User:Visviva/Erkenntnis 200809

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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2008-09 issue of Erkenntnis which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

[ see all Erkenntnis pages ] - [ see all tracking lists ]

46378 tokens ‧ 38735 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 3597 types ‧ 75 (~ 2.085%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2008-09[edit]

  1. adjacencies
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      (Frydenberg 1990 ) and (Verma and Pearl 1991 ) have shown that probabilistic indistinguishability can be nicely captured in graphical terms: Two directed acyclic graphs G 1 and G 2 represent two probabilistically indistinguishable causally Markov and faithful causal structures iff (i) G 1 and G 2 have the same vertex set; (ii) G 1 and G 2 have the same adjacencies; and (iii) G 1 and G 2 have the same unshielded colliders , where an unshielded collider is constituted by two edges that collide at the same vertex and whose tails are not adjacent.
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  2. arithmeticity
    • 2008 August 27, Luca Incurvati, “Too Naturalist and Not Naturalist Enough: Reply to Horsten”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9114-1: 
      For the arithmeticity of the axioms of PA—i. e. the claim that they can be seen as true on the basis of our basic grasp of the structure of the natural numbers—is motivated by Isaacson by appealing to the categoricity of PA 2 , the second-order theory which provides us with a categorical characterization of the natural numbers as the smallest structure closed under a one-to-one successor operation and containing an element which is not the successor of any element.
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  3. asker
  4. axiomatised
  5. axiomatizable
    • 2008 August 27, Luca Incurvati, “Too Naturalist and Not Naturalist Enough: Reply to Horsten”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9114-1: 
      Rather than identifying a natural type within the sphere of mathematical knowledge, Horsten’s Conjecture says what form the statements mathematically accepted by the mathematical community take as a whole, by claiming that they form an axiomatizable theory, and giving a guess as to what that theory is.
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  6. biconditional
  7. categoricity
    • 2008 August 27, Luca Incurvati, “Too Naturalist and Not Naturalist Enough: Reply to Horsten”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9114-1: 
      For the arithmeticity of the axioms of PA—i. e. the claim that they can be seen as true on the basis of our basic grasp of the structure of the natural numbers—is motivated by Isaacson by appealing to the categoricity of PA 2 , the second-order theory which provides us with a categorical characterization of the natural numbers as the smallest structure closed under a one-to-one successor operation and containing an element which is not the successor of any element.
      add - notemp
  8. chainlike
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      The chain problem might be seen to establish that coincidence data must be complemented by additional empirical information in order to allow for unambiguous inferences to chainlike structures.
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  9. conditionalize
  10. conjuncts
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      (1) and (2) are logically equivalent, which can easily be established by alternately substituting C and A ∨ B in the second conjuncts of the two expressions.
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  11. contextualism
  12. contextualist
  13. contrastivism
  14. contrastivist
  15. covary
  16. criterionless
  17. demonstratives
  18. determinately
  19. discriminability
  20. dishabituate
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      Separate experiments show that infants habituated to repeated occurrences of one object will dishabituate to the presentation of a new object (Xu and Carey 1996 , p. 136).
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  21. disquotation
  22. doubtworthy
    • 2007 December 29, Sanford Goldberg, “Must Differences in Cognitive Value be Transparent?”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9096-4: 
      After all, she is using ‘water’ with the intention of designating a natural kind; and so if she stops to consider whether it is possible that there are in fact two natural kinds in play, both exhibiting superficially indistinguishable watery features but different as to their underlying nature, she herself would regard T1** and T2** as differentially doubtworthy.
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  23. dubitability
    • 2007 December 29, Sanford Goldberg, “Must Differences in Cognitive Value be Transparent?”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9096-4: 
      Second, while so construing a subject has some far-reaching consequences—it sometimes complicates the matter of determining the rationality of differential dubitability, and it suggests that a subject’s relation to her own conceptions may be more complicated than we might have supposed—the proposed construal does not ultimately introduce any troublesome gap between the subject’s cognitive perspective and how she conceives of things.
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  24. endogenises
    • 2008 March 21, Frieder Lempp, “The Logical Structure of International Trade Theory”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9110-5: 
      Thus the complete framework of General Equilibrium Theory as developed, for instance, in the Arrow–Debreu model is too general as a basis of ITT. 10 Furthermore, this model endogenises properties, such as the time and place of commodities, which are crucial to ITT and should therefore be made explicit in a reconstruction of the theory.
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  25. enthymematic
  26. enumerative
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      After all, “physical object” hardly provides the clearly demarcated enumerative conditions that the sortal dependency thesis seems to require.
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  27. equilibriums
  28. equivalencies
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      When we pre-theoretically or informally model the processes behind interpretations (I) and (II) we seem to implicitly draw on additional information, which apparently resolves c -equivalencies.
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  29. extensivity
