User:Visviva/Nature 20090205

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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-02-05 issue of Nature which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

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87000 tokens ‧ 55100 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 7225 types ‧ 212 (~ 2.934%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2009-02-05[edit]

  1. anilox
    • 2009 January 21, He Yan et al., “A high-mobility electron-transporting polymer for printed transistors”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07727, pages 679-686: 
      These substrates were coated with the semiconductor layer deposited by spin-coating (concentration 10–20 mg ml -1 in DCB, 1,500–2,000 r.p.m.; DCB-CB 90:10 v/v mixture could also be used depending on the PET substrate source/batch), gravure printing (concentration 1–2% w/w in DCB-CHCl 3 50:50 v/v mixture, anilox force = 50–100 N, printing speed 0.2 m s -1 , anilox cylinder 402.110 IGT printer), flexo printing (concentration 3–5% w/w in DCB, anilox force = 100–150 N, printing force = 30–100 N, printing speed 0.2 m s -1 , anilox cylinder 402.110 IGT printer), and inkjet printing (concentration 0.1–0.2% w/w in DCB, droplet size = 5 pl, Dimatix 2800 series printer).
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  2. arrestins
  3. arylene
  4. baroclinic
  5. bicuculline
  6. biomodulators
  7. biostratigraphy
  8. bisimide
  9. bithiophene
  10. blasticidin
  11. blockable
  12. boine
  13. boines
  14. caenophidian
  15. calcareans
    • 2009 February 4, Nicholas J. Butterfield Jochen J. Brocks, “BiogeochemistryEarly animals out in the cold”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457672a, pages 672-673: 
      A defining characteristic of crown-group demosponges, hexactinellids and calcareans is widely understood to be the development of mineralized skeletal structures, or spicules.
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  16. calpastatin
  17. calpeptin
  18. carbochol
  19. catsper
  20. centremost
  21. cisternal
  22. claystone
  23. clonase *
  24. colacor
  25. crocodyliforms
  26. cytoprotection
  27. cytoprotective
  28. demosponge
  29. demosponges
    • 2009 February 5, Gordon D. Love et al., “Fossil steroids record the appearance of Demospongiae during the Cryogenian period”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07673, pages 718-721: 
      Colonero, R. Kayser and A. Lewis provided laboratory assistance, including the maintenance of mass spectrometers at MIT. Author Contributions G.D.L. interpreted the data and wrote the manuscript with input from R.E.S, D.A.F, A.S.B and E.G. G.D.L., E.G., C.S. and A.E.K. acquired the Huqf biomarker data working in the research group of R.E.S. A.S.B. and M.B. screened extant demosponges for their sterol contents.
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  30. desmethylsteranes
  31. dichlorobenzene
  32. dimerizers
  33. dioxydithiomolybdate
  34. dipnoan
  35. dorsolaterally
  36. dyrosaurid
  37. elopomorph
  38. encurred
    • 2009 February 5, Giovanni Cardone et al., “Visualization of a missing link in retrovirus capsid assembly”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07724, pages 694-698: 
      The electrostatic repulsions encurred by these juxtapositions—which are stronger for the pentamer, in which the residues are closer—must be overcome for the rings to form; it is possible that this is accomplished by a charge-screening effect of the phosphate ions.
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  39. endogeneous
  40. ensheath
    • 2009 February 4, Ben A. Barres Nicola J. Allen, “NeuroscienceGlia”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457675a, pages 675-677: 
      Glia do not fire action potentials, but instead surround and ensheath neuronal cell bodies, axons and synapses throughout the nervous system.
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  41. eucaryotic
  42. extratropics
    • 2009 February 4, Matthew Huber, “Climate changeSnakes tell a torrid tale”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457669a, pages 669-671: 
      The presence of fossil crocodiles 1 and palm trees 2 ringing the Arctic and in the hinterlands of Wyoming and Siberia, combined with quantitative records of palaeoclimate, indicate 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 above-freezing winter conditions and annual average temperatures in these regions that were often at least 15 °C. But if the extratropics were this warm, how hot were the tropics?
