railway carriage) SEE: railroad car  ::
railgun {n} (electromagnetic gun)  :: レールガン /rērugan/
railgun {n} (railway gun) SEE: railway gun  ::
railing {n} (fence or barrier)  :: 手すり /てすり, tesuri/
railman {n} (railwayman) SEE: railwayman  ::
railroad {n} (permanent road consisting of fixed metal rails) SEE: railway  ::
railroad {n} (transportation system) SEE: railway  ::
railroad {v} (to engage in a hobby pertaining to railroads)  :: [phrase] 鉄道模型をする /tetsudō-mokei wo suru/
railroad {v} (to operate a railroad)  :: [phrase] 鉄道を経営する /tetsudō wo keiei suru/
railroad {v} (to prepare a rapid summary process)  :: [phrase] 強引に通過させる /gōin ni tsūka saseru/
railroad {v} (to transport via railroad)  :: 鉄道輸送する /tetsudō-yusō suru/
railroad crossing {n} (level crossing) SEE: level crossing  ::
railroad station {n} (place where trains stop for passengers) SEE: railway station  ::
railroad switch {n} (points) SEE: points  ::
railroad track {n} (track for trains)  :: 鉄道線路 /てつどうせんろ, tetsudō senro/, 軌道 /きどう, kidō/
railway {n} (track, consisting of parallel rails)  :: 線路 /せんろ, senro/
railway {n} (transport system using these rails)  :: 鉄道 /てつどう, tetsudō/
railway station {n} (place where trains stop)  :: 鉄道駅 /てつどうえき, tetsudō-eki/, /えき, eki/
rain {n} (any matter falling)  :: /あめ, ame/
rain {n} (condensed water from a cloud)  :: /あめ, ame/
rain {v} (of rain: to fall from the sky)  :: 雨が降る /あめがふる, ame ga furu/
rainbow {adj} (multicoloured)  :: 多彩 /たさい, tasai/, 多色 /たしょく, tashoku/
rainbow {n} (assortment, varied multitude)  :: 色々 /いろいろ, iroiro/
rainbow {n} (baseball: curveball) SEE: curveball  ::
rainbow {n} (multicoloured arch in the sky)  :: /にじ, niji/
rainbow trout {n} (Salmo gairdneri)  :: 虹鱒, ニジマス /nijimasu/, , マス, /masu/
rain buckets {v} (to rain heavily) SEE: rain cats and dogs  ::
rain cats and dogs {v} (to rain very heavily)  :: 土砂降りになる /どしゃぶりになる, doshaburi-ni naru/
rain check {n} (any postponement, especially of an offer)  :: お預け /おあずけ, o-azuke/, 延期 /えんき, enki/
rain cloud {n} (cloud from which rain is falling)  :: 雨雲 /あまぐも, amagumo/
raincoat {n} (waterproof coat)  :: レインコート /reinkōto/, 合羽 /かっぱ, kappa/
raindrop {n} (droplet of rainwater)  :: 雨滴 /うてき, uteki/, 雨垂れ /あまだれ, amadare/, 雨粒 /あまつぶ, amatsubu/
rainfall {n} (amount of rain that falls on a single occasion)  :: 降水量 /こうすいりょう, kōsuiryō/, 降水 /こうすい, kōsui/
rainforest {n} (a forest in a climate with high annual rainfall and no dry season)  :: 熱帯雨林 /nettai-urin/
rain on someone's parade {v} (to disappoint or discourage someone)  :: 水を差す /みずをさす, mizu wo sasu/
rain pitchforks {v} (rain cats and dogs) SEE: rain cats and dogs  ::
rainstorm {n} (storm characterized by substantial rainfall)  :: 暴風雨 /ぼうふうう, bōfūu/, 荒れ /あれ, are/
rainwater {n} (rainfall) SEE: rainfall  ::
rainwater {n} (water sourced from rain)  :: 雨水 /あまみず, amamizu/
rainy {adj} (abounding with rain)  :: 雨が降る /ame ga furu/
rainy season {n} (portion of the year when rainfall amounts are greatest)  :: 雨季 /うき, uki/, 雨期 /うき, uki/, 梅雨 /つゆ, tsuyu, ばいう, baiu/
Raipur {prop} (capital of Chhattisgarh)  :: ラーイプル /Rāipuru/
raise {v} (to cause to rise)  :: 上げる /あげる, ageru/
raise the stakes {v} (up the ante) SEE: up the ante  ::
raisin {n} (dried grape)  :: レーズン /rēzun/, 干し葡萄 /ほしぶどう, hoshibudō/
raison d'être {n} (Reason for existence)  :: 存在理由 /sonzai riyū/
rajah {n} (Hindu prince)  :: ラージャー /rājā/
Rajasthan {prop} (a state in western India)  :: ラージャスターン /Rājasutān/
Rajkot {prop} (city in India)  :: ラージコート /Rājikōto/
rake {n} (garden tool)  :: 熊手 /くまで, kumade/
rake together {v} (collect small amounts) SEE: scrape together  ::
rally {n} (demonstration)  :: 大会 /たいかい, taikai/
rally {n} (motor racing: event)  :: ラリー /rarī/
ram {n} (battering ram) SEE: battering ram  ::
ram {n} (male sheep)  :: 牡羊 /おひつじ, ohitsuji/, 雄羊 /おひつじ, ohitsuji/
Ramadan {prop} (holy ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar)  :: ラマダン /Ramadan/, ラマダーン /Ramadān/
Ramallah {prop} (city)  :: ラマッラー /Ramarrā/
ramble {n} (stroll) SEE: stroll  ::
ramble {v} (wander) SEE: wander  ::
rambunctious {adj} (energetic and difficult to control)  :: 手に負えない /てにおえない, te ni oenai/, 始末に負えない /しまつにおえない, shimatsu ni oenai/
rambutan {n} (fruit)  :: ランブータン /ranbūtan/
ramen {n} (soup noodles of wheat, with various ingredients (Japanese style))  :: ラーメン /rāmen/
ramie {n} (Boehmeria nivea)  :: /からむし, karamushi/
ramp {n} (aviation: mobile staircase)  :: タラップ /tarappu/
ramp {n} (inclined surface)  :: ランプ /ranpu/
rampant {adj} (unrestrained)  :: [phrase] 手がつけられない /te ga tsukerarenai/
rampart {n} (defensive ridge of earth)  :: ランパート /ranpāto/
rampart {n} (defensive structure; bulwark)  :: ランパート /ranpāto/
ramson {n} (ramsons) SEE: ramsons  ::
Ranchi {prop} (capital of Jharkhand, India)  :: ラーンチー /Rānchī/
rancid {adj} (rancid) SEE: offensive  ::
rand {n} (currency of South Africa)  :: ランド /rando/
random {adj} (all outcomes being unpredictable)  :: [formal] 任意の /にんいの, nin'i no/; [informal] 適当な /てきとうな, tekitō na/
random {adj} (apropos of nothing)  :: 適当な /てきとうな, tekitō na/, 出任せの /でまかせの, demakase no/, 勝手気ままな /かってきままな, katte-kimama na/; 不可解な /ふかかいな, fukakai na/
random {adj} (computing: pseudorandom)  :: 任意の /にんいの, nin'i no/, ランダムな /らんだむな, randamu na/
random {adj} (mathematics: of or relating to probability distribution)  :: 任意の /にんいの, nin'i no/; 無作為な /むさくいな, musakui na/, ランダムな /らんだむな, randamu na/
random {adj} (undistinguished, average)  :: [undistinguished] 任意の /にんいの, nin'i no/, 適当な /てきとうな, tekitō na/; [average] 平均的な /へいきんてきな, hēkin-teki na/
random {n} (unimportant person)  :: 野次馬 /やじうま, yajiuma/
random number {n} (number allotted randomly using a suitable generator)  :: 乱数 /らんすう, ransū/
rangefinder {n} (instrument)  :: 距離計 /きょりけい, kyorikei/, 測距儀 /そっきょぎ, sokkyogi/
range hood {n} (kitchen device) SEE: extractor hood  ::
ranger {n} (Park ranger)  :: 動物管理官 /どうぶつかんりかん, dōbutsu kanri kan /
ranger {n}  :: レンジャー, renjā
Rangoon {prop} (Yangon) SEE: Yangon  ::
rank {adj} (having a very strong and bad odor)  :: 臭い /くさい, kusai/
ranking {n} (placement in a list)  :: ランキング /rankingu/
ransom {n} (money paid for the freeing of a hostage)  :: 身代金 /みのしろきん, minoshirokin/
ranunculus {n} (buttercup) SEE: buttercup  ::
rap {n} (rap music) SEE: rap music  ::
rape {n} (act of forcing sexual activity)  :: 強姦 /ごうかん, gōkan/, 手込め /tegome/, 手篭 /tegome/, レイプ /reipu/
rape {n} (rapeseed) SEE: rapeseed  ::
rape {v} (force sexual intercourse)  :: 強姦する /ごうかんする, gōkan suru/, 暴行する /ぼうこうする, bōkō suru/, 犯す /おかす, okasu/, 手込めにする /tegome ni suru/, 手篭にする /tegome ni suru/, レイプする /reipu suru/
rapeseed {n} (rapeseed plant)  :: 菜の花 /なのはな, nanohana/
Raphael {prop} (Archangel)  :: ラファエル /Rafaeru/
Raphael {prop} (given name)  :: ラファエル /Rafaeru/
rapid {adj} (Very swift or quick)  :: 速い /はやい, hayai/, 急な /きゅうな, kyū na/, 迅速な /じんそくな, jinsoku na/
rapid {n} (section of river)  :: 急流 /きゅうりゅう, kyūryū/
rapier {n} (slender straight sharply pointed sword)  :: レイピア /reipia/
rapist {n} (someone who rapes someone else)  :: 強姦犯 /ごうかんはん, gōkanhan/, 強姦者 /ごうかんしゃ, gōkansha/
rap music {n} (music form)  :: ラップ /rappu/
rapper {n} (Hip hop performer)  :: ラッパー /rappa/
rapport {n} (A relationship of mutual trust and respect)  :: 交感 /こうかん, kōkan/
rapprochement {n} (reestablishment of cordial relations)  :: 和解 /わかい, wakai, わげ, wage/
raptor {n} (bird of prey) SEE: bird of prey  ::
raptor {n} (velociraptor) SEE: velociraptor  ::
rare {adj} (very uncommon)  :: 珍しい /めずらしい, mezurashii/
rare earth {n} (naturally occurring oxides of the lanthanide metals)  :: 希土類 /きどるい, kidorui/, レア・アース /rea-āsu/
rare earth element {n} (type of metal)  :: 希土類元素 /きどるいげんそ, kidorui genso/
rarely {adv} (not occurring at a regular interval)  :: 滅多に…ない /mettani … nai/, 稀に /mare ni/
Rarotongan {prop} (Cook Islands Maori) SEE: Cook Islands Maori  ::
rascal {n} (someone who is naughty)  :: 野郎 /やろう, yarō/
rash {n} (of skin)  :: 皮疹 /ひしん, hishin/, 発疹 /はっしん, hasshin/, ほっしん /hosshin/
Rasŏn {prop} (a city in North Korea)  :: 羅先 /らそん, Rason/
rasp {n} (coarse file)  :: /やすり, yasuri/
raspberry {adj} (the colour)  :: キイチゴ色の /kiichigo-iro no/
raspberry {n} (colour)  :: キイチゴ色 /kiichigo-iro/
raspberry {n} (fruit)  :: キイチゴ /kiichigo/, ラズベリー /rázuberī/
raspberry {n} (plant)  :: ラズベリー /razuberī/, キイチゴ /kiichigo/
raspy {adj} (irritable) SEE: irritable  ::
rassolnik {n} (a soup in Russian cuisine)  :: ラッソリニク /rassoriniku/
rat {n} (rodent)  :: (mouse or rat) /ねずみ, nezumi/, ネズミ /nezumi/, ラット /ratto/, 熊鼠 /くまねずみ, kumanezumi/, クマネズミ /kumanezumi/
rat-arsed {adj} (extremely drunk) SEE: shitfaced  ::
rate {n} (level of quality, rank)  :: /kyū/
rate {n} (price of individual thing)  :: 比率 /hiritsu/, 割合 /wariai/
rate {n} (proportional relationship between amounts)  :: 比率 /hiritsu/, 割合 /wariai/
rate {n} (relative speed of change or progress)  :: 割合 /wariai/; [production speed] 生産速度 /sēsan sokudo/; [growth of a company, country] 成長率 /seichōritsu/
rate {n} (set price or fee determined in relation to a particular scale or standard)  :: 割合 /wariai/; [fee] 利率 /riritsu/
rate {n} (speed) SEE: speed  ::
rate {n} (wage calculated in relation to a unit of time)  :: 割合 /wariai/; [per hour] 時給 /jikyū/; [per day] 日給 /nikkyū/; [per month] 月給 /gekkyū/; [per year] 年収 /nenshū/
ratel {n} (Mellivora capensis) SEE: honey badger  ::
rather {adv} (preferably)  :: 寧ろ /むしろ, mushiro/, むしろ /mushiro/, 一層 /いっそ, isso/
rather {adv} (somewhat, fairly)  :: かなり /kanari/
ratify {v} (give formal consent to)  :: 批准する /ひじゅんする, hijun suru/
ratio {n} (ratio decidendi) SEE: ratio decidendi  ::
rational {adj} (arithmetic: of an algebraic expression)  :: 有理の /ゆうりの, yūri-no/
rational {adj} (arithmetic: of a number)  :: 有理の /ゆうりの, yūri-no/
rational {adj} (reasonable; not absurd)  :: 合理的 /ごうりてき, gōriteki/
rational {n} (rational number) SEE: rational number  ::
rationalise {v} (rationalize) SEE: rationalize  ::
rational number {n} (quotient of integers)  :: 有理数 /ゆうりすう, yūrisū/
ration card {n} (food stamp) SEE: food stamp  ::
rationing {n} (ration) SEE: ration  ::
ration stamp {n} (food stamp) SEE: food stamp  ::
rattler {n} (rattlesnake) SEE: rattlesnake  ::
rattlesnake {n} (poisonous snake)  :: ガラガラヘビ /garagarahebi/
rave {n} (dance party)  :: レイブ /reibu/, レイヴ /reivu/
raven {n} (bird)  :: 渡り鴉 /ワタリガラス, watari-garasu/, 大鴉 /オオガラス, ōgarasu/
Ravenna {prop} (city)  :: ラヴェンナ /raven'na/
Ravenna {prop} (province)  :: ラヴェンナ /raven'na/
ravine {n} (a deep narrow valley)  :: 峡谷 /きょうこく, kyōkoku/
ravioli {n} (pasta)  :: ラビオリ /rabiori/
ravish {v} (rape) SEE: rape  ::
raw {adj} (uncooked)  :: 生の /なまの, nama no/
Rawalpindi {prop} (city)  :: ラワルピンディー /Rawarupindī/
raw material {n} (material in its unprocessed, natural state)  :: 原料 /げんりょう, genryō/
rax {v} (to stretch after sleep)  :: 伸ばす /のばす, nobasu/
ray {n} (beam of light or radiation)  :: 光線 /こうせん, kōsen/
ray {n} (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail)  :: えい /ei/, エイ /ei/
Raymond {prop} (male given name)  :: レイモンド /Reimondo/, レーモンド /Rēmondo/
razor {n} (shaving knife)  :: 剃刀 /かみそり, kamisori/, かみそり /kamisori/, レザー /rezā/
razor clam {n} (a clam with a long curved shell resembling a straight razor)  :: マテガイ /mategai/
razor shell {n} (razor clam) SEE: razor clam  ::
razor wire {n} (a form of security wire)  :: レーザーワイヤー /rēzāwaiyā/
RCC {n} (red cell concentrate)  :: 赤血球濃厚液 /sekkekkyū nōkō eki/
-rd {suffix} (third)  :: /だい, dai/
re {n} (the second note in solfège)  :: /re/
re- {prefix} (again)  :: 再- /sai-/
reach {n} (act of stretching or extending; extension)  :: 到達範囲 /tōtatsu-han'i/
reach {n} (boxing: distance a boxer's arm can extend)  :: リーチ /rīchi/
reach {n} (power of stretching out or extending action)  :: 到達範囲 /tōtatsu-han'i/
reach {v} (to arrive at)  :: 達する /たっする, tassuru/, 到達する /tōtatsu suru/
reach {v} (to deliver by stretching out, to hand over)  :: 手渡す /tewatasu/
reach {v} (to extend an action, effort, or influence to)  :: 達する /たっする, tassuru/
reach {v} (to extend in dimension, time or action, so as to touch, attain to, or be equal to, something)  :: 伸ばす /nobasu/
reach {v} (to extend, to thrust out)  :: 伸ばす /nobasu/
reach {v} (to hit with an arrow, a bullet etc.)  :: 達する /たっする, tassuru/, 到達する /tōtatsu suru/
reach {v} (to obtain by stretching forth, to extend so as to touch)  :: 伸ばす /nobasu/
reach {v} (to stretch out the hand)  :: 伸ばす /nobasu/
reach {v} (to touch by virtue of extent)  :: 達する /たっする, tassuru/, 到達する /tōtatsu suru/
reach {v} (to understand; to comprehend)  :: 達する /たっする, tassuru/
react {v} (to act upon each other)  :: 反応する /はんのうする, hannō suru/
reactance {n} (opposition to the change in current)  :: 誘導抵抗 /yūdōteikō/
reactant {n} (participant at the start of a chemical reaction)  :: 試薬 /しやく, shiyaku/, 試剤 /しざい, shizai/
reaction {n} (action in response to an event)  :: 反応 /はんのう, hannō/, [political] 反動 /はんどう, handō/
reaction {n} (chemical transformation)  :: 反応 /はんのう, hannō/
reactor {n} (a device which uses atomic energy to produce heat)  :: 原子炉 /げんしろ, genshiro/
read {v} (look at and interpret letters or other information)  :: 読む /よむ, yomu/
read {v} (speak aloud words or other information that is written)  :: 読む /よむ, yomu/, 読み上げる /よみあげる, yomiageru/
readable {adj} (legible) SEE: legible  ::
readableness {n} (readability) SEE: readability  ::
read between the lines {v} (to infer a meaning that is not stated explicitly)  :: 言外の意味を読み取る /gengai no imi wo yomitoru/, 行間を読む /gyōkan wo yomu/
reader {n} (person who reads a publication)  :: 読者 /どくしゃ, dokusha/, リーダー /rīdā/
reading {n} (the process of interpreting written language)  :: 読書 /どくしょ, dokusho/, 読むこと /よむこと, yomu-koto/
reading room {n} (room in a library)  :: 読書室 /どくしょしつ, dokushoshitsu/, 閲覧室 /えつらんしつ, etsuranshitsu/
read-only {adj} (capable of being read but not written)  :: 読み込み専用 /yomikomi-sen'yō/, 読み出し専用 /yomidashi-sen'yō/, 読み取り専用 /yomitori-sen'yō/
read-only memory {n} (memory chip that stores values but doesn't allow updates)  :: 読み出し専用メモリ /yomidashi sen'yō memori/, ROM /ロム, romu/
ready {adj} (Prepared for immediate action or use)  :: 用意の出来た /よういのできた, yōi-no dekita/, 出来上がり /dekiagari/, 準備の出来た /junbi-no dekita/
ready, set, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go  ::
