User:Visviva/Nature 20090108

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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-01-08 issue of Nature which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

[ see all Nature pages ] - [ see all tracking lists ]

  • Recognized tokens: 95972
  • Valid lowercase tokens: 63205
  • Unique types: 7045
  • Initial new-word count (before cleanup): 205 (~2.91%)

2009-01-09[edit]

  1. achondritic
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      GRA 06128 and 06129 (hereafter referred to as GRA 06128/9) are paired achondritic meteorites recovered from the same Antarctic icefield.
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  2. aliquoted
  3. allophycocyanin
    • 2008 November 16, Jiyun V. Kim, Silvia S. Kang, Michael L. Dustin, Dorian B. McGavern, “Myelomonocytic cell recruitment causes fatal CNS vascular injury during acute viral meningitis”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07591: 
      After Fc block, cells were stained with the following conjugated antibodies: CD45.2 fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) (104), Thy1.2 phycoerythrin (PE) (53-2.1), CD19 peridinin–chlorophyll–protein complex (PerCP) cyanin (CY)5.5 (1D3), Gr-1 allophycocyanin (APC) (RB6-8C5), CD4 APC Cy7 ( GK1.5 ; BD Biosciences), CD8 Pacific Blue (Caltag), MCA771 PE (7/4; Serotec), and anti-CD11b PE/Cy7 (M1/70; eBioscience).
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  4. aminoacylated
  5. anastrozole
  6. andesitic
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      It is generally accepted that Earth's andesitic continental crust is the product of plate tectonics 1, 2 , whereas the Moon acquired its feldspar-rich crust by way of plagioclase flotation in a magma ocean 3, 4 .
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  7. anorthosites
  8. arpeggios
    • 2009 January 7, Graeme Wistow, “Survival”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/457228a: 
      "Come," it said, a word orchestrated with fugues and arpeggios of information and reassurance.
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  9. autostainer
    • 2008 November 19, Sandra Rebouissou, Mohamed Amessou, Gabrielle Couchy, Karine Poussin, Sandrine Imbeaud, Camilla Pilati, Tina Izard, Charles Balabaud, Paulette Bioulac-Sage, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, “Frequent in-frame somatic deletions activate gp130 in inflammatory hepatocellular tumours”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07475: 
      Immunohistochemistry Immunohistochemistry was performed using a Dako autostainer , on paraffin sections of 10% fixed tumour tissue using two monoclonal antibodies against inflammatory proteins: anti- CRP (Abcam, 1:1,500), anti- SAA (Dako, 1:50), anti-phospho-STAT3 Tyr 705 (Cell Signaling Technology, 1:50) and anti-gp130 (C-20 Santa Cruz Biotechnology, 1:200).
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  10. backcrossed
  11. bioclimosequence
  12. brachinites
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Shown are data for the average terrestrial continental crust 1 and for the brachinites, Brachina, ALH 84025 and EET 99402/407 (ref.
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  13. brecciated
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Although GRA 06128/9 had an igneous origin, they have also been thermally metamorphosed and partially brecciated.
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  14. brefeldin
  15. carbenicillin
  16. caudolateral
    • 2008 November 12, Georg B. Keller, Richard H. R. Hahnloser, “Neural processing of auditory feedback during vocal practice in a songbird”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07467: 
      The field L region and the caudolateral mesopallium (CLM) are interconnected brain areas not part of the traditional song-control system and are analogous to the auditory cortex in mammals in that they receive the main stream of auditory input from the thalamus, as well as feedback from motor-related areas 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 .
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  17. caudomedial
  18. chemokinetic
  19. cherts
  20. chlorapatite
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Oligoclase crystals have large positive Eu anomalies, and merrillite and chlorapatite have elevated rare-earth element (REE) abundances, relative to other minerals in the meteorites.
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  21. ciliopathies
  22. coelomocyte
  23. coelomocytes
  24. collagenase
  25. conductances
  26. countersang
  27. cumulates
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Plagioclase-rich lunar ferroan anorthosites are considered to represent flotation cumulates from a large-scale magma ocean melting event 3, 4 .
      add - notemp
  28. cysteines
  29. cytometrically
  30. dauer
  31. degrowth
  32. demethylase
  33. diagnosably
  34. diatomite
  35. dipeptidyl
  36. duetting
  37. eclogitic
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Oxygen three-isotope fractionation lines in terrestrial silicate minerals: An inter-laboratory comparison of hydrothermal quartz and eclogitic garnet .
