User:Visviva/Nature 20090122

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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-01-22 issue of Nature which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

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129851 tokens ‧ 78077 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 7631 types ‧ 203 (~ 2.66%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2009-01-22[edit]

  1. adherens junction
  2. alcian
  3. antitumour
  4. arabinonucleic
  5. arterioles
    • 2009 January 21, David A. Leopold, “NeurosciencePre-emptive blood flow”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/457387a: 
      Arteries, arterioles and capillaries deliver fresh blood to neurons, and supporting glial cells surround both neurons and blood vessels, regulating blood flow and performing various housekeeping roles.
      add - notemp
  6. ascomycetes
  7. ascovirus
  8. atelocollagen
  9. bacterioferritins
  10. barcoded
  11. behaviourally
  12. biodistribution
  13. biomorphs
    • 2009 January 21, “Crystal growth: Getting their morph on”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/457360a: 
      Published online 21 January 2009 Crystal growth: Getting their morph on CSIC-UNIV. GRANADA Science 323 , 362–365 (2009) Some precipitates take regular, sinuous and oddly lifelike forms, and are known as biomorphs.
      add - notemp
  14. bipedality
  15. bistramide
  16. bleedthrough
  17. brightfield
  18. bronchiolar
  19. bronchoalveolitis
  20. calvaria
  21. chromo
  22. chromoshadow
  23. cleistothecia
  24. cleistothecial
  25. cleistothecium
  26. clonality
  27. clumpiness
  28. coevolutionary
  29. coextinctions
  30. colobus
    • 2008 November 30, Nels C. Elde et al., “Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07529: 
      Top of page Online Methods Primate genomic sources Total RNA was obtained ( RNeasy kit ; Qiagen) from the following cell lines from the Coriell Cell Repositories except where otherwise noted: Homo sapiens (human; primary human foreskin fibroblasts), Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee; AG06939), Pan paniscus (bonobo; AG05253), Gorilla gorilla (western lowland gorilla; AG05251), Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus (Bornean orangutan; AG05252 ), Hylobates agilis albibarbis (agile gibbon; PR00773), Hylobates leucogenys (white-cheeked gibbon; PR01037), Hylobates syndactylus (island siamang; PR00722), Cercocebus atys (sooty mangabey; gift from C. Apetrei), Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey; TF-1 cells), Miopithecus talapoin talapoin (talapoin monkey; PR00716), Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey; AG06116), Cercopithecus aethiops (African green monkey; COS cells), Trachypithecus francoisi (Francois' leaf monkey; PR01099), Colobus guereza (colobus monkey; PR00980), Lagothrix lagotricha (common woolly monkey; AG05356), Ateles geoffroyi (black-handed spider monkey; AG05352), Callicebus moloch (dusky titi; AG06115), Aotus trivirgatus (owl monkey; CRL-1556; American Type Culture Collection) and Saguinus labiatus (red-chested mustached tamarin; AG05308).
      add - notemp
  31. condensations
  32. continentality
  33. coverslipped
  34. cryoelectron
  35. culturable
  36. cytopathic
    • 2009 January 21, Bryan R. Cullen, “Viral and cellular messenger RNA targets of viral microRNAs”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07757: 
      Inhibiting ICP34. 5 expression might shield latently infected neurons from the severe cytopathic effects induced by a full-blown HSV-1 productive replication cycle, and this idea is supported by the finding that HSV-1 mutants lacking the ICP34. 5 gene are much less neurotoxic 28 .
      add - notemp
  37. cytotype
  38. decalcified
  39. dechorionated
  40. dendrogram
  41. deoxyhaemoglobin
  42. devitellinized
  43. dimethylation
  44. dissipatively
  45. electrodynamical
  46. encapsidated
  47. enrolees
    • 2008 November 30, Peter J. Turnbaugh et al., “A core gut microbiome in obese and lean twins”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07540: 
      Each participant completed a detailed medical, lifestyle and dietary questionnaire: study enrolees were broadly representative of the overall Missouri population for BMI, parity, education and marital status (see Supplementary Results ).