ready, steady, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go  ::
reagent {n} (substance used in chemical reactions)  :: 試薬 /しやく, shiyaku/
real {adj} (economics: having been adjusted to remove the effects of inflation)  :: 実際の /じっさいの, jissai-no/, [prefix] 実- /jitsu-/
real {adj} (genuine, not artificial)  :: 本物の /ほんものの, honmono-no/
real {adj} (genuine, not faked)  :: 本物の /ほんものの, honmono-no/
real {adj} (law: relating to immovable tangible property)  :: 不動産の /ふどうさんの, fudōsan-no/
real {adj} (mathematics: relating to numbers with a one-to-one correspondence to the points on a line)  :: 実数の /じっすうの, jissū-no/
real {adj} (that can be characterized as a confirmation of truth)  :: 現実の /げんじつの, genjitsu-no/
real {adj} (that has physical existence)  :: [phrase] 現実に存在する /genjitsu ni sonzai suru/
real {adj} (that is an exemplary or pungent instance of a class or type)  :: 本当の /ほんとうの, hontō-no/
real {adv} (really) SEE: really  ::
real {n} (a commodity)  :: 現実 /genjitsu/, 現実性 /genjitsu-sei/, 現実味 /genjitsu-mi/
real {n} (a unit of currency used in Brazil)  :: レアル /rearu/
real {n} (former unit of currency of Spain and Spain's colonies)  :: レアル /rearu/
real {n} (mathematics: a real number) SEE: real number  ::
real estate {n} (property that cannot easily be moved)  :: 不動産 /ふどうさん, fudōsan/
realgar {n} (mineral)  :: 鶏冠石 /けいかんせき, keikanseki/
realism {n} (concern for fact or reality)  :: 現実主義 /genjitsu shugi/, 写実主義 /shajitsu shugi/, リアリズム /riarizum/
realistic {adj} (expressed or represented as being accurate)  :: 現実的 /げんじつてき, genjitsuteki/
reality {n} (an individual observer's subjective perception)  :: 現実 /げんじつ, genjitsu/
reality {n} (entirety of all that is real)  :: 現実 /げんじつ, genjitsu/
reality {n} (state of being actual or real)  :: 実在 /じつざい, jitsuzai/
reality show {n} (a program of reality television)  :: リアリティ番組 /riariti-bangumi/, リアリティショー /riaritishō/
reality television {n} (television genre)  :: リアリティ番組 /riariti-bangumi/, リアリティ・テレビ /riariti-terebi/
realization {n} (act of making real)  :: 実現 /じつげん, jitsugen/
realize {v} (to become aware of)  :: 悟る /さとる, satoru/
realize {v} (to make real)  :: 実現する /じつげんする, jitsugén surú/
real life {n} (life outside of a contrived or fantastical environment)  :: 実生活 /じっせいかつ, jisseikatsu/, 実際生活 /じっさいのせいかつ, jissai no seikatsu/
really {adv} (actually)  :: 本当に /ほんとうに, hontō-ni/
really {adv} (informally, as an intensifier; very, very much)  :: まじ /maji/
really {interj} (indicating surprise at, or requesting confirmation of, some new information)  :: 本当? /ほんとう?, hontō?/, へえ? /hē?/, ほんと? /honto?/, 本真に? /honma-ni/ [Kansai dialect]
really {interj}  :: まさか /masaka/
realm {n} (territory or state)  :: 王国 /おうこく ōkoku/
real number {n} (floating-point number) SEE: floating-point number  ::
real number {n} (limit of a convergent sequence of rational numbers)  :: 実数 /じっすう, jissū/
real number line {n} (geometric representation of the real number system) SEE: real line  ::
real part {n} (of complex number)  :: 実部 /じつぶ, jitsubu/, 実数部 /じっすうぶ, jissūbu/
realpolitik {n} (government policy)  :: 現実的政治 /げんじつてきせいじ, genjitsuteki seiji/
real socialism {n} (a pragmatic brand of socialism)  :: 現実社会主義 /げんじつ しゃかいしゅぎ, genjitsu shakaishugi/
real time {n} (time duration)  :: リアルタイム /riarutaimu/, 実時間 /じつじかん, jitsujikan/
realtime {adj} (computer term)  :: リアルタイムの /riarutaimu no/, 実時間の /じつじかんの, jitsujikan no/
realtor {n} (dealer in real estate)  :: 不動産屋 /ふどうさんや, fudōsan'ya/
reap {v} (to cut with a sickle)  :: 刈る /かる, karu/, 刈り取る /かりとる, karitoru/
reaper {n} (machine used for harvesting) SEE: harvester  ::
reaper {n} (the Grim Reaper) SEE: Grim Reaper  ::
reap hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle  ::
reaping hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle  ::
reap what one sows {v} (receive justice)  :: 業によりて果を引く /ごうによりてかをひく, gō ni yorite ka o hiku/
rear {adj} (being behind, or in the hindmost part)  :: 後ろの /ushiro no/, 後方の /kōhōno/
rear {n} (the back or hindmost part)  :: 後ろ /ushiro/, 後方 /kōhō/
rear {n} (the part of an army or fleet which comes last)  :: [archaic] しんがり /shingari/
rear {v} (to breed and raise)  :: 育てる /sodateru/, 飼育する /shiiku suru/
rear {v} (to bring up to maturity)  :: 育てる /sodateru/
rear {v} (to lift, raise etc. physically)  :: 育てる /sodateru/
rear {v} (to rise on the hind legs)  :: [phrase] 後ろ足立ちする /ushiro-ashi-dachi suru/
rear {v} (to set up, construct)  :: そびえ立つ /sobietatsu/
rear-view mirror {n} (mirror in a vehicle giving view of the traffic behind)  :: バックミラー /bakkumirā/
reason {n} ((the capacity of the human mind for) rational thinking)  :: 思慮 /しりょ, shiryo/
reason {n} (translations to be checked: basic meaning "cause")  :: 理由 /りゆう, riyū/, /わけ, wake/
reason {v} (to arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine, debate, discuss) SEE: debate  ::
reasoning {n} (action of the verb 'to reason')  :: 推論 /すいろん, suiron/
reassuring {adj} (that reassures; causing comfort or confidence)  :: 心強い /こころづよい, kokorozuyoi/
reata {n} (lasso) SEE: lasso  ::
rebar {n} (steel reinforcing bar for concrete)  :: 鉄筋 /tekkin/
rebate {n} (rabbet) SEE: rabbet  ::
Rebecca {prop} (female given name)  :: レベッカ /Rebekka/
rebel {n} (person who resists an established authority)  :: 反逆者 /hangyakusha/
rebel {v} (to resist or become defiant towards)  :: 背く /somuku/, 抗う /aragau/, 反逆する /hangyaku suru/, 反抗する /hankō suru/
rebellion {n} (armed resistance)  :: 反乱 /hanran/, 謀反 /muhon/, 蜂起 /hōki/
rebellion {n} (defiance)  :: 反抗 /hankō/, 反逆 /hangyaku/, 反発 /hampatsu/, 無視 /mushi/
rebellious {adj} (showing rebellion)  :: 反抗的な /hankōteki na/
rebirth {n} (reincarnation)  :: 再創造 /さいそうぞう, saisōzō/
rebirth {n} (revival, reinvigoration)  :: 再生 /さいせい, saisei/
rebirth {n} (spiritual renewal)  :: 再生 /さいせい, saisei/
reboot {n} (instance of rebooting)  :: 再起動 /さいきどう, saikidō/, リブート /ribūto/
reboot {v} (to restart a system)  :: 再起動する /さいきどうする, saikidō-suru/, リブートする /ribūto-suru/
rebound {n} (in basketball)  :: リバウンド /ribaundo/
rebroadcast {v} (broadcast again)  :: 再放送する /さいほうそうする, saihōsō suru/
rebuild {v} (to build again)  :: 建て直す /たてなおす, tatenaosu/, 再建する /さいけんする, saiken suru/
rebuke {v} (to criticise harshly; to reprove)  :: 叱責する /しっせきする, shisseki-suru/, 叱る /しかる, shikaru/
recall {v} (to call (someone) back to a specific place, station)  :: 呼び返す /よびかえす, yobikaesu/
recall {v} (to remember, recollect)  :: 思い出す /おもいだす, omoidasu/, 思い起す /おもいおこす, omoiokosu/, 想起する /そうきする, sōki suru/
recapitulate {v} (to summarize or repeat in concise form)  :: 要約する /yōyaku suru/
recapitulation {n} (subsequent enumeration of the major points)  :: 要約 /yōyaku/
receipt {n} (written acknowledgement)  :: 領収書 /りょうしゅうしょ, ryōshūsho/, レシート /reshīto/
receipt {n}  :: 受け取り (uketori), 領収 (ryōshū), 領収証 (ryōshūshū), 受領書 (juryōshū), 受領証 (juryōshū), レシット (rishitto)
receive {v} (get)  :: 受け取る /うけとる, uketoru/, 貰う /もらう, morau/, 受ける /うける, ukeru/
receive {v} (take possession of)  :: 受け取る /うけとる, uketoru/
Received Pronunciation {prop} (form of pronunciation of the English language traditionally spoken by the educated classes of the south-east of England)  :: 容認発音 /yōnin hatsuon/
receiver {n} (person who receives)  :: 受取人 /うけとりじん, uketorijin/
receiver {n} (telephone handset)  :: 受話器 /じゅわき, juwaki/
receivership {n} (trusteeship in bankruptcy)  :: 管財 /kanzai/
recent {adj} (having happened a short while ago)  :: 最近 /さいきん, saikin/
recently {adv} (in the recent past)  :: この間 /このあいだ, kono aida/, 最近 /さいきん, saikin/, 先頃 /さきごろ, sakigoro/
receptacle {n} (container)  :: 入れ物 /iremono/
reception {n} (act of receiving)  :: 受付 /uketsuke/, [acceptance] 受理 /juri/, 収容 /shūyō/, [to a member of a group] 入会 /nyūkai/, 加入 /kanyū/
reception {n} (electronics: act or ability to receive signals)  :: [act] 受信 /jushin/, [ability] 感度 /kando/
reception {n} (front desk)  :: 受付 /うけつけ, uketsuke/, レセプション /resepushon/, フロント /furonto/
reception {n} (reaction)  :: 受け /uke/, 反応 /han'nō/, 評判 /jyōban/, 理解 /rikai/
reception {n} (social engagement)  :: 接待 /せったい, settai/, 宴会 /enkai/, [condition of the engagement] 待遇 /taigū/
receptionist {n} (a secretary whose tasks include the above)  :: 秘書 /ひしょ ,hisho/
receptionist {n} (employee who receives visitors and/or calls, typically in an office setting)  :: 受付係 /うけつけがかり, uketsuke-gakari/
recess {n} (a break, pause or vacation)  :: 休暇 /kyūka/, 休業 /kyūgyō/
recess {n} (an inset, hole, space or opening)  :: あそび /asobi/, ゆとり /yutori/
recess {n} (a time of play)  :: 休み時間 /yasumi jikan/, 休憩時間 /kyūkē jikan/
recess {v} (declare a break)  :: 休憩をとる /kyūkē wo toru/
recess {v} (recede)  :: あそびをとる /asobi wo toru/
recession {n} (a period of reduced economic activity)  :: 不況 /ふきょう, fukyō/, 退去 /たいきょ, taikyo/, 衰退 /すいたい, suitai/
recipe {n} (instructions for making or preparing food dishes)  :: 調理手順 /chōritejun/, レシピ /reshipi/, 料理法 /りょうりほう, ryōrihō/
recipient {n} (one who receives)  :: 受取人 /うけとりにん, uketorinin/
reciprocal {n} (in mathematics)  :: 逆数 /gyakusū/
reciprocate {v} (to mutually give and take something; to interchange)  :: 返す /かえす, kaesu/, 交換する /こうかんする, kōkan-suru/
reciprocating engine {n} (piston engine) SEE: piston engine  ::
recitation {n} (act of reciting)  :: 暗唱 /あんしょう, anshō/
recite {v} (to repeat aloud some passage, poem or other text previously memorized, often before an audience)  :: 暗唱する /あんしょうする, anshō suru/
reckless {adj} (careless or heedless; headstrong or rash)  :: 無謀 /むぼう, mubō/, 無知 /むち, muchi/
reclaim {v} (to recycle) SEE: recycle  ::
reclaim {v} (to tame or domesticate a wild animal) SEE: tame  ::
recognise {v} (to acknowledge as something)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /ninshiki suru/
recognise {v} (to acknowledge the existence or legality of something)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /ninshiki suru/
recognise {v} (to give an award)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/; 表彰する /hyōshō suru/
recognise {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /ninshiki suru/
recognise {v} (to realize or discover the nature of something)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /ninshiki suru/
recognize {v} (to acknowledge as something)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /にんしきする, ninshiki-suru/
recognize {v} (to acknowledge the existence or legality of something)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /にんしきする, ninshiki-suru/
recognize {v} (to give an award)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/; 表彰する /hyōshō-suru/
recognize {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /にんしきする, ninshiki-suru/
recognize {v} (to realize or discover the nature of something)  :: 認める /みとめる, mitomeru/, 認識する /にんしきする, ninshiki-suru/
recoil {n} (pushback from a fired firearm)  :: 反動 /はんどう, handō/, 後座 /こうざ, kōza/
recoil {v} (to pull back, especially in disgust, horror or astonishment)  :: 跳ね返る /はねかえる, hanekaeru/
recoilless rifle {n} (weapon)  :: 無反動砲 /むはんどうほう, muhan dōhō/
recollect {v} (to recall past events)  :: 思い出す /おもいだす, omoidasu/, 思い起す /おもいおこす, omoiokosu/, 想起する /そうきする, sōki suru/
recollection {n} (act of recalling to the memory)  :: 記憶 /きおく, kioku/, 思い出 /おもいで, omoide/, 回想 /かいそう, kaisō/
recollection {n} (that which is called to mind)  :: 記憶 /きおく, kioku/, 思い出 /おもいで, omoide/, 回想 /かいそう, kaisō/
recommend {v} (to commend to the favorable notice of another)  :: 推薦する /すいせんする, suisen-suru/, 勧める /すすめる, susumeru/
recommendation {n} (act of recommending)  :: 勧告 /かんこく, kankoku/, 推薦 /すいせん, suisen/, 薦め /すすめ, susume/
recommendation {n} (commendation) SEE: commendation  ::
reconciliation {n} (the reestablishment of friendly relations; conciliation or rapprochement)  :: 和解 /わかい, wakai/
reconnaissance {n} (act of gathering information)  :: 偵察 /ていさつ, teisatsu/
reconnoiter {v} (perform a reconnaissance)  :: 偵察する /ていさつする, teisatsu-suru/
reconnoitre {v} (perform a reconnaissance)  :: 偵察する /ていさつする, teisatsu suru/
reconsider {v} (To consider a matter thought already to have been decided)  :: 再考する /さいこうする, saikō suru/
reconstitute {v} (to constitute again)  :: 再構成 /さいこうせい, saikōsei/
reconstruct {v} (to construct again)  :: 再構成 /さいこうせい, saikōsei/
record {n} (computing: set of data relating to a single individual or item)  :: 記録 /きろく, kiroku/
record {n} (information put into a lasting physical medium)  :: 記録 /きろく, kiroku/
record {n} (most extreme known value of some achievement)  :: 最高記録 /さいこうきろく, saikō kiroku/, 成績 /せいせき, seiseki/
record {n} (vinyl disc/disk)  :: レコード /rekōdo/
record {v} (make an audio or video recording of)  :: 録音する /rokuon suru/
record {v} (make a record of)  :: 記録する /きろくする, kiroku suru/
recorder {n} (recording device)  :: レコーダー /rekōdā/
recording {n} (reproduction stored in a permanent medium)  :: 録音 /rokuon/
record player {n} (analogue electronic device for playing gramophone records)  :: レコードプレイヤー /rekōdopureiyā/
recount {n} (counting again)  :: 再集計 /さいしゅうけい, saishūkei/
recount {v} (to tell over)  :: 物語る /ものがたる, monogataru/, 詳述する /しょうじゅつする, shōjutsu suru/
recover {v} (intransitive: to get better, regain health)  :: 回復する /かいふくする, kaifuku suru/
recovery {n} (act or process of regaining or repossession of something lost)  :: 回収 /かいしゅう, kaishū/
recovery {n} (return to normal health)  :: 回復 /かいふく, kaifuku/
recreation {n} (activity that diverts, amuses or stimulates)  :: 娯楽 /ごらく, goraku/
recreation {n} (The process of recreating something)  :: 再創造 /さいそうぞう, saisōzō/
recruit {n} (man enlisted for service in the army; a newly enlisted soldier)  :: 新兵 /しんぺいt, shinpei/
recruitment {n} (process or art of finding candidates or recruits)  :: 募集 /ぼしゅう, boshū/
rectangle {n} (quadrilateral)  :: 長方形 /ちょうほうけい, chōhōkei/
rectangular {adj} (having a shape like a rectangle)  :: 直角の /ちょっかくの, chokkaku no/
rectangular coordinates {n} (Cartesian coordinates) SEE: Cartesian coordinates  ::
rectify {v} (to correct or amend something)  :: 正す /ただす, tadasu/
rectum {n} (Rectum)  :: 直腸 /ちょくちょう, chokuchō/
recuperate {v} (recover, especially from an illness) SEE: recover  ::
recur {v} (to happen again)  :: 再発する/さいはつする, saihatsusuru/
recur {v} (to recurse) SEE: recurse  ::
recurrence {n} (recourse) SEE: recourse  ::
recycle {v} (to break down and reuse component materials)  :: 再生する /さいせいする, saisei suru/, リサイクルする /risaikuru suru/