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  38. ecomorphological
  39. efference
  40. electrodynamic
  41. electrodynamical
  42. eomesodermin
  43. equipartitioning
  44. exemestane
  45. expansivity
    • 2009 January 8, Ulrich R. Christensen, Volkmar Holzwarth, Ansgar Reiners, “Energy flux determines magnetic field strength of planets and stars”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07626: 
      We restrict our study to objects in the rapidly rotating regime, where in incompressible geodynamo models 7 the magnetic energy density was found to depend on density and convected energy flux q c , but not (or very weakly) on magnetic diffusivity and rotation rate (that is, the field is saturated): Here o is permeability, f ohm    1 is the ratio of ohmic dissipation to total dissipation, L is the length scale of the largest convective structures (in the geodynamo, this is the thickness D = R  -  r i of the convective shell with outer radius R and inner radius r i ) and H T = c p /( g ) is the temperature scale height with c p the heat capacity, the thermal expansivity and g the acceleration due to gravity.
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  46. extravasated
  47. extravastion
  48. ferroan
  49. forkhead
  50. fractalkine
  51. frameshifting
  52. golgi
  53. granoblastic
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Both meteorites possess granoblastic textures, 120° triple junctions between coexisting silicates, polysynthetic twinning in plagioclase and pentlandite-troilite exsolution from a monosulphide solid solution.
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  54. granzyme
  55. greyscale
  56. guanidinium
  57. hemophagocytic
  58. hexapolar
  59. histiocytes
  60. honeyeaters
    • 2009 January 7, “Taxonomy: Aloha Mohoidae”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/457132a: 
      ANDERTON Since their discovery by explorer James Cook, five species of Hawaiian bird have been lumped in with Australasian honeyeaters, of the family Meliphagidae, by classifiers.
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  61. hydroxytestosterone
  62. hypsodonty
  63. icefield
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      GRA 06128 and 06129 (hereafter referred to as GRA 06128/9) are paired achondritic meteorites recovered from the same Antarctic icefield.
      add - notemp
  64. immotile
  65. immotility
  66. immunospot
  67. immunotyping
  68. intersubband
  69. intracerebrally
  70. isochron
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      GRA 06128/9 (filled circles) and Brachina plot along a 4.56 Gyr isochron, with an 187 Os/ 188 Os value close to the Solar System initial value, which passes through the field of chondritic meteorite data.
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  71. jacknife
  72. letrozole
  73. limitans
  74. lithological
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Thus, documenting causes of lithological diversity in crustal materials is critical for understanding early Solar System processes and planetary evolution.
      add - notemp
  75. lymphohistiocytosis
  76. maltopyranoside
    • 2009 January 8, Debashis Ghosh, Jennifer Griswold, Mary Erman, Walter Pangborn, “Structural basis for androgen specificity and oestrogen synthesis in human aromatase”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07614: 
      Freshly purified aromatase in 100 mM potassium phosphate buffer pH 7.4 containing 20% glycerol, 20 mM dithiothreitol, 0.1 mM androstenedione and 1 mM n-dodecyl- - d -maltopyranoside (BDM) was mixed with reservoir cocktails of 24–30% poly(ethylene glycol) 4000 and 0.5 M NaCl in 0.05 M Tris-HCl buffer pH 8.5 and vapour-diffused in sealed 24-well sitting-drop plates against corresponding reservoir solution.