      add - notemp
  48. equiluminant
  49. euascomycete
  50. eubacteria
  51. exo
    • 2009 January 7, Jeffrey R. Moffitt et al., “Intersubunit coordination in a homomeric ring ATPase”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07637: 
      For a stalled-complex method of initiation 18, 19 , a ClaI (New England Biolabs) digest of genomic DNA was biotinylated using Klenow exo - (New England Biolabs) to fill in the overhang with biotinylated nucleotides (Sigma-Aldrich) 18, 19 .
      add - notemp
  52. explanted
  53. exportin
  54. extrapolar
  55. flaviviruses
  56. fluoropyrimidines
    • 2009 January 21, John J. Rossi Daniela Castanotto, “The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07758: 
      Chemical modifications are often included in the design of synthetic siRNAs. Selective addition of phosphorothioate linkages or substitution of 2' fluoropyrimidines or a 2'- O -methyl for the 2' ribose at certain positions does not compromise siRNA activity and concomitantly increases resistance to ribonucleases 37 , which is important for in vivo applications.
      add - notemp
  57. formins
  58. foveal
  59. gelsolin
  60. gigabases
  61. greylag
  62. haemocytometer
  63. haemodynamic
  64. haemodynamics
  65. haemopoietic
  66. herpesviruses
  67. heterothallicus
  68. heterothallism
  69. hindlimbs
  70. hominoids
  71. hydrodynamical
  72. hydroxo
  73. hypercholesterolaemia
    • 2009 January 21, John J. Rossi Daniela Castanotto, “The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07758: 
      Also in development at Alnylam Pharmaceuticals are siRNAs directed against genes implicated in hypercholesterolaemia, Huntington's disease (in a joint venture with Medtronic of Minneapolis, Minnesota), hepatitis C (in a joint venture with Isis Pharmaceuticals in Carlsbad, California), progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (in a joint venture with Biogen Idec of Cambridge, Massachusetts) and pandemic flu (in a joint venture with the Swiss company Novartis).
      add - notemp
  74. hypervariable
  75. hypoacetylated
  76. imidodiphosphate
  77. immunostimulatory
  78. impedances
  79. indels
  80. interdecadal
  81. interdomain
  82. interferometers
  83. interhelix
  84. intravitreal
    • 2009 January 21, John J. Rossi Daniela Castanotto, “The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07758: 
      These results engendered great optimism for intravitreal injection of siRNAs, but in a stunning turn of events a report by Kleinman et al . demonstrated that the observed decrease in vascularization could be a consequence not of an siRNA-specific effect on angiogenesis, but rather a nonspecific activation of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and subsequent activation of interferon- and interleukin 12, which, in turn, downregulate VEGF 70 .
      add - notemp
  85. jacknife
  86. keratocytes
  87. kiloparsecs
  88. lactophenol
  89. leukoencephalopathy
    • 2009 January 21, John J. Rossi Daniela Castanotto, “The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07758: 
      Also in development at Alnylam Pharmaceuticals are siRNAs directed against genes implicated in hypercholesterolaemia, Huntington's disease (in a joint venture with Medtronic of Minneapolis, Minnesota), hepatitis C (in a joint venture with Isis Pharmaceuticals in Carlsbad, California), progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (in a joint venture with Biogen Idec of Cambridge, Massachusetts) and pandemic flu (in a joint venture with the Swiss company Novartis).
      add - notemp
  90. lipidoids
  91. lymphocryptovirus
  92. lymphopoietic
  93. macroscope
  94. mangabey
    • 2008 November 30, Nels C. Elde et al., “Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07529: 
      Top of page Online Methods Primate genomic sources Total RNA was obtained ( RNeasy kit ; Qiagen) from the following cell lines from the Coriell Cell Repositories except where otherwise noted: Homo sapiens (human; primary human foreskin fibroblasts), Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee; AG06939), Pan paniscus (bonobo; AG05253), Gorilla gorilla (western lowland gorilla; AG05251), Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus (Bornean orangutan; AG05252 ), Hylobates agilis albibarbis (agile gibbon; PR00773), Hylobates leucogenys (white-cheeked gibbon; PR01037), Hylobates syndactylus (island siamang; PR00722), Cercocebus atys (sooty mangabey; gift from C. Apetrei), Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey; TF-1 cells), Miopithecus talapoin talapoin (talapoin monkey; PR00716), Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey; AG06116), Cercopithecus aethiops (African green monkey; COS cells), Trachypithecus francoisi (Francois' leaf monkey; PR01099), Colobus guereza (colobus monkey; PR00980), Lagothrix lagotricha (common woolly monkey; AG05356), Ateles geoffroyi (black-handed spider monkey; AG05352), Callicebus moloch (dusky titi; AG06115), Aotus trivirgatus (owl monkey; CRL-1556; American Type Culture Collection) and Saguinus labiatus (red-chested mustached tamarin; AG05308).