recycle {v} (to reuse as a whole)  :: 再利用する /さいりようする, sairiyō suru/
recycling {n} (the practice of sorting and collecting waste materials for new use)  :: リサイクル /risaikuru/, 再使用 /さいしよう, saishiyō/, リユース /riyūsu/, 再利用 /さいりよう, sairiyō/
red {adj} (having red as its colour)  :: 赤い /あかい, akai/
red {adj} (left-wing, socialist or communist)  :: アカ /aka/
red {n} (colour)  :: /あか, aka/
red admiral {n} (butterfly)  :: アタランタアカタテハ /atarantaakatateha/
red beet {n} (beetroot) SEE: beetroot  ::
red blood cell {n} (haemoglobin-carrying blood cell in vertebrates)  :: 赤血球 /せっけっきゅう, sekkekkyū/
redbreast {n} (American robin) SEE: American robin  ::
redbreast {n} (European robin) SEE: European robin  ::
red cabbage {n} (a variety of cabbage having red leaves)  :: 赤キャベツ /aka-kyabetsu/
redcap {n} (Porter)  :: 赤帽 /あかぼう, akabō/
red clover {n} (Trifolium pratense)  :: 紫詰草 /むらさきつめくさ, murasakitsumekusa/, 赤詰草 /あかつめくさ, akatsumekusa/
Red Cross {prop} (Red Cross)  :: 赤十字 /せきじゅうじ, sekijūji/, 赤十字社 /せきじゅうじしゃ, sekijūji-sha/
red dwarf {n} (small star)  :: 赤色矮星 /せきしょくわいせい, sekishoku waisei/
redeem {v} (to reclaim) SEE: reclaim  ::
redeem {v} (to recover ownership of something by paying a sum)  :: 買い戻す /kai-modosu/
redeem {v} (to restore the reputation, honour of ...)  :: 回復する /kaifuku-suru/
redeem {v} (to save from a state of sin)  :: あがなう /aganau/
red envelope {n} (monetary gift)  :: 祝儀袋 /しゅうぎぶくろ, shūgi-bukuro/ [wedding gift], お年玉 /おとしだま, otoshidama/ [New Year's gift]
red-eye {n} (rock bass) SEE: rock bass  ::
red fox {n} (Vulpes vulpes)  :: 赤狐 /アカギツネ, akagitsune/
red giant {n} (large red star)  :: 赤色巨星 /せきしょくきょせい, sekishokukyosei/
redhaired {adj} (having red hair) SEE: redheaded  ::
red-handed {adj} (in the act of wrongdoing)  :: 現行犯 /げんこうはん, genkōhan/
redhead {n} (red-haired person)  :: 赤毛 /あかげ, akage/
red hot {n} (hot dog) SEE: hot dog  ::
redirect {n} (redirection) SEE: redirection  ::
red light {n} (a warning light, especially as a traffic signal)  :: 赤信号 /あかしんごう, akashingō/
red-light district {n} (area of prostitution)  :: 歓楽街 /かんらくがい, kanrakugai/
red meat {n} (meat)  :: 赤肉 /あかにく, akaniku/
redo {v} (to do again)  :: やり直す /やりなおす, yarinaosu/, 再びやる /ふたたびやる, futatabi yaru/
red oak {n} (Agkistrodon contortrix) SEE: copperhead  ::
red panda {n} (Ailurus fulgens)  :: レッサーパンダ /ressā panda/
red pepper {n} (red colored pepper)  :: ピーマン /bīman/
Red Planet {n} (Mars)  :: 赤い惑星 /akai wakusei/
red scare {n} (perceived threat from communism and leftist movements)  :: 赤狩り /あかがり, akagari/
Red Sea {prop} (sea between Africa and Arabia)  :: 紅海 /Kōkai/
redshift {n} (change in wavelength)  :: 赤方偏移 /sekihō hen'i/
Red Square {prop} (Moscow square)  :: 赤の広場 /あかのひろば, Aka-no hiroba/
red state {n} (red state in the United States)  :: 赤い州 /akai shū/
red tape {n} (excessive bureaucracy)  :: 繁文縟礼 /hanbun jokurei/, レッドテープ /reddo teepu/, [slang] お役所さんの仕事 /o-yakusho-san no shigoto/
red tide {n} (algal bloom)  :: 赤潮 /あかしお, akashio/
reduce {v} (chemistry: to add electrons to or remove hydrogen)  :: 還元する /kangen suru/
reduce {v} (math: to simplify a formula)  :: 簡約する /kan'yaku suru/, 約分する /yakubun suru/
reduce {v} (metallurgy: to remove non-metals from metal)  :: [phrase] 不純物を取り除く /fujunbutsu wo torinozoku/
reduce {v} (to bring down)  :: 削減する /sakugen suru/, 減らす /herasu/, 下げる /sageru/ [to lower]
reduce {v} (to bring to an inferior rank)  :: 下げる /sageru/, 切り詰める /kiritsumeru/
reduce {v} (to bring to an inferior state or condition)  :: 強いる /shiiru/
reduce {v} (to bring to terms; to humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture)  :: 鎮める /shizumeru/, 鎮圧する /chin'atsu suru/
reduce {v} (to decrease the liquid in food)  :: 煮詰める /nitsumeru/
reduce {v} (to lose weight)  :: 減る /へる, heru/
reducible {adj} (capable of being reduced)  :: 減らせる /へらせる, heraseru/
reducing agent {n} (any substance that reduces, or donates electrons to, another)  :: 還元剤 /kangen-zai/
reductase {n} (enzyme that chemically reduces its substrate)  :: 還元酵素 /kangen-kōso/
redundancy {n} (state of being redundant)  :: 冗長 /じょうちょう, jōchō/
red wine {n} (red coloured wine)  :: 赤ワイン /aka-wain/
redwood {n} (the species Sequoia sempervirens)  :: セコイア /sekoia/
reef {n} (arrangement to reduce the area of a sail)  :: 縮帆 /shukuho/
reef {n} (reef knot) SEE: reef knot  ::
reef {n} (rocks at or near surface of the water)  :: /shō/
reefer {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana  ::
reefer {n} (reefer jacket) SEE: reefer jacket  ::
reek {n} (unpleasant smell)  :: 臭気 /しゅうき, shūki/, 悪臭 /あくしゅう, akushū/, 臭味 /しゅうみ, shūmi/, 臭い /におい, nioi/
reelect {v} (to elect for a subsequent time)  :: 再選する /さいせんする, zaisen suru/, 改選する /かいせんする, kaisen suru/
reelection {n} (the act of being elected after already being elected once)  :: 再選 /さいせん, zaisen/, 改選 /かいせん, kaisen/
refer {v} (to direct to a source for help or information)  :: 問い合わせる /といあわせる, toiawaseru/
referee {n} (sport: umpire, judge, the supervisor of a game)  :: 審判 /しんぱん, shinpan, しんばん, shinban/, レフェリー /referī/
reference {n} (academic writing: source)  :: 出典 /shutten/
reference {n} (information about a person, provided by someone (a referee) with whom they are well acquainted)  :: 照会 /shōkai/, 照会先 /しょうかいさき, shōkaisaki/
reference {n} (measurement one can compare to)  :: 参考 /さんこう, sankō/
reference {n} (reference work) SEE: reference work  ::
reference {v} (to mention)  :: 言及する /genkyū suru/
reference {v} (to refer to)  :: 参照する /sanshō suru/
reference book {n} (book providing factual information)  :: 参考書 /さんこうしょ, sankōsho/
referendum {n} (direct popular vote)  :: [general] 住民投票 /じゅうみんとうひょう, jūmin-tōhyō/; [for national vote] 国民投票 /こくみんとうひょう, kokumin-tōhyō/
refill {n} (a filling after the first)  :: お代わり /おかわり, o-kawari/, リフィル /rifiru/
refinement {n} (act, or the result of refining; the removal of impurities, or a purified material)  :: みやび /miyabi/
refinement {n} (high-class style; cultivation)  :: みやび /miyabi/
refinery {n} (building used to produce refined products)  :: 精錬所 /せいれんしょ, seirensho/
refining {n} (process) SEE: refinement  ::
reflect {v} (to agree with; to closely follow)  :: 反映する /han'ei-suru/
reflect {v} (to give evidence of someone's or something's character etc.)  :: 反映する /han'ei-suru/
reflect {v} (to mirror, or show the image of something)  :: 映す /うつす, utsusu/, 反射する /はんしゃする, hansha-suru/
reflection {n} (act of reflecting; the state of being reflected)  :: 反射 /はんしゃ, hansha/
reflex {n} (automatic response)  :: 反射 /はんしゃ, hansha/
reflexive {adj} (in mathematics)  :: 反射的 /はんしゃてき, hanshateki/
reflexive pronoun {n} (a part of speech)  :: 再帰代名詞 /さいきだいめいし, saiki daimeishi/
reflexive verb {n} (verb with equivalent subject and direct object)  :: 再帰動詞 /saiki dōshi/
reforest {v} (afforest) SEE: afforest  ::
reform {n} (amendment)  :: 改革 /かいかく, kaikaku/
reformatory {n} (juvenile institution) SEE: reform school  ::
reformer {n} (one who reforms, or who works for reform)  :: リフォーマー /rifōmā/
refractive index {n} (ratio of the speed of light in vacuum to another medium)  :: 屈折率 /kussetsuritsu/
refrain {n} (burden of song)  :: リフレーン /rifurēn/
refrain {v} (to abstain (from))  :: 慎む /tsutsushimu/, 差し控える /sashihikaeru/
refresh {v} (To reload a webpage on the internet)  :: リフレッシュする /rifuresshu suru/, 再読み込みする /さいよみこみする, saiyomikomi suru/, 更新する /kōshin suru/
refresh {v} (To renew or revitalize)  :: 爽やかにする /さわやかにする, sawayaka ni suru/
refrigerate {v} (cool down) SEE: cool down  ::
refrigerate {v} (freeze) SEE: freeze  ::
refrigeration {n} (process of preserving something by cooling)  :: 冷却 /れいきゃく, reikyaku/
refrigerator {n} (appliance that refrigerates food )  :: 冷蔵庫 /れいぞうこ, reizōko/
refuge {n} (place providing safety, protection or shelter)  :: 避難所 /hinan-jo/
refuge {n} (state of safety, protection or shelter)  :: 避難所 /hinan-jo/, 避難 /hinan/
refugee {n} (person seeking economic asylum)  :: 難民 /なんみん, nanmin/
refugee {n} (person seeking political asylum)  :: 難民 /なんみん, nanmin/
refund {n} (amount of money returned)  :: 払い戻し /はらいもどし, haraimodoshi/
refund {v} (to return (money) to (someone))  :: 払い戻す /はらいもどす, haraimodosu/
refurbish {v} (rebuild or replenish)  :: 改装する /かいそうする, kaisō suru/
refusal {n} (the act of refusing)  :: 拒絶 /きょぜつ, kyozetsu/, 拒否 /きょひ, kyohi/, 断わり /ことわり, kotowari/
refuse {n} (items or material that have been discarded)  :: ごみ /gomi/
refuse {v} ((intransitive) decline a request or demand)  :: 断る /ことわる, kotowaru/
refuse {v} ((transitive) decline (request, demand))  :: 断る /ことわる, kotowaru/, 拒む /こばむ, kobamu/, 否む /いなむ, inamu/
refute {v} (to prove (something) to be false or incorrect)  :: 反駁する /はんばくする, hanbaku suru/
regarding {prep} (concerning)  :: ...に付いて /...について, ... ni tsuite/, ...に関して /...にかんして, ... ni kan shite/, ...に対して /...にたいして, ... ni tai shite/
regards {n} (greeting at the end of a letter)  :: よろしくお願いします /yoroshiku o-negai-shimasu/, よろしく /yoroshiku/
regeneration {n} (rebuilding or restructuring; large scale repair or renewal)  :: 再建/さいけん, saiken/
regent {n} (one who rules in place of the monarch)  :: 摂政 /せつしょう, setsushō/
reggae {n} (music genre)  :: レゲエ /regē/
regidor {n} (alderman) SEE: alderman  ::
regime {n} (form of government)  :: 政権 /せいけん, seiken/
regime change {n} (overthrow of a government)  :: 政体の変更 /seitái no henkō/
regiment {n} (army unit)  :: 連隊 /れんたい, rentai/
region {n} (any considerable and connected part of a space or surface)  :: 地方 /ちほう, chihō/
regional lockout {n} (prevents the playing of imported media on a domestically marketed device)  :: 地方閉鎖 /chihōheisa/
register {n} (cash register) SEE: cash register  ::
register {v} (to enter in a register)  :: 登録する /とうろくする, tōroku suru/
registered mail {n} (type of mail)  :: 書留郵便 /かきとめゆうびん, kakitome yūbin/
registered trademark {n} (officially registered trademark)  :: 登録商標 /とうろくしょうひょう, tōroku shōhyō/
registrar {n} (official keeper of records)  :: 記録係 /きろくがかり, kiroku-gakari/
registration {n} (that which registers or makes something official)  :: 登録 /とうろく, tōroku/
registration {n} (the act of signing up or registering for something)  :: 登録 /とうろく, tōroku/
registration {n} (the location where guests register)  :: 受付 /uketsuke/
registry {n} (database)  :: レジストリ /rejisutori/
regolith {n} (layer of loose rock that constitutes the surface of most land)  :: レゴリス /regorisu/, 表土 /ひょうど, hyōdo/
regression {n} (an action of regressing, a return to a previous state)  :: 回帰 /kaiki/
regression {n} (an analytic method to measure the relationship between two variables)  :: 回帰 /kaiki/
regret {n} (instance of such an emotion)  :: 後悔 /こうかい, kōkai/
regret {v} (feel sorry about some past thing)  :: 後悔する /kōkai-suru/, 悔いる /kuiru/, 残念に思う /ざんねんにおもう, zannen-ni omou/
regular {adj} (grammar)  :: 規則な /きそくな, kisoku na/
regular {adj} (with constant frequency)  :: 規則 /きそく, kisoku/, 規則動詞 /きそくどうし, kisoku-dōshi/
regular expression {n} (computing: a concise description of a pattern to be matched)  :: 正規表現 /せいきひょうげん, sēkihyōgen/
regularity {n} (condition or quality of being regular)  :: 規則性 /kisokusei/
regular verb {n} (a verb which conjugates regularly)  :: 規則動詞 /きそくどうし, kisoku dōshi/
regulate {v} (adjust)  :: 調節する /ちょうせつする, chōsetsu suru/
regulate {v} (control) SEE: control  ::
regulation {n} (law or administrative rule)  :: 規則 /きそく, kisóku/
reheat {v} (heat something after it has cooled off)  :: 加熱する /かねつする, kanetsu suru/, 再熱する /さいねつする, sainetsu suru/, 再加熱する /さいかねつする, saikanetsu suru/
Reich {n} (German Reich, the Third Reich)  :: ライヒ /raihi/, 帝国 /ていこく, teikoku/ [empire]
rein {n} (strap or rope)  :: 手綱 /たづな, tazuna/
rein {v} (to restrain, control, check) SEE: to restrain, control, check  ::
reincarnation {n} (rebirth of a mental capacity in a physical life form)  :: 転生 /てんせい, tensei, てんしょう, tenshō/
reindeer {n} (Rangifer tarandus)  :: トナカイ /tonakai/, 馴鹿 /となかい, tonakai/, 馴鹿 /じゅんろく, junroku/
reinforce {v} (to strengthen by addition)  :: 補強する /ほきょうする, hokyō suru/
reinforced concrete {n} (building material)  :: 鉄筋コンクリート /tekkin-konkurīto/
reinvent the wheel {v} (to redo work unnecessarily)  :: 車輪の再発明 /しゃりんのさいはつめい, sharin-no saihatsumei/
reject {v} (refuse to accept)  :: 拒絶する /きょぜつする, kyozetsu suru/
rejoice {v} (be happy)  :: 喜ぶ /よろこぶ, yorokobu/, うれしがる /ureshigaru/, 嬉しい /うれしい, ureshii/
rejuvenate {v} (render young again)  :: 若返らせる /わかがえらせる, wakagaeraseru/
rejuvenation {n} (the process of rendering young again)  :: 若返り /わかがえり, wakagaeri/
relate {v} (to interact) SEE: interact  ::
relate {v} (to make a connection from something to something else)  :: 関連付ける /kanrendukeru/, 結び付ける /musubitsukeru/
relate {v} (to narrate) SEE: narrate  ::
relation {n} (mathematics: set of ordered tuples, a Boolean function of two or more arguments)  :: 関係 /kankei/
relation {n} (way in which two things may be associated)  :: 関係 /kankei/, 関連 /kanren/
relational {adj} (relative) SEE: relative  ::
relationship {n} (connection or association)  :: 関係 /かんけい, kankei/
relationship {n} (kinship)  :: 関係 /かんけい, kankei/
relative {adj} (conditional; depending on something else)  :: 相対的 /そうたいてき, soutaiteki/
relative {n} (someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption)  :: 親戚 /しんせき, shinseki/, 身内 /みうち, miuchi/, 関係詞 /かんけいし, kankeishi/
relative clause {n} (type of subordinate clause)  :: 関係節 /かんけいせつ, kankeisetsu/
relative complement {n} (B - A for given two sets A and B)  :: 差集合 /さしゅうごう, sashūgō/
relative humidity {n} (amount of water vapor in the air)  :: 相対湿度 /そうたいしつど, sōtai shitsudo/
relatively {adv} (proportionally)  :: 比較的に /ひかくてきに, hikakuteki-ni/
relatively {adv} (somewhat) SEE: somewhat  ::
relative pronoun {n} (pronoun that introduces a relative clause)  :: 関係代名詞 /かんけいだいめいし, kankei-daimeishi/
relativism {n} (theory that truth and moral values are relative)  :: 相対主義 /そうたいしゅぎ, sōtaishugi/
relativistic {adj} (at, or near the speed of light)  :: 相対論的 /そうたいろんてき, sōtaironteki/
relativistic {adj} (of, or relating to relativity)  :: 相対論的 /そうたいろんてき, sōtaironteki/
relativity {n} (the state of being relative)  :: 相対性 /そうたいせい, sōtaisei/
relativity {n}  :: 相対 /そうたい, sōtai/
relax {v} (to become less severe or tense)  :: 落ち着く /ochitsuku/, [phrase] 緊張を解く /kinchō wo toku/, [colloquial] ほっとする /ho tto suru/