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  43. faunas
  44. foldability
  45. foraminiferal
  46. forkhead
  47. genistein
  48. geochronologic
    • 2009 February 5, Gordon D. Love et al., “Fossil steroids record the appearance of Demospongiae during the Cryogenian period”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07673, pages 718-721: 
      The rigorous stratigraphic and geochronologic placement of the SOSB samples in our study constrains the first appearance of sponge biomarkers and suggests that sponges were continuously prevalent in a wide range of Neoproterozoic environments before the known record of other animal fossils, including megascopic animal body fossils 575 Myr ago 17 , trace fossils 555 Myr ago 18 and putative animal embryos 550 Myr ago 19 .
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  49. geochronological
  50. geoisomer
  51. giantin
  52. golgin
  53. golgins
  54. guideway
    • 2009 February 4, John Gilbey, “Commitment”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457754a, page 754: 
      I managed a smile for the pretty young dock-master while the guidance system hauled us on board, then we were accelerated smoothly off across the Bay. A group of early tourists watched with interest as we were disgorged onto the urban guideway in front of the Ferry Building.
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  55. haematogenous
    • 2009 February 4, David Torgerson Paul Torgerson, “Benefits of stemming bovine TB need to be demonstrated”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457657d, page 657: 
      It is also worth noting that in the early twentieth century, before bovine-TB control was instigated, almost all cases of zoonotic TB in the United Kingdom were non-pulmonary, and most of the small number of pulmonary cases seemed to come from haematogenous spread rather than airborne infections (A. S. Griffith Tubercle 18 , 528–543; 1937).
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  56. heterointerfaces
  57. humidities
  58. hydropyrolysates
  59. hydropyrolysis
  60. icosahedrally
  61. immunocytochemically
  62. immunophenotypical
  63. interdomain
  64. interscan
  65. interzygapophyseal
  66. intraepidermal
  67. intramucosal
  68. invertors
  69. ionomycin
  70. kerogens
  71. lymphokine
  72. macroflora
  73. madtsoiid
  74. madtsoiids
  75. magnetoresistances
  76. mechanokinetic
  77. mesoeucrocodylians
  78. mesolimbic
  79. mesostructured
  80. methanesulphonate
  81. methylphosphonate
  82. metozoans
  83. microbeads
  84. microencapsulated
  85. microinjecting
  86. ministack
  87. ministacks
  88. modernizations
    • 2009 February 4, “No time for rhetoric”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457636b, page 636: 
      To their credit, Sarkozy and his science minister, Valérie Pécresse, have pushed through much-needed modernizations.
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  89. morphometric
  90. multipronged
    • 2009 February 4, “Against vicious activism”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457636a, page 636: 
      Over the long term, this multipronged approach should not only protect the safety of researchers, but should open up space for a constructive dialogue about issues in animal research — especially the pursuit of reduction, replacement and refinement of such experiments — that concern both public and researchers alike.
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  91. nanobelts
  92. nanometal
  93. nanoribbon
  94. nanoribbons
  95. nanosheets
  96. nanostructural
  97. naphthalenecarboxydiimide
  98. naphthalenetetracarboxylic
  99. neostriatal
  100. nonconventional
  101. nonobese
  102. nonribosomal
    • 2009 February 4, “Chemical biology: Casting iron”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457638e, page 638: 
      Most siderophore research has focused on one of these — the nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-dependent pathway — whereas the other, the NRPS-independent siderophore (NIS) pathway, has been largely ignored.
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  103. nonspliceosomal
  104. oligoribonucleotide
  105. oligothiophenes
  106. palaeoflora
  107. palaeofloras
  108. palaeosalinity
  109. palaeotemperature
    • 2009 February 4, Matthew Huber, “Climate changeSnakes tell a torrid tale”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457669a, pages 669-671: 
      One independent line of evidence for an unchanging tropical climate comes from terrestrial palaeotemperature proxies derived from leaf shape, which support the idea that tropical temperatures were near modern values (24–26 °C) 7 .
