User:Pepsi Lite/Differences between standard Croatian and Serbian

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  1. Croatian is based on Chakavian, Kajkavian and Shtokavian dialects. Serbian is based only on Shtokavian dialect.
  2. Serbian language standard tends to be "inclusive", whereas Croatian standard is more purist and prefers neologisms instead of loan-words.
  3. Croats use "softer" accent than Serbian speakers.

Word differences[edit]

All errors here are my own.

English Serbian Croatian
tobacco duvan duhan
to cook kuvati kuhati
dry suvo suho
deaf gluvo gluho
coffee kafa kava
sport sport šport
point tačka točka
correct tačno točno
municipality opština općina
priest sveštenik svećenik
scientist naučnik znanstvenik
translator prevodilac prevoditelj
reader čitalac čitatelj
toorganise organizovati organizirati
to construct konstruisati konstruirati
Bethlehem Vitlejem Betlehem
Athens Atina Atena
Europe Evropa Europa
Cyprus Kipar Cipar
chlorine hlor klor
impedance impedansa impedanca
minute minut / minuta minuta
second (time) sekund / sekunda sekunda
planet planeta planet
what šta / što što
train voz vlak
road toll putarina cestarina
tomato paradajz rajčica
spoon kašika žlica
helicopter helikopter zrakomlat
aircraft avion zrakoplov
telegraph telegraf brzojav
porcelain porcelan porculan
plate tanjir tanjur
salt so sol
ox vo vol
stick kočić / kolčić / štap kolčić
cartridge čaura čahura
wrestler rvač hrvač
rust rđa hrđa
observer gledalac gledatelj
vote glasanje glasovanje
carrier nosilac nositelj
one thousand hiljada tisuća
factory fabrika tvornica
rice pirinač / riža riža
carrot šargarepa / mrkva mrkva
trousers pantalone / hlače hlače
bread hleb kruh
spinach spanać / špinat špinat
wave talas / val val
space svemir / vasiona svemir
compare poređenje usporedba
Italians Italijani Talijani
spine kičma kralježnica
air vazduh / zrak zrak
week nedelja / sedmica tjedan
history istorija povijest
science nauka znanost
personally lično osobno
United Nations Ujedinjene Nacije Ujedinjeni Narodi
artificial veštački umjetno
cross krst križ
democracy demokratija demokracija
officer oficir časnik
highway autoput autocesta
length dužina duljina
general (common) opšte opće
Christ Hrist(os) Krist

At least 2500 more words...