relax {v} (to become loose)  :: くつろぐ /kutsurogu/
relax {v} (to become more lenient)  :: 緩和する /kanwa suru/, 緩める /yurumeru/
relax {v} (to make something less severe or tense)  :: 落ち着かせる /ochitsukaseru/, 和らげる /yawarageru/, [phrase] 緊張を解く /kinchō wo toku/
relax {v} (to make something loose)  :: くつろがせる /kutsurogaseru/
relax {v} (to make something (such as codes and regulations) more lenient)  :: 緩和する /kanwa suru/, 緩める /yurumeru/
relax {v} (to relieve (something) from stress)  :: 落ち着かせる /ochitsukaseru/, 和らげる /yawarageru/, [phrase] 緊張を解く /kinchō wo toku/
release {n} (software: distribution of a computer software product)  :: リリース /rirīsu/
release {v} (to let go (of))  :: 解放する /kaihō-suru/, 放す /はなす, hanasu/
relevance {n} (property or state of being relevant, pertinency)  :: 関連性 /かんれんせい, kanrensei/
relevancy {n} (relevance) SEE: relevance  ::
relevant {adj} (directly related, connected, or pertinent to a topic)  :: 適切 /てきせつ, tekisetsu/, 関連した /かんれんした, kanren shita/
reliable {adj} (fit to be relied on)  :: 頼もしい /たのもしい, tanomoshii/
reliably {adv} (in a reliable manner)  :: しっかり /shikkari/, 頼もしく /たのもしく, tanomoshiku/
relic {n} (that which remains)  :: 遺物 /いぶつ, ibutsu/, 遺跡 /いせき, iseki/
relief {n} (aid or assistance offered in time of need)  :: 救済 /きゅうさい, kyūsai/, 救援 /きゅうえん, kyūen/
relief {n} (apparent difference in elevation)  :: 浮彫的効果 /うきぼりてきこうか, ukiboriteki kōka/ [an effect like relief carving], 立体画法 /りったいがほう, rittai gahō/ [a 3-D drawing or painting technique]
relief {n} (difference of elevations on a surface)  :: 起伏 /きふく, kifuku/ [rises and dips], 高低 /こうてい, kōtei/ [highs and lows]
relief {n} (feeling associated with removal of stress or discomfort)  :: 安心 /あんしん, anshin/, 安心感 /あんしんかん, anshin kan/
relief {n} (humanitarian aid or assistance)  :: 救済 /きゅうさい, kyūsai/, 救援 /きゅうえん, kyūen/
relief {n} (law: court-ordered compensation, aid, or protection, redress)  :: 法的救済 /ほうてききゅうさい, hōteki kyūsai/ [legal relief], 賠償 /ばいしょう, baishō/ [compensation]
relief {n} (person who takes over a shift)  :: 交代者 /こうたいしゃ, kōtaisha/
relief {n} (reduction in tax)  :: 減税 /げんぜい, genzei/
relief {n} (removal of stress or discomfort)  :: 安心 /あんしん, anshin/, 救済 /きゅうさい, kyūsai/
relief {n} (type of artwork)  :: 浮き彫り /うきぼり, ukibori/
relief teacher {n} (supply teacher) SEE: supply teacher  ::
relieve oneself {v} (to urinate and/or defecate (euphemism))  :: 用を足す /ようをたす, yō o tasu/
religion {n} (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)  :: 宗教 /しゅうきょう, shūkyō/
religious {adj} (committed to the practice of religion)  :: 信仰的 /しんこうてき, shinkōteki/
religious {adj} (concerning religion)  :: 宗教的 /しゅうきょうてき, shūkyōteki/
reload {v} (To load (something) again)  :: 入れ直す /いれなおす, irenaosu/
reload {v} (To refresh a copy of a program in memory or of a web page on screen)  :: リロードする /rirōdo suru/, 再読み込みする /さいよみこみする, saiyomikomi suru/
relocation {n} (moving to another place)  :: 移転 /いてん, iten/
reluctantly {adv} (in a reluctant manner)  :: しぶしぶ /shibushibu/, 否々乍ら /いやいやながら, iyaiya-nagara/
rely {v} (rest with confidence)  :: 頼る /たよる, tayoru/, あてにする /ate-ni suru/
remain {n} (That which is left of a being after its life is gone) SEE: remains  ::
remain {v} (to continue unchanged)  :: 残る /のこる, nokoru/
remain {v} (to stay behind while others withdraw)  :: 残る /nokoru/, 居残る /inokoru/, とどまる /todomaru/, 留まる /tomaru/
remainder {n} (items left unsold and subject to reduction in price)  :: 売れ残り /urenokori/
remainder {n} (mathematics: amount left over after repeatedly subtracting the divisor)  :: 剰余 /jōyo/
remainder {n} (what remains after some has been removed)  :: 残り /nokori/
remake {n} (new version of film)  :: リメイク /rimeiku/
remark {n} (act of pointing out; notice or observation)  :: 注意 /ちゅうい, chūi/
remark {n} (expression of something noticed)  :: 注意書き /ちゅういがき, chūi-gaki/, 但書き /ただしがき, tadashi-gaki/, 発言 /はつげん, hatsugen/
remark {v} (to express in words or writing, as observed or noticed)  :: 述べる /のべる, noberu/, 評する /ひょうする, hyō-suru/, 言及する /げんきゅうする, genkyū suru/
remark {v} (to make a remark or remarks; to comment)  :: 述べる /のべる, noberu/, 評する /ひょうする, hyō-suru/, 言及する /げんきゅうする, genkyū suru/
remark {v} (to mark in a notable manner; to distinguish clearly)  :: 述べる /のべる, noberu/, 評する /ひょうする, hyō-suru/, 言及する /げんきゅうする, genkyū suru/
remark {v} (to take notice of, or to observe, mentally)  :: 注目する /ちゅうもくする, chūmoku suru/
remedy {n} (medicine, application, or treatment)  :: 医学 /igaku/
remember {v} (to convey greetings)  :: よろしく伝える /yoroshiku tsutaeru/
remember {v} (to memorize)  :: 覚える /おぼえる, oboeru/, 記憶する /kioku suru/
remember {v} (to not forget to do something required)  :: 確認する /kakunin suru/
remember {v} (to recall from one's memory)  :: 思い出す /おもいだす, omoidasu/, 覚える /oboeru/
remembrance {n} (act of remembering)  :: 思い出 /おもいで, omoide/; 回想 /かいそう, kaisō/
remembrance {n} (obsolete: something to be remembered)  :: 記憶 /きおく, kioku/
remembrance {n} (power of remembering)  :: 記憶 /きおく, kioku/
remembrance {n} (something remembered)  :: 思い出 /おもいで, omoide/
remembrance {n} (state of being remembered)  :: 思い出 /おもいで, omoide/
remembrance {n} (that which serves to keep in or bring to mind)  :: [memorial] 思い出 /おもいで, omoide/; [token] 記念碑 /きねんひ, kinen-hi/, 記念品 /きねんひん, kinen-hin/; [memento which reminds a person who passed away] 形見 /かたみ, katami/
remind {v} (Cause one to experience a memory; bring to a person's notice)  :: 思い出させる /おもいださせる, omoidasaseru/
reminder {n} (something that reminds)  :: 備忘 /びぼう, bibō/, 念押し /ねんおし, nen'oshi/, リマインダー /rimaindā/
remission {n} (medicine)  :: 緩解 /かんかい, kankai/
remit {v} (to postpone) SEE: postpone  ::
remix {n} (rearrangement of an older piece of music)  :: リミックス /rimikkusu/
remora {n} (brown fish from the family Echeneidae)  :: コバンザメ /kobanzame/
remorse {n} (feeling of regret or sadness for doing wrong or sinning)  :: 良心の呵責 /りょうしんのかしゃく, ryōshin-no kashaku/, 悔悟 /かいご, kaigo/
remote {adj} (at a distance)  :: 遠い /とおい, tōi/, 遠隔な /えんかくな, enkaku-na/, 辺鄙な /へんぴな, hempi-na/, 遥かな /はるかな, haruka-na/
remote control {n} (A device used to operate an appliance or mechanical toy from a short distance away)  :: 遠隔操作 /えんかくそうさ, enkaku sōsa/, リモートコントロール /rimōtokontorōru/, リモコン /rimokon/
remove {v} (to take away)  :: 移す /utsusu/, 除く /nozoku/, 取り去る /torisaru/, 退ける /dokeru, nokeru/
remuneration {n} (a payment for work done; wages, salary, emolument)  :: 給料 /きゅうりょう, kyūryō/, サラリー /sararī/
remuneration {n} (something given in exchange for goods or services rendered)  :: 報酬 /ほうしゅう, hōshū/
Remus {prop} (the founder of Rome)  :: レムス /Remusu/
ren {n} (a kidney) SEE: kidney  ::
renaissance {n} (Renaissance) SEE: Renaissance  ::
Renaissance {prop} (14th century revival)  :: 文芸復興 /ぶんげいふっこう, bungeifukkō/,  ルネサンス /runesansu/, ルネッサンス /runessansu/
Renaissance {prop} (the period)  :: ルネサンス /runesansu/, ルネッサンス /runessansu/
rename {v} (to give a new name to)  :: 改名する /かいめいする, kaimei suru/, 改称する /かいしょうする, kaishō suru/
rendaku {n} (sequential voicing in Japanese)  :: 連濁 /れんだく, rendaku/
rendezvous {v} (meet at an agreed time and place)  :: 待ち合わせる /machiawaseru/
Renée {prop} (female given name) SEE: Renata  ::
renegade {n} (outlaw or rebel)  :: 変節者 /へんせつしゃ, hensetsusha/
renew {v} (to make new again)  :: 再創造 /さいそうぞう, saisōzō/
renewable {adj} (Able to be renewed)  :: 再生可能な /saisei-kanou-na/
renewable {adj} (Sustainable)  :: 再生可能な /saisei-kanou-na/
renewable energy {n} (energy that can be replenished at the same rate as it is used)  :: 再生可能エネルギー /saiseikanō enerugī/
renminbi {n} (currency in China)  :: 人民元 /じんみんげん, jinmingen/
rennet stomach {n} (abomasum) SEE: abomasum  ::
renovate {v} (to renew; to revamp)  :: 改装する /かいそうする, kaisō-surú/, 修築する /しゅうちくする, shūchiku-surú/, 更改する /こうかいする, kōkai-surú/
renovation {n} (act or process of renovating)  :: 改装 /かいそう, kaisō/, 修築 /しゅうちく, shūchiku/, 更改 /こうかい, kōkai/
rent {n} (payment made by a tenant)  :: 家賃 /やちん, yachin/
rent {n} (payment made for the use of equipment or a service)  :: 借り賃 /かりちん, karichin/
rent {v} (to grant occupation in return for rent)  :: 貸す /かす, kasu/, 貸し借りする /かしかりする, kashikari-sru/
rent {v} (to occupy premises in exchange for rent)  :: 賃借する /ちんしゃくする, chinshaku-suru/, 借りる /かりる, kariru/
rentier {n} (individual who receives capital income)  :: 金利生活者 /きんりせいかつしゃ, kinri seikatsusha/, ランティエ /rantie/
renunciation {n} (the act of rejecting or renouncing something as invalid)  :: 放棄 /hōki/, 棄却 /kikyaku/
reoffender {n} (repeat offender) SEE: repeat offender  ::
reorganize {v} (to organize again)  :: 改変 /kaihen/
repair {n}  :: 修理 /shūri/
repair {v} (to restore to good working order)  :: 修理する /しゅりする, shuri-suru/
reparability {n} (repairability) SEE: repairability  ::
reparation {n} (payment to undo transgressions)  :: 補償 /ほしょう, hoshō/, 賠償 /ばいしょう, baishō/, 償い /つぐない, tsugunai/
reparation {n} (renewing or restoring)  :: 修理 /しゅうり, shūri/, 修復 /しゅうふく, shūfuku/, 回復 /かいふく, kaifuku/
repatriation {n} (the process of returning of a person to their country of origin)  :: 帰還 /きかん, kikan/, 送還 /そうかん, sōkan/
repay {v} (to pay back)  :: 払い戻す /はらいもどす, haraimodosu/
repeat {v} (do or say again)  :: 繰り返す /くりかえす, kurikaesu/
repeatedly {adv} (done several times)  :: 繰り返して /くりかえして, kurikaeshite/
repent {v} (to feel sorrow or regret for what one has done or omitted to do)  :: 悔い改める /くいあらためる, kuiaratameru/
repertoire {n} (list of dramas, operas, pieces, parts, etc., which a company or a person has rehearsed)  :: レパートリー /repātorī/
repetition {n} (act or an instance of repeating or being repeated)  :: 繰り返し /くりかえし, kurikaeshi/
replace {v} (to substitute)  :: 取り換える /とりかえる, torikaeru/
replevin {v} (replevy) SEE: replevy  ::
replica {n} (an exact copy)  :: 複製 /ふくせい, fukusei/, 写し /うつし, utsushi/, 模造品 /もぞうひん, mozōhin/, レプリカ /repurika/
reply {n} (something given in reply)  :: 返事 /へんじ, henji/
reply {n} (written or spoken response)  :: 返事 /へんじ, henji/, 返答 /へんとう, hentō/, 答え /こたえ, kotae/, [written] 返信 /へんしん, henshin/, 回答 /かいとう, kaitō/
reply {v} (to act or gesture in response)  :: 返事する /へんじする, henji-surú/
reply {v} (to give a written or spoken response)  :: 返事する /へんじする, henji-surú/, 返信する /へんしんする, henshin-surú/, (answer) 答える /こたえる, kotaeru/
reply {v} (to repeat something back)  :: 返事する /へんじする, henji-surú/
report {n} ((ballistics) the sharp, loud sound from a gun or explosion)  :: 銃声 /じゅうせい/
report {n} (information describing events)  :: 報告 /ほうこく, hōkoku/, レポート /repōto/
report {v} (to relate details of)  :: 報告する /ほうこくする, hōkoku suru/, 報ずる /ほうずる, hōzuru/
report card {n} (grades)  :: 成績表 /せいせきひょう, seisekihyō/
reported speech {n} (a form of speech used to express what another has said)  :: 間接話法 /kansetsu wahō/
reporter {n} (journalist)  :: 記者 /きしゃ, kisha/, 報告者 /ほうこくしゃ, hōkokusha/, リポーター /ripōtā/, ジャーナリスト /jānarisuto/
repository {n} (a location for storage, often for safety or preservation)  :: 倉庫 /そうこ, sōko/
represent {v} (to stand in the place of)  :: 代表する /daihyō suru/
representative {n} (one who speaks for another)  :: 代表者 /daihyōsha/
repression {n} (act of repressing)  :: 鎮圧 /ちんあつ, chin'atsu/, 抑圧 /よくあつ, yokuatsu/
reprise {n} (repetition) SEE: repetition  ::
reproduction {n} (a duplicate)  :: 複製 /ふくせい, fukusei/
reproduction {n} (the act of reproducing new individuals biologically)  :: 生殖 /せいしょく, seishoku/
reptile {n} (a cold-blooded vertebrate)  :: 爬虫 /はちゅう, hachū/, 爬虫類 /はちゅうるい, hachūrui/
republic {n} (a type of state)  :: 共和国 /きょうわこく, kyōwakoku/
Republican {adj} (republican) SEE: republican  ::
Republican {n} (supporter of the Republican Party of the U.S.)  :: 共和党員 /kyōwatōin/
republicanism {n} (The advocacy of a republic as a means of government)  :: 共和 /きょうわ, kyōwa/
Republic of Armenia {prop} (official name of Armenia)  :: アルメニア共和国 /Arumenia kyōwakoku/
Republic of China {prop} (state in East Asia)  :: 中華民国 /ちゅうかみんこく, Chūka Minkoku/, 台湾 /たいわん, Taiwan/
Republic of Côte d'Ivoire {prop} (official name of Côte d'Ivoire)  :: コートジボワール共和国 /Kōto-jibowāru Kyōwakoku/
Republic of Equatorial Guinea {prop} (official name of Equatorial Guinea)  :: 赤道ギニア共和国 /Sekidō Ginia Kyōwakoku/
Republic of Estonia {prop} (official name of Estonia)  :: エストニア共和国 /Esutonia-kyōwakoku/
Republic of Finland {prop} (official full name of Finland)  :: フィンランド共和国 /Finrando-kyōwakoku/
Republic of Ghana {prop} (official name of Ghana)  :: ガーナ共和国 /Gāna Kyōwakoku/
Republic of Iceland {prop} (conventional descriptive name of Iceland)  :: アイスランド共和国 /Aisurando kyōwakoku/
Republic of India {prop} (official name of India)  :: インド共和国 /Indo kyōwakoku/
Republic of Ireland {prop} (country)  :: アイルランド共和国 /Airurando kyōwakoku/
Republic of Korea {prop} (country)  :: 大韓民国 /だいかんみんこく, Daikan Minkoku/
Republic of Macedonia {prop} (Republic of Macedonia)  :: マケドニア共和国 /Makedonia kyōwakoku/, マケドニア旧ユーゴスラビア共和国 /Makedonia kyū-Yūgosurabia kyōwakoku/
Republic of Slovenia {prop} (official name of Slovenia)  :: スロベニア共和国 /Surobenia-kyōwakoku/
Republic of South Africa {prop} (official name of South Africa)  :: 南アフリカ共和国 /Minami Afurika kyōwakoku/
Republic of the Congo {prop} (country)  :: コンゴ共和国 /こんごきょうわこく, Kongo Kyōwakoku/
Republic of Turkey {prop} (official name of the country of Turkey)  :: トルコ共和国 /Toruko kyōwakoku/
Republic of Vanuatu {prop} (official name of Vanuatu)  :: バヌアツ共和国 /Banuatsu kyōwakoku/
Republika Srpska {prop} (Entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina)  :: スルプスカ共和国 /Surupusuka kyōwakoku/
repudiation {n} (refusing)  :: 拒否 /きょひ, kyohi/, 否認 /ひにん, hinin/
reputation {n} (what somebody is known for)  :: 評判 /ひょうばん, hyōban/, 名声 /めいせい, meisei/
repute {n} (reputation, especially a good reputation)  :: 評判
request {n} (act of requesting)  :: 依頼 /いらい, irai/, 要求 /ようきゅう, yōkyū/
request {v} (to express the need or desire for)  :: 要望する /yōbō-suru/, 要請する /yōsei-suru/, 求める /motomeru/, 頼む /tanomu/, 頼む /tanomu/
requiem {n} (mass to honor and remember a dead person)  :: 死者のためのミサ /shishano tame no misa/, 引導 /indou/
requiem {n} (musical composition composed for such a mass)  :: 鎮魂歌 /chinkonka/
requiem {n} (piece of music composed to honor a dead person)  :: 鎮魂歌 /chinkonka/
require {v} (ask) SEE: ask  ::
require {v} (to demand, call for authoritatively)  :: 要求する /ようきゅうする, yōkyū suru/