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  110. palaeotemperatures
  111. paleosalinity
  112. paleothermometry
  113. palynological
  114. paracotylar
  115. paratype
  116. parazygantral
  117. pelagophyte
  118. peptidergic
  119. perforin
  120. perylenecarboxydiimide
  121. phosphocreatine
  122. phosphotyrosine
    • 2008 December 17, Boxun Lu et al., “Peptide neurotransmitters activate a cation channel complex of NALCN and UNC-80”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07579, pages 741-744: 
      Bath application of genistein (a phosphotyrosine kinase inhibitor) or PP1 (an SFK inhibitor) abolished I SP (Fig. 3b ), suggesting that SFKs are required for the activation of NALCN by SP. Similar to previous findings 19 , intracellular dialysis with an SFK activator by means of a patch pipette induced a gradual increase of inward current (defined as I Src ; Fig. 3c , left panel).
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  123. photocured
    • 2009 January 21, He Yan et al., “A high-mobility electron-transporting polymer for printed transistors”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07727, pages 679-686: 
      Depending on the substrate source, they were used as received or first planarized by spin-coating a 400-nm-thick Polyera ActivInk 1100 film (solution concentration 80–110 mg ml -1 in dioxane, spin rate = 1,500–2,000 r.p.m., photocured at = 300 nm, dried at 110 °C for 10 min) followed by thermally evaporated Au source–drain contacts (30 nm thick).
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  124. picopump
  125. pleurodire
  126. podocnemidid
  127. poikilothermy
  128. polars
  129. poliovirus
  130. polybrene
  131. polyfluorene
  132. polyprotein
  133. polytomy
  134. posteromedially
  135. postzygapophyseal
    • 2009 February 5, Jason J. Head et al., “Giant boid snake from the Palaeocene neotropics reveals hotter past equatorial temperatures”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07671, pages 715-717: 
      Regression of body size onto vertebral size We estimated body length for Titanoboa by regressing SVL and TBL measured in millimetres onto postzygapophyseal width measured in millimetres for precloacal vertebrae between 60% and 65% intervals along the precloacal vertebral column for the examined sample of extant boines (n = 21, Supplementary Table 2 ), based on results of position estimation, and applying the resultant equation to the holotype (UF/IGM 1, width = 120 mm) and paratype (UF/IGM 2, width = 119 mm) specimens.
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  136. precloacal
  137. prezygapophyseal
  138. procapsid
  139. processability
    • 2009 February 4, Henning Sirringhaus, “Solid-state physicsElectrons in the fast lane”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457667a, pages 667-668: 
      Polymer semiconductors are useful in this respect, but to date no polymer has shown a stable n-type performance and processability comparable to those of the best p-type polymer transistors.
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  140. proteotoxicity
  141. pyrolysates
  142. pythonids
  143. recombinases
  144. regioregular
  145. regioregularity
  146. reinitiated
  147. reionization
  148. remethylated
    • 2009 February 4, “Molecular biology: RNA repair”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457639a, page 639: 
      Sites that were remethylated complemented the sequence of small RNA molecules that are involved in RNAi; methylation was not restored in mutants that did not make these RNAs.
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  149. resiquimod
  150. rylenes
  151. semicrystalline
    • 2009 January 21, He Yan et al., “A high-mobility electron-transporting polymer for printed transistors”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07727, pages 679-686: 
      On the other hand, fundamental studies have been carried out for semicrystalline polymers such as P3HT 44, 45 , where the carrier mobility for TGBC TFTs increases by >100 times when going from low- to high-M w polymer samples and saturates at 0.1 cm 2  V -1  s -1 for M w = 52–270 kDa (film processed from trichlorobenzene) 44 .