      add - notemp
  77. martian
  78. mercaptoethanol
    • 2008 December 17, Hani S. Zaher, Rachel Green, “Quality control by the ribosome following peptide bond formation”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07582: 
      Top of page Online Methods Materials Buffers used were as follows: buffer A (50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 70 mM NH 4 Cl, 30 mM KCl, 7 mM MgCl 2 , 1 mM dithiothreitol (DTT)) 31 , buffer B (HiFi) (50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 70 mM NH 4 Cl, 30 mM KCl, 3.5 mM MgCl 2 , 0.5 mM spermidine, 8 mM putrescine, and 2 mM DTT) 3 , buffer C (polyamine) (20 mM HEPES-potassium-hydroxide, pH 7.6, 150 mM NH 4 Cl, 4.5 mM MgCl 2 , 2 mM spermidine, 0.05 mM spermine, 4 mM -mercaptoethanol) 32 , buffer D (polymix) (95 mM KCl, 5 mM NH 4 Cl, 5 mM magnesium acetate, 0.5 mM CaCl 2 , 8 mM putrescine, 1 mM spermidine, 5 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5, 1 mM DTT) 10 .
      add - notemp
  79. merrillite
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Chlorapatite and merrillite were measured because the high concentrations of U (0.1–3 p.p.m.) make them suitable for LA-ICP-MS 207 Pb– 206 Pb dating.
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  80. mesopallium
  81. metallically
    • 2009 January 7, Graeme Wistow, “Survival”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/457228a: 
      The air in his lungs was metallically bad, stale, hot and bubbled ominously with each, increasingly painful, breath.
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  82. metallization
  83. metyrapone
  84. microcantilever
  85. microcavity
  86. midsaggital
  87. miscoded
  88. misincorporated
  89. misincorporation
    • 2008 December 17, Hani S. Zaher, Rachel Green, “Quality control by the ribosome following peptide bond formation”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07582: 
      Top of page Amplification of errors leads to fast termination The previous sections have described a series of experiments suggesting that a single misincorporation during translation leads to marked changes in A-site behaviour including increased miscoding and accelerated release of polypeptides on sense codons.
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  90. monocytogenes
  91. monopolar
  92. monosulphide
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Both meteorites possess granoblastic textures, 120° triple junctions between coexisting silicates, polysynthetic twinning in plagioclase and pentlandite-troilite exsolution from a monosulphide solid solution.
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  93. morphants
  94. morpholinos
  95. multimode
  96. nanomechanics
  97. neuraxis
  98. nidopallium
  99. nonlinearities
    • 2009 January 8, J. N. Munday, Federico Capasso, V. Adrian Parsegian, “Measured long-range repulsive Casimir”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07610: 
      To advance the sphere towards the plate, an Asylum Research linear variable differential transformer is used to control a piezo column, which reduces hysteresis and nonlinearities inherent in piezoelectrics.
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  100. nonmarine
  101. oestriol
  102. oestrone
  103. oncostatin
  104. osmoregulate
  105. osmoresistant
  106. osmosensitive
  107. otoconia
  108. otoconial
  109. otolithic
  110. oxyferryl
  111. palaeosol
  112. pallasites
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      MGP, main group pallasites (open diamonds); IIIAB, IIIAB iron meteorites (filled grey squares); HED, howardite-eucrite-diogenite meteorites (filled triangles).
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  113. palynological
  114. paromomycin
  115. perforin
  116. perivascularly
  117. permissivity
  118. phanerozoic
  119. phosphoacceptor
  120. phosphotyrosine
  121. pial
  122. piezo
  123. piezoelectrics
    • 2009 January 8, J. N. Munday, Federico Capasso, V. Adrian Parsegian, “Measured long-range repulsive Casimir”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07610: 
      To advance the sphere towards the plate, an Asylum Research linear variable differential transformer is used to control a piezo column, which reduces hysteresis and nonlinearities inherent in piezoelectrics.