require {v} (to demand of (someone))  :: 要求する /ようきゅうする, yōkyū suru/
require {v} (to need)  :: 必要とする /ひつようとする, hitsuyō to suru/, 要る /いる, iru/
requirement {n} (necessity)  :: 要求 /ようきゅう, yōkyū/
requisition {n}  :: 徴発 /ちょうほつ, chōhotsu/
rerun {n} (television program shown after its initial presentation)  :: 再放送 /さいほうそう, saihōsō/
rerun {v} (run (a television program) again)  :: 再放送する /さいほうそうする, saihōsō suru/
resale {n} (the action of selling something previously bought)  :: 転売 /てんばい, tenbai/
rescue {n} (act of rescuing, saving)  :: 救出 /きゅうしゅつ, kyūshutsu/
rescue {n} (liberation) SEE: liberation  ::
rescue {n} (rescuee) SEE: rescuee  ::
rescue {v} (to save from any danger or violence)  :: 救う /sukuu/, 助ける /tasukeru/, 救い出す /sukuidasu/, 救助する /kyūjo-suru/
rescuer {n} (person who rescues)  :: 救助者 /きゅうじょしゃ, kyūjosha/
research {n} (inquiry or examination)  :: 研究 /kenkyū/
research {n} (piece of research)  :: 調査 /chōsa/
research {v} (to examine with continued care)  :: 研究する /けんきゅうする, kenkyū-suru/
research {v} (to make an investigation into)  :: 調査する /ちょうさする, chōsa suru/
researcher {n} (one who researches)  :: 研究員 /kenkyūin/, 研究者 /kenkyūsha/
resell {v} (To sell again)  :: 転売する /てんばいする, tembai-suru/
resemble {v} (compare) SEE: compare  ::
resemble {v} (to be like or similar to something else)  :: 似ている /nite iru/
resent {v} (to express or exhibit displeasure or indignation at (words or acts))  :: 憤慨する /ふんがいする, fungai suru/
resentful {adj} (full of resentment)  :: 憤慨した /ふんがいした, fungai shita/
resentful {adj}  :: 憤慨した /ふんがいした, fungai-shita/
resentment {n} (anger or displeasure felt out of belief that others have engaged in wrongdoing or mistreatment; indignation.)  :: 憤慨 /ふんがい, fungai/, 憤り /いきどおり, ikidōri/, 憤懣 /ふんまん, funman/
reservation {n} (act of withholding)  :: 保留 /ほりゅう, horyū/
reservation {n} (arrangement by which something is secured in advance)  :: 予約 /よやく, yoyaku/
reservation {n} (tract of land)  :: 居留地 /きょりゅうち, kyoryūchi/
reserve {n} (finance: funds kept on hand)  :: 準備金 /じゅんびきん, jyunbi-kin/, 引当金 /ひきあてきん, hikiate-kin/
reserve {n} (known unexploited natural resource)  :: 保護区 /ほごく, hogoku/
reserve {n} (military: body of troops in the rear of an army)  :: 予備兵力 /よびへいりょく, yobi-heiryoku/, 予備役 /よびえき, yobieki/
reserve {n} (restraint of freedom in words or actions)  :: 自制 /じせい, jisei/, 控えめ /ひかえめ, hikaeme/
reserve {n} (sports: reserve player)  :: 控え /ひかえ, hikae/, 補欠 /ほけつ, hoketsu/
reserve {n} (that which is reserved, or kept back, as for future use)  :: 予備 /よび, yobi/, 備蓄 /びちく, bichiku/
reserve {n} (the act of reserving, or keeping back; reservation)  :: 予約 /よやく, yoyaku/
reserve {n} (tract of land reserved for Aboriginal people)  :: 保護区 /ほごく, hogo-ku/
reserve {n} (tract of land reserved, or set apart, for a particular purpose)  :: 保留地 /ほりゅうち, horyū-chi/, 予備地 /よびち, yobi-chi/
reserve {v} (to book in advance)  :: 予約する /よやくする, yoyaku suru/
reserve {v} (to keep back; to retain)  :: [to keep back] 残す /のこす, nokosu/, [to retain] 留保する /りゅうほする, ryūho suru/
reserve {v} (to keep in store for future or special use)  :: 蓄える /たくわえる, takuwaeru/
reserve bank {n} (reserve bank as a central bank) SEE: central bank  ::
reserved word {n} (a word in a programming language that has a fixed meaning)  :: 予約語 /よやくご, yoyakugo/
resettle {v} (to settle in a different place)  :: 移住する /いじゅうする, ijū suru/
reshuffle {v} (to reorganize or rearrange something)  :: 改造 / かいぞう, kaizō/, 異動 /いどう, idō/ [personnel]
reside {v} (to dwell permanently or for a considerable time)  :: 住む /sumu/, 居住する /kyojyū-suru/
residence {n} (place where one lives)  :: 住宅 /jūtaku/
residence permit {n} (right to legally reside in a country)  :: 居留許可 /きょりゅうきょか, kyoryū kyoka/, 永住権 /えいじゅうけん, eijūken/
resident {n} (persons living at a location or an area)  :: 居住者 /きょじゅうしゃ, kyojūsha/, 住民 /じゅうみん, jūmin/
resign {v} (quit a job or position)  :: 辞任する /jinin suru/, 辞職する /jishoku suru/, 辞める /yameru/
resignation {n} (act of resigning)  :: 辞任 /じにん, jinin/, 辞職 /じしょく, jishoku/
resignation {n} (declaration that one resigns)  :: 辞表 /じひょう, jihyō/
resinaceous {adj} (resinous) SEE: resinous  ::
resist {v} (to withstand effects of something)  :: 抗う /aragau/, 抵抗する /teikō suru/, 反抗する /hankō suru/, 耐える /kotaeru/
resistance {n} (act of resisting)  :: 抵抗 /teikō/, 反抗 /hankō/
resistance {n} (force that tends to oppose motion)  :: 抵抗力 /teikōryoku/
resistance {n} (shortened form of electrical resistance)  :: 抵抗 /teikō/
resistor {n} (an electric component that transmits current in direct proportion to the voltage across it)  :: 抵抗器 /ていこうき, teikōki/
resit {n} (examination)  :: 再試験 /saishiken/
resit {v} (to take an examination second time)  :: 再試験 /saishiken/
resolution {n} (act of discerning detail)  :: 解決 /kaiketsu/
resolution {n} (computing: degree of fineness of image)  :: 解像度 /kaizōdo/
resolution {n} (computing: number of pixels in an image as stored or displayed)  :: 画素数 /gaso-sū/
resolution {n} (formal statement adopted by an assembly)  :: 議決 /giketsu/
resolution {n} (music: progression from dissonance to consonance)  :: 解決 /kaiketsu/
resolution {n} (science: separation of the constituent parts)  :: 分解 /bunkai/, 分離 /bunri/
resolution {n} (science: the degree of fineness of such a separation)  :: 分解度 /bunkai-do/, 分離度 /bunri-do/
resolution {n} (statement of intent)  :: 決断 /けつだん, ketsudan/, 決心 /kesshin/, [formal] 表明 /hyōmei/
resolution {n} (state of being resolute)  :: 決断 /けつだん, ketsudan/, 決心 /kesshin/, [formal] 表明 /hyōmei/
resolve {v} (find a solution to)  :: 解く /とく, toku/, 分解する /ぶんかいする, bunkai-suru/
resolve {v} (make a firm decision)  :: 決定する /けっていする, kettei-suru/, 決心する /けっしんする, kessin-suru/
resort {n} (a relaxing environment to people on vacation)  :: リゾート /rizōto/
resound {v} ((intransitive) to reverberate with sound or noise)  :: 鳴り響く /なりひびく, narihibiku/, 響く /ひびく, hibiku/
resource {n} (personal capacity)  :: 資質 /ししつ, shishitsu/
resource {n} (something that one uses to achieve an objective)  :: [materials] 資源 /しげん, shigen/, [valuables] 資産 /しさん, shisan/, [source] 供給源 /きょうきゅうげん, kyōkyūgen/
respect {n} (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit)  :: 尊敬 /そんけい, sonkei/, 尊重 /そんちょう, sonchō/
respect {v} (to have respect for)  :: 尊敬する /そんけいする, sonkei-suru/
respectable {adj} (deserving respect)  :: まともな /matomo na/
respectful {adj} (characterized by respect)  :: 恭しい /うやうやしい, uyauyashii/
respectively {adv} (in a relative manner)  :: それぞれ /sorezore/, 各々 /onoono/
respiratory system {n} (system of organs)  :: 呼吸器系 /こきゅうきけい, kokyū kikei/
response {n} (an answer or reply)  :: 答え /こたえ, kotae/, 解答 /かいとう, kaitō/
responsibility {n} (a duty, obligation or liability for which someone is responsible)  :: 責任 /せきにん, sekinin/
responsibility {n} (the state of being responsible)  :: 責任 /せきにん, sekinin/
responsible {adj} (answerable for an act performed or for its consequences)  :: 責任のある /せきにんのある, sekinin no aru/
ressentiment {n} (obsolete: resentment) SEE: resentment  ::
rest {n} (relief afforded by sleeping; sleep)  :: 休み /やすみ, yasumi/
rest {n} (relief from exertion; state of quiet and recreation)  :: 休み /やすみ, yasumi/
rest {n} (remainder)  :: 残り /のこり, nokori/
rest {v} (intransitive: take repose)  :: 休む /やすむ, yasumu/
rest area {n} (rest area along a road)  :: サービスエリア /sābisu eria/, 休憩所 /きゅうけいじょ, kyūkeijo/
restate {v} (rephrase) SEE: rephrase  ::
restaurant {n} (an eating establishment in which diners are served food at their tables)  :: レストラン /resutoran/, 食堂 /しょくどう, shokudō/, 料理屋 /りょうりや, ryōriya/, 料理店 /りょうりてん, ryōriten/
rest in peace {v} (blessing or expression of hope)  :: 安らかに眠れ /やすらかにねむれ, yasuraka ni nemure/
restlessness {n} (state or condition of being restless)  :: 不安心 /ふあんしん, fuanshin/
restoration {n} (the process of bringing an object back to its original state)  :: 回復 /かいふく, kaifuku/
restrict {v} (to restrain within bounds)  :: 制限する /せいげんする, seigen suru/
restrictive {adj} (confining; limiting)  :: 限定的 /げんていてき, genteiteki/
restroom {n} (public room containing a toilet)  :: トイレ /toire/
restructuration {n} (restructuring) SEE: restructuring  ::
result {n} (fruit, beneficial or tangible effect)  :: 成果 /seika/
result {n} (that which results)  :: 結果 /けっか, kekka/
resume {v} (start something again that has been stopped or paused)  :: 再開する /さいかいする, saikai-suru/
resurrect {v} (to raise from dead)  :: 蘇らせる /yomigaeraseru/
resurrection {n} (the act of arising from the dead)  :: 復活 /ふっかつ, fukkatsu/
retail {n} (retail price)  :: 小売価格 /こうりかかく, kōri kakaku/
retail {n} (sale of goods directly to the consumer)  :: 小売 /こうり, kōri/, 小売り /こうり, kōri/
retailer {n} (retail sales company or salesman)  :: 小売商人 /こうりしょうにん, kōrishōnin/
retainer {n} (a dependent or follower of someone of rank)  :: 家来 /けらい, kerai/
retaining wall {n} (structure)  :: 擁壁 /ようへき, yōheki/
retardment {n} (retardation) SEE: retardation  ::
retell {v} (retell)  :: 再び語る /ふたたびかたる, futatabi kataru/
rethink {v} (think again about a problem)  :: 再考する /さいこうする, saikō suru/
reticent {adj} (reserved)  :: 寡黙 /かもく, kamoku/
retina {n} (thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball)  :: 網膜 /もうまく, mōmaku/
retire {v} (To withdraw from a public station, from working, or from business)  :: 退職する /たいしょくする, taishoku-surú/, 引退する /いんたいする, intai-surú/
retiree {n} (someone who has retired from active working)  :: 退職者 /たいしょくしゃ, taishokusha/
retirement {n} (act of retiring, or the state of being retired)  :: 退職 /たいしょく, taishoku/, 停年退職 /ていねんたいしょく, teinan taishoku/
retirement {n} (place of seclusion or privacy)  :: 幽居 /ゆうきょ, yūkyo/
retreat {v} (To withdraw military forces)  :: 退却する /taikyaku-suru/, 後退する /kōtai-suru/
retribution {n} (punishment inflicted in the spirit of moral outrage or personal vengeance)  :: 報復 /ほうふく, hōfuku/
retrieve {n} (retrieval) SEE: retrieval  ::
retroflex {n} (a retroflex consonant)  :: そり舌音 /そりじたおん, sorijitaon/, 反り舌音 /そりじたおん, sorijitaon/
retrogression {n} (decline)  :: 逆行 /ぎゃっこう, gyakkō/, 退化 /たいか, taika/
retrospect {n} (consideration of past times)  :: 回顧 /かいこ, kaiko/, 遡上 /sojō/
return {n} (act of returning)  :: 復帰 /ふっき, fukki/, 返却 /へんきゃく, henkyaku/, 帰還 /きかん, kikan/
return {n} (computing: act of relinquishing control to the calling procedure)  :: 復帰 /fukki/
return {n} (computing: carriage return character)  :: 復帰 /fukki/
return {n} (computing: return value)  :: 戻り値 /modorichi/
return {n} (finance: gain or loss from an investment)  :: 利益 /rieki/
return {n} (finance: tax return)  :: 還付 /kanpu/
return {n} (item that is returned)  :: 返品 /henpin/
return {n} (return ticket)  :: [phrase] 復路の切符 /fukuro-no kippu/
return {v} (computing: to pass back (data) to the calling procedure)  :: 返す /kaesu/
return {v} (tennis: to bat the ball back over the net in response to a serve)  :: 返す /kaesu/, 返球する /henkyū suru/
return {v} (to come back after some period of time, or at regular intervals)  :: 戻る /もどる, modoru/, 帰る /かえる, kaeru/
return {v} (to give something back to its original holder or owner)  :: 戻す /もどす, modosu/, 返す /かえす, kaesu/
return {v} (to go back in thought, narration, or argument)  :: 戻る /もどる, modoru/
return {v} (to take something back to a retailer for a refund)  :: 戻す /もどす, modosu/, 返す /かえす, kaesu/
return ticket {n} (a ticket granting permission to travel to a place and back again)  :: 往復切符 /おうふくきっぷ, ōfuku kippu/
reunification {n} (the unification of something that was previously divided; used especially of a country)  :: 統一 /tōitsu/
reunion {n} (a planned event at which members of a dispersed group meet together)  :: 大会 /たいかい, taikai/
reunion {n} (reunification) SEE: reunification  ::
reunion {n} (the process or act of reuniting)  :: 再会 /さいかい, saikai/
reuse {n} (returning a discarded item into something usable)  :: 再利用 /さいりよう, sairiyō/, リユース /riyūsu/, 再使用 /さいしよう, saishiyō/
Reuven {prop} (given name) SEE: Reuben  ::
revanchism {n} (political policy of endeavouring to regain lost territory)  :: 報復主義 /ほうふくしゅぎ, hōfukushugi/
revanchist {n} (avenger) SEE: avenger  ::
reveal {v} (to uncover)  :: 現す /あらわす, arawasu/, 表す /あらわす, arawasu/, 表わす /あらわす, arawasu/
reveille {n} (the sounding of a bugle or drum early in the morning to awaken soldiers)  :: [horn] 起床らっぱ /きしょうらっぱ, kishō rappa/, [drum] 起床太鼓 /きしょうたいこ, kishō taiko/, 朝礼 /ちょうれい, chōrei/
revelation {n} (manifestation of divine truth)  :: 啓示 /けいじ, keiji/
revelation {n} (something dramatically disclosed)  :: 暴露 /ばくろ, bakuro/
revelation {n} (the act of revealing or disclosing)  :: 暴露 /ばくろ, bakuro/
Revelation {prop} (book of Bible)  :: ヨハネの黙示録 /ohane no mokushiroku/
revenge {n} (retaliatory action)  :: 復讐 /ふくしゅう, fukushū/, 報復 /ほうふく, hōfuku/, リベンジ /ribenji/
revenge {v} (to take revenge for an action)  :: 復讐する /ふくしゅうする, fukushū-suru/
revenue {n} (all income for some treasury by taxation e.a.)  :: 歳入 /さいにゅう, sainyū/
revenue {n} (income from an investment)  :: 収入 /しゅうにゅう, shūnyū/
revenue {n} (net revenue) SEE: net revenue  ::
revenue {n} (turnover, total sales)  :: 収益 /しゅうえき, shūeki/
Reverend {n} (an honorary title added to the names of Christian clergy)  :: kanji: 牧師; hiragana: ぼくし; romaji: bokushi
reverse {adj} (causing movement in the opposite direction)  :: 逆進する /gyakushin suru/
reverse {adj} (having the order of its constituents moved backwards)  :: 逆の /gyaku no/, あべこべの /abekobe no/
reverse {n} (side of something facing away; opposite of front)  :: /ura/
reverse {v} (to cause a mechanism or vehicle to operate or move in the opposite directions)  :: 逆進させる /gyakushin saseru/, 逆転させる /gyakuten saseru/
reverse {v} (to transpose the positions of two things)  :: 裏返す /uragaesu/
reverse {v} (to turn something around)  :: 逆にする /gyaku ni suru/
reverse {v} (to turn something inside out)  :: 裏返す /uragaesu/, 覆す /kutsugaesu/
reverse dowry {n} (bride price) SEE: bride price  ::
reverse engineering {n} (analyzing the construction and operation of a product in order to manufacture a similar one)  :: リバースエンジニアリング /ribāsuenjiniaringu/
review {n} (account intended as a critical evaluation of a text or a piece of work)  :: 感想文 /かんそうぶん, kansōbun/, レビュー /rebyū/
reviewer {n} (critic)  :: 評論家 /ひょうろんか, hyōronka/
revise {v} (to look over again)  :: 復習する /ふくしゅうする, fukushū suru/