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  152. shales
  153. shatterbox
  154. silicalite
  155. silicisponges
  156. smypathetic
  157. solubles
  158. splitless
  159. staurosporine
  160. sterane
  161. steranes
    • 2009 February 5, Gordon D. Love et al., “Fossil steroids record the appearance of Demospongiae during the Cryogenian period”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07673, pages 718-721: 
      At right, values in parentheses represent a measure of relative signal intensity for the C 26 –C 30 steranes in acquired MRM chromatograms (though absolute abundances are determined from individual peak areas) and the numbers beneath are the masses (in daltons) of the ion transitions (molecular weight fragment ion) used in MRM GC-MS in each case. y axis, signal intensity; x axis, retention time in min (52 to 68 min shown for all traces).
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  162. stultifyingly
    • 2009 February 4, John Gilbey, “Commitment”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457754a, page 754: 
      The stultifyingly complex legal prose that began "In the matter of the Next Phase Institute versus the City of San Francisco ..." and rambled on for some 200 pages.
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  163. submillimeter
  164. submillimetre
  165. submittals
    • 2009 February 4, “A crisis of confidence”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457635a, page 635: 
      Those dedicated individuals who do stay in science find that they have less time to do the research they were trained for: a 2007 study by the Federal Demonstration Partnership in Washington DC found that investigators typically spend some 40% of their working week on grant submittals and other administrative duties.
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  166. subsites
    • 2008 December 14, Alexei V. Korennykh et al., “The unfolded protein response signals through high-order assembly of Ire1”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07661, pages 687-693: 
      Although all tested compounds can potentially form hydrogen bonds with the protein backbone (Fig. 3b ), the most potent activators, APY29 and APY24, also interact with the side chain Asn 751 and insert bulky aromatic rings in place of the ribose-phosphate moiety of ADP. Manual fitting of the FDA-approved anti-cancer drug Sunitinib guided by known structures of kinas inhibitor complexes (Protein Data Bank (PDB) IDs 2G9X and 2F4J) predicts that the compound fills the adenine-binding site, but not the ribose and the phosphate subsites.
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  167. synapophyses
  168. synaptojanin
  169. tachykinin
  170. tachykinins
  171. transconductance
    • 2009 January 21, He Yan et al., “A high-mobility electron-transporting polymer for printed transistors”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07727, pages 679-686: 
      The field-effect mobility in the linear region (V G  - V T    V D ) is calculated using the device transconductance (g m ) at a specific V SD from equation (2): The turn-on voltage (V on ) is determined from the logarithmic plot of the subthreshold drain current versus V g extrapolated at the x-axis intercept.
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  172. trifluoroacetic
  173. trifluoromethylphenyl
  174. trypsinized
  175. ultraluminous
  176. ultrasmooth
  177. ultrasonication
  178. undoped
    • 2009 February 5, Hideo Kosaka et al., “Spin state tomography of optically injected electrons in a semiconductor”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/nature07729, pages 702-705: 
      Sample A is the 11-nm-thick undoped GaAs quantum well embedded in undoped Al 0.3 Ga 0.7 As. Sample B is the 6-nm-thick undoped GaAs quantum well embedded in undoped Al 0.35 Ga 0.65 As. The electron and light-hole g-factors under an in-plane magnetic field are respectively -0.21 and -3.5 in sample A, and 0.01 and -2.1 in sample B. A magnetic field B x = 7 T is applied parallel to the quantum well.
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  179. unshifted
    • 2009 February 4, Peter W. Milonni Douglas H. Bradshaw, “Quantum opticsA shift on a chip”, Nature, volume 457, number 7230, DOI:10.1038/457671a, page 671: 
      The corresponding shift in the frequency of the transition of the electron to the ground state, relative to the unshifted frequency ( ), is only about 4 10 -7 .
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  180. unstimulated
  181. unstrained
  182. unstretched
  183. volumetrically

Sequestered[edit]