      add - notemp
  95. microbiotas
  96. microcavity
  97. microcrystals
  98. microresonator
  99. midlatitudes
  100. mirtron
  101. mirtrons
    • 2009 January 21, Mikiko C. Siomi Haruhiko Siomi, “On the road to reading the RNA-interference code”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07754: 
      The 3' end of the stem–loop precursor of these intronic miRNAs (known as mirtrons) coincides with the 3' splice site of a small annotated intron and is cleaved in the same splicing pathway as pre-mRNA in the nucleus instead of by Drosha.
      add - notemp
  102. misidentification
  103. modafinil
    • 2009 January 21, Arran Frood, “The future is now”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/457383a: 
      Certain drugs such as modafinil, used to treat narcolepsy, have been shown to improve cognition and are becoming increasingly popular with students revising for exams.
      add - notemp
  104. morphotyping
  105. mucoadhesive
  106. multimodel
  107. mutualistic
  108. nanocages
  109. nanocavities
  110. nanocavity
    • 2008 January 22, Bumki Min et al., “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07627: 
      Although the demonstrated SPP Q factor is still less than that of an optical micro- or nanocavity 10, 11 , the corresponding SPP loss coefficient of SPP    2 n c / Q SPP    39 cm -1 (where is the wavelength) satisfies the experimental criteria for a laser cavity and shows that, in principle, such surface-plasmonic lasing devices are possible.
      add - notemp
  111. nanoresonator
  112. nanoslit
  113. nasopharyngeal
  114. nestedness
  115. neuralation
  116. neurovirulence
  117. nonhepatic
  118. nonnucleolytic
  119. nonpolymerizable
  120. nonvertebrate
  121. nucleotidyltransferase
  122. osteoprogenitors
  123. osterix
  124. oversaturation
  125. oxyradical
  126. pachytene
  127. paleoceanography
  128. parasexual
  129. parasexuality
  130. patas
    • 2008 November 30, Nels C. Elde et al., “Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07529: 
      Top of page Online Methods Primate genomic sources Total RNA was obtained ( RNeasy kit ; Qiagen) from the following cell lines from the Coriell Cell Repositories except where otherwise noted: Homo sapiens (human; primary human foreskin fibroblasts), Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee; AG06939), Pan paniscus (bonobo; AG05253), Gorilla gorilla (western lowland gorilla; AG05251), Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus (Bornean orangutan; AG05252 ), Hylobates agilis albibarbis (agile gibbon; PR00773), Hylobates leucogenys (white-cheeked gibbon; PR01037), Hylobates syndactylus (island siamang; PR00722), Cercocebus atys (sooty mangabey; gift from C. Apetrei), Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey; TF-1 cells), Miopithecus talapoin talapoin (talapoin monkey; PR00716), Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey; AG06116), Cercopithecus aethiops (African green monkey; COS cells), Trachypithecus francoisi (Francois' leaf monkey; PR01099), Colobus guereza (colobus monkey; PR00980), Lagothrix lagotricha (common woolly monkey; AG05356), Ateles geoffroyi (black-handed spider monkey; AG05352), Callicebus moloch (dusky titi; AG06115), Aotus trivirgatus (owl monkey; CRL-1556; American Type Culture Collection) and Saguinus labiatus (red-chested mustached tamarin; AG05308).