revise {v} (to review, alter and amend, especially of written material)  :: 改正する /かいせいする, kaisei suru/, 改める /あらためる, aratameru/, 修正する /しゅうせいする, shūsei suru/
Revised Romanization of Korean {prop} (Romanization standard for Korean)  :: 文化観光部2000年式 /ぶんかかんこうぶ2000ねんしき, bunka kankōbu 2000 nenshiki/
revision {n} (act of revising)  :: 復習 /ふくしゅう, fukushū/
revitalise {v} (to give new life, energy, activity or success)  :: 活性化する /かっせいかする, kasseika suru/
revival {n} (reviving)  :: 復活 /fukkatsu/
revive {v} (to bring again to life)  :: 甦らせる /yomigaeraseru/, 復活させる /fukkatsu saseru/
revive {v} (to recover from a state of neglect)  :: 甦る /yomigaeru/, 復活する /fukkatsu suru/
revive {v} (to return to life, to recover life or strength)  :: 甦る /yomigaeru/, 復活する /fukkatsu suru/
revocation {n} (action of revoking)  :: 撤回 /tekkai/
revoke {v} (to cancel or invalidate by withdrawing or reversing)  :: 取り消す /とりけす, torikesu/
revolt {n} (act of revolting)  :: 反乱 /hanran/
revolution {n} (political upheaval)  :: 革命 /かくめい, kakumei/, 改革 /かいかく, kaikaku/
revolution {n} (removal and replacement of a government)  :: 革命 /かくめい, kakumei/
revolution {n} (sudden, vast change in a situation or discipline)  :: 革命 /かくめい, kakumei/
revolution {n} (traversal of one body through an orbit around another body)  :: [astronomy] 公転 /こうてん, kōten/
revolution {n} (turning of an object around an axis)  :: 回転 /かいてん, kaiten/
revolutionary {n} (A revolutionist; a person who revolts)  :: 革命家 /かくめいか, kakumeika/
revolve {v} (to turn on an axis)  :: 回る /まわる, mawaru/, 回転する /かいてんする, kaiten-suru/
revolver {n} (a handgun with revolving chambers)  :: リボルバー /riborubā/, 拳銃 /けんじゅう, kenjū/
revolving door {n} (rotating door)  :: 回転ドア /kaiten doa/
revue {n} (form of theatrical; any entertainment featuring skits, dances, and songs)  :: レヴュー /rebyū/
reward {n} (result of an action)  :: 報い /mukui/
reward {n} (something of value given in return for an act)  :: 報酬 /ほうしゅう, hōshū/
reward {v} (give a reward to)  :: 報いる /むくいる, mukuiru/
reward {v} (recompense) SEE: recompense  ::
rewind {v} (to wind again)  :: 巻き直す /まきなおす, maki-naosu/
rewind {v} (wind back) SEE: wind back  ::
reword {v} (rephrase) SEE: rephrase  ::
rewrite {v}  :: 書き直す /かきなおす, kaki-naosu/
Reykjavik {prop} (Capital of Iceland)  :: レイキャビク /Reikyabiku/
Reykjavík {prop} (Capital of Iceland) SEE: Reykjavik  ::
Reynolds number {n} (dimensionless parameter of flow)  :: レイノルズ数 /Reinoruzu-sū/
rhenium {n} (chemical element)  :: レニウム /reniumu/
rhesus {n} (Macaca mulatta) SEE: rhesus macaque  ::
rhetorical question {n} (question)  :: 修辞疑問 /しゅうじぎもん, jūji gimon/, 反語 /はんご, hango/
rheum {n} (discharge)  :: まなじりおいためる
rheumatics {n} (rheumatism) SEE: rheumatism  ::
rheumatism {n} (any painful disorder of muscles, tendons, joints, bones and nerves)  :: リウマチ /riumachi/, リューマチ /ryūmachi/
rheumatoid arthritis {n} (chronic and progressive disease)  :: 関節リウマチ /kansetsu-riumachi/
Rhine {prop} (river that flows through Europe)  :: ライン川 /Rain-gawa/
rhinitis {n} (inflammation)  :: 鼻炎 /びえん, bien/
rhinoceros {n} (herbivorous pachyderm with horn(s))  :: /sai/, サイ /sai/
rhinoplasty {n} (plastic surgery used to improve a person's nose)  :: 鼻形成術 /びけいせいじゅつ, bikeiseijutsu/
rhizome {n} (a horizontal underground stem of some plants)  :: 根茎 /こんけい, konkei/
Rhône {prop} (Rhone) SEE: Rhone  ::
rho {n} (letter of Greek alphabet)  :: ロー /rō/
Rhode Island {prop} (a state of the United States of America)  :: ロードアイランド /Rōdo-Airando/
Rhodes {prop} (capital of the Dodecanese)  :: ロードス市 /Rōdosu-shi/
Rhodes {prop} (island)  :: ロードス島 /Rōdosu-tō/
rhodium {n} (chemical element)  :: ロジウム /rojiumu/
rhododendron {n} (flowering shrub in the genus Rhododendron)  :: ツツジ /tsutsuji/
Rhodope {prop} (Rhodopes) SEE: Rhodopes  ::
rhombencephalon {n} (hindbrain) SEE: hindbrain  ::
rhombicosidodecahedron {n} (Archimedean solid)  :: 斜方二十・十二面体 /hasu-kata nijū jūnimentai/
rhombus {n} (A parallelogram having all sides of equal length)  :: 斜方形 /しゃほうけい, shahōke/, 菱形 /ひしがた, hishigata/
Rhone {prop} (river)  :: ローヌ川 /Rōnugawa/
rhubarb {n} (any plant of the genus Rheum)  :: ルバーブ /rubābu/, 大黄 /だいおう, daiō/
rhumb {n} (A line which crosses successive meridians at a constant angle) SEE: rhumb line  ::
rhyme {n} (rhyming; sameness of sound of some parts of words, as ‘the poem exhibits rhyme’)  :: 押韻 /おういん, ōin/
rhyme {n} (rime) SEE: rime  ::
rhyme {n} (verse, poetry)  :: /うた, uta/
rhyme {n} (word that rhymes with another)  :: /いん, in/
rhyme {v} (put words together)  :: 韻を踏む /いんをふむ, in o fumu/
rhyme {v} (reciprocal)  :: 韻を踏む /いんをふむ, in o fumu/
rhyme {v} (transitive, to rhyme with)  :: 韻を踏む /いんをふむ, in o fumu/, 押韻する /おういんする, ōin suru/
rhythm {n} (rhythm section) SEE: rhythm section  ::
rhythm {n} (variation of strong and weak elements of sounds over time)  :: リズム /rizumu/
rhythm and blues {n} (rhythm and blues)  :: リズム・アンド・ブルース /rizumu-ando-burūsu/
rhythm guitar {n} (guitar that provides rhythm)  :: リズムギター
rial {n} (currency in Middle East)  :: リヤル /riyaru/
rib {n} (curved bone)  :: 肋骨 /ろっこつ, rokkotsu/
rib {n} (cut of meat)  :: 肋肉 /ばらにく, baraniku/
rib {n} (part of a ship’s framework)  :: あばら骨 /abarabone/
ribbit {interj} (the sound made by a frog or toad)  :: ケロ /kero/, ケロケロ /kerokero/
ribbon {n} (inked ribbon)  :: リボン /ribon/
ribbon {n} (long, narrow strip of material)  :: リボン /ribon/
ribbon seal {n} (a species of true seal)  :: クラカケアザラシ
rib cage {n} (part of skeleton)  :: 胸郭 /きょうかく, kyōkaku/
ribonucleic acid {n} (derivative of DNA, used in the transcription of genetic material)  :: リボ核酸 /リボかくさん, ribokakusan/
ribose {n} (naturally occurring pentose sugar)  :: リボース /ribōsu/
rice {n} (plants)  :: /いね, ine/
rice {n} (seeds used as food)  :: (raw seed) /こめ, kome/, (cooked) ご飯 /ごはん, gohan/, /めし, meshi/ [informal], ライス /raisu/
rice cake {n} (food item made from puffed rice)  :: もち /mochi/, /もち, mochi/
rice congee {n} (porridge)  :: /かゆ, kayu, かい, kai, しゅく, shuku/
rice cooker {n} (kitchen appliance)  :: 炊飯器 /すいはんき, suihanki/
rice flour {n} (flour made of rice)  :: 米粉 /こめこ, komeko, べいふん, beifun/
rice malt {n} (lees of sake)  :: 酒粕 /sakekasu/
rice paddy {n} (field immersed in water dedicated for the cultivation of rice)  :: /, ta/, 水田 /すいでん, suiden/
rice paper {n} (paper made from parts of the rice plant)  :: ライスペーパー /raisu pēpā/
rice vinegar {n} (a type of vinegar)  :: 米酢 /こめず, komezu/
rice wine {n} (alcoholic drink brewed from rice)  :: ライスワイン /raisuwain/, [Japanese style] 日本酒 /にほんしゅ, nihonshu/, 清酒 /せいしゅ, seishu/
rich {adj} (having wealth)  :: 裕福な /yūfuku-na/, 豊かな /ゆたかな, yutaka-na/, 富有な /ふゆうな, fuyū-na/, 金持の /かねもちの, kanemochi-no/
Richard {prop} (male given name)  :: リチャード /Richādo/
Richter scale {prop} (logarithmic scale)  :: リヒター・スケール /Rihitā-sukēru/
ricin {n} (poison)  :: リシン /rishin/
ricksha {n} (rickshaw) SEE: rickshaw  ::
rickshaw {n} (two-wheeled carriage)  :: 人力車 / じんりきしゃ, jinrikisha/, 人力 /じんりき, jinriki/, 力車 /りきしゃ, rikisha/
riddle {n} (puzzle)  :: なぞなぞ
ride {v} (to be transported in a vehicle as a passenger)  :: 乗る /のる, noru/
ride {v} (to transport oneself by sitting on and directing a horse, bicycle etc.)  :: 乗る /のる, noru/
ride height {n} (ground clearance) SEE: ground clearance  ::
rider {n} (cyclist) SEE: cyclist  ::
rider {n} (driver) SEE: driver  ::
rider {n} (one who rides)  :: ライダー /raidā/, 騎手 /きしゅ, kishu/, 乗り手 /のりて, norite/
ridge {n} (highest point on a roof)  :: 大棟 /おおむね, ōmune/
ridicule {v} (to make fun of someone)  :: あざ笑う /azawarau/, 嘲笑する /chōshōsuru/
ridiculous {adj} (foolish)  :: 馬鹿らしい /bakarashī/
riel {n} (currency of Cambodia)  :: リエル /rieru/
Riemann surface {n} (manifold)  :: リーマン面 /Rīman-men/
riffraff {n} (the rabble)  :: 下層民 /かそうみん, kasōmin/, 下層階級 /かそうかいきゅう, kasō kaikyū/
rifle {n} (firearm with a rifled barrel)  :: 小銃 /しょうじゅう, shōjū/, ライフル /raifuru/, ライフル銃 /raifuru-jū/
rift {n} (shallow place in a stream) SEE: ford  ::
rig {n} (the special apparatus used for drilling oil wells)  :: リグ /rigu/
Riga {prop} (capital of Latvia)  :: リガ /Riga/
Rigel {prop} (star)  :: リゲル /Rigeru/
right {adj} (all right, not requiring assistance) SEE: all right  ::
right {adj} ( complying with justice, correct)  :: 正しい /ただしい, tadashíi/
right {adj} (conservative)  :: 右翼 /うよく, uyokú/
right {adj} (of direction)  :: /みぎ, migí/
right {adj} (perpendicular)  :: 垂直 /すいちょく, suichokú/, /ちょく, chokú/
right {adj} (straight, not bent)  :: まっすぐ /massúgu/
right {adv} (on the right side)  :: 右に /みぎに, migi-ni/
right {interj} (checking agreement)  ::
right {n} (legal or moral entitlement)  :: 権利 /けんり, kénri/
right {n} (right, not left, side)  :: /みぎ, migí/
right {n} (right-wing politicians and parties)  :: 右翼 /うよく, uyokú/
right {v} (to correct)  :: 訂正する /ていせいする, teiséi surú/
right angle {n} (angle of 90 degrees)  :: 直角 /chokkaku/
right-angled {adj} (having a right angle)  :: 直角の /chokkaku no/ [adnominal]
right-angled triangle {n} (right-angled triangle) SEE: right triangle  ::
right away {adv} (very soon; immediately)  :: すぐ /sugu/
right-handed {adj} (Of one who uses their right hand in preference to, or more skillfully than their left.)  :: 右利き /migikiki/
right-hander {n} (one who is right-handed)  :: 右利き /みぎきき, migikiki/
right-hand man {n} (A trusted assistant)  :: 右腕 /migiude/
right now {adv} (at this precise moment)  :: 今すぐ /いますぐ, imasugu/
right now {adv} (immediately) SEE: immediately  ::
right to life {n} (one of fundamental human rights)  :: 生存権 /せいぞんけん, seizonken/
right to work {n} (the fundamental human right to have employment)  :: 働く権利 /はたらくけんり, hataraku kenri/
right triangle {n} (a triangle having a right angle as one of its interior angles)  :: 直角三角形 /chokkaku sankakukei/
right wing {n} (political)  :: 右翼 /うよく, uyoku/
right-wing {adj} (of the more conservative or reactionary faction of a party, etc.)  :: 右派 /うは, uha/, 右翼 /うよく, uyoku/
rigid {adj} (fixed)  :: 固定された /kotei sareta/
rigid {adj} (rigorous, unbending)  :: 堅い /かたい, katai/
rigid {adj} (stiff)  :: 硬い /かたい, katai/
rigid {adj} (uncompromising)  :: 固い /かたい, katai/
rigidness {n} (rigidity) SEE: rigidity  ::
rigor mortis {n} (Temporary stiffness of a body's muscles and joints following death)  :: 死後硬直 /しごこうちょく, shigo kōchoku/
rime {n} (hoarfrost)  :: /しも, shimo/
ring {n} (algebra: an algebraic structure)  :: /kan/
ring {n} (astronomy: a formation of various pieces of material orbiting around a planet)  :: /wa, kan/
ring {n} (burner) SEE: burner  ::
ring {n} (circumscribing object)  :: /わ, wa/
ring {n} (group of people)  :: 一味 /ichimi/
ring {n} (place where some sports take place)  :: リング /ringu/
ring {n} (pleasant or correct sound)  :: 響き /hibiki/
ring {n} (resonant sound of a bell, or a sound resembling it)  :: 響き /hibiki/
ring {n} (round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger)  :: 指輪 /ゆびわ, yubiwa/
ring {n} (telephone call)  :: 電話 /denwa/
ring {n} (typography: diacritical mark in the shape of a hollow circle) SEE: kroužek  ::
ring {v} (of something spoken or written, to appear to be, to seem, to sound)  :: 聞こえる /kikoeru/
ring {v} (to make, produce sound)  :: 鳴らす /narasu/
ring {v} (to produce the sound of a bell or a similar sound)  :: 鳴る /なる, naru/
ring {v} (to surround or enclose)  :: 囲む /kakomu/
ring {v} (to telephone someone)  :: [phrase] 電話を掛ける /denwa wo kakeru/
ring finger {n} (finger between the middle finger and little finger)  :: 薬指 /くすりゆび, kusuriyubi/
ringgit {n} (currency)  :: リンギット /ringitto/
ringlet {n} (lock, tress)  :: 巻き毛 /makige/
Ringo {prop} (male name)  :: リンゴ /Ringo/
ringtone {n} (sound made by a telephone when ringing)  :: 着信音 /ちゃくしんおん, chakushin'on/, 着メロ /chaku-mero/, 着信メロディ /chakushin merodī/
ringworm {n} (contagious fungal affliction of the skin)  :: 白癬 /はくせん, hakusen/
rinse {v} (to wash something quickly using water and no soap)  :: そそぐ /sosogu/, すすぐ /susugu/, ゆすぐ /yusugu/
Rio de Janeiro {prop} (city)  :: リオデジャネイロ /Riodejaneiro/
riot {n} (tumultuous disturbance of public peace)  :: 暴動 /ぼうどう, bōdō/, 騒乱 /そうらん, sōran/, 動乱 /どうらん, dōran/, 狼藉 /ろうぜき, rōzeki/
rip {v} (to fart) SEE: fart  ::
rip {v} (to mock) SEE: mock  ::
rip current {n} (strong water flow)  :: 離岸流 /riganryū/
ripe {adj} (intoxicated) SEE: intoxicated  ::
ripe {adj}  :: 熟した /じゅくした, jukushita/
ripen {v} (to grow ripe)  :: 熟す /じゅくす, jukusu/, 成熟する /せいじゅくする, seijuku suru/
rip off {v} ((idiom) to charge an exorbitant or unfair rate)  :: 法外な額を請求する /Hōgai-na Gaku o Seikyū-suru/
riptide {n} (rip current) SEE: rip current  ::
Ripuarian {prop}  :: リプアーリ語
rise {n} (action of moving upwards)  :: 上昇 /jōshō/
rise {n} (increase (in a quantity, price, etc))  :: 上昇 /jōshō/
rise {n} (pay rise) SEE: pay rise  ::
rise {v} (of a celestial body: to appear to move from behind the horizon)  :: 昇る /noboru/
rise {v} (of a quantity, etc: to increase)  :: あがる /agaru/
rise {v} (to be resurrected)  :: 復活する /fukkatsu suru/
rise {v} (To move upwards)  :: あがる /agaru/, 上昇する /jōshō suru/
risk {n} (likelihood of a negative outcome)  :: リスク /risuku/
risk {n} (possible, usually negative, outcome)  :: リスク /risuku/
risk {n} (potential (conventionally negative) impact of an event)  :: リスク /risuku/
risky {adj} (dangerous, involving risks)  :: 危険な /kiken na/
risotto {n} (risotto considered as food)  :: リゾット /rizotto/
rite {n} (ritual)  :: 儀式 /ぎしき, gishiki/
rite of passage {n} (ceremony to celebrate a transition)  :: 通過儀礼 /つうかぎれい, tsūka girei/
ritual {n} (rite)  :: 儀式 /ぎしき, gishiki/
rival {n} (competitor with the same objective)  :: ライバル /raibaru/, /てき, teki, かたき, kataki/
rivalry {n} (competition)  :: ライバル /raibaru/, 競争 /きょうそう, kyōsō/, 争い /あらそい, arasoi/ [dispute], 拮抗 /きっこう, kikkō/
river {n} (large stream which drains a landmass)  :: /かわ, kawa/
river god {n} (river-being)  :: 河神 /かしん, kashin/
river horse {n} (hippopotamus) SEE: hippopotamus  ::
rivet {n} (cylindrical mechanical fastener)  :: リベット /ribetto/
rivulet {n} (small brook)  :: 小川 /おがわ, ogawa/, 細流 /さいりゅう, sairyū/
Riyadh {prop} (capital of Saudi Arabia)  :: リヤド /Riyado/
Rōmaji {prop} (romaji) SEE: romaji  ::
RNA {initialism} (abbreviation of ribonucleic acid)  :: RNA /āru-enu-ē/
röntgen {n} (unit of exposure to ionizing radiation)  :: レントゲン /rentogen/
roach {n} (US: cockroach) SEE: cockroach  ::
road {n} (a way for travel)  :: /みち, michi/