      add - notemp
  124. polymix
  125. polyphenylalanine
  126. ponceau
  127. positioner
  128. pronephric
  129. pseudokinase
  130. recognizer
  131. refixed
  132. reflectivities
  133. retroorbitally
  134. riboprobe
  135. semiquantitative
  136. spectrotemporal
  137. spermine
    • 2008 December 17, Hani S. Zaher, Rachel Green, “Quality control by the ribosome following peptide bond formation”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07582: 
      Top of page Online Methods Materials Buffers used were as follows: buffer A (50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 70 mM NH 4 Cl, 30 mM KCl, 7 mM MgCl 2 , 1 mM dithiothreitol (DTT)) 31 , buffer B (HiFi) (50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 70 mM NH 4 Cl, 30 mM KCl, 3.5 mM MgCl 2 , 0.5 mM spermidine, 8 mM putrescine, and 2 mM DTT) 3 , buffer C (polyamine) (20 mM HEPES-potassium-hydroxide, pH 7.6, 150 mM NH 4 Cl, 4.5 mM MgCl 2 , 2 mM spermidine, 0.05 mM spermine, 4 mM -mercaptoethanol) 32 , buffer D (polymix) (95 mM KCl, 5 mM NH 4 Cl, 5 mM magnesium acetate, 0.5 mM CaCl 2 , 8 mM putrescine, 1 mM spermidine, 5 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5, 1 mM DTT) 10 .
      add - notemp
  138. stereotypies
  139. subarachnoid
    • 2009 January 7, Richard M. Ransohoff, “ImmunologyBarrier to electrical storms”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/457155a: 
      2 show that, while surveying the mouse brain, T cells carrying the CD8 marker (CD8 + T cells) recognize and bind to stromal cells infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) in the subarachnoid space (SAS).
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  140. subsampling
  141. superluminescent
  142. telangiectatic
  143. thermometry
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      14 ), the measured phosphate ages probably reflect closure temperatures subsequent to the metamorphic event recorded from pyroxene thermometry ( 800 °C).
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  144. tricaine
  145. tripeptides
    • 2008 December 17, Hani S. Zaher, Rachel Green, “Quality control by the ribosome following peptide bond formation”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07582: 
      The typical yield for RNCs was as follows: in dipeptide- and tripeptide-matched complexes >80% of fMet was converted to the appropriate peptide; in mismatched complexes involving Lys-tRNA Lys or Glu-tRNA Glu the yield was >60% for dipeptides and >40% for tripeptides; whereas in mismatched complexes involving Phe-tRNA Phe , the yields were 40% and 10% for dipeptides and tripeptides, respectively.
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  146. tripeptidyl
  147. trypanin
  148. underlaying
    • 2008 November 12, Vaiva Vezys, Andrew Yates, Kerry A. Casey, Gibson Lanier, Rafi Ahmed, Rustom Antia, David Masopust, “Memory CD8 T-cell compartment grows in size with immunological experience”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07486: 
      Isolation of lymphocytes and immunofluorescence Blood was obtained by disruption of the retro-orbital plexus, and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) were purified by underlaying Histopaque (Sigma-Aldrich) and performing density centrifugation (800 g at 20 °C for 20 min).
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  149. undruggable
  150. uninjected
    • 2008 November 30, Jessica R. Colantonio, Julien Vermot, David Wu, Adam D. Langenbacher, Scott Fraser, Jau-Nian Chen, Kent L. Hill, “The dynein regulatory complex is required for ciliary motility and otolith biogenesis in the inner ear”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07520: 
      The relative number of fish having the indicated defect is shown for uninjected embryos (stippled bars; n = 324, five experiments), embryos injected with control MO (white bars; n = 167, two experiments), SP MO (grey bars; n = 89, two experiments), AUG MO (black bars; n = 96, two experiments) or co-injected with AUG MO and 250 pg in-vitro -transcribed gas8 mRNA (hatched bars; n = 225, two experiments).
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  151. unpatterned
  152. unselective
  153. unstimulated
  154. unzoned
    • 2009 January 8, James M. D. Day, Richard D. Ash, Yang Liu, Jeremy J. Bellucci, Douglas Rumble III, William F. McDonough, Richard J. Walker, Lawrence A. Taylor, “Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/nature07651: 
      Minerals are compositionally unzoned and major silicate phases have variable ranges of grain size (diameter 0.5 mm).
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  155. vaccinia
  156. vibratome
  157. virologic
  158. vulval
  159. waldos
    • 2009 January 7, Graeme Wistow, “Survival”, Nature, volume 457, number 7226, DOI:doi:10.1038/457228a: 
      A hatch opened and a hideous, stiff but oddly familiar figure emerged waving frantically and directing waldos that reached out towards the already dissolving escape pod.
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  160. waveguiding

Sequestered[edit]