  30. featural
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      As Xu and Carey have shown, while children may be aware of property or featural distinctions between objects, they do not use them to distinguish unique individuals (Xu and Carey 1996 ).
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  31. formalizable
  32. indexically
  33. indiscernibility
    • 2007 December 29, Sanford Goldberg, “Must Differences in Cognitive Value be Transparent?”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9096-4: 
      But if we reject this claim, then, while we can preserve the hypothesis that Schmidt is rational in adopting an attitude of differential doubt, we lose our grounds for supposing that the thought-contents she is thinking are subjectively indistinguishable to her (this supposition having been based on the subjective indiscernibility of T1 and T2 qua contents).
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  34. individuative
  35. interpretability
  36. intratheoretical
  37. metatheoretical
  38. metatheory
  39. misdescription
  40. negatable
  41. nonconceptual
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      This does not rule out the possibility that these capacities are ultimately nonconceptual, but it nevertheless provides strong reasons for supposing that they are not.
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  42. noncontextual
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      Thus, while there is no unrestricted or noncontextual application of concepts like object or thing, it is nevertheless clear that there are circumstances in which the application conditions of the object concept do yield precise enumerations of objects within a given situation.
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  43. nonobjects
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      It should be clear, however, that this is not the basic distinction between three-dimensional spatially bound objects and nonobjects that the child uses to parse his or her experience.
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  44. ostensions
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      It is only insofar as the object concept yields ambiguous ostensions and designations that it is likely to be overthrown in favour of more precise classifications.
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  45. phenomenalism
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      It runs contrary to Piaget’s assertion ( 1954 ) that infants of this age act out of a sort of egocentric phenomenalism, in which what exists for the child only does so relative to his or her current perceptions.
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  46. pretheoretically
  47. productivities
  48. proximately
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      Notwithstanding this lacking specificity, given a concrete causal process and a level of specificity chosen for the analysis of that process it is normally uncontroversial which factors can be said to be proximately instantiated.
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  49. referentially
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      If the child’s first step is referentially empty, then his or her capacity to make further, more refined sortal designations becomes equally problematic.
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  50. representationalist
  51. representationalists
  52. representatum
  53. semiformal
  54. sortal
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      The possession of sortal concepts is a prerequisite for philosophers like Wiggins or Lowe in determining the nature and extent of our referential capacities.
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  55. sortalism
  56. sortalist
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      In delimiting what features of a given object or kind are relevant to determining instances of that kind, the sortalist has specified a de facto means for enumerating and recognizing its tokens.
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  57. sortalized
    • 2008 January 8, John E. Sarnecki, “Sortals for Dummies”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-007-9094-6: 
      If it can be shown, for example, that children or infants lack the appropriate discriminative abilities––if they do not, as a matter of fact, make sortalized discriminations––then the account of concept possession above cannot be sustained.
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  58. standardly
  59. substitutability
  60. supervenience
  61. tenseless
  62. tokened
  63. tokening
  64. transferences
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      27 However, for the sake of the argument, let us again ignore these conceptual hurdles in order to see whether, given that clarity on the notion of a transfer process could somehow be presupposed, the chain problem could at least be solved for physical processes that in fact involve such transferences.
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  65. truthmaker
  66. truthmaking
  67. underdetermination
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      Addressing this question is not only relevant for determining whether the empirical underdetermination of causal inferences is a matter of principle or merely a consequence of unsuitable or noisy data.
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  68. underdetermines
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      2000 ) the fact that empirical data often considerably underdetermines causal inferences—especially when it comes to inferences to complex causal structures—has become a widely recognized and investigated problem in the literature on (algorithmic) causal reasoning.
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  69. unshielded
    • 2008 August 1, Michael Baumgartner, “The Causal Chain Problem”, Erkenntnis, volume 69, number 2, DOI:10.1007/s10670-008-9113-2: 
      (Frydenberg 1990 ) and (Verma and Pearl 1991 ) have shown that probabilistic indistinguishability can be nicely captured in graphical terms: Two directed acyclic graphs G 1 and G 2 represent two probabilistically indistinguishable causally Markov and faithful causal structures iff (i) G 1 and G 2 have the same vertex set; (ii) G 1 and G 2 have the same adjacencies; and (iii) G 1 and G 2 have the same unshielded colliders , where an unshielded collider is constituted by two edges that collide at the same vertex and whose tails are not adjacent.
      add - notemp

Sequestered[edit]