roadblock {n} (Something that blocks or obstructs a road)  :: 道路封鎖 /どうろふうさ, dōro fūsa/
road game {n} (athletic contest played in the opposing team's turf) SEE: away game  ::
road map {n} (a map with a visual representation of roads used for automobile travel and navigation)  :: 道路地図 /どうろちず, dōro chizu/
road roller {n} (heavy engineering vehicle used to compact asphalt)  :: ロードローラー /rōdorōrā/, 締固め用機械 /しめがためようきかい, shimegatameyō kikai/ [formal]
roadrunner {n} (bird of the Geococcyx genus)  :: ミチバシリ /michibashiri/
roadside thistle {n} (spear thistle) SEE: spear thistle  ::
roam {v} (wander freely)  :: 歩き回る /あるきまわる, arukimawaru/, うろつく /urotsuku/
roaming {n} (using a cell phone outside of its original registering zone)  :: ローミング /rōmingu/
roar {v} (of animals)  :: 吠える /ほえる, hoeru/, ガオー /gaō/
roar {v} (to make loud, deep cry of emotion)  :: 怒鳴る /どなる, donaru/
roast {adj} (having been cooked by roasting)  :: [meat] あぶり焼きにした /aburiyaki ni shita/, 焼いた /yaita/, あぶった /abutta/, ローストした /rōsuto shita/; [beans, grains] 炒った /itta/, 煎った /itta/, 焙焼した /baishō shita/
roast {n} (cut of meat)  :: [phrase] ロースト用の肉 /rōsuto-yō no niku/
roast {n} (meal)  :: あぶり焼き /aburiyaki/, ロースト /rōsuto/
roast {v} (to admonish someone vigorously)  :: 酷評する /kokuhyō suru/
roast {v} (to cook food by heating in an oven or fire)  :: [meat] あぶり焼きにする /aburiyaki ni suru/, 焼く /yaku/, あぶる /aburu/, ローストする /rōsuto suru/; [beans, grains] 炒る /iru/, 煎る /iru/, 焙焼する /baishō suru/
roast beef {n} (Beef cooked by roasting)  :: ローストビーフ /rōsutobīfu/
roastbeef {n} (roast beef) SEE: roast beef  ::
roast pork {n} (Pork cooked by roasting)  :: ローストポーク /rōsuto pōku/, 焼き豚 /やきぶた, yakibuta/
rob {v} (to burgle)  :: 奪う /うばう, ubau/, 奪い取る /うばいとる, ubai-toru/, 略奪する /りゃくだつする, ryakudatsu-suru/
rob {v} (to commit robbery)  :: 奪う /うばう, ubau/, 奪い取る /うばいとる, ubai-toru/, 略奪する /りゃくだつする, ryakudatsu-suru/
rob {v} (to deprive of)  :: 奪う /うばう, ubau/, 奪い取る /うばいとる, ubai-toru/
rob {v} (to steal from, using violence)  :: 盗む /ぬすむ, nusumu/, 奪う /うばう, ubau/, 略奪する /りゃくだつする, ryakudatsu-suru/
robber {n} (one who robs)  :: 盗賊 /とうぞく, tōzoku/, 強盗 /がんどう, gandō, ごうとう, gōtō/
robbery {n} (act or practice of robbing)  :: 強盗 /がんどう, gandō, ごうとう, gōtō/
Robert {prop} (given name)  :: ロバート /Robāto/
Roberta {prop} (female given name)  :: ロバータ /Robāta/
robin {n} (Turdus migratorius)  :: コマツグミ /komatsugumi/
Robin {prop} (Male given name)  :: ロビン /Robin/
Robin {prop} (Sidekick of Batman)  :: ロビン /Robin/
Robin Hood {prop} (legendary English outlaw)  :: ロビン・フッド /Robin Fuddo/
robin redbreast {n} (redbreast) SEE: redbreast  ::
robot {n} (intelligent mechanical being)  :: ロボット /robotto/, 人造人間 /jinzō ningen/
rock {n} (distaff) SEE: distaff  ::
rock {n} (large stone or boulder)  :: /ishi/
rock {n} (mass of projecting rock)  :: /iwa/, 岩石 /ganseki/
rock {n} (natural mineral aggregate)  :: 岩石 /ganseki/, /iwa/
rock {n} (style of music)  :: ロック /rokku/
rock and roll {n} (style of music)  :: ロックンロール /rokkunrōru/
rock band {n} (rock group) SEE: rock group  ::
rocket {n} (a projectile firework)  :: 打ち上げ花火 /うちあげはなび, uchiage hanabi/
rocket {n} (a rocket engine)  :: ロケット /roketto/, ロケットエンジン /roketto enjin/
rocket {n} (a vehicle)  :: ロケット /roketto/
rocket {n} (non-guided missile)  :: ロケット弾 /roketto dan/
rocket launcher {n} (device for launching a missile)  :: ロケット発射器 /roketto-hasshaki/
rock group {n} (musical group specializing in rock music)  :: ロックグループ /rokkugurūpu/, ロック・グループ /rokku-gurūpu/, ロックバンド /rokkubando/, ロック・バンド /rokku-bando/
Rockies {prop} (Rocky Mountains) SEE: Rocky Mountains  ::
rocking chair {n} (chair with a curved base which can be gently rocked)  :: ロッキングチェア /rokkinguchea/
rocking horse {n} (a child’s toy consisting of a (usually wooden) horse mounted on a rocker or swing)  :: 木馬 /もくば, mokuba/
rock maple {n} (sugar maple) SEE: sugar maple  ::
rock music {n} (popular music genre)  :: ロック音楽 /rokku-ongaku/, ロック /rokku/
Rock Paper Scissors {prop} (popular child's game)  :: じゃんけん /janken/, グーチョキパー /gū-choki-bā/
Rocky Mountains {prop} (mountain range)  :: ロッキー山脈 /Rokkī-sanmyaku/
rod {n} (connector, part of a machine)  :: /bō/
rod {n} (fishing rod or pole)  :: 竿 /sao/
rod {n} (hot rod) SEE: hot rod  ::
rod {n} (microbiology: rod shaped microorganism)  :: 杆菌 /kankin/, 桿菌 /kankin/
rod {n} (part of the retina of the eye)  :: 杆体 /kantai/, 桿体 /kantai/
rod {n} (slang: pistol) SEE: pistol  ::
rod {n} (stick or bundle used for punishment)  :: /muchi/
rod {n} (straight round stick, shaft, or bar)  :: /ぼう, bō/
rod cell {n} (any of the cylindrical photoreceptor cells in the retina)  :: 杆体細胞 /kantai-saibō/, 桿体細胞 /kantai-saibō/
rodent {n} (mammal of the order Rodentia)  :: 齧歯類 /げっしるい, gesshirui/, 齧歯動物 /げっしどうぶつ, gesshi-dōbutsu/
rodeo {n} (sport)  :: ロデオ /rodeo/
Rodinia {prop} (ancient world supercontinent)  :: ロディニア大陸 /ロディニアたいりく, rodinia tairiku/
roe {n} (eggs of fish)  :: /たまご, tamago/
roe {n} (roe deer) SEE: roe deer  ::
roe deer {n} (small deer species, Capreolus capreolus)  :: ノロジカ /norojika/
roentgenium {n} (chemical element)  :: レントゲニウム /rentogeniumu/
roger {interj} (received)  :: 了解 /りょうかい, ryōkai/
Roger {prop} (male given name)  :: ロジャー /Rojā/
roil {v} (render turbid)  :: 濁らせる /にごらせる, nigoraseru/
role {n} (character or part)  :: /やく, yaku/, 役割 /やくわり, yakuwari/, 役柄 /やくがら, yakugara/
role {n} (the function or position of something)  :: /やく, yaku/
role model {n} (a person who serves as an example)  :: お手本 /おてほん, o-tehon/
roleplay {n} (roleplaying game) SEE: roleplaying game  ::
roleplaying game {n} (type of game in which the players assume the role of a character)  :: 役割演技 /やくわりえんぎ, yakuwari engi/, ロールプレイ /rōrupurei/
roll {n} (a scroll)  :: 巻子本 /kanshihon/
roll {n} (shortened raised biscuit or bread)  :: ロールパン /rōrupan/
roll {v} (to bind or involve by winding)  :: 巻く /maku/
roll {v} (to cause to revolve)  :: 転がる /ころがる, korogaru/, 転がす /ころがす, korogasu/
roll {v} (to wrap round on itself)  :: 巻け上がる /makiagaru/, 丸まる /marumaru/
rollback {n} (a return to a prior state)  :: 巻き返し /まきかえし, makikaeshi/
rollback {n} (a withdrawal of military forces)  :: 引き出し /ひきだし, hikidashi/
rollback {n} ((computing) an operation to return the database to the previous commit point)  :: ロールバック /rōrubakku/
roller {n} (hair roller) SEE: hair roller  ::
roller {n} (slang: police) SEE: cop  ::
rollerblade {n} (roller skate)  :: ローラーブレード /rōrāburēdo/
rollercoaster {n} (amusement ride)  :: ローラーコースター /rōrākōsutā/
roller skate {n} (a boot having small wheels)  :: ローラースケート /rōrāsukēto/
roller skate {v} (to skate using roller skates)  :: ローラースケートをする /rōrāsukēto-o suru/
rolling pin {n} (food preparation utensil)  :: 麺棒 /めんぼう, menbō/
Rolls-Royce {prop} (British brand - manufacturer(s) of cars, aero engines, etc.)  :: ロールスロイス /Rōrusuroisu/
roll-top desk {n} (desk having a flexible top that rolls away)  :: ロールトップデスク /rōrutoppudesuku/
roll up one's sleeves {v} (to roll one's sleeves up)  :: 腕まくりする /うでまくりする, udemakuri suru/
roly-poly {n} (A toy that rights itself when pushed over)  :: 起き上がり小法師 /おきあがりこぼし, おきあがりこぼうし, okiagari-koboshi, okiagari-kobōshi/
Rom {adj} (Romani) SEE: Romani  ::
Rom {n} (a member of the Romani people)  :: ロム /Romu/, ロマ /Roma/; ジプシー /Jipushī/
Rom {prop} (language) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {adj} (Romani) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {n} (member of the Roma/Romani people) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {prop} (the Romani macrolanguage) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {prop} (the Romani people)  :: ロマ /Roma/
romaji {n} (A representation of Japanese in Latin script)  :: ローマ字 /ろーまじ, Rōma-ji/
Romaji {prop} (romaji) SEE: romaji  ::
Roman {adj} (of or from Rome)  :: ローマの /Rōma-no/
Roman {adj} (of Western character set)  :: ローマの /Rōma-no/
Roman {n} (a native or inhabitant of the Roman Empire)  :: ローマ人 /Rōma-jin/
Roman {n} (a native or resident of Rome)  :: ローマ人 /Rōma-jin/
Roman {n} (the Roman script)  :: ローマ字 /ろーまじ, Rōma-ji/
Roman alphabet {n} (Latin alphabet) SEE: Latin alphabet  ::
romance {n} (Intimate relationship, love affair)  :: 恋愛 /れんあい, ren'ai/, ロマンス /romansu/, /こい, koi/
romance {n} (Pure love)  :: ロマンチック・ラブ /romanchikku-rabu/, ロマンチックな愛 /romanchikku na ai/
romance {n} (Story dealing with idealised love)  :: ロマンス /romansu/, 伝奇小説 /でんきしょうせつ, denki shōsetsu/, 伝奇 /でんき, denki/
Romance {adj} (of or dealing with languages or cultures derived from Roman influence and Latin)  :: ロマンス /Romansu/, ロマン /Roman/, ローマン /Rōman/, ラテン /Raten/
Romance language {n} (language descended from Latin)  :: ロマンス語 /Romansu-go/, [group of languages] ロマンス諸語 /Romansu-shogo/
Roman Empire {prop} (empire)  :: ローマ帝国 /Rōma teikoku/
Romani {n} (member of the Roma people) SEE: Rom  ::
Romani {prop} (language)  :: ロマ語 /Roma-go/, ロマニー語 /Romanī-go/
Romani {prop} (nomadic people) SEE: Roma  ::
Romania {prop} (South-Eastern European country)  :: ルーマニア /Rūmania/
Romanian {n} (native of Romania)  :: ルーマニア人 /Rūmania-jin/
Romanian {prop} (official language of Romania)  :: ルーマニア語 /Rūmania-go/
romanise {v} (romanize) SEE: romanize  ::
Romanization {n} (putting text into the Latin (Roman) alphabet)  :: ラテン文字化 /Raten mojika/, ローマ字化 /Rōmajika/, [of Japanese] ローマ字 /Rōmaji/
romanize {v} (to transliterate to the Latin alphabet)  :: ラテン文字化する /Raten mojika-suru/, ローマ字化する /Rōmajika-suru/
Roman numeral {n} (a numeral represented by letters)  :: ローマ数字 /Rōma-sūji/
Roman numerals {n} (plural of "Roman numeral") SEE: Roman numeral  ::
Roman numerals {n} (system of numerals)  :: ローマ数字 /rōma sūji/
Romans {prop} (book of the Bible)  :: ローマ人への手紙 /rōmabito e no tegami/
romantic {adj} (concerned with, or conducive to, romance and love)  :: ロマンチック /romanchikku/, 浪漫的 /ろまんてき, romanteki/
romanticism {n} (romantic quality, spirit or action)  :: ロマンチシズム /romanchizumu/
Romanticism {prop} (18th century movement)  :: ロマン主義 /ロマンしゅぎ, roman-shugi/
Rome {prop} (city)  :: ローマ /Rōma/, 羅馬 /Rōma/ [dated]
Rome {prop} (empire)  :: ローマ帝国 /rōma teikoku/
Romeo {n} (boyfriend) SEE: boyfriend  ::
Romeo {prop} (character in Romeo and Juliet)  :: ロミオ /Romio/, ロメオ /Romeo/
Romeo and Juliet {prop} (the tragedy)  :: ロミオとジュリエット /Romio to Jurietto/
Rome wasn't built in a day {proverb} (it takes a long time to create something complicated or impressive)  :: ローマは一日にして成らず /Rōma-wa ichinichi-ni shite narazu/
Romney {prop} (surname)  :: ロムニー /Romunī/
romp {n} (a period of boisterous play)  :: 大はしゃぎ(おおはしゃぎ, oo hasyagi)
romp {v} (to play roughly or energetically)  :: はしゃぎ回る(はしゃぎまわる, hasyagi mawaru)
Ronald {prop} (male given name)  :: ロナルド /Ronarudo/
rondel {n} (rondeau) SEE: rondeau  ::
ronin {n} (masterless samurai)  :: 浪人 /ろうにん, rōnin/
roof {n} (the cover at the top of a building)  :: 屋根 /やね, yane/
roof tile {n} (tile covering a roof)  :: /かわら, kawara/
rooftop {n} (top surface of a roof)  :: 屋上 /okujō/
rook {n} (bird)  :: ミヤマガラス /miyamagarasu/, 深山烏 /みやまがらす, miyamagarasu/, 深山鴉 /みやまがらす, miyamagarasu/
rook {n} (chesspiece)  :: ルーク /rūku/
rook {n} (fortification)  :: 城塞 /じょうさい, jōsai/
rookie {adj} (amateur) SEE: amateur  ::
room {n} (division in a building)  :: 部屋 /へや, heya/
room {n} (space)  :: 空間 /くうかん, kūkan/
roommate {n} (a person with whom one shares a room)  :: 同居人 /どうきょにん, dōkyonin/, ルームメイト /rūmumēto/; [informal] 部屋っ子 /へやっこ, heyakko/
roommate {n} (US: with whom one shares an apartment or house)  :: 同居人 /どうきょにん, dōkyonin/, ルームメイト /rūmumēto/, ハウスメイト /hausumēto/; [informal] 部屋っ子 /heyakko/
room temperature {n} (normal temperature)  :: 室温 /しつおん, shitsuon/
roomy {adj} (spacious)  :: 広い /hiroi/, 広々とした /hirobiro-to shita/, 広々 /hirobiro/
Roosevelt {prop} (surname)  :: ルーズベルト /Rūzuberuto/
rooster {n} (male domestic fowl)  :: 雄鳥 /おんどり, ondori/
root {n} (arithmetic: square root) SEE: square root  ::
root {n} (of a tooth)  :: 歯根 /しこん, shikon/
root {n} (part of a plant)  :: /, ne/
root {n} (primary source)  :: 起源 /きげん, kigen/, /もと, moto/, 根源 /こんげん, kongen/
root {n} (root vegetable) SEE: root vegetable  ::
root vole {n} (tundra vole) SEE: tundra vole  ::
rope {n} (thick, strong string)  :: ロープ /rōpu/, /つな, tsuna/, /なわ, nawa/
rope bridge {n} (bridge made of rope)  :: ロープの橋 /rōpu no hashi/
ropeway {n} (cableway) SEE: cableway  ::
rory {adj} (dewy) SEE: dewy  ::
rosé {n} (wine)  :: ロゼ /roze/, ロゼワイン /rozewain/
Rosa {prop} (female given name) SEE: Rose  ::
rosary {n} (Catholic prayer beads)  :: ロザリオ /rozario/, 念珠 /ねんじゅ, nenju/, 数珠 /じゅず, juzu/
rose {n} (colour)  :: バラ色 /ばらいろ, barairo/
rose {n} (flower)  :: バラ /bara/, バラ /bara no hana/
rose {n} (nozzle)  :: 散水口 /さんすいぐち, sansuiguchi/
rose {n} (shrub)  :: バラ /bara/
Roseau {prop} (The capital of Dominica)  :: ロゾー /Rozō/
rosebay rhododendron {n} (great laurel) SEE: great laurel  ::
rose chafer {n} (Cetonia aurata)  :: バラコガネムシ /barakoganemushi/
rose garden {n} (garden planted in roses)  :: 薔薇園 /ばらえん, baraen/
rosemary {n} (Rosmarinus officianalis)  :: ローズマリー /rōzumarī/
Rosetta Stone {prop} (large inscribed stone)  :: ロゼッタ・ストーン /Rozetta-sutōn/
rosette {n} (rose burner) SEE: rose burner  ::
rosin {n} (liquid resin) SEE: resin  ::
rosin {n} (solid form of resin)  :: ロジン /rojin/
roster {n} (schedule) SEE: schedule  ::
Rostov {prop} (Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu  ::
Rostov {prop} (Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl oblast, Russia)  :: ロストフ /Rosutofu/
Rostov-na-Donu {prop} (a city in Russia)  :: ロストフ・ナ・ドヌ /Rosutofu-na-Donu/
Rostov-on-Don {prop} (synonym of Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu  ::
rosé wine {n} (wine)  :: ロゼワイン /rozewain/
rosy {adj} (rose-coloured)  :: 薔薇色の /ばらいろ)の, barairo no/
rot {v} (to decay)  :: 腐る /くさる, kusaru/
rotary {n} (traffic circle) SEE: traffic circle  ::
rotation {n} (turning around a centre)  :: 回転 /かいてん, kaiten/, 自転 /じてん, jiten/
rote {n} (process of committing to memory)  :: 暗記学習 /あんきがくしゅう, anki-gakushū/
roti {n} (A pancake-like Indian pastry, usually stuffed with curry)  :: ロティ /roti/
rotor {n} (a rotating part of a mechanical device)  :: ローター /rōtā/, 回転子 /かいてんし, kaitenshi/
rotoscope {n} (animation technique)  :: ロトスコープ /rotosukōpu/
rotten {adj} (decayed, gone bad)  :: 腐った /kusatta/, 腐朽した /fukyū-shita/
Rottweiler {n} (breed of dog)  :: ロットワイラー /rottowairā/