      add - notemp
  131. pennate
  132. pentachrome
  133. pericentric
  134. peridium
  135. phalloidin
  136. phosphorothioate
    • 2009 January 21, John J. Rossi Daniela Castanotto, “The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07758: 
      Chemical modifications are often included in the design of synthetic siRNAs. Selective addition of phosphorothioate linkages or substitution of 2' fluoropyrimidines or a 2'- O -methyl for the 2' ribose at certain positions does not compromise siRNA activity and concomitantly increases resistance to ribonucleases 37 , which is important for in vivo applications.
      add - notemp
  137. phosphotransferase
    • 2008 November 30, Peter J. Turnbaugh et al., “A core gut microbiome in obese and lean twins”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07540: 
      For example, similar to a mouse model of diet-induced obesity 4 , the obese human gut microbiome was enriched for phosphotransferase systems involved in microbial processing of carbohydrates ( Supplementary Table 12 ).
      add - notemp
  138. phylogenics
  139. phytopathogenic
  140. pial
  141. piconewtons
    • 2009 January 21, Xiaowei Zhuang Elio A. Abbondanzieri, “Molecular biologyConcealed enzyme coordination”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/457392a: 
      The first surprise came when the authors measured DNA packaging at a low hindering force of around 8 piconewtons (pN) and found that the motor advances in steps of 10 bp, five times larger than the 2-bp step predicted by bulk biochemical assays.
      add - notemp
  142. polyconjugates
  143. poxviral
  144. precleaned
  145. predictand
  146. propidium
  147. protofilament
  148. pseudosubstrate
  149. pupillometric
  150. pyrosequencer
    • 2008 November 30, Peter J. Turnbaugh et al., “A core gut microbiome in obese and lean twins”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07540: 
      Pyrosequencing of total community DNA Shotgun sequencing runs were performed on the 454 FLX pyrosequencer from total faecal community DNA. Two samples were also analysed in a single run using Titanium extra-long-read pyrosequencing technology (see Supplementary Tables 4 and 5 ).
      add - notemp
  151. ranaviruses
  152. reiteratively
  153. resamplings
  154. rhadinovirus
  155. sd
  156. siamang
    • 2008 November 30, Nels C. Elde et al., “Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/nature07529: 
      Top of page Online Methods Primate genomic sources Total RNA was obtained ( RNeasy kit ; Qiagen) from the following cell lines from the Coriell Cell Repositories except where otherwise noted: Homo sapiens (human; primary human foreskin fibroblasts), Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee; AG06939), Pan paniscus (bonobo; AG05253), Gorilla gorilla (western lowland gorilla; AG05251), Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus (Bornean orangutan; AG05252 ), Hylobates agilis albibarbis (agile gibbon; PR00773), Hylobates leucogenys (white-cheeked gibbon; PR01037), Hylobates syndactylus (island siamang; PR00722), Cercocebus atys (sooty mangabey; gift from C. Apetrei), Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey; TF-1 cells), Miopithecus talapoin talapoin (talapoin monkey; PR00716), Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey; AG06116), Cercopithecus aethiops (African green monkey; COS cells), Trachypithecus francoisi (Francois' leaf monkey; PR01099), Colobus guereza (colobus monkey; PR00980), Lagothrix lagotricha (common woolly monkey; AG05356), Ateles geoffroyi (black-handed spider monkey; AG05352), Callicebus moloch (dusky titi; AG06115), Aotus trivirgatus (owl monkey; CRL-1556; American Type Culture Collection) and Saguinus labiatus (red-chested mustached tamarin; AG05308).
      add - notemp
  157. sigmoidal
  158. subapical
  159. subendothelial
  160. submillimetre
  161. subrenal
  162. substeps
  163. superficialia
  164. titring
  165. transmissivity
  166. transvascular
  167. treadmilling
  168. ultraluminous
  169. unanesthetized
  170. unpackaged
  171. unselective
  172. untargeted
  173. untenured
    • 2009 January 21, Jascha Hoffman, “Scripting scientists' lives”, Nature, volume 457, number 7228, DOI:10.1038/457385a: 
      In Leave a Light On , Trivers is portrayed as an ambitious, untenured professor who ruffles feathers at Harvard University's department of zoology as he attempts to take a Darwinian approach to human nature.
      add - notemp
  174. vaccinia
  175. vasomotion
  176. waveguiding

Sequestered[edit]

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