rotula {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap  ::
rouge {n} (blush) SEE: blush  ::
rough {adj} (crude, unrefined)  :: 粗野 /soya/
rough {adj} (not smooth)  :: でこぼこな /dekoboko na/
rough horsetail {n} (plant)  :: 木賊 /とくさ, tokusa/
roughly {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately  ::
roughy {n} (orange roughy) SEE: orange roughy  ::
roulette {n} (game of chance)  :: ルーレット /rūretto/
round {adj} (circular or cylindrical)  :: 丸い /まるい, marui/
round {adj} (spherical)  :: 丸い /まるい, marui/
round {adv} (around) SEE: around  ::
round {n} (circular object)  :: /えん, en/, /まる, maru/
round {n} (golf etc: way around the course)  :: ラウンド /raundo/
round {n} (segment of a sport event)  :: ラウンド /raundo/
round {prep} (around) SEE: around  ::
roundabout {n} (road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island)  :: ラウンドアバウト /raundoabauto/
roundhead {n} (roundhead screw)  :: ナベ /nabe/
round table {n} (conference)  :: 円卓会議 /えんたくかいぎ, entaku kaigi/
round the clock {adv} (24 hours per day) SEE: around the clock  ::
round trip {n} (a trip from one destination to another and then returning to the starting location)  :: 往復 /おうふく, ōfuku/
roundworm {n} (animal of the phylum Nematoida)  :: 線形動物 /senkeidōbutsu/
rousong {n} (meat floss)  :: 田麩 /でんぶ, denbu/
route {n} (course or way traveled)  :: 道筋 /みちすじ, michisuji/, ルート /rūto/, 路線 /ろせん, rosen/, 通路 /つうろ, tsūro/
route {n} (way to do something)  :: 手段 /しゅだん, shudan/
router {n} (A device that connects local area networks to form a larger internet)  :: ルータ /rūta/, ルーター /rūtā/
routine {adj} (according to established procedure)  :: 規則的 /きそくてき, kisokuteki/
routine {n} (course of action to be followed regularly; a standard procedure)  :: ルーチン /rūchin/
Rovaniemi {prop} (city)  :: ロヴァニエミ
rover {n} (a vehicle for exploring extraterrestrial bodies)  :: ローバー /rōbā/
Rovno {prop} (Rivne) SEE: Rivne  ::
row {n} (in a table)  :: /ぎょう, gyō/
row {n} (line of objects)  :: /れつ, retsu/
row {v} (transitive:to propel over water using oars)  :: 漕ぐ /こぐ, kogu/
rowan {n} (Sorbus aucuparia)  :: セイヨウナナカマド
rowan {n} (tree or shrub of the genus Sorbus)  :: ナナカマド /nanakamado/, ナナカマド属 /nanakamado zoku/
rowboat {n} (small boat that is rowed)  :: 漕ぎ舟 /こぎぶね, kogibune/, 手漕ぎ舟 /てこぎぶね, tekogibune/, ローボート /rōbōto/
rowdy {n} (boisterous person)  :: あばれんぼう /abarenbō/
row house {n} (rowhouse) SEE: rowhouse  ::
rowing {n} (action of the verb "to row")  :: 漕艇 /そうてい, sōtei/, 船こぎ /fune-kogi/, ボートこぎ /bōto-kogi/, ローイング /rōingu/
rowing {n} (the sport)  :: ローイング /rōingu/
rowing boat {n} (rowboat) SEE: rowboat  ::
Roxanne {prop} (female given name) SEE: Roxana  ::
royal {adj} (majestic) SEE: majestic  ::
royal {adj} (of or relating to a monarch or their family)  :: 王の /ō no/, 王室の /ōshitsu no/
royal blue {n} (colour)  :: 花紺青 /こんじょう, konjō/
royal family {n} (family of ruling country)  :: 王室 /おうしつ, ōshitsu/, 王家 /おうけ, ōke/, 皇室 /こうしつ, kōshitsu/
royal jelly {n} (substance secreted by bees)  :: ローヤルゼリー /rōyaruzerī/, ロイヤルゼリー /roiyaruzerī/
Royal Marines {prop} (amphibious force of the United Kingdom)  :: イギリス海兵隊 /Igirisu kaiheitai/
Roy G. Biv {prop} (mnemonic)  :: 赤橙黄緑青藍紫 /sekitōōryokuseiranshi/
résumé {n} (CV) SEE: curriculum vitae  ::
résumé {n} (summary)  :: レジュメ /rejyume/
RTFM {initialism} (Abbreviation of Read the fucking manual)  :: マニュアル嫁 /マニュアルよめ/ /manyuaru yome/
rub {v} (to move one object while maintaining contact with another object over some area)  :: 擦る /こする, kosuru/
rubber {n} (condom)  :: ゴム /gomu/
rubber {n} (eraser)  :: 消しゴム /keshigomu/
rubber {n} (pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree)  :: ゴム /gomu/
rubber {n} (synthetic materials with the same properties)  :: [colloquial] ゴム /gomu/; [synthetic one] 合成ゴム /gōsei-gomu/
rubber {n} (tires)  :: ゴム /gomu/
rubber band {n} (elastic band) SEE: elastic band  ::
rubberneck {n} (tourist) SEE: tourist  ::
rubber stamp {n} (piece of rubber to make an imprint)  :: ゴム印 /gomu-in/
rubbish {adj} (exceedingly bad; awful; terrible; crappy)  :: 屑のような /くずのような, kuzu no yōna/, ゴミのような /ごみのような, gomi no yōna/
rubbish {interj} (expresses that something is exceedingly bad)  :: クズ /くず, kuzu/, ゴミ /ごみ, gomi/
rubbish {interj} (expresses that what was recently said is untruth or nonsense)  :: くだらない /kudaranai/, ばかばかしい /bakabaka-shī/
rubbish {n} (garbage, junk, refuse, waste)  :: ゴミ /ごみ, gomi/, ガラクタ /がらくた, garakuta/, 廃品 /はいひん, haihin/
rubbish {n} (nonsense)  :: くだらないこと /kudaranai-koto/, ばかばかしいこと /bakabaka-shī-koto/
rubbish {v} (to denounce, to criticise)  :: こき下ろす /こきおろす, kokiorosu/, 酷評する /こくひょうする, kokuhyō suru/
rubbish bin {n} (garbage can) SEE: garbage can  ::
rubbish in, rubbish out {proverb} (garbage in, garbage out) SEE: garbage in, garbage out  ::
rubble {n} (the broken remains of an object, usually rock or masonry)  :: 瓦礫 /がれき, gareki/
Rube Goldberg machine {n} (comically overcomplicated machine)  :: ルーブ・ゴールドバーグ・マシン; ピタゴラスイッチ /pitagora suicchi/
rubella {n} (disease caused by the Rubella virus infecting the respiratory tract)  :: 風疹 /ふうしん, fūshin/
rubeola {n} (measles) SEE: measles  ::
rubidium {n} (element with atomic number 37)  :: ルビジウム /rubijiumu/
Rubik's cube {n} (cubical mechanical puzzle)  :: ルービックキューブ /Rūbikku-kyūbu/
ruble {n} (Russian monetary unit)  :: ルーブル /rūburu/
rub salt in the wound {v} (to make an injury feel worse)  :: 傷口に塩を塗る /kizuguchi-ni shio-o nuru/
ruby {n} (pronunciation guide)  :: 振り仮名 /ふりがな, furigana/, ルビ /rubi/
ruby {n} (type of gem)  :: ルビー /rubī/
Rudd {prop} (surname)  :: ラッド /Raddo/
rudder {n} (control surface of an aircraft)  :: /kaji/
rudder {n} (underwater vane used to steer a vessel)  :: /kaji/
rude {adj} (bad-mannered)  :: 無礼な /ぶれいな, burei na/, 失礼 しつれい, shitsurei
rudeness {n} (Property of being rude)  :: 無礼 /ぶれい, burei/, 失礼 /しつれい, shitsurei/
rue {n} (any of various perennial shrubs)  :: gei
ruff {n} (fish of the genus Gymnocephalus) SEE: ruffe  ::
ruff {v} (play a trump card) SEE: trump  ::
rufous-winged antshrike {n} (Thamnophilus torquatus)  :: クリバネアリモズ /kuribanearimozu/
rug {n} (partial floor covering)  :: ラグ /ragu/
rugby {n} (a sport where players can hold or kick an ovoid ball)  :: ラグビー /ragubī/
ruin {n} (remains of destroyed construction)  :: 廃墟 /はいきょ, haikyo/, 遺跡 /いせき, iseki/
ruin {n} (the state of being a ruin, destroyed or decayed)  :: 潰滅 /かいめつ, kaimetsu/
ruin {v} (to cause the ruin of)  :: 滅ぼす /ほろぼす, horobosu/
ruin {v} (to destroy)  :: 打っ潰す /buttsubusu/, めちゃめちゃにする /mechamecha ni suru/
rule {n} (regulation)  :: /のり, nori/, 規則 /きそく, kisoku/, ルール /rūru/
rule {n} (straight-edge) SEE: ruler  ::
rule {v} (to regulate, be in charge of, make decisions for, reign over)  :: 治める /osameru/, 支配する /shihai suru/, 統治する /tōchi suru/
rule of law {n} (The doctrine that no individual is above the law)  :: 法の支配 /ほうのしはい, hō no shihai/
rule of thumb {n} (a general guideline rather than a strict rule)  :: 大体の目安 /だいたいのめやす, daitai no meyasu/, 目の子算 /めのこざん, me no kozan/
rule out {v} (to make something impossible)  :: 除外する /じょがいする, jogai suru/, 排除する /はいじょする, haijo suru/
ruler {n} (measuring or drawing device)  :: 定規 /じょうぎ, jōgi/, 物差し /ものさし, monosashi/, ルーラー /rūrā/
ruler {n} (person who rules or governs)  :: 支配者 /しはいしゃ, shihaisha/, 知事 /ちじ, chiji/
ruling pen {n} (a drawing instrument)  :: カラス口 /からすぐち, karasu-guchi/, 烏口 /からすぐち, karasu-guchi/
rum {n} (distilled spirit)  :: ラム酒 /ramu-shu/
rumba {n} (dance)  :: ルンバ /runba/
rumble {v} (to fight, brawl)  :: 怒る /いかる, ikaru/
rumen {n} (first stomach of ruminants)  :: ミノ /mino/
ruminant {n} (artiodactyl ungulate mammal which chews cud)  :: Kanji: 反芻動物; Hiragana: はんすうどうぶつ; Romaji: hansūdōbutsu
rummage {v} (to search something which contains many items)  :: 漁る /あさる, asaru/, 引っ掻き回す /ひっかきまわす, hikkamawasu/
rumor {n} (statement or claim from no known reliable source)  :: /うわさ, uwasa/
rumor {n} (uncountable: information)  :: /うわさ, uwasa/
rumor has it {phrase} (rumour has it) SEE: rumour has it  ::
rumour has it {phrase} (there is a rumor that...)  :: …といううわさだ /... to iu uwasa da/ [informative or plain style]
Rumpelstiltskin {prop} (the fairy tale)  :: ルンペルシュティルツキン /Runperushutirutsukin/
Rumpelstiltskin {prop} (the fictional dwarf)  :: ルンペルシュティルツキン /Runperushutirutsukin/
rumple {v} (to make wrinkled)  :: くしゃくしゃにする /kushakusha ni suru/
run {n} (amount of something made)  :: /ryō/
run {n} (creek)  :: 小川 /ogawa/
run {n} (enclosure for animals)  :: ラン /ran/
run {n} (faster than a walk)  :: 早歩き /hayaaruki/
run {n} (flow of liquid)  :: 流れ /nagare/
run {n} (gallop)  :: 襲歩 /shūho/ (for horse riding)
run {n} (interval of distance or time)  :: [for distance]道程 /dōtei/, 区間 /kukan/, [for time]時間 /jikan/, 期間 /kikan/
run {n} (the act of running)  :: 走る /hashiru/
run {n} (the route taken while running)  :: ルート /rūto/, 経路 /keiro/
run {n} (unravelled stitches)  :: 伝線 /densen/
run {v} (to move quickly on two feet)  :: 走る /はしる, hashiru/
run {v} (to smuggle illegal goods) SEE: smuggle  ::
run away {v} (to leave home)  :: 家出する /いえでする, iede suru/
rundown {adj} (run-down) SEE: run-down  ::
rune {n} (a Finnish poem)  :: [poem] 北欧古詩 /hokuō-koshi/; [myth] 北欧神話 /hokuō-shinwa/
rune {n} (a letter or character)  :: ルーン文字 /rūn-moji/
rune {n} (roun)  :: 占星術 /senseijutsu/
Réunion {prop} (Overseas department of France)  :: レユニオン /Reyunion/
runner-up {n} (the person who finishes second)  :: 次点者 /じてんしゃ, jitensha/, 次点 /じてん, jiten/, 二番 /にばん, niban/
running board {n} (step under the car door)  :: 踏み板 /ふみいた, fumiita/, 踏み段 /ふみだん, fumidan/, ステップ /suteppu/
running dog {n} (lackey) SEE: lackey  ::
running dog {n} (lackey)  :: 走狗 /そうく, sōku/
runny nose {n} (condition of discharge of mucus from the nose)  :: 鼻水 /はなみず, hanamizu/
run of luck {n} (winning streak) SEE: winning streak  ::
run over {v} (to drive over, causing injury or death)  :: 轢く /ひく, hiku/
runway {n} (an airstrip, a usually paved section on which planes land or take off)  :: 滑走路 /かっそうろ, kassōro/
runway {n} (platform for fashion shows)  :: ランウエー /ran'uē/
rupee {n} (monetary currency)  :: ルピー /rupī/
rupture {n} (burst or split)  :: 破裂 /はれつ, haretsu/
rural {adj} (pertaining to less-populated, non-urban areas)  :: 農村 /のうそん, nōson/, いなかの /inaka no/, ルーラル /rūraru/
Rus {prop} (any of the medieval East Slavic principalities)  :: ルーシ /Rūshi/
Rus {prop} (medieval East Slavic state)  :: ルーシ /Rūshi/
Rus {prop} (people)  :: ルーシ /Rūshi/
rush {n} (onslaught) SEE: onslaught  ::
rush {v} (hurry)  :: 急ぐ /いそぐ, isogu/, 駆け付ける /kaketsukeru/
rush hour {n} (times of day when traffic jams are commonplace, principally due to commuting)  :: ラッシュ時 /rasshu-ji/, ラッシュアワー /rasshu awā/, 通勤ラッシュ /tsūkin rasshu/
russet {adj} (color)  :: あずき色の /azukiiro no/
russet {n} (color)  :: あずき色 /azukiiro/
Russia {prop} (country in Asia and Europe)  :: ロシア /Róshia/, [obsolete] 露西亜 /Róshia/, [obsolete] 露国 /ろこく, Rokoku/
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Russia)  :: ロシアの /Roshia-no/, [abbreviated] /ろ, Ro-/
Russian {n} (a person from Russia)  :: ロシア人 /Roshia-jin/
Russian {n} (ethnic Russian)  :: ロシア人 /Roshia-jin/
Russian {prop} (the Russian language)  :: ロシア語 /Roshia-go/, [dated] 露語 /ろご, Ro-go/
Russian doll {n} (wooden doll)  :: マトリョーシカ /matoryōshika/
Russian Empire {prop} (state)  :: ロシア帝国 /Roshia teikoku/
Russian Federation {prop} (Russia)  :: ロシア連邦 /ロシアれんぽう, Roshia-renpō/
Russian Orthodox Church {prop} (Russian Orthodox Church)  :: ロシア正教会 /Roshia seikyōkai/
Russian oven {n} (a type of oven)  :: ペチカ /pechika/, ペーチカ /pēchika/
Russian roulette {prop} (deadly game with revolver and random spinning)  :: ロシアンルーレット /Roshian-rūretto/
Russicist {n} (a scholar who specializes in the study of the Russian language)  :: ロシア語学者 /Roshia-gogakusha/
russification {n} (cultural russification)  :: ロシア化 /Roshia-ka/
Russki {n} (alternative term for Russian)  :: [pejorative] 露助 /ろすけ, Rosuke/, ロスケ /Rosuke/
Russo- {prefix} (relating to Russia or Russian)  :: /ろ, Ro-/, /Ro-/
Russo-Japanese {adj} (Of or pertaining to both Russia and Japan)  :: 日露 /にちろ, nichiro/, 日ロ /にちろ, nichiro/
Russophilia {n} (a strong interest in the country, culture, or people of Russian)  :: 親露派 /しんろは, shinroha/
Russophobia {n} (the fear of Russia or Russian)  :: 反露 /はんろ, hanro/, 反露感情 /はんろかんじょう, hanro kanjō/
Russophone {n} (someone who speaks Russian)  :: ロシア語話者 /Roshia-go-washa/
rust {n} (result of oxidation)  :: /さび, sabi/
rusty {adj} (affected by rust)  :: さびた /sabita/
rut {n} (furrow, groove, or track worn in the ground)  :: /wadachi/
rut {n} (sexual desire or oestrus)  :: 発情 /はつじょう, hatsujō/
rut {v} (To be in the annual rut)  :: 盛りがつく /さかりがつく, sakari ga tsuku/
rutabaga {n} (edible root)  :: カブハボタン /kabuhabotan/, カブカンラン /kabukanran/, ルタバガ /rutabega/
Ruth {prop} (book of the Bible)  :: ルツ記 /Rutsu-ki/
Ruth {prop} (female given name)  :: ルース /Rūsu/, ルツ /Rutsu/ [biblical]
ruthenium {n} (chemical element)  :: ルテニウム /ruteniumu/
rutherfordium {n} (chemical element)  :: ラザホルジウム /razahorujiumu/
rutile {n} (the most frequent of the three polymorphs of titanium dioxide)  :: 金紅石
Rwanda {prop} (Rwandese Republic)  :: ルワンダ /Ruwanda/
Ryan {prop} (male given name)  :: ライアン /raian/
Ryazan {prop} (city in Russia)  :: リャザン /Ryazan/
rye {n} (carraway) SEE: carraway  ::
rye {n} (rye bread) SEE: rye bread  ::
rye {n} (ryegrass) SEE: ryegrass  ::
rye {n} (rye whisky) SEE: rye whisky  ::
rye {n} (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food)  :: ライムギ /raimugi/, 黒麦 /くろむぎ, kuromugi/
rye bread {n} (type of bread)  :: ライ麦パン /raimugi-pan/
Ryūkyū {prop} (Ryukyu) SEE: Ryukyu  ::
ryokan {n} (a traditional Japanese hotel)  :: 旅館 /りょかん, ryokan/
Ryukyu {prop} (Ryūkyū, Japan)  :: 琉球 /りゅうきゅう, Ryūkyū/, 琉球諸島 /りゅうきゅうしょとう, Ryūkyū-shotō/, 南西諸島 /なんせいしょとう, Nansei-shotō/
Ryukyuan {n} (a native or inhabitant of Ryukyu)  :: 琉球民族 /りゅうきゅうみんぞく, Ryūkyū minzoku/, 琉球人 /りゅうきゅうじん, Ryūkyū-jin/, 沖縄人 /おきなわじん, Okinawa-jin/
Ryukyuan {prop} (language of Ryukyu)  :: 琉球語 /りゅうきゅうご, Ryūkyū-go/
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Poland) SEE: Poland  ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Republic of Poland) SEE: Republic of Poland  ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (the Polish state)  :: ジェチュポスポリタ /Jechiposuporita/